Operating Agreements Limited Liability Company (LLC)

News & Analysis as of

New Law to Govern Pennsylvania Entities

Effective February 21, 2017, Pennsylvania law will change significantly for business corporations, nonprofit corporations, and especially for limited liability companies (“LLCs”), limited partnerships (“LPs”), limited...more

Major Changes to Business Entity Laws in Pennsylvania Beginning February 21, 2017

Pennsylvania has enacted a comprehensive set of laws (Act 170) modernizing the treatment of unincorporated associations, including limited liability companies, limited partnerships, limited liability partnerships, limited...more

NJ Supreme Court Clarifies Standard for Member Expulsion under LLC Act

One of the features of the Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act (RULLCA) that has been adopted in Minnesota and many other states is that it allows for an LLC to expel a member by judicial order under certain...more

First Department Affirms the Validity of an LLC Operating Agreement Adopted by Majority Members without Minority Consent: ...

In Shapiro v. Ettenson, No. 2849, 2017 BL 19404 (App. Div. 1st Dep’t Jan. 24, 2017), the Appellate Division, First Department recently affirmed a decision by Supreme Court Justice Kelly O’Neill Levy upholding an LLC operating...more

LLC Bound By Agreement Signed By Manager’s Manager

Justice Kenneth R. Yegan clearly and concisely frames the question in Western Surety Co. v. La Cumbre Office Partners, LLC, 2017 Cal. App. LEXIS 77 (2017)...more

Thinking About Becoming a Minority Member of a New York LLC Without an Operating Agreement? Think Again

An appellate decision last week sounds alarm bells for minority members of New York LLCs that have no operating agreement and for anyone considering becoming a minority member of an LLC without first having in place an...more

Operating Agreement Trumps Falsified Liquor License Application In Dispute Over LLC Membership

Oh, the things that can happen when the LLC members identified in the company’s operating agreement differ from those identified in official documents submitted to government agencies....more

Family Businesses Should Carefully Consider Indemnification and Advancement Obligations Included In Limited Liability Company...

When a family business operated as a limited liability company brings on professional management, the parties typically focus on items in the operating agreement such as capital contributions, allocations and distributions,...more

Sole Owners of Close Corporation and LLC Discover They're Not So Sole

What makes a shareholder a shareholder? What makes an LLC member a member? The simplicity of the questions belies the difficulties and endlessly unique fact patterns encountered in case after case involving close...more

LLC Operating Agreement Does Not Prevent Freeze-Out Merger

On October 24, 2016, Justice Charles E. Ramos of the New York Commercial Division denied a motion by minority members of a limited liability company (“LLC”) to enjoin a freeze-out merger that would cash out the minority...more

Managers of insolvent Missouri LLCs have no fiduciary duty to creditors

Two recent federal court decisions establish that managers of financially troubled Missouri limited liability companies do not owe a fiduciary duty to creditors of their troubled enterprises. Imperial Zinc Corp. v. Engineered...more

Entity Selection Series | Part One: The Benefits of a Limited Liability Company

So, you developed the next great start-up idea and you are looking to organize your company… Initially, the entrepreneur will have to decide what type of entity to use and under what state to form the company. Various legal...more

Why Do You Need a Buy-Sell Agreement for Your Closely Held Company?

Why do you need a Buy-Sell Agreement for your closely held company? In a nutshell, your business partner might die, become disagreeable, or just simply lose his or her mind, and you need a set of rules to resolve the matter....more

What Are Fiduciary Duties Between Members In An Arizona LLC?

A few years I wrote an article named Are There Fiduciary Duties between Members in an Arizona LLC? At the time, there were no published decisions in Arizona on this issue. However, a bankruptcy judge had dismissed my...more

The Tennessee Business Court Further Defines LLC Law

The Tennessee Business Court continued its prolific promulgation of rulings affecting the resolution of internecine disputes between LLC members. In Terrell K. Raley, et al. v. Cees Brinkman, et al., Case No. 16-0196-BC, the...more

This Case Caused Me To Take Stock

I recently came across Fukuda v. Nethercott, 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 92462 (D. Utah, July 15, 2016). The case involved claims by the plaintiff that the defendants had sold him securities in violation of the registration...more

Keeping Your Team Motivated: A Profits Interest as an Equity-Based Incentive

Say you own one-half of an LLC that is taxed as a partnership. You and your partner invested the initial capital that was necessary to get the business up and running, and you both built the business with the help of a few...more

Bankruptcy Courts Closing In – Will An Agreement Requiring Unanimous Consent To File For Bankruptcy Be Effective?

We’ve all seen it. The business opportunity looks enticing but is laced with risk about a potential bankruptcy filing down the road. As bankruptcy lawyers we are often asked how deals can be structured to prevent a...more

Global Private Equity Newsletter - Summer 2016 Edition: Recent Developments in Acquisition Finance

Private equity sponsors should be aware of two recent court decisions. One involves fiduciary duties under state law that may be owing to a limited liability company borrower by its managers, in the context of receivables...more

Lenders Cannot Prevent Borrowers From Filing Bankruptcy By Owning Minority Equity With Veto Power Over Borrower’s Decision To File...

In a recent decision, the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware refused to enforce a provision in the debtor’s LLC operating agreement requiring a unanimous vote of the debtor’s members to authorize the debtor to...more

Delaware Bankruptcy Court Invalidates on Public Policy Grounds a “Golden Share” Provision in LLC Agreement Designed to Limit LLC’s...

In a June 3, 2016 decision, the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware (“the Bankruptcy Court”) invalidated, on federal public policy grounds, a provision in the debtor-LLC’s operating agreement that it...more

Intervention Energy: The Case Where the Golden Share Lost its Shine

In connection with out-of-court restructurings, workouts and forbearance agreements, creditors often seek to include provisions that purport to limit the ability of a debtor to file for bankruptcy relief. However, bankruptcy...more

Amendments to the Minnesota Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act

On May 22, 2016 several amendments to the Minnesota Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act, Chapter 322C of the Minnesota statutes, were passed into law. While most of the changes are immaterial or administrative in...more

The Tennessee Business Court Tackles Privilege Claims

The Tennessee Business Court has provided additional guidance to commercial litigators concerning internecine legal battles between members of limited liability companies. The Court has determined the fiduciary duties of...more

Partnership Audit Changes and Their Effect on Operating Agreements

On November 2, 2015, President Obama signed into law the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015. The Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 contained several significant changes to the procedural rules for federal income tax audits and the...more

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