News & Analysis as of

Consumer Financial Services Newsletter - November 2016

D.C. Circuit Delivers First Blow to CFPB, Trump Win Delivers Second - The future of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) is up for grabs following a landmark Court of Appeals Decision, PHH Corporation v....more

What the PHH decision means for the CFPB’s UDAAP authority

In addition to its implications for CFPB rulemaking, the D.C. Circuit’s decision in PHH Corporation v. CFPB has significant implications for the CFPB’s authority to enforce federal consumer financial protection laws as well...more

Structure Of CFPB Found To Be Unconstitutional But Agency Survives With Cut To Director’s Power

The DC Circuit Court of Appeals recently held that the single-director structure of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) was unconstitutional, and gave the President the authority to fire the director at will in...more

Court Rules CFPB Unconstitutional and Finds CFPB Improperly Applied Mortgage Lending and Reinsurance Laws

In PHH Corporation v. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, no. 15-1177 (D.C. Cir. Oct. 11, 2016), the Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit recently held that the organizational structure of the Consumer Financial Protection...more

D.C. Circuit Holds CFPB Unconstitutionally Structured' and Overturns PHH Penalty

Last week, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit issued its much-anticipated decision in PHH Corp. v. CFPB, No. 15-1177 (D.C. Cir., Oct. 11, 2016). In its 110-page decision, the three-judge panel deemed the Consumer...more

D.C. Circuit Court Finds the CFPB Misinterpreted Section 8 of RESPA and Violated Due Process with Retroactive Application

The D.C. Circuit Court issued its long-awaited opinion in PHH Corporation v. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, No. 15-1177 (D.C. Cir., filed 2015) regarding the constitutionality of the Consumer Financial Protection...more

CFPB Deputy Enforcement Director mum on whether CFPB will seek further review of PHH decision

During the “Developments at the CFPB” panel this morning at the Pennsylvania Bar Institute Consumer Financial Services & Banking Law Update program in Philadelphia, Jeffrey Ehrlich, the CFPB’s Deputy Enforcement Director,...more

What the D.C. Circuit’s PHH decision means for CFPB rulemaking

In its decision last week in PHH Corporation v. CFPB, the D.C. Circuit ruled that the CFPB’s single-director-removable-only-for-cause structure is unconstitutional. While the D.C. Circuit (in footnote 19) noted that it “need...more

CFPB Single-Director Structure Unconstitutional: CFPB Director Now Serves at President’s Will

A divided panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit ruled October 11, 2016, that the current structure of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) is unconstitutional. The court concluded...more

Beyond the Constitutionality of the CFPB: D.C. Circuit Decision Limits Scope of Fines and Enforcement Actions

Action Item: Financial institutions currently subject to CFPB enforcement proceedings should be aware of the D.C. Circuit’s decision ruling that the CFPB cannot (i) circumvent applicable statutes of limitation in the context...more

D.C. Circuit Holds CFPB is Unconstitutionally Constructed; Removes For-Cause Removal Protection from CFPB Director

On Tuesday, October 11, 2016, the D.C. Circuit Court issued its opinion in PHH Corp. v. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, holding that the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) was unconstitutionally structured. In...more

DC Court of Appeals Rules CFPB’s Structure is Unconstitutional

On October 11, 2016, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit ruled that the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s (CFPB) structure is unconstitutional. PHH Corporation v. Consumer Financial...more

D.C. Circuit Holds Structure of CFPB Unconstitutional, Vacates $109 Million Fine Arising out of Mortgage Lender’s “Captive...

On Tuesday the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals issued what is already being touted as a landmark ruling in PHH Corp. v. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, No. 15-1177, 2016 WL 5898801 (D.C. Cir. Oct. 11, 2016), holding in a...more

CFPB Hit by Major Setback in D.C. Circuit

In a decision eagerly awaited by the financial services industry, the D.C. Circuit this week handed the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) a major defeat, throwing out a mortgage lender’s $109 million disgorgement...more

D.C. Circuit Rules CFPB’s Structure Unconstitutional

In a news-making decision with significant political implications, but probably limited near-term business or legal effects, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit held on Tuesday, October 11,...more

DC Circuit Renders Landmark Ruling Restricting CFPB’s Virtually Unfettered Power

In PHH v. CFPB (Oct. 11, 2016), the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit held that the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) was unconstitutionally structured, and that the agency’s enforcement powers are...more

“Not A Close Call”: The D.C. Circuit Restores The Safe Harbor To Section 8 of RESPA

Noting that “[t]he basic statutory question in this case is not a close call,” the D.C. Circuit has held that a bona fide payment by one settlement service provider to another does not violate Section 8(a) of the Real Estate...more

D.C. Circuit Brings CFPB under Presidential Control

On October 11, 2016, the United States Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit issued its long-awaited opinion in PHH Corp. v. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, in which the Court held that the structure of the Consumer...more

Leadership Structure of CFPB Ruled Unconstitutional

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit issued its ruling in PHH Corporation v. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau on Tuesday and determined that the single-director structure of the CFPB...more

Key Consumer Finance Takeaways from the DC Circuit’s PHH Decision

On October 11, 2016, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit issued a highly-anticipated decision in PHH Corporation, et al., v. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau that has far reaching...more

A Truckload of Trouble for the CFPB

Within days after the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau started operations, a truckload of boxes from the Department of Housing and Urban Development arrived at the CFPB Office of Enforcement. The boxes held evidence from...more

D.C. Circuit Holds CFPB Structure Unconstitutional, Interpretation of RESPA Not Entitled to Deference

The D.C. Circuit yesterday issued its long-awaited decision in PHH Corporation v. CFPB. In reversing the decision of Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) Director Cordray to impose an enhanced penalty of $109 million...more

DC Circuit Rules CFPB’s Structure Unconstitutional—Overturns $106mm Fine

On October 11, 2016, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia, widely regarded as the nation’s second most powerful court, ruled that the structure of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”)...more

CFPB's Structure Declared Unconstitutional – What You Need to Know

The CFPB suffered a blow yesterday in the most significant attack against its authority to date. In PHH Mortgage's appeal from a $109,000,000 disgorgement order issued by the CFPB in June of 2015, the U.S. Court of Appeals...more

DC Circuit Strikes Down CFPB Leadership Structure

On October 11, 2016 the D.C. Circuit in PHH Corporation v. CFPB, No. 15-1177, struck down the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau's (CFPB) leadership structure as unconstitutional. In short, the court ruled that Congress...more

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