Securities Exchange Act

The Securities Exchance Act is a United States federal statute enacted in 1934 to govern the secondary securities trading market. In addition, the Securities Exchange Act established the Securities and Exchange... more +
The Securities Exchance Act is a United States federal statute enacted in 1934 to govern the secondary securities trading market. In addition, the Securities Exchange Act established the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), which is the primary regulatory agency enforcing federal securities laws. less -
News & Analysis as of

SEC Proposes Amendments Revising Section 12(g) Thresholds as Required by the JOBS Act

The SEC proposed rules for comment that address the JOBS Act mandate to revise the thresholds for registration, termination of registration, and suspension of reporting under Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act. The proposed...more

SEC Proposes JOBS Act Rules for Exchange Act Registration Requirements

As mandated by the JOBS Act, the SEC has issued proposed amendments to revise the rules related to the thresholds for registration, termination of registration, and suspension of reporting under Section 12(g) of the Exchange...more

This Week In Securities Litigation

The Commission brought two FCPA cases this week, one of which was in conjunction with the DOJ. Both centered on the payments for gifts and travel in China. In addition, the SEC filed three manipulation cases, an action...more

Ninth Circuit Requires Particularity In All Elements Of Securities Fraud Pleading

Sometimes, I find it useful to take a step back and review the legal standard applicable to securities fraud claims under Section 10(b) and Rule 10b-5. To stay in court, and securities litigation all about surviving motions...more

Second Circuit Clarifies a Heightened Standard for Insider Trading Convictions

The US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit recently held that, in order to convict a tippee for insider trading under Section 10(b) of the Securities Act of 1934 and Rule 10b-5, the government must prove beyond a...more

SEC Issues Revisions to Regulation AB Telephone Interpretations

On December 9, the SEC issued Compliance and Disclosure Interpretations (“C&DIs”) that comprise the SEC’s interpretations of the rules adopted under Regulation AB II and the Securities Act and the Exchange Act. The new C&DIs...more

SEC Grants No-Action Relief to Whole Foods to Exclude Proxy Access Shareholder Proposal

On December 1, 2014, the staff of the Securities and Exchange Commission granted no-action relief to Whole Foods Market regarding its request to omit a shareholder proposal from its proxy materials pursuant to Rule...more

The Top 10 Obstacles to Litigating Securities Fraud Claims: Part I

Introduction: Congress passed the Securities Act of 1933, 15 U.S.C. §§ 77a et seq. (Securities Act), and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, 15 U.S.C. §§ 78a et seq. (Exchange Act, collectively, the Acts) following...more

Final Rule to Implement Dodd-Frank Risk Retention Requirement

On October 21, 2014, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve Board), the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), the U.S. Securities and...more

SEC Adopts Regulation SCI

On November 19, 2014, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) unanimously adopted Regulation Systems Compliance and Integrity (Regulation SCI) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (Exchange Act). Regulation SCI...more

Recent SEC Enforcement Actions Highlight Importance of Robust Insider Trading Compliance Policies

Recently the SEC announced enforcement actions which highlight the importance of complying with the beneficial ownership reporting requirements under Sections 13(d), 13(g) and 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, or...more

Bank, CFO Settle Accounting Charges with SEC

The SEC filed settled accounting actions with a financial institution and its CFO, keyed to a restatement. The accounting issue focused on deferred tax assets and the failure to have the related reserve. In the Matter of...more

New COSO Internal Control – Integrated Framework Implementation Date Approaches

The framework used by many public companies to measure internal controls over financial reporting is sunsetting. As of December 15, 2014, the Internal Control – Integrated Framework originally published by the Committee of...more

HSBC Unit Settles Unregistered Broker-Advisor Charges With SEC

A Swiss unit of U.K. financial services giant HSBC Holdings plc. settled charges that the firm repeatedly sold securities and rendered advisory services in the U.S. without registering with the Commission despite legal advice...more

SEC’s Authority to Interpret the Securities Laws Comes Under Fire in Criminal Enforcement

A recent statement by Justice Antonin Scalia accompanying the Supreme Court’s denial of certiorari in a criminal insider trading case raises fundamental questions about how the courts interpret the federal securities laws and...more

When California Copied Rule 10b-5 Did It Shut The State Courthouse Door To Securities Fraud Suits?

Section 27 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 provides: “The district courts of the United States . . . shall have exclusive jurisdiction of violations of [the Exchange Act] or the rules and regulations thereunder,...more

Inside The Courts - November 2014 | Volume 6 | Issue 4

In This Issue: CLASS CERTIFICATION: Fort Worth Emps. Ret. Fund v. J.P. Morgan Chase & Co., No. 09-cv-3701 (JPO) (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 30, 2014) Discovery: ..Freedman v. Weatherford Int’l Ltd., No. 12...more

Crowdfunding Disclaimers Aren’t Adequate to Avoid Liability under U.S. Securities Laws

Warning to non-United States equity crowdfunding sites: it’s not enough to warn that offerings are not being made to United States residents. Your procedures must verify that investors are not United States residents. On...more

Why Commissioner Gallagher Is Not Mistaken On Political Spending Disclosure

In this post published on October 30, I observed: According to Enver Fitch and Limor Bernstock at ISS ESG Proxy Research, shareholders associated with the Center for Political Accountability submitted 47 proposals this...more

Successful Motions to Dismiss Securities Class Actions, A Review of What Worked in 2014

Motions to dismiss have been called “the main event” in securities class actions. They are filed in over 90% of securities class actions and they result in dismissal close to 50% of the time they are filed. In contrast, out...more

SEC Charges City Mayor as a Control Person in Allen Park, Michigan, Enforcement Action

Thursday, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) announced fraud charges against the City of Allen Park, Michigan (City), and two of its former officials—the former City Mayor and former City Administrator. It is the...more

Final Dodd-Frank Risk Retention Rule Adopted

On October 22, 2014, six federal agencies approved a final rule requiring sponsors of asset securitization transactions to retain risk in those transactions. The final rule implements the risk retention requirements in the...more

The Latest from Dodd-Frank: Credit Risk Retention Rule Finalized

In the latest significant rulemaking arising out of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank Act), on October 22, six federal financial and housing agencies finalized long-awaited rules on...more

Final U.S. Credit Risk Retention Rules Adopted

Federal regulators have adopted the long-awaited joint Final Rule (the “Final Rule”) implementing the credit risk retention requirements of Section 15G of the Exchange Act of 1934 (“Section 15G”) for asset-backed securities...more

New Municipal Advisor Supervision Requirements Adopted

Rule G-44, proposed earlier this year by the Municipal Securities Regulation Board (MSRB) and approved by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) this month, requires that municipal advisors develop internal supervisory...more

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