News & Analysis as of

A Cautionary Tale on Arbitration Clauses

In July 2014, the Ontario Superior Court of Justice released its decision in 2296432 Ontario Ltd v. FOF Franchise Corp. The case involved an action by plaintiff franchisees for rescission of a franchise agreement and related...more

California Supreme Court Eases Admissibility of Oral Statements in Contract Fraud Disputes

California, like most jurisdictions, prohibits parties to integrated contracts from introducing “parol evidence” — this is, evidence of prior written or verbal agreements made by a party to a contract — if those alleged...more

Promises to Keep—Lender Beware: California Supreme Court Expands Parol Evidence Fraud Exception

In 1935, the California Supreme Court in Bank of America National Trust and Savings Ass’n v. Pendergrass prohibited a borrower from introducing external or parol evidence to demonstrate fraud in connection with an agreement...more

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