Corporations Code

News & Analysis as of

Why Delaware Corporations Should Worry About California Law When Making Dividends

When paying a dividend to shareholders, California corporations are subject to Chapter 5 of the California Corporations Code. Corporations incorporated in Delaware and other states may also be subject to Chapter 5 if they...more

More On Inspecting The Shareholder List And The Regulation Of Alien Implants

Yesterday’s post discussed California’s “absolute” right of shareholders to inspect the shareholder list established by Section 1600 of the California Corporations Code. Some additional points are briefly worth noting...more

What Law Governs A Foreign General Partnership?

The California Uniform Partnership Act of 1994 defines a “partnership” to mean “an association of two or more persons to carry on as coowners a business for profit formed under [Cal. Corp. Code] Section 16202, predecessor...more

How California Made Mergers Potentially More Difficult

The last two sentences of Section 1101 of the Corporations Code can be an unwonted surprise to some practitioners. They are intended to ensure fair treatment of shareholders in a merger by imposing two requirements...more

Court Rules Dissolution of Cooperative Corporation Is A Process, Not A Flash

I don’t see that many cases involving California’s Cooperative Corporation Law and so I was interested in a recent ruling by Magistrate Judge Laurel Beeler in English & Sons, Inc. v. Straw Hat Rests., Inc., 2016 U.S. Dist....more

Why Some Delaware Corporations Will Want To Waive This California Statute

In yesterday’s post, I commented on a recent ruling by former Vice Chancellor John W. Noble to the effect that “Delaware disclosure law which generally does not require disclosures to shareholders unless shareholder action is...more

Why Some Delaware Corporations Should Be Careful About Relying On This Vice Chancellor’s Ruling

Francis Pileggi in his Delaware Corporate & Commercial Litigation Blog recently wrote that there is no per se duty on the part of a closely held company to disclose financial statements. In The Ravenswood Investment Company,...more

Bill Aims To Put The Kibosh On Alleged Hedge Fund Stock Price Manipulation

The California Corporate Securities Law has long declared a number of manipulative devices to be unlawful.  See Cal. Corp. Code § 25400.  Now, a California legislator wants to add to the list.  As amended last week, SB 726...more

Verifying The Identity Of Directors

Sometimes, you just can’t be sure whether about the identity of a corporation’s directors. Doubt can arise for a number of reasons. Corporate records may be lost entirely. Corporate records may be incomplete or...more

Why Is California’s Derivative Suit Statute Stuck In 1977?

California Corporations Code Section 800 governs derivative suits brought by both domestic and foreign corporations. The statute provides a modicum of protection to defendants by establishing a procedure by which either the...more

What’s The Proper Interval Between Annual Meetings?

I enjoyed participating in the “Hot Issues For Your Annual Meeting” webcast yesterday. My comments were largely focused on California and Nevada corporate law. Roxanne Houtman of Potter Anderson Corroon LLP covered Delaware...more

Bill Threatens To Yank Qualification Upon Any Change In Management

Sometimes, I run across bills that seem to defy rational explanation. AB 2610 (Holden) appeared to be one such bill. Under the California Corporate Securities Law of 1968, the offer and sale of securities must be...more

Senator Introduces Bill To Allow LLCs To Be Licensed As Real Estate Brokers

Section 17701.04(b) of the California Corporations Code provides: A limited liability company may have any lawful purpose, regardless of whether for profit, except the banking business, the business of issuing policies...more

California Member Rights To Inspect Delaware LLC Records

A Delaware limited liability company might reasonably expect that Section 18-305 of Title 6 of the Delaware Code governs the inspection rights of its members. However, members of a foreign LLC, including an LLC organized...more

Is Section 141(d) Truly Oxymoronic?

Section 141(d) of the Delaware General Corporation Law provides that the directors of any corporation may “be divided into 1, 2, or 3 classes”. It’s hard to make sense of this statement. First, I don’t believe that Delaware...more

California’s Blue Sky Law May Cast A Shadow On Some Foreign Issuer Equity Plans

Foreign issuers whose securities are not listed on either the NASDAQ or New York stock exchange may overlook the need to comply with California’s Corporate Securities Law of 1968 when making equity plan awards to their...more

9th Circuit Holds Subsidiary Could Be The General Manager Of Its Parent

Section 2110 of the California Corporations Code governs service of process on a foreign corporation. One means of valid service under the statute is by delivering process by hand to the corporation’s general manager in...more

Where To Meet? The Answer May Have Surprising Consequences

In my experience, companies most often hold board and shareholder meetings at or near their principal executive offices . As a result, many corporations hold their meetings in California even though they may be incorporated...more

California’s Bizarre Voting Record Disclosure Requirements

Section 711 of the California Corporations Code is so poorly drafted that it almost defies explanation. According to the legislature’s findings, the ostensible purpose of the statute is to facilitate the informed and active...more

Washington State’s Cooperative Law Overhauled Effective January 1, 2016

For the first time in years, Washington’s cooperative statutes have been given a facelift. Effective January 1, 2016 (except certain provisions affecting Limited Liability Companies (LLCs)), Washington state has created a...more

If It Doesn’t Sell Buckets, Is It Truly A Bucket Shop?

An often overlooked corner of the California Corporations Code is the Bucket Shop Law, Cal. Corp. Code § 29000 et seq. The law quite literally criminalizes the keeping of a bucket shop: "Any person who . . . is the keeper of...more

Governor Signs Bill Aimed At Fixing CARULLCA

Readers of this blog will know that I’ve been censorious of California’s Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act (CARULLCA), Corporations Code §§ 17701.01 – 17713.13.  The Partnership and Limited Liability Companies...more

A Criminal Waste Of Space Foments Securities Law Problem

California Court of Appeal Justice William W. Bedsworth writes the popular syndicated column “A Criminal Waste of Space”.  In this month’s column, Justice Bedsworth expounds on the highly improbable case of a man who...more

Benefit Corporation Files For Initial Public Offering

A few years ago, I participated in the drafting of California’s Flexible Purpose Corporation Act, Cal. Corp. Code § 2500 et seq.  In 2014, the legislature changed the name to “Social Purpose Corporations Act”.  SB 1301...more

Officers And The Internal Affairs Doctrine

My guess is that most attorneys would say that the duty of an officer to the corporation are governed by the law of the state of incorporation under the “internal affairs doctrine”.  As explained by the U.S. Supreme Court,...more

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