Shareholders

News & Analysis as of

Obligations Under Earn-Outs Are Limited to What the Words Say

The stockholders of Cyveillance, Inc., sold their company for $40 million up-front and a $40 million earn-out if the company’s revenues reached a certain level. Section 5.4 of the merger agreement prohibited the buyer from...more

The Easter Rebellion and Petrobras’ $17 Billion Write Down

On this day, 99 years ago the Easter Rebellion began. If there is one event that is seared into history as a turning point for Irish independence from Britain, it was the Easter Rebellion. England had finally granted Home...more

Business Court Denies TRO In The Midst of A Proxy Fight

The Defendant in Allcorn v. Bradley Creek Boatominium, Inc. sought an injunction against the Plaintiffs in the midst of a proxy fight as to their allegedly defamatory statements in connection with the election of the...more

The SEC Defines “Voting Equity Securities” for Purposes of the Rule 506(d) Bad Actor Disqualification Rules

The SEC is continuing to tie up some loose ends left over from the adoption of the Rule 506(d) bad actor disqualification rules. Certainty regarding these open items will be beneficial for issuers and placement agents of...more

France: The Versailles Court of Appeal fine-tunes the duty of loyalty owed by Managing Directors

A Managing Director of a French Société Anonyme has a statutory duty of loyalty towards the shareholders of such company. This principle was set in stone by a ruling of the French Supreme Court (Cour de cassation) in 1996. It...more

Court Decision Helps REITs Strategize for Successful Acquisitions in the Face of Shareholder Litigation

Decision of note for REITs contemplating asset acquisitions involving stock consideration that requires stockholder approval, even if the transaction does not effect a change-in-control. Background – Following...more

In Case You Missed It - Interesting Items for Corporate Counsel - April 2015

We knew someone would do this for us if we just waited long enough. A summary of early trends in proxy access responses suggests most are including the shareholder proposal and recommending a no vote. See here. Only a single...more

Email Notice Without Consent Is Not Notice

The California General Corporation Law unequivocally authorizes the giving of notice of stockholder meetings by electronic transmission. Section 601(b) provides “Notice of a shareholders’ meeting or any report shall be given...more

Blog: Third Circuit Allows Wal-Mart To Exclude Trinity’s Proposal From Its 2015 Proxy Statement

No sooner did I post regarding oral argument in the appeal of Trinity Wall Street v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc than I find that the Third Circuit has just issued an Order...more

Blog: Third Circuit Hears Oral Argument In Trinity Wall Street V. Wal-Mart Stores

Last week, the 3rd Circuit heard oral argument in the appeal of Trinity Wall Street v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., a decision by a federal district court in Delaware that had enjoined Wal-Mart from relying on the “ordinary...more

Do Your Bylaws Make Obtaining Waivers Of Notice More Onerous?

Yesterday’s post concerned waivers of notice of shareholders’ meetings under Section 602 of the California Corporations Code.  Although not required to do so, corporate bylaws often parrot the statute.  One popular guidebook,...more

Spin-Offs and Successorship Clauses

In 2006, the media conglomerate News Corporation, referred to as Old News Corp, entered into a Settlement Agreement to settle stockholder litigation filed in Delaware in 2005. Subject to certain exceptions, the Settlement...more

Tax Alert: AM 2015-01—Does Previously Taxed Income “Tier up” to a Domestic Corporate Shareholder?

In a recent chief counsel memorandum (AM 2015-01), the IRS addressed a long uncertain tax question: when a US corporate shareholder includes an amount in income under subpart F, does the subpart F inclusion increase the...more

A Cautionary Tale (or Two) – The Need for Robust Internal Oversight in Financings

In this era of rushed financings and hectic corporate restructurings, internal controls and procedures are more important than ever. Adding litigious shareholders and debtholders to the mix means it’s never been more...more

Cybersecurity Breach: Are Board Members at Risk?

It seems a month does not pass in which some sort of breach of confidential data of a business is not announced to the public. With the increase in cybersecurity breaches, so increases board members’ exposure to litigation...more

Courts Continue to Dismiss Shareholder Suits Based on FCPA Violations

On March 16, 2015, Judge Paul G. Gardephe of the Southern District of New York dismissed a shareholder derivative suit filed by Sylvia Pritika against the CEO and others of Avon Products Inc. ("Avon") alleging breach of...more

SEC Charges Directors, Officers and Major Investors for Failing to Update Disclosures Prior to Announcements of Going Private...

On March 13, 2015, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission announced settlement proceedings against officers, directors, and major shareholders of several companies that were recently taken private for failing to update...more

California and Delaware Courts Agree: Amendments to Corporate Bylaws Do Not Apply Retroactively to Impair Pursuit Previously...

Two recent decisions, one from the Delaware Court of Chancery and one from the California Court of Appeal, Fourth Appellate District, refused to apply bylaws that impaired a shareholder/member plaintiff’s ability to pursue...more

Germany's safe harbors to its net operating loss carryover limitation rules – or: let's make a law

Historically – meaning until the end of 2007 – the German corporate tax law provided for limitation rules on the use of tax-wise net operating loss carryovers of a corporation, where the "loss corporation," after a change in...more

Wannabe Derivative Plaintiffs of Delaware Corporations Cannot Skirt Delaware Law By Filing Suit in California

It is well-established that a shareholder-plaintiff may not assert derivative claims against a corporation’s officers or directors unless he or she makes a pre-suit demand on the corporation’s board of directors and alleges...more

Sixth Circuit Warns Boards Not to Blow Off Notice of Shareholder Proposals

A recent Sixth Circuit decision indicates that company boards should proceed cautiously in providing notice of shareholder meetings, particularly where a dissident shareholder is expected to offer a resolution. ...more

Specify When and Under What Circumstances Your Contract Will End

It makes perfect sense that when entering into a new business relationship the parties (and their counsel) are keenly focused on getting things started. While there is nothing wrong with this, sometimes parties forget to...more

Delaware Court of Chancery Restricts Board’s Ability to Subject Former Shareholders to New Bylaws

The Delaware Court of Chancery recently held, in a case of first impression, that a non-reciprocal fee-shifting bylaw cannot be applied to a claim brought by a former shareholder who had been cashed out of the company before...more

For Shareholder Inspection Demands, A Purpose Isn’t “Proper” When the Issue Has Already Been Decided

As we have previously discussed in prior posts, shareholder demands to inspect confidential corporate information are being made with increased frequency, and are forcing more and more companies to grapple with their legal...more

More “Broken Windows”: SEC Charges Schedule 13D Filers with Disclosure Violations for Failing to Update Ownership Reports

When a significant stockholder in a publicly-held company is considering plans to take the company private, how soon must the stockholder disclose those plans in a Schedule 13D filing?...more

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