Corporations Code

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A New Spanish Corporate Governance Code For Listed Companies

The new Spanish Corporate Governance Code for listed companies, approved by resolution of the board of the National Securities Market Commission (CNMV) on 18 February 2015, dispenses with the recommendations that currently...more

New Louisiana Business Corporation Act: A Dozen Key Changes to Consider

The old Louisiana Business Corporation Law (Old LBCL) was replaced by the new Louisiana Business Corporation Act (New LBCA) on January 1, 2015. The complete text of the New LBCA can be found in this post, and the following...more

Finders Bill Was Lost, But Now Is Found

In the last legislative biennium, the Corporations Committee of the Business Law Section of the California State Bar sponsored a bill, AB 713 (Wagner) to clarify the status of finders under the California Corporate Securities...more

Court Refuses To Break Board Deadlock By Appointing A Provisional Director

Section 308 of the California Corporations Code provides for the appointment of a provisional director when a corporation has an even number of directors who are equally divided and cannot agree as to the management of the...more

Applying Today’s Statute To Yesterday’s Offer And Sale

In September 2013, Governor Jerry Brown signed SB 538 (Hill) into law. This bill fundamentally rewrote a key anti-fraud provision of the Corporate Securities Law of 1968 – Corporations Code Section 25401. At the time, I...more

Some LLC Names Slip Past California’s Statutory Ban

The California Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act explicitly bans a number of different words from being included in LLC names: The name shall not include the words “bank,” “trust,” “trustee,”...more

Stockholder Inspections Of Delaware Corporations In California

In United Techs. Corp. v. Treppel, 2014 Del. LEXIS 608 (Del. Dec. 23, 2014), the Delaware Supreme Court held that the Court of Chancery had authority to condition a stockholder’s inspection under Section 220 of the Delaware...more

More Questions About California’s Section 25102(f) Exemption

Earlier this week, I addressed some common queries regarding California’s limited offering exemption, which is often referred to as the “F” exemption because it is found in Corporations Code Section 25102(f). Today’s post...more

Removing California Securities Legends

When I first started practicing law, the predominant exemption from qualification under the California Corporate Securities Law of 1968 was found in Corporations Code Section 25102(h). Although that exemption remains on the...more

Limited Liability Company Members May Be Held Liable After a “De Facto” Dissolution of the Entity

Court Of Appeal, Fourth Appellate District (October 7, 2014)- One of the advantages of the Limited Liability Company (“LLC”) structure is, not surprisingly, that it generally limits the liabilities of its Members. One...more

When California Copied Rule 10b-5 Did It Shut The State Courthouse Door To Securities Fraud Suits?

Section 27 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 provides: “The district courts of the United States . . . shall have exclusive jurisdiction of violations of [the Exchange Act] or the rules and regulations thereunder,...more

The Academy Loves Nevada Corporate Law!

The incognoscenti may not know it, but today is Nevada Day. On this date in 1864, Nevada joined the Union and helped support the reelection of Abraham Lincoln and the Thirteenth Amendment. Delaware did not – it joined New...more

Imposing The Corporate Death Penalty

In this post published yesterday, UCLA Law Professor Stephen Bainbridge challenges the following statements attributed to Robert F. Kennedy Jr.: I do, however, believe that corporations which deliberately,...more

May A Director Resign By Telling Another Director “I Quit”?

Suppose in a fit of pique, a director telephones a fellow director and announces that she is quitting the board. Has the director resigned? California Corporations Code Section 305(d) provides...more

This Ruling Appears To “Unravel The Very Fabric Of The Space-time Continuum”

In prior posts, I’ve cast a jaundiced eye on last year’s amendment of California’s general securities fraud statute, Corporations Code Section 25401. See Die Verwandlung: How The Legislature Likely Raised The Bar On...more

If It’s An LLC, Why Cite Corporate Law?

I continue to be surprised when courts refer to state laws governing corporations when the subject entity is a limited liability company. A recent example of this confusion can be found in Piatelli Co. v. Chambers, 2014 U.S....more

Meandering Through Minutiae – How The Type of Consideration Can Determine The Need For Shareholder Approval

Section 1001 of the California Corporations authorizes a corporation to sell all or substantially all of its assets when the principal terms are approved by the board of directors and the outstanding shares (unless the...more

2014 Changes to the Minnesota Business Corporation Act

On April 25, 2014, Governor Mark Dayton signed House Bill H.F. No. 2190, which makes a number of changes to Chapter 302A of the Minnesota Statutes, the Minnesota Business Corporation Act (the “MBCA”). These changes will go...more

A Question Of Nomenclature – The GCL Versus The CCC

A colleague recently asked me why some Bylaws refer to both the California Corporations Code and the California General Corporation Law. The simple answer is that these aren’t the same thing. The General Corporation Law is...more

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