News & Analysis as of

Sex Discrimination

Happy 45th Birthday, Title IX: You’ve Changed A Bit Over The Years

A law was born. On June 23, 1972, President Richard Nixon signed into law Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972: “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be...more

Transgender Equality: Coming to a School Bathroom or Locker Room Near You!

by Clark Hill PLC on

On February 22, 2017, the U.S. Departments of Education and Justice issued a letter withdrawing the statements of policy and guidance reflected in the May 13, 2016 Dear Colleague Letter on OCR's enforcement of Title IX with...more

Office for Civil Rights Issues New Instructions on Transgender Student Complaints

by Holland & Knight LLP on

Changing course on complaints involving transgender students, the U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights (OCR) recently issued new field instructions to its regional staff excluding discrimination claims based...more

Delaware Follows Trend of Banning Compensation History Inquiries in Effort to Reduce the Gender Pay Gap

by Hinshaw & Culbertson LLP on

In a developing trend, Delaware followed Massachusetts, Oregon, New York City and Philadelphia, in enacting legislation directed at ensuring equal wages between genders. On June 14, 2017, Governor John Carney signed...more

Parental Leave Policies: Are Yours Gender-Neutral?

by Zelle LLP on

Last week, a JP Morgan employee filed a complaint with the EEOC challenging JP Morgan’s parental leave policy. JP Morgan provides up to sixteen weeks of paid parental leave for the “primary caregiver” of a child, and up to...more

Investigating Transgender Student Discrimination Under New Education Department Directives

by Jackson Lewis P.C. on

Department of Education regional directors have been given new instructions on sex discrimination protections for transgender students under Title IX of the Education Act of 1972. Two updated, internal Office of Civil Rights...more

Delaware Enacts Law to Address Gender Pay Gap By Prohibiting Employers From Requesting Compensation History of Job Applicants

by Littler on

On June 14, 2017, Delaware Governor John Carney signed a new law to address the pay gap between men and women by prohibiting prospective employers from asking job applicants about their salary history. Delaware’s law, which...more

Wonder Woman and the fight against unconscious bias

by FordHarrison on

Not only has the recently released Wonder Woman movie garnered mainly favorable reviews, but it has been highly successful at the box office, having made more than $200 million domestically in its first two weeks of release...more

Gavel to Gavel: Consistency of judgment

by McAfee & Taft on

It’s a common scene played out in employment discrimination and retaliation lawsuits everywhere: An employee is demoted, terminated, or otherwise affected by an employer’s action. The employer claims the decision was made for...more

Sexual Orientation Discrimination and Title VII - The Seventh Circuit Weighs In

In July 2015, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission ("EEOC") published a guidance titled What You Should Know About EEOC and the Enforcement Protections for LGBT Workers, which took the position that employment...more

EEOC Sues Heritage Bank For Paying Women Less Than Men

Nebraska Bank Violated Equal Pay Act, Federal Agency Charges - ST. LOUIS -- A Nebraska bank violated federal law by paying women and men unequally for jobs with the same required skill, effort, responsibility, and working...more

G4S Youth Services Sued by EEOC For Pay Discrimination

Female Facility Investigator Paid Less Than Male in the Same Position, Federal Agency Charges - LITTLE ROCK, Ark. - G4S Youth Services, a former manager of programs and services at a juvenile correction and detention...more

California Employers Will Soon See New Workplace Regulations Take Effect - Rules On Transgender Discrimination And Criminal...

by Fisher Phillips on

In recent months, the California Fair Employment and Housing Council (FEHC) has finalized two new sets of regulations that will both go into effect on July 1, 2017. California employers should pay close attention to these new...more

During Last Week of School Seventh Circuit Rules in Favor of Transgender Teen On Restroom Use

by FordHarrison on

On May 30, 2017, on the heels of the Seventh Circuit’s ground-breaking en banc decision in Hively v. Ivy Tech. College holding that sexual orientation is a protected trait under Title VII, a unanimous three-judge panel of...more

EEOC Sues Apple Metro Restaurant Chain for Sex Discrimination & Retaliation

Employee Was Harassed at Hawthorne Applebee's Because of Her Gender Identity And Fired for Objecting, Federal Agency Charges - NEW YORK - Apple Metro, Inc., which operates several dozen Applebee's Neighborhood Bar & Grill...more

Court finds ethical considerations, not same-sex relationship, determined demotion decision

by McAfee & Taft on

The issue of pretext recently played out in a sex discrimination case in which the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals had to decide whether an employer’s reasons for demoting an employee were legitimate or just a ruse to cover up...more

Transgender High School Student Prevails in Bathroom Access Case Before Federal Appellate Court Over Illinois

by Franczek Radelet P.C. on

In an opinion issued last week, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals decided in favor of a transgender student who challenged his high school’s decision to limit his access to boys’ communal bathrooms. ...more

The Pay Equity March on the West Coast Begins: Oregon Signs Expansive Equal Pay Law and San Francisco Considers Salary History Ban

by Seyfarth Shaw LLP on

Seyfarth Synopsis: The West Coast is turning back to pay equity. Last year, California led the charge and became the first state to adopt a more onerous pay equity law. The East Coast then joined, with stringent pay laws...more

WEB EXCLUSIVE: The Changing Face Of Discrimination

by Fisher Phillips on

As all hospitality employers know, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination on the basis of “sex.” However, the statute does not specifically mention sexual orientation or gender identity. What does...more

Seventh Circuit Affirms Likelihood of Success that School’s Bathroom Policy Violates Title IX and Equal Protection Clause

by Seyfarth Shaw LLP on

Seyfarth Synopsis: The Seventh Circuit affirmed that a transgender student demonstrated a likelihood of success on claims that his school district’s decision to prohibit him from using the boys’ restroom violated both Title...more

Seventh Circuit’s En Banc Decision in Hively Opens Door For Transgender Protection Under Title VII

by Bowditch & Dewey on

As we reported a few months ago in a previous article, “7th Circuit Rehears Hively Case”, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals agreed to rehear the case of Hively v. Ivy Tech Community College, on the issue of whether Title...more

Seventh Circuit Title IX Ruling May Impact Transgender Employee Protections

The battles over transgender persons’ civil rights continue nationwide, especially when the controversy involves restroom access. Last week, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals concluded that a Wisconsin school district...more

Employment Law Navigator – Week in Review: June 2017

by Zelle LLP on

Last week, Uber announced that it had fired Anthony Levandowski, the former lead engineer for Google’s autonomous vehicle unit. Uber hired Levandowski to lead its efforts to develop a self-driving automobile. The firing...more

Full Second Circuit to Revisit Its Position On Sexual Orientation as a Protected Class Under Title VII

by FordHarrison on

While the Seventh Circuit definitively has held that sexual orientation discrimination is discrimination “because of sex” and, therefore, a violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended (as reported by...more

No Similarly Situated Employees, No Claim: Vanderbilt Prevails on Summary Judgment in Professor’s Sex Discrimination Lawsuit

Last week the Sixth Circuit upheld a grant of summary judgment in the employer’s favor on a former employee’s sex discrimination claim, finding plaintiff failed to meet her burden to establish a prima facie case of...more

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