Corporate Charters

News & Analysis as of

Are Delaware Directors Deathless?

I’ve noticed that the drafters of corporate laws seemed to have overlooked the mortality of directors.  Section 141(b) of the Delaware General Corporation Law, for example, prescribes the term of directors as follows...more

Chancery Court Expands on When Legal Fees Can Be Advanced

Advancement and indemnification rights provide directors and officers of Delaware corporations comfort when accepting positions that often lead to being named in litigation. However, once the interests of the executive and...more

Delaware House of Representatives Bars Fee-Shifting Provisions but Approves Forum-Selection

There has been considerable interest over the last year about whether a fee-shifting provision in the charter or bylaws of a Delaware corporation is enforceable. On Thursday, June 11, 2015, the Delaware House of...more

Exculpatory Provisions Provide Powerful Protection for Independent Directors

The Delaware Supreme Court recently issued an important decision clarifying the standards that govern claims for money damages against independent directors of corporations whose charters contain exculpatory provisions....more

Why Directors and Officers Should Demand a Separate Indemnification Agreement

Corporate directors and officers (“D&O’s”) face significant personal exposure whenever their corporation is involved in a dispute or investigation. For this reason, prudent D&O’s avail themselves of all available legal...more

Violation of Corporate Charter: Breach of Contract, Fiduciary Duties or Both

When a company takes action through its board in violation of its certificate of incorporation, may a plaintiff stockholder bring suit against the company directly for breach of its certificate—the most important of corporate...more

Update: Proposed Amendments to DGCL, Including Ban on Fee-Shifting and Permitting Exclusive Forum Provisions

The Corporation Law Section of the Delaware State Bar Association has approved, in substantially the form proposed by the Delaware Corporate Council, amendments to the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware (DGCL)...more

Delaware Bar Proposes Amendments to Ban Fee-Shifting Provisions and Allow Delaware-Only Forum Selection Provisions in Corporate...

The Council of the Corporation Law Section of the Delaware State Bar Association recently released proposed amendments to the Delaware General Corporation Law (DGCL) that would prohibit fee-shifting provisions in a...more

Proposed 2015 Amendments to the Delaware General Corporation Law

The Delaware Corporation Law Council—composed of members of the Delaware bar charged with proposing annual amendments to the Delaware General Corporation Law (DGCL)—has proposed several potentially significant amendments to...more

Delaware Prepares To Eliminate Fee-Shifting Bylaws And Charters

The Delaware State Bar Association is submitting new legislation that will prohibit the use of fee-shifting bylaws or corporate charters for litigation involving “intracorporate” disputes. ...more

ISS Issues FAQs on Proxy Voting Policies Regarding Bylaw and Charter Amendments Adopted Without Shareholder Approval

Existing (ISS) voting policy is to recommend against the election of boards of directors if charter or bylaw amendments were enacted without shareholder approval and in a manner that materially diminishes shareholders’ rights...more

New Surprises in Final 2015 ISS Policy Updates

ISS has issued its 2015 policy updates. Unilateral Bylaw/Charter Amendments - This policy is new stand-alone policy. Previously these matters were evaluated under the ISS governance failure policy. ISS...more

Ninth Circuit Allows Delinquent Corporation To Sue And Own Trademarks

In Southern California Darts Association v. Zaffina, the Ninth Circuit held that a corporation, whose charter had been suspended by the state of California in 1977, had standing in 2012 to sue and to own trademarks as an...more

Exclusive Forum Provisions: A New Item for Corporate Governance and M&A Checklists

Public companies increasingly are adopting “exclusive forum” bylaws and charter provisions that require their stockholders to go to specified courts if they want to make fiduciary duty or other intra-corporate claims against...more

Using Corporate Bylaws and Charters to Set the Rules for Shareholder Litigation

Recent court decisions, including the Delaware Supreme Court’s opinion earlier this month in ATP Tour, Inc. v. Deutscher Tennis Bund, have focused new attention on the use of corporate bylaws and charters to establish the...more

Is Nevada Free-Loading On The SEC?

Nevada’s corporate law continues to attract attention from the academic community. In a recent paper, three professors of accounting at West Chester University of Pennsylvania undertook a forensic examination of Nevada’s...more

"US Corporate Governance: Boards of Directors Face Increased Scrutiny"

In many ways, corporate governance in 2013 looked similar to corporate governance in 2012. Most public company directors were re-elected with shareholder support in excess of 90 percent of votes cast and only a handful of...more

The Aftermath of a Section 355 Transaction

In this article: - Mechanics of Section 355 - Framework for analysis - Deviation from asserted corporate business purpose - Post-spin events involving Distributing or Controlled assets -...more

A Summary of the New California LLC Law

Effective January 1, 2014, the existing limited liability company (LLC) statute in California (the “Old Act”) will be replaced by the California Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act (RULLCA). Actions taken by...more

Activision Blizzard, Inc. v. Hayes, C.A. No. 497, 2013 (Del. Nov. 15, 2013)

In this en banc decision, the Supreme Court set forth the basis for its order reversing the Court of Chancery’s preliminary injunction of a stock purchase agreement under which Vivendi, S.A. agreed to sell its controlling...more

How Corporate Charters Can Protect Directors From Money Damages For Acts Of Negligence

Several weeks ago we asked whether directors of public companies face potential liability for not preventing cyber attacks....more

Should Your Board Adopt an Exclusive Forum Bylaw?

Exclusive forum charter and bylaw provisions limit certain types of shareholder litigation to the corporation’s jurisdiction of incorporation, and so potentially reduce or eliminate the cost and strategic difficulties of...more

Raising Capital: Considerations for a Stock Offering

Raising capital is like putting gas in your car—it is best to get it before you really need it. The biggest step in raising capital may be the step from “perhaps we should” to “let’s make it happen.” ...more

Scholars Ask “Just How Lax Is Nevada Corporate Law?”

As someone who has been writing for decades about Nevada corporate law, it is has been refreshing to see so much academic interest in the state’s corporate law. Last year, Professor Michal Barzuza at the University of...more

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