Fair Credit Reporting Act

News & Analysis as of

N.D. Cal. Judge Puts a Check on Plaintiff’s Novel LinkedIn Background Check Theory Under FCRA

The federal Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) has recently spawned an unprecedented number of class action complaints against employers for allegedly failing to comply with FCRA’s hyper-technical disclosure and consent...more

The Fair Credit Reporting Act: Why background checks are fueling the latest wave of class actions

Many employers have third-party services run background checks on applicants, new hires, or existing employees. Many of these employers utilize these services to minimize the risk of claims of negligent hiring or...more

SuperVision Today - May 2015

In This Issue: - Notes from the Chair and Executive Editor - The Fourth Circuit Asks What For, Answers with But For: The Determination that a Landmark United States Supreme Court Decision Does Not Change Employment...more

State AG – Credit Bureaus Settlement: What Furnishers Need to Know - More than 30 state attorneys general reached a settlement...

Last week, Ohio Attorney General Mike DeWine issued a press release announcing the results of a multi-state investigation into the three national credit reporting agencies (CRAs) - Equifax Information Services LLC, Experian...more

Déjà Vu: State AG Consumer Reporting Settlement Follows Landmark New York Agreement

On May 20, 2015, 31 states’ attorneys general settled with three major credit reporting agencies (CRAs) for six million dollars and commitments to make a number of changes to their business practices. With the exception of...more

Spokeo v. Robins: The Case That Has Silicon Valley Buzzing, Even Though Plaintiffs Likely Don’t Have a Leg To “Stand” On

On April 27, 2015, the United States Supreme Court granted certiorari in Spokeo v. Robins and will soon decide whether a plaintiff must allege more than just the bare violation of a federal statute in order to invoke Article...more

NYC Jumps on Band Wagon Limiting Employer Use of Credit History in Making Employment Decisions

One of the earliest U.S. privacy laws applicable to private entities was the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA), enacted in 1970. The FCRA placed substantial requirements on the use of background checks and credit information...more

LinkedIn Reference Search Not Subject To Fair Credit Reporting Act

Finding that LinkedIn’s “Reference Search” function was not subject to the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA), a Northern California federal district court dismissed a putative class action filed on behalf of job applicants who...more

Fenwick Employment Brief - May 2015

EEOC Conciliation Efforts Subject To Limited Judicial Review - In Mach Mining, LLC v. EEOC, the United States Supreme Court held that the conciliation efforts of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) are...more

Claims Dismissed: Social Media Site's Reference Search Not a Background Check

Good news for employers using social media to vet job applicants: A Federal District Court recently ruled the technology used in LinkedIn's Reference Search does not constitute a “consumer background check” of employees and...more

Class Actions over Background Checks Continue

As previously reported in an earlier blog post, retailers are under attack in a wave of class actions alleging violations of the Fair Credit Reporting Act. The allegations are essentially the same in all of these suits: that...more

Advertising Law - May 2015 #3

U.S. Supreme Court Could Decide Future of Privacy Law Class Actions - The future of consumer class actions alleging privacy violations may be in the hands of the U.S. Supreme Court now that the justices have granted...more

California Court Dismisses FCRA Class Action Against LinkedIn

In recent years, the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) has become the focus of increasing litigation. By way of background, FCRA regulates consumer reporting agencies (CRAs) that assemble or evaluate “consumer reports” for...more

Data Broker’s Appeal to U.S. Supreme Court Could Reshape Future of Data Privacy Litigation

In a case that could shape the future of data privacy litigation, the Supreme Court recently agreed to review the decision by the U. S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit under the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) in...more

Federal Court Limits Employer's Right to Discover Information About the EEOC’s Own Hiring Policies and Expands the EEOC's Rights...

In recent years, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission has aggressively sought to enforce its April 2012 enforcement guidance concerning how, in the EEOC’s view, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 restricts an...more

SCOTUS to Consider Whether FCRA Violation Confers Article III Standing on Individual

On April 27, 2015 the Supreme Court of the United States granted certiorari on a petition filed by Spokeo, Inc., asking the court to review the Ninth Circuit opinion in Robins v. Spokeo, Inc., 742 F.3d 409 (9th Cir. 2014). ...more

The Future Of ERISA Litigation — Sleeper Supreme Court Case is Worth Watching Carefully

ERISA sets forth complex reporting, disclosure, vesting and funding rules for most private sector employee benefit plans. It also provides a private claim upon which relief may be granted in federal court for violations of...more

New York City employers now restricted from using employee or applicant credit history in making employment decisions

Yesterday, Mayor Bill de Blasio signed a bill making it unlawful for New York City employers to use an employee’s or applicant’s credit history for employment purposes. The law, which amends the New York City Human Rights...more

National Mortgage Servicer Pays CFPB and FTC $63 Million to Settle Claims Over Alleged Servicing Violations

On April 21, 2015, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced a joint enforcement action and joint order with a national mortgage servicer. ...more

When is a Background Search not a Background Search?

The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) was enacted to insure that consumer reporting agencies act with “fairness, impartiality, and respect for the consumer’s right to privacy.” But one federal court held recently that...more

Employers Beware: You Cannot Always Trust Third-Party Provided Background Check Disclosure Forms

Does your company run background checks on its employees? Do you pay a third-party to run the reports and trust them to get it right? You may not be as safe as you think you are. Just ask Whole Foods, Paramount...more

CFPB Goes Public and Steps Up Enforcement Activity

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) recently announced what may be its boldest move yet: a $63 million enforcement action in coordination with the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) against Minnesota-based mortgage...more

SCOTUS Accepts Certiorari to Address Article III Standing in “No-Injury” FCRA Class Action

On April 27, the Supreme Court accepted certiorari review in Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins, 13-1339, to address whether consumers can establish Article III standing without actual harm or injury, by alleging a violation of a federal...more

Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins: Supreme Court to Decide Class Action Standing Issue

The U.S. Supreme Court recently granted certiorari in Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins, No. 13-1339 (SCOTUSblog page), to decide whether a plaintiff who does not suffer any injury has Article III standing to sue for violation of a...more

Supreme Court to Hear Historic FCRA Standing Case During October 2015 Term

On April 27, the United States Supreme Court granted a petition for a writ of certiorari seeking review of a hotly-debated question with potentially far-reaching implications: whether a mere violation of a federal statute,...more

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