News & Analysis as of

Howey

SEC to ICO Players: Our Game, Our Rules

On July 25, 2017, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) published an investigative report (the “Report”) cautioning market participants that the offer and sale of digital assets such as “coins” or “tokens,”...more

Coining it in: ICOs as the New Fundraising Paradigm?

by Latham & Watkins LLP on

Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) involve issuers offering virtual coins or tokens that are created and disseminated using distributed ledger or blockchain technology. The capital raised from the offer will fund the development...more

Initial coin offerings – something new under the regulatory sun?

by DLA Piper on

FinTech Regulation - In our financial services updates at the beginning of the year (see here), we outlined a few regulatory pointers for FinTech coming out of a speech by the Chair of the Financial Stability Board (FSB)....more

SEC Confirms Certain ICOs Are Securities Offerings; Regulators Renew Focus on Cryptocurrencies

by WilmerHale on

What Is an ICO? An ICO, or initial coin offering, is the sale of virtual coins or tokens, often as a means of capital raising by startup companies that are involved in blockchain technology. Depending on the terms of the...more

SEC Warns That Digital Tokens May Be Securities

On July 25, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC or the Commission) published a Report of Investigation (Report) pursuant to Section 21(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 19341 concluding that digital tokens issued...more

When is an Initial Coin Offering a Security?

As discussed in a post from last week, the SEC determined that Initial Coin Offerings can be securities. The finding stems from the SEC’s investigation into The DAO’s offering and sale of DAO Tokens (a form of virtual...more

Blockchain and Initial Coin Offerings: SEC Provides First U.S. Securities Law Guidance

by Pepper Hamilton LLP on

Many initial coin offerings (ICOs) have recently raised large amounts of capital without the regulatory constraints of traditional initial public offerings (IPOs) and other capital-raising strategies. On July 25, the U.S....more

The SEC and ICOs: Putting the SEC’s Determination that DAO Tokens are Securities in Context

On July 25, 2017, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) issued a report (“Report”) detailing its investigation into whether the DAO (an unincorporated “decentralized autonomous organization”), Slock.it UG...more

Howey Got Here: SEC Issues Guidance on Token Offerings

by Morrison & Foerster LLP on

The Howey test lives on—now in a lesson in what not to do when it comes to token offerings. Token offerings, also known as “initial token offerings,” “token launches,” “token sales,” “initial coin offerings,” or “ICOs,”...more

What is a Security? Even the SEC Can’t Always Tell

On February 27, 2015, an Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) determined that, contrary to claims by the SEC, interests in an LLC that invested in conservation easements as a tax deduction mechanism were not “securities” within the...more

Your Condo May Be Secure, But Not A Security

by Allen Matkins on

Two years ago, I wrote about U.S. District Court Judge Dana Sabraw’s opinion in Salameh v. Tarsadia Hotels, 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 30375. The case involved the question of whether ownership interests in individual units of...more

Silver Hills May Tarnish Crowdfunding

by Allen Matkins on

Both Section 2(1) of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 25019 of the Corporate Securities Law of 1968 provide extensional definitions of the term “security”. That is, they each list everything within the term being...more

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Cybersecurity

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