News & Analysis as of

Equal Protection

The Equal Protection Clause is a section of the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution that provides that "no state shall...deny to any citizen within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the... more +
The Equal Protection Clause is a section of the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution that provides that "no state shall...deny to any citizen within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws." Essentially, the Equal Protection Clause provides that the government must treat an individual the same way that it treats other individuals in the same circumstances. The 14th Amendment Equal Protection Clause applies only to state governments, but the requirements of the clause apply to the federal government through the Due Process Clause of the 5th Amendment. less -

Municipality Prevails in Dispute Over Personal Chapel

The City of Brier, Washington (City) has prevailed over claims that it violated the Religious Land Use & Institutionalized Persons Act (RLUIPA) and other federal law in a dispute over a variance application to construct a...more

Why does the military get to discriminate against the transgender community? Is this even legal?

by Bowditch & Dewey on

This question is the most recent culmination of a long line of military-related issues with the LGBT community that far pre-date the Trump Administration. Historically, the military took the position that transgender people...more

Transgender Rights – Where Does Pennsylvania Fit In?

by Fisher Phillips on

With the recent buzz about President Donald Trump’s removal of federal protections for transgender students that were implemented under the Obama Administration, the states and school systems have been left to determine if...more

Is the Retroactive Statute of Repose for Construction Defect Claims Constitutional?

by Payne & Fears on

With the February 24, 2015, enactment of Assembly Bill 125 (2015 Nevada Laws, Ch. 2), much has changed in the world of residential construction defect litigation. One of the most dramatic shifts has been the reduction of the...more

Federal Courts’ Dismissal of Pre-emption Challenges to Illinois and New York ZEC Nuclear Subsidies Returns Focus to FERC

On July 14, 2017, and July 25, 2017, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois and the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, respectively, dismissed challenges to the Illinois and New...more

Seventh Circuit Holds Distressed County Did Not Violate ADEA When It Terminated Rehired Retirees to Preserve Supplemental Health...

by FordHarrison on

On July 26, 2017, the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in Carson v. Lake County, Indiana affirmed the district court’s order granting summary judgment to the employer on the plaintiffs’ Age...more

Affirmative Action Bombshell: FAQs About The Justice Department’s New College Admissions Project

by Fisher Phillips on

Higher education institutions felt seismic shockwaves yesterday as the New York Times reported that the Trump administration would soon redirect Justice Department resources toward investigating – and possibly suing –...more

Return to Windsor: A Novel Tax Code Correction

by Lewitt Hackman on

Here’s the next chapter in the saga known as Edith Schlain Windsor v. The United States of America. (For a quick recap, please read Tax & Estate Planning – Small Win for Same Sex Couples?). Two representatives of the state...more

Texas Supreme Court Disputes Reach of Obergefell in Employee Benefits Case

by Seyfarth Shaw LLP on

Seyfarth Synopisis: The Texas Supreme Court held that the U.S. Supreme Court’s landmark marriage equality decision, Obergefell v. Hodges, did not dispositively address how far government employers must go in providing...more

Texas Supreme Court Disputes Reach of Obergefell in Employee Benefits Case

by Seyfarth Shaw LLP on

Seyfarth Synopsis: The Texas Supreme Court held that the U.S. Supreme Court’s landmark marriage equality decision, Obergefell v. Hodges, did not dispositively address how far government employers must go in providing benefits...more

Happy 45th Birthday, Title IX: You’ve Changed A Bit Over The Years

A law was born. On June 23, 1972, President Richard Nixon signed into law Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972: “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be...more

Supreme Court 2016-17 Recap

The politics surrounding the appointment of a new justice to the U.S. Supreme Court dominated the news cycle during the 2016-17 term, but the Court’s decisions themselves have been far from controversial. As the term draws to...more

Supreme Court Decides Ziglar v. Abbasi, No. 15-1358.

by Faegre Baker Daniels on

On June 19, 2017, the United States Supreme Court decided Ziglar v. Abbasi, No. 15-1358, which was consolidated with Ashcroft v. Abbasi, No. 15-1359 and Hasty v. Abbasi, No. 15-1363, holding that detention-policy claims...more

Supreme Court: Gender-Based Distinctions In Immigration Law Violate Equal Protection

by Jackson Lewis P.C. on

A federal citizenship statute setting different residency requirements for U.S. citizen fathers and mothers seeking to transmit birthright citizenship to their non-marital children born outside the U.S. violates the Equal...more

Supreme Court Decides Sessions v. Morales-Santana

by Faegre Baker Daniels on

On June 12, 2017, the Supreme Court decided Sessions v. Morales-Santana, No. 15-1191, in which it held that an exception to the Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. § 1401 et seq., that provides a benefit to children of...more

During Last Week of School Seventh Circuit Rules in Favor of Transgender Teen On Restroom Use

by FordHarrison on

On May 30, 2017, on the heels of the Seventh Circuit’s ground-breaking en banc decision in Hively v. Ivy Tech. College holding that sexual orientation is a protected trait under Title VII, a unanimous three-judge panel of...more

Transgender High School Student Prevails in Bathroom Access Case Before Federal Appellate Court Over Illinois

by Franczek Radelet P.C. on

In an opinion issued last week, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals decided in favor of a transgender student who challenged his high school’s decision to limit his access to boys’ communal bathrooms. ...more

Seventh Circuit Affirms Likelihood of Success that School’s Bathroom Policy Violates Title IX and Equal Protection Clause

by Seyfarth Shaw LLP on

Seyfarth Synopsis: The Seventh Circuit affirmed that a transgender student demonstrated a likelihood of success on claims that his school district’s decision to prohibit him from using the boys’ restroom violated both Title...more

City of Bayonne, New Jersey Sued Over Denial of Application to Build a Mosque

Last month, Bayonne Muslims, a New Jersey not-for-profit religious congregation, sued the City of Bayonne, New Jersey (the “City”), challenging the City’s denial of certain variances needed to construct a mosque. ...more

Seventh Circuit Title IX Ruling May Impact Transgender Employee Protections

The battles over transgender persons’ civil rights continue nationwide, especially when the controversy involves restroom access. Last week, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals concluded that a Wisconsin school district...more

School District Can’t Stop Transgender Student from Using Restroom of Choice - Federal Appeals Court Upholds Temporary Injunction...

by Best Best & Krieger LLP on

For years, California law has required school districts to allow a student to use restroom facilities consistent with his or her gender identity no matter what gender is listed on the pupil’s records. However, a case decided...more

Seventh Circuit Hands Down Major Ruling In Transgender Student Case

by Jackson Lewis P.C. on

On May 30, 2017, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that a transgender student has the right to use the bathroom that aligns with his gender identity in Whitaker v. Kenosha Unified School District No. 1 Board of...more

Is Distress Over Your Assigned Gender a Disability?

District Court Narrowly Construes the ADA to Allow a Transgender Employee to Pursue Discrimination and Retaliation Claims Pennsylvania District Court Judge Joseph F. Leeson recently ruled that the Americans with Disabilities...more

CHRO – A New Horizon For Students With Disabilities?

As my colleague Rachel Ginsburg aptly foretold, Connecticut’s Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities [“CHRO”] has indicated an interest in involving itself with discrimination claims concerning the schools. A recent...more

New Jersey Township’s Recently Enacted Ordinances Alleged to Violate RLUIPA

Earlier this month, Agudath Israel of America Inc. (“Agudath Israel”) sued the Township of Jackson, New Jersey (“Jackson”), challenging Jackson’s recently-enacted land use ordinances restricting schools from all but three...more

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