Corporations Code

News & Analysis as of

Is Rule 10b-5 The “Mother Of All Litotes”?

Yesterday’s post addressed the use of litotes in California’s broker-dealer suitability rule. Litotes can be an effective rhetorical device, but as Judge Frank H. Easterbrook observed, it is also ambiguous. Associated...more

California Court of Appeal Confirms that Corporations Code § 1601 Does Not Require Corporations to Ship Records Maintained Out of...

In Innes v. Diablo Controls, Inc., Case No., A145528, 2016 Cal. App. LEXIS 475 (Cal. App. June 16, 2016), the California Court of Appeal, First District, affirmed that California Corporations Code § 1601, which permits...more

What Is A Knowing Violation Of Law?

Nevada’s private corporation law automatically exculpates directors and officers from individual liability from individual liable to the corporation or its stockholders or creditors for any damages as a result of any act or...more

Genealogy And The Corporate Lawyer

Who is family and how close are they? These aren’t questions that typically occupy the mind of a corporate lawyer. Occasionally, however, consanguinity matters even to a corporate lawyer. Thus, Section 308 of the...more

Court Holds Inspection Statute Does Not Require That Records Be Brought To California

In “The Scope Of Stockholder Inspection In California And Delaware“, I wrote about what a shareholder is entitled to inspect under California’s shareholder inspection statute – Corporations Code Section 1601. I did not...more

He Had A Vice President’s Title And The Company Identified Him As “Management”, But He Was No Officer

Delaware attorney Francis Pileggi recently wrote about a ruling in the Court of Chancery concerning Nevada’s private corporation law. The case, Eric Pulier v. Computer Sciences Corp., et al., C.A. No. 12005-CB, hearing (Del....more

The Scope Of Stockholder Inspection In California And Delaware

Don’t peek at the statute, and answer the following question: A stockholder of a Delaware corporation has a statutory right to inspect a corporation’s (a) books of account; (b) accounting books and records; or (c) other...more

When Someone Is Missing, Is Consent Unanimous?

The word “unanimous” is derived from two Latin words, unus (meaning one) and animus (mind). Thus in Plautus’ play, the servant, Stichus, tells his friend, Sagarinus: “ego tu sum, tu es ego, unianimi sumus (I am you and you...more

Synecdoche And The California Corporations Code

Synecdoche is a literary trope by which one refers the whole by a component, or vice versa. The word is derived from an ancient Greek word, su?e?d???, which means understanding one thing with another. Although I was first...more

Does An LLC Maintain Its Records At Its Designated Office When They Are In The Cloud?

Section 17701.13 of the California Corporations Code requires that a limited liability company designate and continuously maintain in California both an office and an agent for service of process. The office need not be a...more

How To Revive A Suspended Corporation

Yesterday’s post concerned the circumstances that will cause the California Franchise Tax Board to suspend a corporation’s rights, powers, and privileges to conduct business in California. Suspension, however, is reversible,...more

Suspension By The Franchise Tax Board

Yesterday’s post concerned the two circumstances in which the Secretary of State might suspend a corporation. The California Franchise Tax Board will suspend a corporation if it fails to pay taxes, penalties, fees or...more

Corporate Suspension By The California Secretary Of State

In California, a corporation may find its powers, rights and privileges suspended by either the Secretary of State or by the Franchise Tax Board.  Today’s post discusses the two roads to suspension by the California Secretary...more

Court Rules Attorney-Client Privilege Ceases To Exist When Corporation Ceases To Exist Without Successor

The LLC May Well Be The Platypus Of Business Organizations - What happens to the attorney-client privilege when a corporation dissolves? Magistrate Judge Sallie Kim recently answered that question in Virtue Global...more

Why Delaware Corporations Should Worry About California Law When Making Dividends

When paying a dividend to shareholders, California corporations are subject to Chapter 5 of the California Corporations Code. Corporations incorporated in Delaware and other states may also be subject to Chapter 5 if they...more

More On Inspecting The Shareholder List And The Regulation Of Alien Implants

Yesterday’s post discussed California’s “absolute” right of shareholders to inspect the shareholder list established by Section 1600 of the California Corporations Code. Some additional points are briefly worth noting...more

What Law Governs A Foreign General Partnership?

The California Uniform Partnership Act of 1994 defines a “partnership” to mean “an association of two or more persons to carry on as coowners a business for profit formed under [Cal. Corp. Code] Section 16202, predecessor...more

How California Made Mergers Potentially More Difficult

The last two sentences of Section 1101 of the Corporations Code can be an unwonted surprise to some practitioners. They are intended to ensure fair treatment of shareholders in a merger by imposing two requirements...more

Court Rules Dissolution of Cooperative Corporation Is A Process, Not A Flash

I don’t see that many cases involving California’s Cooperative Corporation Law and so I was interested in a recent ruling by Magistrate Judge Laurel Beeler in English & Sons, Inc. v. Straw Hat Rests., Inc., 2016 U.S. Dist....more

Why Some Delaware Corporations Will Want To Waive This California Statute

In yesterday’s post, I commented on a recent ruling by former Vice Chancellor John W. Noble to the effect that “Delaware disclosure law which generally does not require disclosures to shareholders unless shareholder action is...more

Why Some Delaware Corporations Should Be Careful About Relying On This Vice Chancellor’s Ruling

Francis Pileggi in his Delaware Corporate & Commercial Litigation Blog recently wrote that there is no per se duty on the part of a closely held company to disclose financial statements. In The Ravenswood Investment Company,...more

Bill Aims To Put The Kibosh On Alleged Hedge Fund Stock Price Manipulation

The California Corporate Securities Law has long declared a number of manipulative devices to be unlawful.  See Cal. Corp. Code § 25400.  Now, a California legislator wants to add to the list.  As amended last week, SB 726...more

Verifying The Identity Of Directors

Sometimes, you just can’t be sure whether about the identity of a corporation’s directors. Doubt can arise for a number of reasons. Corporate records may be lost entirely. Corporate records may be incomplete or...more

Why Is California’s Derivative Suit Statute Stuck In 1977?

California Corporations Code Section 800 governs derivative suits brought by both domestic and foreign corporations. The statute provides a modicum of protection to defendants by establishing a procedure by which either the...more

What’s The Proper Interval Between Annual Meetings?

I enjoyed participating in the “Hot Issues For Your Annual Meeting” webcast yesterday. My comments were largely focused on California and Nevada corporate law. Roxanne Houtman of Potter Anderson Corroon LLP covered Delaware...more

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