Cartels

News & Analysis as of

China and Antitrust Enforcement

China’s entry into the anti-corruption enforcement arena has received lots of press attention. Just as significant as this development, China has added international cartel enforcement to its list of priorities....more

Private antitrust enforcement in Switzerland

There is a wide range of remedies under Swiss competition law for business litigants. Inventive remedies include compelled access to what American antitrust lawyers would call an “essential facility.” But recent proposed...more

The Mergers & Acquisitions Review - Chapter 2: EU Competition

While the European Commission’s highly visible antitrust and cartel investigations arguably dominated the headlines during the past 12 months, the EU’s merger control regime, even without a single prohibition decision, still...more

New EU Competition Commissioner’s Priorities For 2014-2019: Hearing Before The European Parliament

Margrethe Vestager, former Deputy Prime Minister of Denmark, is designated to become the next EU Competition Commissioner in November 2014. The EU Competition Commissioner is a powerful figure in Europe, as witnessed by the...more

FinCEN Issues Geographic Targeting Order Focused on Money Laundering in L.A.’s Fashion District

In the latest development in a probe by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s (ICE) Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) targeting alleged money laundering activities in Los Angeles’ garment trade, the Financial Crimes...more

Swiss Parliament Rejects Antitrust Reforms

The Swiss competition law is governed by the Federal Law of October 6, 1995, on Cartels and Other Restraints of Competition (the Cartel Act). The regulatory framework is accompanied by numerous federal ordinances and...more

The European Court of Justice Caps Liability for Acquired Companies’ Cartel Infringements

The ruling caps fines on companies with historic cartel exposure that are acquired by large companies and increases predictability of future antitrust exposure stemming from pre-acquisition conduct. On 4 September...more

CJEU Rules Maximum Cartel Fine Applies Only to Infringing Subsidiary Turnover and Reduces Fine by €17 Million

On 4 September 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) confirmed that the maximum fine of 10 per cent of turnover imposed on the infringing subsidiary of a non-infringing parent company should be calculated on...more

Antitrust Enforcement and Compliance Programs [Video]

The Department of Justice had a record year in criminal antitrust enforcement. Global enforcement and coordination continues to increase. As a result, global companies face significant antitrust risk from cartel...more

Criminal Antitrust Fines: Trends and Recent Developments

Over the past ten years, criminal antitrust fines have increased dramatically: they totaled only $107 million in fiscal year (“FY”) 2003, but increased to a high of $1.14 billion in FY-2012 and remained relatively steady at...more

Protection Against Foreign Anticompetitive Practices Affecting U.S. Activities

Antitrust laws, like the Sherman Act, protect American markets from anticompetitive practices. But, under the Foreign Trade Antitrust Improvements Act (FTAIA), American antitrust laws only reach foreign conduct in specific...more

Lack of Antitrust Standing Requires Dismissal of Complaint Against Alleged Chinese Magnesite Cartel

Last Thursday, Judge Kevin McNulty in the District of New Jersey issued a 69-page opinion explaining his sua sponte dismissal of the putative class action complaint in Animal Science Products, Inc. v. China Minmetals Corp.,...more

Antitrust Matters - July 2014 (Global)

In This Issue: - Back to the Future? Back to the Past! - Interview: African Merger Control: Interview with the COMESA Competition Commission EUROPE: *EUROPEAN UNION: - Comparing apples and...more

2014 Cartel Penalties On Pace to Set Record

Global antitrust regulators are on pace to levy record-breaking cartel penalties in 2014. If global regulators keep pace, cartel penalties will surpass 2013’s record total. Through June, U.S. antitrust regulators issued...more

Auto Parts Investigations Require Effective Antitrust Compliance Programs to Limit the On-going Risk

Steady as clockwork, auto parts investigations around the globe are continuing. These investigations have exposed wide-ranging price fixing conspiracies. Prosecutors rely on well-organized global enforcement cooperation,...more

Global antitrust enforcement - 2014 mid-year report

Antitrust authorities on the offensive – the insatiable appetite of mature regimes for ever-increasing fines continues unabated, with the U.S., EU, Brazil, South Korea, Japan and Australia on pace to surpass their 2013...more

Spotlight on Antitrust: Asia Edition

In this issue: - The U.S. DOJ Secures Two Extraditions of Foreign Nationals on Antitrust Charges: Who Is Next? - U.S. Circuit Courts Limit Reach of Sherman Act Against Asian Cartel - Mark Rosman, Partner...more

EU’s Top Court Rules Cartel Victims Can Claim Damages From Cartelists Despite No Contractual Link

In a landmark ruling, the EU’s top court, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) in Kone and Others C-557/12 of 5 June 2014, has held that, where a cartel causes competing companies to increase their prices, the members of the...more

"Court Rules That Cartel Members Are Liable for 'Umbrella Claims'"

In a judgment that may expand civil damage liability for cartel participants significantly (Case C-557/12, Kone AG and Others, judgment of June 5, 2014), the European Court of Justice (the ECJ) has ruled that a cartel’s...more

EU Commission Sends Statement of Objections to Three Banks in Cartel Investigation

On May 20, the European Commission announced that it has sent a statement of objections to Credit Agricole, HSBC and JP Morgan for their suspected participation in the euro interest rate derivatives (EIRDs) cartel. The...more

Orrick's Financial Industry Week in Review

EU Commission Sends Statement of Objections to Three Banks in Cartel Investigation - On May 20, the European Commission announced that it has sent a statement of objections to Credit Agricole, HSBC and JP Morgan for...more

Finding Peace When Settling U.S. and EU Price-Fixing Claims

The great majority of private antitrust disputes are resolved through settlements. One of the key challenges for policymakers, practitioners, consumers and businesses is how to efficiently resolve cross-border price-fixing...more

Expansion of Antitrust Enforcement Continues with Extradition

On April 4, 2014, the Department of Justice’s Antitrust Division announced its first successful extradition of a foreign national to the United States on antitrust charges. Romano Pisciotti, a citizen of Italy, has been under...more

Cartel Fines: Liability of Private Equity Funds

The European Commission has held Goldman Sachs jointly and severally liable for a cartel infringement committed by Prysmian, an Italian cable maker formerly owned by Goldman Sachs’ private equity arm. The decision is a stark...more

Provisions of UK Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Act Take Effect

New competition provisions may make it easier to prosecute cartel offences, but add additional exclusions and defences. On 1 April, the competition provisions of the UK’s Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Act (ERRA) came...more

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