European Court of Justice (ECJ)

News & Analysis as of

A Fragile Shield? Managing the Risks of EU-U.S. Data Transfer

Following European Commission adoption of the Privacy Shield on July 12, 2016, and with Privacy Shield self-certification poised to open for business organizations on August 1, 2016 as a replacement for the invalidated...more

A Side-By-Side Comparison of “Privacy Shield” and the Controller-Controller Model Clauses: The Easiest Way to Understand What...

The EU Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC (the “Directive”) creates the legal framework for the national data-protection laws in each EU member state. The Directive states that personal data may only be transferred to...more

EU-US Privacy Shield to Launch August 1, Replacing Safe Harbor

I. Introduction: Privacy Shield to Go Live August 1 (at Last) - The replacement for Safe Harbor is finally in effect, over nine months after Safe Harbor was struck down by the Court of Justice of the EU in the Schrems...more

Shield, Sword or Plough Ahead? Approval of New EU Privacy Shield Forces a Decision

When the European Court of Justice first invalidated the Safe Harbor we recommended here that, for most companies, staying the course by implementing general data security best practices was probably the right thing to do...more

EU and UK Sanctions Update: July 2016

Below is a summary of developments since our previous update in May, relating to European Union (“EU”) sanctions on Russia, Iran and other jurisdictions, the impact of Brexit on EU sanctions and recent changes with respect to...more

ECJ Ruling Opens Door To Withholding Tax Refunds

The European Court of Justice (ECJ), in the case of Brisal, has determined on 13 July 2016 that national law which prohibits a non-resident taxpayer from deducting financing/operating costs from interest withholding tax...more

A right in Germany to sell through online marketplaces?

On 18 July 2016, Germany moved another step closer to enshrining a right for distributors in selective distribution systems to sell over online marketplaces. This is not sudden move by the German courts, in fact we have...more

What You Need to Know About Privacy Shield: An Overview of the New Transatlantic Framework

On July 12, 2016, the European Commission (“Commission”) formally adopted and released the Privacy Shield Adequacy decision, which will allow certified U.S. companies to transfer EU personal data to the United States. The...more

At Long Last, US-EU Privacy Shield Adopted By EU Member States

Key takeaways: .. The Privacy Shield will now go into effect. .. The preliminary start date for companies to be certified under the Privacy Shield is August 1, 2016. .. Expect more challenges to the Privacy Shield...more

EU-US Data Protection: the Safe Harbor is dead, long live the Privacy Shield!

The European Commission adopted on July 12, 2016 its long-awaited decision recognizing the U.S. Privacy Shield as providing adequate protection for personal data of EU citizens transferred to the United States. The Privacy...more

EU-US Privacy Shield Approved

The EU-US Privacy Shield—successor to the invalidated Safe Harbor program for transatlantic transfers of EU personal data—was finally approved on July 12, 2016....more

Brexit: What You Need To Know - Litigation

As the intertwined laws of the UK and the EU are unravelled in the exit negotiations, changes to litigation seem inevitable. Contracts: At the moment the changes are unknown and in particular we do not know if any...more

Dress code banning Muslim headscarf justified?

In the case of Achbita and another v. G4S Secure Solutions NV [2016] CJEU C-157/15, the Advocate General has given her opinion on whether a private employer could prevent a female Muslim employee from wearing a headscarf at...more

Online Sales Restrictions Remain a Hot Topic: UK CMA Issues Statement of Objections

On 9 June 2016, the UK’s Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) issued a statement of objections (SO) to Ping Europe Limited (Ping), a golf equipment manufacturer, alleging that Ping had breached EU and UK competition law by...more

Are Dynamic IP Addresses Personal Data? A Primer

Last month, one of the Advocate Generals (“AG”) of the Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”), Manuel Campos Sánchez-Bordona, issued an opinion suggesting that dynamic IP addresses should be recognized as “personal...more

The European Court Of Justice Requires The European Commission To Provide Adequate Reasons For Its Requests For Information

On March 10, 2016, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) rendered its judgment in the so-called Cement case, (C-247/14 P HeidelbergCement v Commission, C-248/14 P Schwenk Zement v Commission, C-267/14 P Buzzi...more

German Parliament (Deutscher Bundestag) releases operators of Wi-Fi networks from liability for copyright infringements committed...

On 2 June, the German Parliament (Deutscher Bundestag) passed a bill (2. Gesetz zur Änderung des Telemediengesetzes – 2nd Amending Law to the Federal Telemedia Act; “New Law”). The New Law limits the scope of potential...more

Data Transfer Without Safe Harbors

European privacy law is a bold new world for U.S. businesses doing business in Europe. An October Court of Justice ruling struck down the Safe Harbor arrangement which had governed E.U.-U.S. data transfer transactions for...more

The General Data Protection Regulation: What Insurers Should Do Now to Prepare for Its Implementation

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR or Regulation) has been approved by European Union (EU) members as well as the Council of Europe and, at the time of writing, the draft Regulation is before the European Parliament...more

Important Issues are yet to be corrected in the Right to be Forgotten

The recognition by the European Union of a “Right to be Forgotten” has caused much controversy, but seemingly progress is being made. The Right, which entitles Europeans to petition data controllers to prevent harmful...more

Ground-breaking referral: Are arbitration clauses in BITs between EU Member States void?

In recent years, the number and economic relevance of bilateral investment treaties (“BITs”) has significantly increased. BITs are international treaties which provide for assurances in favour of investors from the...more

Advocate General’s opinion states that IP addresses are Personal Data

On 12 May, the Advocate General’s (AG) opinion in Case C-582/14 Patrick Breyer v Germany was released, stating that dynamic IP addresses should be considered personal data for the purposes of EU data protection law. Although...more

A Tale of Shields & Swords or Are Data Transfers between the EU and the US legal once again?

The world changed on October 6, 2015; well, at least the world of data transfer between the European Union and the U.S. On that day, the European Court of Justice issued its “Schrems” judgment (case C-362/14) declaring the...more

Brexit Insights - Setting the Scene

At present, the only thing that appears certain about Brexit is the uncertainty that it poses for UK and EU businesses. The referendum on the 23rd June will determine whether the UK should remain part of the EU or...more

April 2016: EU Litigation Update

Asserting Standard Essential Patents (SEP) in Europe After the European Court of Justice’s Huawei v. ZTE Decision. In its Huawei v. ZTE decision (C-170/13) of July 16, 2015, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) set out a new...more

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