Operating Agreements Limited Liability Company (LLC)

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Entity Selection Series | Part One: The Benefits of a Limited Liability Company

So, you developed the next great start-up idea and you are looking to organize your company… Initially, the entrepreneur will have to decide what type of entity to use and under what state to form the company. Various legal...more

Why Do You Need a Buy-Sell Agreement for Your Closely Held Company?

Why do you need a Buy-Sell Agreement for your closely held company? In a nutshell, your business partner might die, become disagreeable, or just simply lose his or her mind, and you need a set of rules to resolve the matter....more

What Are Fiduciary Duties Between Members In An Arizona LLC?

A few years I wrote an article named Are There Fiduciary Duties between Members in an Arizona LLC? At the time, there were no published decisions in Arizona on this issue. However, a bankruptcy judge had dismissed my...more

The Tennessee Business Court Further Defines LLC Law

The Tennessee Business Court continued its prolific promulgation of rulings affecting the resolution of internecine disputes between LLC members. In Terrell K. Raley, et al. v. Cees Brinkman, et al., Case No. 16-0196-BC, the...more

This Case Caused Me To Take Stock

I recently came across Fukuda v. Nethercott, 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 92462 (D. Utah, July 15, 2016). The case involved claims by the plaintiff that the defendants had sold him securities in violation of the registration...more

Keeping Your Team Motivated: A Profits Interest as an Equity-Based Incentive

Say you own one-half of an LLC that is taxed as a partnership. You and your partner invested the initial capital that was necessary to get the business up and running, and you both built the business with the help of a few...more

Bankruptcy Courts Closing In – Will An Agreement Requiring Unanimous Consent To File For Bankruptcy Be Effective?

We’ve all seen it. The business opportunity looks enticing but is laced with risk about a potential bankruptcy filing down the road. As bankruptcy lawyers we are often asked how deals can be structured to prevent a...more

Global Private Equity Newsletter - Summer 2016 Edition: Recent Developments in Acquisition Finance

Private equity sponsors should be aware of two recent court decisions. One involves fiduciary duties under state law that may be owing to a limited liability company borrower by its managers, in the context of receivables...more

Lenders Cannot Prevent Borrowers From Filing Bankruptcy By Owning Minority Equity With Veto Power Over Borrower’s Decision To File...

In a recent decision, the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware refused to enforce a provision in the debtor’s LLC operating agreement requiring a unanimous vote of the debtor’s members to authorize the debtor to...more

Delaware Bankruptcy Court Invalidates on Public Policy Grounds a “Golden Share” Provision in LLC Agreement Designed to Limit LLC’s...

In a June 3, 2016 decision, the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware (“the Bankruptcy Court”) invalidated, on federal public policy grounds, a provision in the debtor-LLC’s operating agreement that it...more

Intervention Energy: The Case Where the Golden Share Lost its Shine

In connection with out-of-court restructurings, workouts and forbearance agreements, creditors often seek to include provisions that purport to limit the ability of a debtor to file for bankruptcy relief. However, bankruptcy...more

Amendments to the Minnesota Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act

On May 22, 2016 several amendments to the Minnesota Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act, Chapter 322C of the Minnesota statutes, were passed into law. While most of the changes are immaterial or administrative in...more

The Tennessee Business Court Tackles Privilege Claims

The Tennessee Business Court has provided additional guidance to commercial litigators concerning internecine legal battles between members of limited liability companies. The Court has determined the fiduciary duties of...more

Partnership Audit Changes and Their Effect on Operating Agreements

On November 2, 2015, President Obama signed into law the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015. The Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 contained several significant changes to the procedural rules for federal income tax audits and the...more

Changes to IRS Partnership and LLC Audit Rules

Recent history has seen a proliferation of health care organizations—including tax-exempt organizations, for-profit companies, and physician practice groups—that have joined together to take advantage of different synergies...more

Is It Better To Be A LLC Member In The Minority Than A Minority Corporate Shareholder?

It is pretty common to think that limited liability company members have similar rights as shareholders in a corporation. But they don't, (although in some respects the rights afforded to LLC members may be better). The...more

Maryland Appellate Court Says “No De Facto Series LLC”

In Kurz, et al. v. AMCP-1, LLC, et al., an unpublished opinion filed on February 10, 2016, the Maryland Court of Special Appeals refused to accept the plaintiff’s argument that the trial court, in disregard of Maryland law,...more

Comprehensive Partnership Audit Reform Requires Amendments To Partnership (and LLC Operating) Agreements

Congress has recently scrapped the existing procedures for IRS audits of partnerships. The new rules (the “BBA Audit Rules”1) are effective for partnership taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2018. A partnership...more

California Amends LLC Law, Eases Lender Obligations

Why it matters - Earlier this month, California Governor Jerry Brown signed into law Assembly Bill 506, a measure that amended the state's Revised Uniform Limited Partnership Act, making it easier for lenders to make...more

2009 Caiola Family Trust v. PWA, LLC, C.A. No. 8028-VCP (Del. Ch. Oct. 14, 2015) (Parsons, V.C.)

In this 91-page post-trial opinion addressing a dispute between members of a Delaware limited liability company formed to own and operate a residential apartment complex in Kansas, the Court of Chancery held that the...more

Court Of Chancery Declines Stay In LLC Advancement Case

Tulum Management USA LLC v. Casten, C.A. 11321-VCN (November 9, 2015) - A Delaware court will not stay its hand in favor of litigation elsewhere in an advancement or indemnification case absent “exceptional...more

Washington's Amended LLC Statute—Should You Amend Your LLC Agreement?

Washington state approved significant amendments to its Limited Liability Company Act earlier this year that will become effective on January 1, 2016. For many existing LLCs, the amendments will not have a meaningful impact...more

New Regulations Expected this Fall May Limit Valuation Discounts in Certain Asset Transfers

For high-net worth individuals – particularly those whose assets include closely-held business interests or family investment entities – anticipated changes in the valuation of those assets for estate and gift tax purposes...more

Court Of Chancery Determines That Advancement Claim Is A General Creditor Claim

These two decisions hold that an advancement claim should be treated as a claim of a general creditor by a company in liquidation. Hence, those claims do not get priority in payment along with administrative expenses of the...more

Florida LLC’s can now prevent members from withdrawing

The new Florida LLC Act was revised this year so that a Florida LLC’s operating agreement can prohibit a member from withdrawing from the company. Withdrawal can allow a member to terminate his or her obligations as a member,...more

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