European Court of Justice (ECJ)

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The General Data Protection Regulation: What Insurers Should Do Now to Prepare for Its Implementation

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR or Regulation) has been approved by European Union (EU) members as well as the Council of Europe and, at the time of writing, the draft Regulation is before the European Parliament...more

Important Issues are yet to be corrected in the Right to be Forgotten

The recognition by the European Union of a “Right to be Forgotten” has caused much controversy, but seemingly progress is being made. The Right, which entitles Europeans to petition data controllers to prevent harmful...more

Ground-breaking referral: Are arbitration clauses in BITs between EU Member States void?

In recent years, the number and economic relevance of bilateral investment treaties (“BITs”) has significantly increased. BITs are international treaties which provide for assurances in favour of investors from the...more

Advocate General’s opinion states that IP addresses are Personal Data

On 12 May, the Advocate General’s (AG) opinion in Case C-582/14 Patrick Breyer v Germany was released, stating that dynamic IP addresses should be considered personal data for the purposes of EU data protection law. Although...more

A Tale of Shields & Swords or Are Data Transfers between the EU and the US legal once again?

The world changed on October 6, 2015; well, at least the world of data transfer between the European Union and the U.S. On that day, the European Court of Justice issued its “Schrems” judgment (case C-362/14) declaring the...more

Brexit Insights - Setting the Scene

At present, the only thing that appears certain about Brexit is the uncertainty that it poses for UK and EU businesses. The referendum on the 23rd June will determine whether the UK should remain part of the EU or...more

April 2016: EU Litigation Update

Asserting Standard Essential Patents (SEP) in Europe After the European Court of Justice’s Huawei v. ZTE Decision. In its Huawei v. ZTE decision (C-170/13) of July 16, 2015, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) set out a new...more

European Court of Justice to Rule on Legality of Online Sales Bans

An appeal court in Frankfurt has asked the European Court of Justice to clarify the application of the competition rules to online sales. The Frankfurt court made its request in the context of a dispute between a leader in...more

Hyperlinking to unauthorised content does not itself constitute copyright infringement, says Advocate General

The Advocate General of the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) has stated in a legal opinion that posting a link to a website that contains “freely accessible” copyright infringing content should not itself amount to copyright...more

Privacy Shield – Rejected. GDPR – Accepted: What This Means to Your Organization and What You Should Consider Doing Now

The European Union Article 29 Working Party (Article 29) issued an opinion on the proposed EU-U.S. Privacy Shield framework agreement (Privacy Shield) last week, stating that although the Privacy Shield was a “great step...more

EU-US Privacy Shield: Working Party Urges European Commission to Improve Current Scheme

After the invalidation of the Safe Harbor by the European Court of Justice (“ECJ”) last November in the Schrems case, negotiations between the European Commission and US authorities led to a new agreement called the EU-US...more

To Join or Not to Join: Is the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield Right for You?

With the Article 29 Working Party’s position on the adequacy of the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield framework agreement (Privacy Shield) decision expected this week, U.S. businesses should be evaluating privacy options and preparing...more

The Basics of International Privacy Law for Commercial Litigators, Part 1: the EU

Let’s say an American commercial litigator is working to defend a multinational client that has been sued in the U.S. The litigator may realize that he or she needs to collect emails or other documents from the client’s...more

French Data Protection Wants to Force Google to Extend the Right To Be Delisted to All the Search Engine’s Extensions

On March 10, 2016, the French data protection agency (« CNIL ») pronounced a €100.000 ($111,715) fine against Google Inc. for failure to comply with its formal injunction of May, 2015 ordering the company to extend delisting...more

CARRERA’s Trademark Reputation: “Luxury, High Tech, High Performance and Success”

The German carmaker, Porsche AG, which designed the iconic 911 Carrera sports car, owns the European Union and German “CARRERA” word mark, registered for “automobiles” in class 12. How far beyond automobiles does the...more

Update on the UK’s Information Commissioner, IP Addresses and Russia’s ‘Right to be Forgotten’ Laws

With the Privacy Shield, the Umbrella Agreement and the GDPR capturing significant attention, it would be easy to overlook some of the other important developments that have taken place in the data protection sphere. We have...more

Now That Details of the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield Have Been Revealed, Should Your Company Get Ready to Embrace It or Avoid It?

In the latest step toward finalising a replacement for the defunct Safe Harbor program, the European Commission has published its draft adequacy decision, formally supporting its view that the proposed EU-U.S. Privacy Shield...more

The European Court of Justice Rules against Overreaching Requests for Information by the European Commission

Last week, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) ruled that the General Court of the European Union (GCEU) had been wrong when deciding that the European Commission’s requests for information sent to eight cement...more

Privacy Shield Released - How Employers Can Take Advantage of the New European Data Transfer Framework

Background - The EU Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC (the “Directive”) creates the legal framework for national data-protection laws in each EU member state. The Directive states that personal data may only be...more

Highest EU court strikes down vague and ambiguous information requests

Statement of reasons was excessively vague in light of the extent of information requested and the advanced investigation stage. Introduction - On 10 March 2016, the European Court of Justice issued a landmark...more

A Closer Look at Cybersecurity Legislation and Regulations in the US and Abroad - Global Overview

With interconnectivity and use of digital storage expanding, cyberthreats posed by nation states, commercial competitors, company insiders, transnational organised crime and ‘hacktivists’ are growing on a global basis. Recent...more

EU-US Privacy Shield: Brace Yourself . . . or Maybe Not

On February 29, 2016, the European Commission and United States released the terms of the much-anticipated renewed framework for the transfer, sharing, and processing of European individuals’ data to the United States. The...more

Passage of the U.S. Redress Act Raises Confidence in Privacy Protection for Transatlantic Data Flows

The U.S. Judicial Redress Act has been signed into law by President Obama. The move marks an important step in data transfer relations between the EU and the United States, gives the green light to the EU-U.S. law enforcement...more

One Step Closer: Draft Text of EU-U.S. Privacy Shield Released March 1, 2016

The U.S. and EU are one step closer to implementing the new EU-U.S. Privacy Shield. On March 1, 2016, the European Commission and U.S. Department of Commerce announced the release of the legal texts that will put in place...more

Reforms to European Union Trade Mark Law

The European Union recently adopted new legislation introducing miscellaneous reforms to EU trade mark law. The reforms are numerous and include the adoption of a new designation for the Community trade mark itself and...more

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