Guarantors

News & Analysis as of

Loan Enforcement and Creditors’ Rights

At times, lenders lose the promissory notes on defaulted loans. Lost notes are problematic because, in order to have standing to foreclose, a lender may be required in many states, including in New York, to possess the...more

Supreme Court Decision Fails to Provide Clarity on ECOA Claims

On March 22, 2016, the U.S. Supreme Court issued its first 4-4 decision following the death of Justice Antonin Scalia, thereby affirming the 8th Circuit in Hawkins v. Community Bank of Raymore. The Court’s per curiam opinion...more

Pay now, litigate later: Relief for Lenders upheld in Palaniappan v Westpac Banking Corporation

Several Australian cases have considered the ability of a guarantor to challenge its payment obligations under a guarantee. Lenders typically rely on provisions which restrict a guarantor from avoiding payment under the...more

AGG Litigation Insights Newsletter - Spring 2016

Potential plaintiffs and freshly sued defendants often discount the importance of damages analysis when it comes to litigation planning and execution. After all, disputes over liability receive far more attention during...more

In Georgia, Public Policy Limits Freedom of Contract, but Just How Much Is Not Entirely Clear

By statute, the Georgia legislature has established that “[a] contract which is against the policy of the law cannot be enforced.” However, this statutory proscription has to be balanced against Georgia’s strong public policy...more

Can You Avoid a Void Assignment?

What are the consequences of the assignment (transfer) of a lease granted after 1 January 1996 to the guarantor of an existing tenant? This question was considered in the recent Chancery Division case of EMI Group Ltd v O &...more

Hong Kong Law Update: Registering a Mainland Judgment in Hong Kong

A recent decision of the Hong Kong Court of First Instance (CFI) in relation to the Mainland Judgments (Reciprocal Enforcement) Ordinance (Cap 597) (“the Ordinance”) confirms that the CFI will not lightly set aside...more

Update: New IRS Memo on Bad Boy Guarantees

Prior Alert. The March 17 Alert noted that the IRS in a Chief Counsel Advice ("CCA") had discussed the effect that certain “bad boy carve-out guarantees” (that would trigger contingent guarantee obligations if, for example,...more

Amendments to Canada’s Bank Restructuring Legislation: Bail-In and Financial Contract Safe Harbours

The Government of Canada recently introduced the Budget Implementation Act, 2016 No. 1 (Bill C-15) to implement certain initiatives announced in the March 2016 federal budget, including amendments to the Canada Deposit...more

CR&B Alert - Commercial Restructuring and Bankruptcy News - May 2016, No. 2

Can A Bank-Appointed Director Block A Bankruptcy Filing By A Borrower? The scenario is fairly typical. A loan goes into default and the bank and the borrower enter into a Forbearance Agreement. One of the conditions of...more

Delaware Superior Court Clarifies When The Duty Of Acting In Good Faith Applies To Enforcement Of A Guarantee

This is a novel decision because it deals with when a guarantor can defend against enforcement of his guarantee by claiming the company whose obligations he guaranteed was wrongly put out of business by the plaintiff who is...more

Blog: Part VII Transfers: UK Court makes an order affecting a New York excess & surplus lines trust

The Copenhagen Reinsurance Company (CopRe) asked the UK High Court to make an Order sanctioning the intra-group transfer of the whole of its (re)insurance business to the Marlon Insurance Company (Marlon). Each of CopRe and...more

New Guidance on Bad Boy Guarantees

The IRS Office of Chief Counsel recently released a memorandum (#AM2016-001) addressing the proper tax treatment of nonrecourse carve-outs (or bad boy guarantees) in the partnership context. According to the memorandum, such...more

Tax and Non-Tax Reasons to be Cautious about “Bad Boy Nonrecourse Carve-out Guarantees” - IRS Backtracks on Recent Conclusion that...

On April 15, 2016 the IRS reversed its controversial position that bad boy guarantees may convert nonrecourse debt into recourse debt. General Legal Advice Memorandum Number AM2016-001 released April 15, 2016 effectively...more

NJ Tax Court Denies Interest Addback Exception - Does Your Company Still Qualify?

In a decision published April 26, 2016, the New Jersey Tax Court in Kraft Foods Global Inc. v. Director, Div. of Taxation ruled that a taxpayer couldn’t deduct interest paid to its corporate parent. The taxpayer’s...more

IRS Reverses Position on “Bad Boy” Guarantees

Earlier this year, the IRS issued Chief Counsel Advice 201606027 (February 5, 2016) concluding that, for purposes of the basis and at-risk limitations, an LLC member’s guarantee of entity-level nonrecourse debt conditioned...more

Ninth Circuit: Affordable Housing Restrictions Do Not Limit Value of Secured Claim in Bankruptcy Cram Down

In In re Sunnyslope Housing Ltd. Partnership, No. 12-17241, 2016 WL 1392318 (9th Cir. Apr. 8, 2016), a divided panel of the Ninth Circuit held that affordable housing restrictive covenants should not affect the valuation of a...more

Split Supreme Court Affirms Eighth Circuit Equal Credit Opportunity Act Ruling

“The judgment is affirmed by an equally divided Court.” One sentence, published by the United State Supreme Court on March 22, 2016 sealed the fate of two plaintiffs seeking to expand protections under the Equal Credit...more

High Net Worth Family Tax Report, Vol. 11, No. 1

IRS Addresses a Section 1031 Exchange of Aircraft - While we usually think of real property as the asset most often exchanged under Section 1031 of the Internal Revenue Code, the provisions of that are by no means...more

Of ECOA and the FDCPA – A Tie in the Supreme Court and A Fourth Circuit Win for Debt Collection

It was a busy week in the fabled halls of justice last week as judges undoubtedly worked to get out a few more opinions before Easter break. Two opinions, one from the Supreme Court and one from the Fourth Circuit Court of...more

Eighth Circuit Opens Circuit Split on the Scope of the Equal Credit Opportunity Act

The Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) makes it unlawful for any creditor “to discriminate against any applicant, with respect to any aspect of a credit transaction . . . on the basis of . . . marital status.” The statute...more

Lease Assignments to Guarantors No Longer Valid

It is now clear that leases cannot be assigned to the tenant’s guarantor but serious issues arise out of the recent High Court case of EMI Group Limited v O&H Q1 Limited which specified that any lease assignment by a tenant...more

Supreme Court Affirmation of Hawkins Case Raises More Questions Than It Answers

On March 22, 2016, the Supreme Court of the United States issued an order in Hawkins v. Community Bank of Raymore. An evenly divided Court affirmed the Eighth Circuit decision without issuing an opinion, thereby resolving...more

Divided Supreme Court Results in Non-Uniform Application of Reg B

In what goes for kicking the can down the road at the Supreme Court, the Court has evenly split on an appeal arising from the Eight Circuit Court of Appeals decision in Hawkins v. Community Bank of Raymore, 761 F3d 937 (CA8...more

Loan Guarantors Are Not ''Applicants'' under ECOA, Equally Divided U.S. Supreme Court Affirms

An equally divided U.S. Supreme Court has affirmed the Eighth Circuit's decision in Hawkins v. Community Bank of Raymore, which upheld a federal district court ruling that the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) does not...more

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