Securities Exchange Act

The Securities Exchance Act is a United States federal statute enacted in 1934 to govern the secondary securities trading market. In addition, the Securities Exchange Act established the Securities and Exchange... more +
The Securities Exchance Act is a United States federal statute enacted in 1934 to govern the secondary securities trading market. In addition, the Securities Exchange Act established the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), which is the primary regulatory agency enforcing federal securities laws. less -
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SEC Staff Legal Bulletin Addresses Use of Proxy Advisory Firms by Advisers and Reliance by Proxy Advisory Firms on Proxy Rules...

The SEC’s Divisions of Investment Management and Corporation Finance issued Staff Legal Bulletin No. 20 (the “Guidance”) which provides guidance from the Division of Investment Management to investment advisers on their...more

SEC Issues Staff Legal Bulletin No. 20: Clarifying Disclosure Requirements For Proxy Advisory Firms

Background - On June 30, 2014, the SEC’s Divisions of Investment Management and Corporation Finance released Staff Legal Bulletin No. 20, a set of thirteen Questions and Answers offering guidance on...more

SEC Clarifies Certain Proxy Voting Responsibilities of Investment Advisers and Availability of Exemptions from Proxy Rules for...

On June 30, 2014, the Securities and Exchange Commission’s (SEC) Divisions of Investment Management and Corporate Finance released joint guidance to address certain issues regarding proxy voting responsibilities of investment...more

How the MCDC Initiative affects bond issuers and borrowers

If you have ever issued (or borrowed the proceeds of) bonds then you should know about the Municipalities Continuing Disclosure Compliance Initiative (the “Initiative”) and take the appropriate steps to determine your...more

SEC Guidance on Proxy Voting for Investment Advisers and Proxy Advisory Firms

In response to years of criticism concerning the influence of proxy advisory firms, such as ISS and Glass Lewis, over proxy voting of investment advisers, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has issued new guidance...more

Directors Beware – The SEC’s High Expectations for Gatekeepers

In a recent speech, SEC Chair Mary Jo White put directors of public companies on notice of their responsibility as “essential” and “important” gatekeepers upon whom their investors and the SEC rely. Chair White described...more

SEC Resolves First Case Under New Municipalities Continuing Disclosure Cooperation Initiative

On July 8, 2014, the SEC announced that it had settled charges that a school district in California misled bond investors about its failure to comply with its continuing disclosure obligations under Rule 15c2-12 of the...more

SEC Issues Guidance on Proxy Voting Responsibilities of Investment Advisers, Their Use of Proxy Advisory Firms, and Application of...

On June 30, 2014, the Staff of the Securities and Exchange Commission’s Divisions of Investment Management and Corporation Finance issued guidance on the responsibilities of investment advisers in voting proxies and using...more

JOBS Act Quick Start - A brief overview of the JOBS Act - 2014 Update

In This Issue: - Introduction - The IPO on-ramp - The IPO Process - Applying Title I to other transactions - Private offerings - Crowdfunding - Regulation A+ - Exchange...more

New Municipal Advisor Rules and Continuing Disclosure Initiative

In an era of increased scrutiny and regulation of the municipal market, the final rules on what constitutes, and the registra- tion of, “municipal advisors”, became effective July 1, 2014. Concurrently, the SEC initiative to...more

The Danger of Retaliating Against Whistleblowers

Every company claims that they encourage a “speak up” culture. As part of a “speak up” culture, companies encourage managers and employees to raise concerns about potential violations and promise not to retaliate against...more

SEC Makes First Finding of Retaliation in Violation of the Exchange Act’s Anti-Retaliation Rule

On June 16, 2014, the SEC entered an order (the “Order”) instituting cease and desist proceedings against an investment adviser, Paradigm Capital Management, Inc. (“Paradigm”), and Paradigm’s founder, Director, President,...more

SEC’s Final Municipal Advisor Registration Rules Will Take Effect on July 1, 2014

The Securities and Exchange Commission’s (SEC) temporary stay on its final municipal advisor rules under Section 15B of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) expires July 1, 2014. Accordingly, municipal...more

U.S. Supreme Court Upholds Fraud on the Market Theory in Securities Class Actions

A much-anticipated decision of the U.S. Supreme Court, Halliburton Co. v. Erica P. John Fund, Inc. was released on June 23, 2014. While the Supreme Court upheld the "fraud on the market" presumption of reliance which has made...more

A Quick Glance: The Two Central Holdings from the U.S. Supreme Court’s Decision in Halliburton

In what amounted to a 6-3 decision, the Supreme Court held in Halliburton Co. v. Erica P. John Fund, Inc., 573 U.S. ___ (2014) that the presumption of reliance based on the fraud-on-the-market theory, first articulated in...more

Baker Botts: Supreme Court Sends ‘Decisive Message’ in Halliburton Decision

WASHINGTON, D.C., June 23, 2014 -- Today, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that defendants in securities class actions under Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 must be allowed to present evidence at the...more

Corporate Communicator - Summer 2014

Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (2010) added Section 13(p) to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the Exchange Act), mandating that the SEC adopt regulations relating...more

Investment Adviser Accused of $8.8 Million Fraud by SEC

On June 3, the Securities and Exchange Commission filed an emergency enforcement action in the US District Court for the Southern District of New York against Scott Valente, an investment adviser, alleging that he used his...more

Flash Rules: Is A Wall Street Reform on the Horizon or is the SEC Merely Reacting to the Latest Media Headline?

Michael Lewis’ new book Flash Boys: A Wall Street Revolt has caused a commotion on Wall Street, on Capitol Hill, and with law enforcement agencies. The SEC is the latest government agency to examine and propose new rules on...more

SEC Obtains Freeze Order Against Recidivist And His Entities

The Commission brought an action against a securities law recidivist and his entities who had raised about $22 million in a fraudulent investment scheme. When the action was filed a temporary freeze order was obtained. Later...more

Corporate and Financial Weekly Digest - Volume IX, Issue 24

In this issue: - Commissioner Kara M. Stein Calls for More Stringent Net Capital Requirements for Broker Dealers - US Marshals Service Announces Auction of Silk Road Bitcoins - Investment Adviser Accused...more

M&A Brokers: Don’t Forget State Laws

On January 31, 2014, the Staff of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) granted no-action relief permitting certain business brokers to facilitate the sale of privately-held companies and receive...more

New York City Bar Association Committee On Securities Litigation: Report on the Possible Impact of Halliburton II on Securities...

The U.S. Supreme Court's November 15, 2013 decision granting certiorari in Halliburton Co. and David Lesar v. Erica P. John Fund has captured the imagination of the securities bar and economists alike. At least one...more

Second Circuit Limits Extraterritorial Application of Federal Securities Laws

On May 6, 2014, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit issued its opinion in City of Pontiac Policemen’s and Firemen’s Retirement System v. UBS AG, No 12-4355, slip op. (2d Cir. May 6, 2014) (“City of Pontiac”), a...more

Inside The Courts - May 2014 | Volume 6 | Issue 2

In This Issue: - AUDITOR LIABILITY: ..Athale v. Sinotech Energy Ltd., No. 11 Civ. 05831(AJN) (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 21, 2014) - BYLAWS: ..ATP Tour, Inc. v. Deutscher Tennis Bund (German Tennis...more

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