Corporations Code

News & Analysis as of

Who Files The Most Permit Applications?

California Corporations Code Section 25113(d) requires the Commissioner of Business Oversight to prepare and publicize an annual report of the number of permits that it issues for the offer and sale of securities. The report...more

How Many Board Members Are Required To Take Action?

Suppose your corporation has a five member board of directors but two seats are vacant.  Suppose further that your corporate bylaws included the following two provisions: A.  Three members of the board shall...more

New UAE Commercial Companies Law: A Move Towards Global Standards

On 1 April 2015, His Highness Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, President of the United Arab Emirates, enacted Federal Law No 2 of 2015 (the Commercial Companies Law, or Law). The Law brings to a close several years of...more

The New UAE Commercial Companies Law 2015

A new commercial companies law (“New CC Law”) was issued in the United Arab Emirates (“UAE”) on 1 April 2015 and will come into effect within the next three months. The New CC Law applies to companies established in the UAE...more

Email Notice Without Consent Is Not Notice

The California General Corporation Law unequivocally authorizes the giving of notice of stockholder meetings by electronic transmission. Section 601(b) provides “Notice of a shareholders’ meeting or any report shall be given...more

Do Your Bylaws Make Obtaining Waivers Of Notice More Onerous?

Yesterday’s post concerned waivers of notice of shareholders’ meetings under Section 602 of the California Corporations Code.  Although not required to do so, corporate bylaws often parrot the statute.  One popular guidebook,...more

California and Delaware Courts Agree: Amendments to Corporate Bylaws Do Not Apply Retroactively to Impair Pursuit Previously...

Two recent decisions, one from the Delaware Court of Chancery and one from the California Court of Appeal, Fourth Appellate District, refused to apply bylaws that impaired a shareholder/member plaintiff’s ability to pursue...more

I understand Chair, Chairperson, Chairman and Chairwoman But Not Chairwomen of the Board

In February, I posted this little rumination on the origin of the term “chairman”. Then I came across SB 351 introduced late last month by the California Senate Committee on Banking and Financial Institutions. Currently...more

Are LLC Interests Securities in California?

Does California consider membership interests in a limited liability company to be securities? There are two correct answers to this question – yes and no. As I discussed a few years back, the California Corporate Securities...more

A New Spanish Corporate Governance Code For Listed Companies

The new Spanish Corporate Governance Code for listed companies, approved by resolution of the board of the National Securities Market Commission (CNMV) on 18 February 2015, dispenses with the recommendations that currently...more

New Louisiana Business Corporation Act: A Dozen Key Changes to Consider

The old Louisiana Business Corporation Law (Old LBCL) was replaced by the new Louisiana Business Corporation Act (New LBCA) on January 1, 2015. The complete text of the New LBCA can be found in this post, and the following...more

Finders Bill Was Lost, But Now Is Found

In the last legislative biennium, the Corporations Committee of the Business Law Section of the California State Bar sponsored a bill, AB 713 (Wagner) to clarify the status of finders under the California Corporate Securities...more

Court Refuses To Break Board Deadlock By Appointing A Provisional Director

Section 308 of the California Corporations Code provides for the appointment of a provisional director when a corporation has an even number of directors who are equally divided and cannot agree as to the management of the...more

Applying Today’s Statute To Yesterday’s Offer And Sale

In September 2013, Governor Jerry Brown signed SB 538 (Hill) into law. This bill fundamentally rewrote a key anti-fraud provision of the Corporate Securities Law of 1968 – Corporations Code Section 25401. At the time, I...more

Some LLC Names Slip Past California’s Statutory Ban

The California Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act explicitly bans a number of different words from being included in LLC names: The name shall not include the words “bank,” “trust,” “trustee,”...more

Stockholder Inspections Of Delaware Corporations In California

In United Techs. Corp. v. Treppel, 2014 Del. LEXIS 608 (Del. Dec. 23, 2014), the Delaware Supreme Court held that the Court of Chancery had authority to condition a stockholder’s inspection under Section 220 of the Delaware...more

More Questions About California’s Section 25102(f) Exemption

Earlier this week, I addressed some common queries regarding California’s limited offering exemption, which is often referred to as the “F” exemption because it is found in Corporations Code Section 25102(f). Today’s post...more

Removing California Securities Legends

When I first started practicing law, the predominant exemption from qualification under the California Corporate Securities Law of 1968 was found in Corporations Code Section 25102(h). Although that exemption remains on the...more

Limited Liability Company Members May Be Held Liable After a “De Facto” Dissolution of the Entity

Court Of Appeal, Fourth Appellate District (October 7, 2014)- One of the advantages of the Limited Liability Company (“LLC”) structure is, not surprisingly, that it generally limits the liabilities of its Members. One...more

When California Copied Rule 10b-5 Did It Shut The State Courthouse Door To Securities Fraud Suits?

Section 27 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 provides: “The district courts of the United States . . . shall have exclusive jurisdiction of violations of [the Exchange Act] or the rules and regulations thereunder,...more

The Academy Loves Nevada Corporate Law!

The incognoscenti may not know it, but today is Nevada Day. On this date in 1864, Nevada joined the Union and helped support the reelection of Abraham Lincoln and the Thirteenth Amendment. Delaware did not – it joined New...more

Imposing The Corporate Death Penalty

In this post published yesterday, UCLA Law Professor Stephen Bainbridge challenges the following statements attributed to Robert F. Kennedy Jr.: I do, however, believe that corporations which deliberately,...more

May A Director Resign By Telling Another Director “I Quit”?

Suppose in a fit of pique, a director telephones a fellow director and announces that she is quitting the board. Has the director resigned? California Corporations Code Section 305(d) provides...more

This Ruling Appears To “Unravel The Very Fabric Of The Space-time Continuum”

In prior posts, I’ve cast a jaundiced eye on last year’s amendment of California’s general securities fraud statute, Corporations Code Section 25401. See Die Verwandlung: How The Legislature Likely Raised The Bar On...more

If It’s An LLC, Why Cite Corporate Law?

I continue to be surprised when courts refer to state laws governing corporations when the subject entity is a limited liability company. A recent example of this confusion can be found in Piatelli Co. v. Chambers, 2014 U.S....more

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