Securities Exchange Act

The Securities Exchance Act is a United States federal statute enacted in 1934 to govern the secondary securities trading market. In addition, the Securities Exchange Act established the Securities and Exchange... more +
The Securities Exchance Act is a United States federal statute enacted in 1934 to govern the secondary securities trading market. In addition, the Securities Exchange Act established the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), which is the primary regulatory agency enforcing federal securities laws. less -
News & Analysis as of

SEC Proposes to Amend Rule 15b9-1

The Securities and Exchange Commission is proposing to amend Rule 15b9-1 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, to require broker-dealers that engage in off-exchange proprietary trading to become members of a...more

SEC Charges Directors, Officers and Major Investors for Failing to Update Disclosures Prior to Announcements of Going Private...

On March 13, 2015, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission announced settlement proceedings against officers, directors, and major shareholders of several companies that were recently taken private for failing to update...more

Supreme Court’s Omnicare Decision Muddies Section 11 Opinion Liability Standards

The Supreme Court has a long history of rejecting expansive interpretations of implied private rights of action under Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act. Most notably, since 1975, it rejected the argument that mere...more

Bridging the Week - March 2015 #5

SEC Proposes FINRA Oversee Certain High-Frequency Trading Firms; FINRA and FIA Issue Best Practice Guidance - The Securities and Exchange Commission proposed changes to an existing rule that, if adopted, would require...more

Internal Accounting Controls – The Framework for Enforcement (Part II of IV)

When you review the actual law surrounding books and records and internal controls, you wonder to yourself what took the Justice Department and the SEC so long to discover the full power of the provisions....more

SEC Rule Change Would Require High-Frequency Traders to Register with FINRA

On March 25, 2015, the SEC proposed an amendment to Rule 15b9-1 that would require high-frequency trading firms to register with FINRA. According to the SEC, the proposed amendment will better align the scope of Rule 15b9-1...more

Third Congressional Proposal to Define Insider Trading

On March 25, 2015, U.S. Representative Jim Himes introduced the Insider Trading Prohibition Act. The bill is the latest in a series of efforts to define insider trading following the Second Circuit’s decision last year in...more

SEC Proposes High Frequency Traders to be Regulated by FINRA

The Securities and Exchange Commission announced on March 25, 2015 a proposal to amend Rule 15b9-1 under the Exchange Act to require broker-dealers who trade in off-exchange venues to become members of a national securities...more

SEC Proposes to Narrow the Rule 15b9-1 Exemption from FINRA Membership

On March 25, 2015, the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC" or "Commission") proposed amendments to rule 15b9-1 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended ("Exchange Act"). Rule 15b9-1 currently exempts certain...more

Say-On-Pay Vote Did Not Create Disclosure Obligation

In Liang v. Berger, the plaintiff in a derivative action alleged the officers and directors of ARAID Pharmaceuticals failed to disclose material negative information about a drug under development in a timely manner. Among...more

Co-Bidder Status in Tender Offers

The recent Allergan litigation in California District Court involved the allegation that Pershing Square Capital Management, LP (together with certain of its affiliates, “Pershing Square”) had violated the prohibition, under...more

SEC Proposes Hedging Policy Disclosure Rule

The SEC has proposed a rule that would require new hedging policy disclosure by companies that are subject to SEC proxy rules. The proposed rule would in most cases expand the hedging policy disclosure currently provided by...more

To Conjoin Or Not To Conjoin – California Sometimes Gets It Wrong

This is as an easy mistake to make. I say so because I’ve made it more than once. The name of the landmark Depression era legislation regulating our national securities markets is the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; the...more

SEC Proposes Rule Requiring Hedging Disclosure

On February 9, 2015, the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) proposed amendments to its rules to implement Section 955 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Dodd-Frank Act”),...more

"SEC Proposes New Rules on Hedging Policy Disclosures"

On February 9, 2015, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) released proposed rules to implement Section 955 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank). Dodd-Frank amended Section...more

Proxy Access Update—Director of SEC Division of Corporation Finance Remarks on Decision to Suspend No-Action Relief Based on Rule...

On February 10, 2015, Keith Higgins, Director of the SEC Division of Corporation Finance, provided his informal views (available here) on the Division’s controversial decision to “express no views” on the application of...more

Second Circuit Clarifies that Allegations of Direct Fraudulent Representations Are Not Necessary for Market Manipulation Claims...

In Fezzani v. Bear, Stearns & Co., Inc., No. 14-3983, 2015 WL 400547 (2d Cir. Jan. 30, 2015) (“Fezzani II”), the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit clarified its opinion in Fezzani v. Bear, Stearns & Co.,...more

SEC Proposes Rules to Implement JOBS Act Relief From Exchange Act Registration Requirements

In December 2014, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) proposed rules to implement Title V and Title VI of the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (JOBS Act), which permit early stage companies to defer registration...more

SEC Proposes Hedging Disclosures Regarding Directors, Officers and Employees

The SEC has proposed rules to implement Section 955 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, as codified in Section 14(j) of the Exchange Act, which requires annual meeting proxy statement disclosure...more

Reversals of Fortune: Putting the Brakes on Section 10(b) and Section 11 Claims Against Auditors of China-Based Companies

A federal court’s recent dismissal of Securities Exchange Act claims against the auditor of a Chinese company prompted us to examine the state of recent U.S. civil securities litigation against accounting firms that audited...more

This Week In Securities Litigation

The SEC settled another action this week based on admissions of fact and that the Federal securities laws were filed, this time involving Oppenheimer. The action was based on the fact that the firm permitted an off-shore and...more

SEC Staff To Express No Views On Conflicting Shareholder Proposals Under Rule 14a-8(i)(9)

On January 16, 2015, SEC Chair Mary Jo White issued a directive that the staff of the SEC review its position on Rule 14a-8(i)(9) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”). Concurrent with SEC Chair White’s...more

SEC Suspends Review of Conflicting Shareholder Proposal No-Action Requests

On January 16, 2015, the Division of Corporation Finance of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Staff”) announced that the Staff will express no views on no-action requests, arguing that shareholder proposals...more

Oppenheimer Settles with SEC, FinCEN

Oppenheimer & Co., Inc. settled an action with the SEC centered on violations of the broker registration provisions, a failure to file suspicious activity reports or SARS and the sale of unregistered penny stock shares. The...more

Tenth Circuit Affirms Dismissal of Securities Class Action for Failing to Plead Scienter Under the PSLRA

The US Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit recently affirmed the dismissal of a class action by investors in Gold Resource Corp. (GRC) alleging that the company and four of its officers violated Section 10(b) of the...more

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