Obviousness

News & Analysis as of

Illumina Cambridge Ltd. v. Intelligent Bio-Systems, Inc. (Fed. Cir. 2016)

The Federal Circuit affirmed a decision of obviousness, and that a patentee not be able to amend claims in an inter partes review proceeding, in an opinion handed down January 29th in Illumina Cambridge Ltd. v. Intelligent...more

Evidence of Copying Admissible in Patent Infringement Trial to Prove Nonobviousness

Metaswitch moved to exclude evidence of copying from a patent infringement action filed against it by Genband. Genband asserted during the pretrial process that it was seeking to introduce evidence of copying as an indication...more

Purdue OxyContin Patents Invalid Despite Stemming From Discovery Of Source Of Toxic Impurity

In Purdue Pharma L.P. v. Epic Pharma LLC, the Federal Circuit affirmed the district court decision holding four OxyContin patents invalid as obvious. In so doing, the court rejected Purdue’s arguments that its discovery of...more

Petitioners: Put All Needed Evidence in Your Petition - Redline Detection, LLC v. Star Envirotech, Inc.

Addressing the rules governing admissibility of supplemental information during an inter partes review (IPR) proceeding, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit affirmed the decision of the Patent Trial and Appeal...more

“Substantial Evidence” Review Dooms PTAB Appeal - Merck & Cie v. Gnosis S.P.A.

Addressing the issue of obviousness in the context of an inter partes review (IPR), the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit affirmed a decision by the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB or Board) under a...more

But, Why?

In Cutsforth, Inc. v. Motive Power, Inc., [2015-1316] the Federal Circuit vacated a PTAB decision that claims 1–24 of U.S. Patent No. 7,990,018 were invalid for obviousness because the Board did not adequately describe its...more

Patents – Year In Review

In 2015, Canadian courts and the Patent Appeal Board issued decisions which deemed non-infringing alternatives to affect damages for patent infringement, assessed a license agreement by reference to U.S. patent law, and...more

Cutsforth Inc. v. MotivePower, Inc.

Back in January 2002, when this author was near the beginning of his patent law career, the Federal Circuit handed down the In re Sang-Su Lee case. Among other things, this case provided patent practitioners with support for...more

Cuozzo Expanded to CBMs to Bar Appellate Review of Institution Decisions - SightSound Tech., LLC v. Apple Inc.

Addressing the bar on appellate reviewability of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board’s (PTAB or Board) decisions, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit concluded that § 324(e) bars review of the Board’s decision to...more

Just Because You Can, Doesn’t Mean You Should

In Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. v. Covidien LP, [2014-1771](January 13, 2016), the Federal Circuit held that the same panel of the PTAB can make the decision to institute an IPR and the final written decision, and that the PTAB...more

Federal Circuit Review | January 2016

The Federal Circuit Will Review Appeals from Inter Partes Review Proceedings Under the “Substantial Evidence” Standard - In Merck & Cie v. Gnosis S.p.A., Appeal No. 2014-1779, the Federal Circuit affirmed a PTAB IPR...more

Federal Circuit Issues Ironic Decision Reversing PTAB For Not Providing Enough Analysis

The PTAB was rebuked by the Federal Circuit on January 22nd for failing to provide an adequate description of its reasoning for finding the claims of the challenged patent obvious in an inter partes review proceeding. In...more

PTAB Denies Challenge Of Abbvie Humira Patents

The USPTO Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) denied institution of two Inter Partes Review challenges brought by Amgen, Inc. against two Humira patents covering stable formulations of anti-human Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha...more

Making the Obvious Point: How Failing to Provide Motivation to Modify a Prior Art Reference Can Lose Your Case, Even When That...

To invalidate a patent as obvious, a prior art reference often must be modified to incorporate the teachings of another prior art reference. However, the Supreme Court has held that the obviousness analysis must include some...more

PTAB Trial Standard Of Review Requires Affirmance Despite Contrary Evidence

In Merck & Cie v. Gnosis S.p.A., the Federal Circuit affirmed the decision of the USPTO Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) that held the challenged claims obvious in an Inter Partes Review (IPR) proceeding. Although the...more

Losing Competing Property Not A Teaching Away

In In re Urbanski, the Federal Circuit upheld the decision of the USPTO Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) finding the claims of Urbanski’s patent application obvious. Urbanski had argued that the cited references taught...more

Federal Circuit Backs PTAB Decision Curtailing A Party's Use Of "Supplemental" Information

In Redline Detection v. Star Envirotech, the Federal Circuit confirmed that the PTAB can decline to consider timely filed “supplemental” information from a petitioner (after filing its petition) pursuant to 37 C.F.R. §...more

It is Obvious to Vary Result-Effective Variables

In In re Urbanski, [2015-1272] (Fed. Cir. 2016), the Federal Circuit affirmed the PTAB’s affirmance of the rejection on obviousness grounds of claims to a method for making an enzymatic hydrolysate of a soy fiber. The...more

It Can Happen: PTAB Alters Final Written Decision on Rehearing - Square, Inc. v. REM Holdings 3, LLC

In a rare decision granting a petitioner’s rehearing request, the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB or Board) reversed its earlier position in a final written decision where it found that the petitioner had not shown that...more

Federal Circuit Affirms PTAB's IPR Decision Invalidating A Pharmaceutical Patent

On December 17, 2015, in Merck v. Gnosis, the Federal Circuit affirmed the PTAB’s IPR Decision finding a pharmaceutical patent invalid for obviousness. Justice Newman vigorously dissented from the majority’s view (Justices...more

Knobbe Martens Client STAR Envirotech Wins Affirmance of IPR Decision Finding Patent Valid

On December 31, 2015, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit affirmed the Patent Trial and Appeal Board’s decision that a STAR Envirotech patent relating to its evaporative emission testing tools is valid and not...more

Directing a Known Treatment to a Sub-Population of Patients Is Obvious - Prometheus Labs, Inc. v. Roxane Labs., Inc.

Addressing obviousness issues, the U. S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit affirmed the district court’s invalidity conclusion, agreeing that the elements present in the prior art—including earlier disclosed genus...more

Patent Owner Should Have Left “Good Enough” Alone - Belden Inc. v. Berk-Tek LLC

Addressing issues of obviousness and procedural issues related to the use of declarations, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit affirmed in part and reversed in part a decision by the Patent Trial and Appeal...more

Top Patent Law Stories In 2015

I will try to keep this post as brief as possible, since I posted at length on all of the stories. There was a lot of IP action in 2015 – much involving the Fed. Cir. and Supreme Court’s resolution of cases in progress in...more

Federal Circuit Review | December 2015

Expert Testimony Not Always Necessary to Establish Prima Facie Obviousness Case in Inter Partes Review - In Belden Inc. v. Berk-Tek LLC, Appeal Nos. 2014-1575, 2014-1576, on appeal from an IPR, the Federal Circuit...more

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