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Equal Protection

The Equal Protection Clause is a section of the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution that provides that "no state shall...deny to any citizen within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the... more +
The Equal Protection Clause is a section of the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution that provides that "no state shall...deny to any citizen within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws." Essentially, the Equal Protection Clause provides that the government must treat an individual the same way that it treats other individuals in the same circumstances. The 14th Amendment Equal Protection Clause applies only to state governments, but the requirements of the clause apply to the federal government through the Due Process Clause of the 5th Amendment. less -

Happy 45th Birthday, Title IX: You’ve Changed A Bit Over The Years

A law was born. On June 23, 1972, President Richard Nixon signed into law Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972: “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be...more

Supreme Court 2016-17 Recap

The politics surrounding the appointment of a new justice to the U.S. Supreme Court dominated the news cycle during the 2016-17 term, but the Court’s decisions themselves have been far from controversial. As the term draws to...more

Supreme Court Decides Ziglar v. Abbasi, No. 15-1358.

by Faegre Baker Daniels on

On June 19, 2017, the United States Supreme Court decided Ziglar v. Abbasi, No. 15-1358, which was consolidated with Ashcroft v. Abbasi, No. 15-1359 and Hasty v. Abbasi, No. 15-1363, holding that detention-policy claims...more

Supreme Court: Gender-Based Distinctions In Immigration Law Violate Equal Protection

by Jackson Lewis P.C. on

A federal citizenship statute setting different residency requirements for U.S. citizen fathers and mothers seeking to transmit birthright citizenship to their non-marital children born outside the U.S. violates the Equal...more

Supreme Court Decides Sessions v. Morales-Santana

by Faegre Baker Daniels on

On June 12, 2017, the Supreme Court decided Sessions v. Morales-Santana, No. 15-1191, in which it held that an exception to the Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. § 1401 et seq., that provides a benefit to children of...more

During Last Week of School Seventh Circuit Rules in Favor of Transgender Teen On Restroom Use

by FordHarrison on

On May 30, 2017, on the heels of the Seventh Circuit’s ground-breaking en banc decision in Hively v. Ivy Tech. College holding that sexual orientation is a protected trait under Title VII, a unanimous three-judge panel of...more

Transgender High School Student Prevails in Bathroom Access Case Before Federal Appellate Court Over Illinois

by Franczek Radelet P.C. on

In an opinion issued last week, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals decided in favor of a transgender student who challenged his high school’s decision to limit his access to boys’ communal bathrooms. ...more

Seventh Circuit Affirms Likelihood of Success that School’s Bathroom Policy Violates Title IX and Equal Protection Clause

by Seyfarth Shaw LLP on

Seyfarth Synopsis: The Seventh Circuit affirmed that a transgender student demonstrated a likelihood of success on claims that his school district’s decision to prohibit him from using the boys’ restroom violated both Title...more

City of Bayonne, New Jersey Sued Over Denial of Application to Build a Mosque

Last month, Bayonne Muslims, a New Jersey not-for-profit religious congregation, sued the City of Bayonne, New Jersey (the “City”), challenging the City’s denial of certain variances needed to construct a mosque. ...more

Seventh Circuit Title IX Ruling May Impact Transgender Employee Protections

The battles over transgender persons’ civil rights continue nationwide, especially when the controversy involves restroom access. Last week, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals concluded that a Wisconsin school district...more

School District Can’t Stop Transgender Student from Using Restroom of Choice - Federal Appeals Court Upholds Temporary Injunction...

by Best Best & Krieger LLP on

For years, California law has required school districts to allow a student to use restroom facilities consistent with his or her gender identity no matter what gender is listed on the pupil’s records. However, a case decided...more

Seventh Circuit Hands Down Major Ruling In Transgender Student Case

by Jackson Lewis P.C. on

On May 30, 2017, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that a transgender student has the right to use the bathroom that aligns with his gender identity in Whitaker v. Kenosha Unified School District No. 1 Board of...more

Is Distress Over Your Assigned Gender a Disability?

District Court Narrowly Construes the ADA to Allow a Transgender Employee to Pursue Discrimination and Retaliation Claims Pennsylvania District Court Judge Joseph F. Leeson recently ruled that the Americans with Disabilities...more

CHRO – A New Horizon For Students With Disabilities?

As my colleague Rachel Ginsburg aptly foretold, Connecticut’s Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities [“CHRO”] has indicated an interest in involving itself with discrimination claims concerning the schools. A recent...more

New Jersey Township’s Recently Enacted Ordinances Alleged to Violate RLUIPA

Earlier this month, Agudath Israel of America Inc. (“Agudath Israel”) sued the Township of Jackson, New Jersey (“Jackson”), challenging Jackson’s recently-enacted land use ordinances restricting schools from all but three...more

U.S. Supreme Court Strikes Down N.C. Congressional Redistricting

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

The U.S. Supreme Court has taken the extraordinary step of finding that two of North Carolina's congressional districts violate the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment because they impermissibly utilized race as the...more

Supreme Court of Kentucky Renders a Game-Changing Decision Potentially Costing Employers and Insurance Companies Millions

by Reminger Co., LPA on

On April 27, 2017, the Supreme Court of Kentucky declared unconstitutional the provision of Kentucky’s Workers’ Compensation Act that terminates income benefits on the date the employee qualifies for normal old-age retirement...more

Church Entitled to Damages Following Denial of Special Use Permit

The expanding congregation of Christian Assembly Rios de Agua Viva sought a new home for their church in suburban Chicago, Illinois and began a three-and-a-half year search that ultimately led them to a four-acre property...more

Deja Vu: Court Overturns AB 219… Again!

Prevailing Wage Law is California’s “other” minimum wage. It requires workers to be paid union wages on publicly funded construction projects....more

See You In Court! - April 2017

by Shipman & Goodwin LLP on

The Nutmeg Board of Education was frustrated and dismayed this budget season by the need to cut programs and reduce costs. However, given various warnings from Seymour Dollars, the irascible Chairperson of the Nutmeg Board of...more

Higher Education Highlights - Spring 2017

by Saul Ewing LLP on

On March 28, 2017, the United States Supreme Court was poised to hear Grimm v. Gloucester County School Board—a case slated to meaningfully impact the rights of transgender students under Title IX. The Court certified two...more

Alberta human rights protection to be fully extended to age discrimination

by DLA Piper on

On January 6, 2017, the Court of Queen’s Bench of Alberta granted an Application to include age as a protected ground under sections 4 and 5 of the Alberta Human Rights Act (the “Act”). Under the current Act,...more

Preserving Constitutional Issues: Three States, Three Cases, One Hard Lesson

by Carlton Fields on

Late last year, three states illustrated an important point about preserving constitutional law issues for appeal: always be on the lookout for constitutional law issues at the beginning of the case. ...more

RLUIPA Implications of Trump’s Immigration Executive Order

Earlier this month, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit upheld a district court’s issuance of a temporary restraining order prohibiting the enforcement of Executive Order 13769 – “Protecting The Nation From...more

9th Circuit Refuses to Stay Nationwide Injunction Against Enforcement of Trump Immigration Order While Government Appeals

by Genova Burns LLC on

On February 9, 2017, the Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit affirmed the U.S. District Court’s Temporary Restraining Order prohibiting nationwide enforcement of key portions of the immigration Executive Order issued on...more

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