Rule 23

News & Analysis as of

Nothing Shady Where State Statutory Language Restricting Class Actions is Clear

Six years ago, the U.S. Supreme Court stated in a plurality opinion that “Rule 23 unambiguously authorizes any plaintiff, in any federal proceeding, to maintain a class action if the Rule’s requirements are met” — even if the...more

UnitedHealth Plan Holders Win Class Certification in ERISA Lawsuit

The District Court for the Northern District of California recently granted certain members of UnitedHealth health plans class certification in their suit alleging improper denial of benefits. Plaintiffs in the putative...more

Week in Review: How Excluding the Plaintiff’s Expert Can Position You Perfectly to Defend a Rule 23(f) Appeal and More

This week we take a look at how a trial court’s evidentiary rulings can foreclose pathways to appealing a ruling on certification down the line, as well as a Hail Mary appeal by a group of Super Bowl ticketholders that fell...more

Third Circuit says sunk discovery costs not a proper factor in class certification analysis

It is not every day that antitrust plaintiff classes fail to win certification due to lack of numerosity under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 23(a)(1). Yet this week, absence of numerosity was the reason a Third Circuit...more

Third Circuit Decertifies Class on Numerosity Grounds, Listing Relevant Factors for the First Time

The Modafinil decision bodes well for defendants and represents another step toward increased scrutiny of the class action device in the Third Circuit. On September 13, a divided panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for...more

Third Circuit Sets Framework for Numerosity Requirement

Yesterday, in In re Modafinil Antitrust Litig., 3d Cir. No. 15-3475 the Third Circuit provided a framework for analyzing the oft-overlooked numerosity requirement of Rule 23(a)(1).. The court’s decision both clarified and...more

Class Action Settlements at the Heart of Proposed Amendments to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 23

Federal class action jurisprudence has been evolving rapidly over the course of the last 5-6 years, with several major U.S. Supreme Court decisions defining and redefining many aspects of class litigation. With the first...more

The New Rule 23 Is Available for Public Comment

In August, while we were all on vacation, beating the heat, or recovering from a busy first half of 2016, the Advisory Committee published the new proposed Rule 23 for public comment. The proposed changes here fall into...more

No Repose for Debate on Applicability of American Pipe Tolling

In its seminal 1974 American Pipe opinion, the Supreme Court held that the commencement of a class action tolls the applicable statutes of limitation as to all putative class members who would have been parties had the class...more

Should MDL Judges Act More Like Class Action Judges?

Class actions are not the only form of aggregate litigation. Multi-district litigation (“MDL”), the process by which large numbers of smaller lawsuits are consolidated before a single judge for pretrial purposes, without...more

Week in Review: Appellate Court Upholds Damages-Based Challenge to Predominance and More

This week’s recap examines a recent appellate ruling that provides a nice roadmap for arguing a plaintiff’s theory of damages cannot satisfy Rule 23’s predominance requirement, as well as another district court’s efforts to...more

Week in Review: Proposed Rule Changes and Another Data-Breach Decision

Today’s round-up takes a look at the potential impact on class-action litigation of some recently proposed amendments to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, and continues our exploration of what type of injury it takes to...more

The Issues with Issue Certification

Rule 23(c)(4) has been been placed under a microscope in the past few years, largely because of the judicial response to the Supreme Court’s Comcast Corp. v. Behrend opinion, and the Rules Advisory Committee’s subsequent...more

“Placeholder” Motions to Certify are Unnecessary after Campbell-Ewald According to South Carolina District Court

Relying on the Supreme Court’s 2016 opinion in Campbell-Ewald, the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina ruled that a class action plaintiff need not file a “placeholder” motion to certify to avoid a...more

Court Of Chancery Explains When Caremark Claim Exists Based On Illegal Conduct

This decision explains when a Caremark claim exists based on illegal corporate conduct. The “substantial likelihood” of liability that justifies excusing a pre-suit demand on the board must involve a knowing violation of the...more

Second Circuit Confirms Ability of Defendants to Challenge and Defeat Class Certification Even After Loss in Jury Trial

The Second Circuit’s recent post-trial decertification of the class in Mazzei v. The Money Store, et al. has garnered attention about decertification as a defense strategy. The decision confirms that plaintiffs’ burden to...more

Second Circuit Rules That Judges Can Decertify a Class After a Jury Verdict

The Second Circuit recently held that under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 23, a district court judge can decertify a class after a jury verdict in favor of the class but before entering judgment, upholding a Southern...more

Second Circuit Holds Class Can Be Decertified After Jury Verdict

A class certification ruling is always subject to challenge if the class representative does not prove the necessary elements of class certification. On July 15, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit held...more

2nd Circuit Affirms Decertification of Class After Jury Verdict

Key Points - The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit recently held that district courts have the power to decertify a class even after a jury verdict in favor of the class...more

"The Class Action Chronicle - Summer 2016"

This is the 12th edition of The Class Action Chronicle, a quarterly publication that provides an analysis of recent class action trends, along with a summary of class certification and Class Action Fairness Act rulings issued...more

When Settlement and Secrecy Do Not Mix

Non-disclosure and confidentiality provisions can be an important aspect of resolving a case through settlement. But when one of the parties is a purported class, and the allegation is an antitrust violation, settlement and...more

Retail and Consumer Products Law Roundup - June 2016

President Signs Legislation Modernizing Federal Chemical Regulation Law - Overhaul of Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) has important business implications for consumer product manufacturers and retailers. ...more

Sixth Circuit Rejects Class Action Settlement With Key Documents Under Seal

All’s not fair in secretive class-action settlements. If class actions are the exception, then class-action settlements are a reflection of that exception. Specifically, the secrecy that might otherwise accompany...more

The Seventh Circuit Empowers Litigants to Revisit Class Definitions

Class actions, and Rule 23 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, have long been rife with controversy. It’s safe to assume that the Seventh Circuit’s decision last week in Fonder v. Sheriff of Kankakee Cnty., No. 15-2905...more

8th Circuit Court Finds Class Action Inappropriate to Resolve Neighborhood Claims for Damages Arising From Environmental...

Seyfarth Synopsis: The Eighth Circuit found that a class action could not be sustained in an environmental pollution case because “the class lacks the requisite commonality and cohesiveness to satisfy Rule 23.”...more

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