Guarantors

News & Analysis as of

Tax and Non-Tax Reasons to be Cautious about “Bad Boy Nonrecourse Carve-out Guarantees” - IRS Backtracks on Recent Conclusion that...

On April 15, 2016 the IRS reversed its controversial position that bad boy guarantees may convert nonrecourse debt into recourse debt. General Legal Advice Memorandum Number AM2016-001 released April 15, 2016 effectively...more

NJ Tax Court Denies Interest Addback Exception - Does Your Company Still Qualify?

In a decision published April 26, 2016, the New Jersey Tax Court in Kraft Foods Global Inc. v. Director, Div. of Taxation ruled that a taxpayer couldn’t deduct interest paid to its corporate parent. The taxpayer’s...more

IRS Reverses Position on “Bad Boy” Guarantees

Earlier this year, the IRS issued Chief Counsel Advice 201606027 (February 5, 2016) concluding that, for purposes of the basis and at-risk limitations, an LLC member’s guarantee of entity-level nonrecourse debt conditioned...more

Ninth Circuit: Affordable Housing Restrictions Do Not Limit Value of Secured Claim in Bankruptcy Cram Down

In In re Sunnyslope Housing Ltd. Partnership, No. 12-17241, 2016 WL 1392318 (9th Cir. Apr. 8, 2016), a divided panel of the Ninth Circuit held that affordable housing restrictive covenants should not affect the valuation of a...more

Split Supreme Court Affirms Eighth Circuit Equal Credit Opportunity Act Ruling

“The judgment is affirmed by an equally divided Court.” One sentence, published by the United State Supreme Court on March 22, 2016 sealed the fate of two plaintiffs seeking to expand protections under the Equal Credit...more

High Net Worth Family Tax Report, Vol. 11, No. 1

IRS Addresses a Section 1031 Exchange of Aircraft - While we usually think of real property as the asset most often exchanged under Section 1031 of the Internal Revenue Code, the provisions of that are by no means...more

Of ECOA and the FDCPA – A Tie in the Supreme Court and A Fourth Circuit Win for Debt Collection

It was a busy week in the fabled halls of justice last week as judges undoubtedly worked to get out a few more opinions before Easter break. Two opinions, one from the Supreme Court and one from the Fourth Circuit Court of...more

Eighth Circuit Opens Circuit Split on the Scope of the Equal Credit Opportunity Act

The Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) makes it unlawful for any creditor “to discriminate against any applicant, with respect to any aspect of a credit transaction . . . on the basis of . . . marital status.” The statute...more

Lease Assignments to Guarantors No Longer Valid

It is now clear that leases cannot be assigned to the tenant’s guarantor but serious issues arise out of the recent High Court case of EMI Group Limited v O&H Q1 Limited which specified that any lease assignment by a tenant...more

Supreme Court Affirmation of Hawkins Case Raises More Questions Than It Answers

On March 22, 2016, the Supreme Court of the United States issued an order in Hawkins v. Community Bank of Raymore. An evenly divided Court affirmed the Eighth Circuit decision without issuing an opinion, thereby resolving...more

Divided Supreme Court Results in Non-Uniform Application of Reg B

In what goes for kicking the can down the road at the Supreme Court, the Court has evenly split on an appeal arising from the Eight Circuit Court of Appeals decision in Hawkins v. Community Bank of Raymore, 761 F3d 937 (CA8...more

Loan Guarantors Are Not ''Applicants'' under ECOA, Equally Divided U.S. Supreme Court Affirms

An equally divided U.S. Supreme Court has affirmed the Eighth Circuit's decision in Hawkins v. Community Bank of Raymore, which upheld a federal district court ruling that the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) does not...more

US Supreme Court Fails to Resolve Guarantors’ Status Under ECOA

On March 22, in an Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) case that was closely followed and highly anticipated, the U.S. Supreme Court (in a four-to-four vote) failed to issue a definitive ruling regarding whether Regulation B...more

High Court Silent On Deference To Agency Rule - Making

On March 22, 2016, the U.S. Supreme Court issued a split decision (4-4) in Hawkins v. Community Bank of Raymore.[1] The court’s one-sentence affirmance was a notable anti-climax in a case that had been viewed as likely to...more

The IRS Releases CCA 201606027

On February 5, 2016, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) released Chief Counsel Advice 201606027 (the 2016 CCA) in which the IRS concluded, among other things, that guarantees by a partner of a partnership’s liabilities that...more

United States Supreme Court Splits 4-4 on Spousal Guarantor ECOA Discrimination Claim

On March 22, 2016, in Hawkins v. Community Bank of Raymore, No. 14–520, the United States Supreme Court upheld the Eighth Circuit’s decision that spousal guarantors could not bring a discrimination claim against creditors...more

Tax Treatment of “Bad Boy Guarantees” Challenged by Recent IRS Memorandum

I. OVERVIEW - A recently released legal memorandum by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Office of Chief Counsel, CCA 201606027 (the “Memorandum”), concluded that a so-called “bad boy guarantee” provided by a sponsor of...more

Guarantor Standing Under Reg. B Unresolved After Hawkins v. Community Bank of Raymore

“The judgment is affirmed by an equally divided Court.” With that one sentence, the Supreme Court case of Hawkins v. Community Bank of Raymore, Case No. 14-520 came to an end. The first 4-4 decision from the Court since the...more

U.S. Supreme Court Affirms Decision Excluding Guarantors from ECOA Protection

4-4 Decision Keeps Issue Unresolved Outside of 8th Circuit - On March 22, 2016, the U.S. Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the 8th Circuit Court of Appeals in favor of Lathrop & Gage LLP client Community Bank of...more

U.S. Supreme Court unable to decide whether ECOA protects spousal guarantors

As we previously wrote, federal and state courts throughout the country have been divided on whether the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) protects the spouse of a borrower when the lender requires the spouse to guaranty a...more

The AGA GAGA SAGA or The Never-ending Story? - EMI Group Limited v. O&H Q1 Limited

Like a Scandinavian drama, the AGA GAGA SAGA is compelling, dark, protracted and engaging. With each new episode there is an exciting twist as new characters contribute to the plot and the viewers try and work out what it all...more

Georgia Supreme Court Answers “Yes”—A Guarantor May Waive Foreclosure Confirmation

In a decision issued on February 22, 2016, the Supreme Court of Georgia ruled that a guarantor can waive by contract the requirement for a lender to obtain confirmation of a foreclosure sale before pursuing the guarantor for...more

Recent Arizona Case Law and Legislative Developments Affecting Real Estate Lending

The following information accompany a presentation Mike gave to members of the Arizona Commercial Mortgage Lenders Association (ACMLA) on March 8, 2016. A summary of legislative amendments enacted during the most recent...more

A Guaranteed Defense: An Overview of the North Carolina Supreme Court’s Decision in High Point Bank & Trust Co. v. Highmark...

Until recently, a common question that arose during foreclosure deficiency actions was whether a guarantor on a loan could raise the anti-deficiency defense set forth in section N.C.G.S. § 45–21.36. This past fall, the North...more

Can a Guarantor Waive his Right to a Foreclosure Confirmation Proceeding in Georgia?

Yes. On Monday, February 22, 2015, in a case closely watched by commercial real estate lenders, borrowers and guarantors, the Supreme Court of Georgia issued its opinion in PNC Bank, N.A. v. Smith, et al., S15Q1445. ...more

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