Investment Advisers Act of 1940

News & Analysis as of

SEC Grants Exceptions to Family Office Rules

The SEC has previously adopted a rule to define “family offices” that are excluded from the Investment Advisers Act of 1940. “Family offices” are entities established by wealthy families to manage their wealth and provide...more

Fair Valuation and Mutual Fund Directors: The Great Valuation Divide and Its Implications

The 1940 Act’s requirements for valuing portfolio securities may be summarized as follows: the board of directors must determine, in good faith, the fair value of every portfolio security for which a market quotation is not...more

SEC Staff Provides Guidance on Custody Rule Compliance When Private Funds Use SPVs and Escrow Accounts

The staff of the SEC’s Division of Investment Management issued IM Guidance Update No. 2014-7 (the “Guidance Update”) to provide guidance on how Rule 206(4)-2 under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (the “Custody Rule”)...more

SEC Charges Hedge Fund Adviser with Engaging in Prohibited Principal Transactions and Retaliating Against Whistleblower

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC or Commission) issued a cease and desist order on June 16, 2014 (the Order) against Paradigm Capital Management, Inc. (Paradigm) and its founder, Director, President and Chief...more

The SEC Provides Guidance on Custody Rule Compliance for Private Fund SPVs and Escrow Accounts

In June 2014, the staff of the Securities and Exchange Commission’s (SEC’s) Division of Investment Management provided guidance (the Guidance Update) on how private fund managers using special purpose vehicles (SPVs) and...more

SEC “Likes” Social Media for Investment Advisers

The SEC staff views social media as a useful tool that helps consumers conduct their own due diligence on investment advisers. In a recent Investment Management Guidance Update, the staff stated that, under certain...more

Top Ten Things You Need to Know About the Advisers Act

The Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (the Act) is the rulebook for SEC-registered investment advisers (RIAs). The Advisers Act, together with the related rules adopted by the SEC under it, lays down the groundwork as to...more

Investment Management Update

In July 2014, the SEC settled the previously reported proceeding involving Chariot Advisors, and its former owner, Elliott Shifman, concerning charges of violating and aiding and abetting the violation of Section 15(c) of the...more

DID YOU KNOW? SEC Allows Family Offices to Include Members of an Extended Family

Family offices have existed for over a century and have been formed to implement very important and complex objectives, including investment management, corporate succession, estate, gift and income tax planning, and...more

SEC Releases Guidance on Proxy Voting and Use of Proxy Advisory Firms

On June 30, 2014, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) issued Staff Legal Bulletin No. 20 (Bulletin), which clarifies the responsibilities of registered investment advisers when voting client proxies and retaining...more

New SEC Guidance on Application of Custody Rule to SPVs and Escrow Accounts

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) recently issued a guidance update (Update) on Rule 206(4)-2 of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (Custody Rule), which regulates the custody practices of registered investment...more

SEC Settles with Hedge Fund Adviser over Principal Transactions and Retaliation Against Whistleblower

The SEC settled administrative proceedings against an investment adviser, Paradigm Capital Management, Inc. (the “Adviser”), and Candace King Weir, the Adviser’s principal owner (the “Principal”), over violations of the...more

Paying for Playing: SEC Brings First Pay-to-Play Action against an Investment Adviser

The SEC has brought the first action under the “pay-to-play” rule adopted under the Investment Advisers Act. Andrew Ceresney, director of the SEC Enforcement Division, served notice that the SEC “will hold investment advisers...more

SEC Issues Guidance on Application of Custody Rules to Special Purpose Vehicles and Escrows

The Division of Investment Management of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC) recently released an IM Guidance Update with respect to the custody rule, Rule 206(4)-2 (the Custody Rule) under the Investment...more

SEC Settles with Exempt Reporting Adviser over Pay-to-Play Violations

The SEC settled public administrative proceedings against TL Ventures Inc., a venture capital fund adviser (the “Adviser”), over violations of Rule 206(4)-5 (the “Rule”) under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (the...more

What Private Equity Fund Managers Need to Know About SEC Examinations

Prior to the passage of the Dodd-Frank Act, a private equity manager was exempt from federal regulation under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (the “Advisers Act”) so long as it managed fewer than 15 private equity funds....more

"SEC Issues Fine in Pay-to-Play Rule and Registration Requirement Violation Case"

On June 20, 2014, the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") censured and fined investment adviser TL Ventures Inc. for violating the SEC's pay-to-play rule, Rule 206(4)-5 (the "Rule"), and failing to properly register...more

SEC’s First Advisers Act Pay-To-Play Action

The Commission brought its first pay-to-play action involving political campaign contributions under the Investment Advisers Act. The proceeding is predicated on the integration of two firms which claimed to be exempt from...more

SEC Warns Private Equity Fund Advisers about Compliance Shortcomings

Andrew J. Bowden, Director of the Securities and Exchange Commission's Office of Compliance Inspections and Examinations (OCIE) delivered remarks at last week's Private Equity International (PEI) 2014 Compliance Forum that...more

SEC Issues Guidance Update on Social Media Commentary in Investment Adviser Advertising

The staff of the Division of Investment Management (Staff) of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has issued an IM Guidance Update (Guidance Update) on the use of social media in investment adviser advertising. The...more

SEC Staff Addresses Third-Party Endorsements of Investment Advisers on Social Media Websites

On March 28, 2014, the Division of Investment Management of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) published an IM Guidance Update that removes a great deal of uncertainty regarding social media use by investment...more

Investment Management Update

Following two recent cases involving investment advisers and social media, the SEC recently issued guidance regarding whether the publication of comments about investment advisers on social media sites would violate those...more

SEC Division of Investment Management Provides Guidance on the Testimonial Rule and Social Media

The Division of Investment Management (the Division) of the Securities and Exchange Commission recently issued guidance (the Guidance) to investment advisers regarding the applicability to social media of Rule 206(4)-1(a)(1)...more

SEC Reopens Comment Period on Proposed Target Date Fund Disclosure Requirements to Address Investor Advisory Committee...

The SEC issued a release reopening the comment period on proposed amendments (the “Proposed Amendments”) to Rule 482 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Rule 34b-1 under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as...more

Orrick's Financial Industry Week in Review

ESMA Reports on Information that Competent Authorities Should Provide to it Under the AIFMD - The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA), has published a final report of technical advice for the European...more

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