The Clayton Act

News & Analysis as of

Two New Court Decisions Bookend Antitrust Risks for Integrated Hospitals

A Florida federal court recently denied summary judgment to an integrated hospital system hoping to exit a multicount antitrust and unfair trade lawsuit. Four days later, the Third Circuit Court of Appeals upheld summary...more

Board Interlocks On Antitrust Enforcement Hot Seat: A Must-Read Guide for Board Members and Officers

Recent enforcement activity by the Department of Justice (that required restructuring a live transaction) and the Federal Trade Commission makes clear that enforcement of Section 8 of the Clayton Act, the prohibition against...more

DOJ Continues to Monitor Interlocking Corporate Directorates with Restructuring of Tullett Prebon’s Acquisition of ICAP

On July 14, 2016, the US Department of Justice (DOJ) announced that the restructuring of a planned $1.5 billion transaction between Tullett Prebon Group Ltd. (Tullett Prebon) and ICAP plc adequately addresses the DOJ’s...more

Court Awards $3M Sanction and Adverse Inference for Spoliation in Antitrust Case

On July 6, 2016, Judge Leonard P. Stark, of the federal district court in Delaware, ordered a $3 million punitive monetary sanction, and an adverse inference jury instruction, against antitrust defendant Plantronics after...more

Federal Trade Commission Announces Increased Fines

On June 29, 2016, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced significant increases in the maximum civil penalties for violations of 16 provisions of law it enforces, including the FTC Act and Clayton Act. Effective...more

FTC Penalties Will More Than Double in August

Wages may be stagnant in the United States, but one thing on the rise is the price of getting on the wrong side of the Federal Trade Commission. Effective August 1, 2016, the maximum civil penalty dollar amount for...more

FTC Raises Maximum Potential Hart-Scott-Rodino Civil Penalties to $40,000 per Day, an Increase of 150 percent

On June 29, 2016, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced new maximum potential civil penalties for violations of various competition and other laws enforced by the FTC, including the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust...more

Court Halts FTC’s Bid to Block Chicago-Area Hospital Merger

On June 14, 2016, in FTC v. Advocate Health Care et al., No. 15-cv-11473, the District Court for the Northern District of Illinois denied the Federal Trade Commission’s attempt to stop the merger of Advocate Health Care...more

Judge Allows Advocate-NorthShore Merger to Proceed; FTC May Appeal

For the second time in just over a month, a federal judge has denied a Federal Trade Commission (FTC) motion to enjoin the merger of two hospital systems, this time the 13-hospital Advocate Health Care and the 4-hospital...more

Health Law Pulse - June 2016

On May 9, 2016, a federal district court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania rejected a request from the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) for a preliminary injunction to enjoin the pending merger (Merger) between Penn...more

FTC Blocks Staples’ Acquisition of Office Depot

After more than a year-long battle with the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), the proposed acquisition of Office Depot, Inc. (ODP) by Staples, Inc. (SPLS) was blocked by the Honorable Emmet G. Sullivan of the U.S. District...more

Is That a Carrot or a Stick in Your Hand? The Third Circuit Examines the Line Between Competition and Coercion in De Facto...

We recently wrote about attempts to force exclusivity onto customers. But firms with large or dominant market shares often must walk a fine line between properly offering customers percentage-based discounts and improperly...more

The Penn State Hershey–Pinnacle Merger: A Turning Point in FTC’s Enforcement Authority, or Just a Temporary Setback?

As we have reported previously, the Federal Trade Commission recently has taken an aggressive stance in regulating mergers in the healthcare sector. The Commission has racked up a string of victories, but last week the...more

Federal Judge Refuses FTC Request to Block Hershey/Pinnacle Deal; FTC to Appeal

Hospitals and other providers who have been tracking Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and Department of Justice Antitrust Division hospital merger challenges over the last several years will want to take note of the federal...more

Antitrust & Your Deal: Pre-Closing Conduct Matters

There are three U.S. antitrust laws that regulate the diligence process, transition planning, and overall conduct between parties during deal negotiations and due diligence prior to closing: Section 7A of the Clayton Act...more

The HSR Act’s “Investment” Exemption – Strategic Considerations in Light of Recent Enforcement

On April 4, 2016 the Department of Justice (DOJ) sued ValueAct Capital (ValueAct), an “activist” investment fund, for violation of the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976 (the HSR Act), seeking civil...more

Four Takeaways from the ABA Antitrust Section's 2016 Spring Meeting

Antitrust practitioners, enforcers and industry professionals came together in Washington, D.C. for the 64th installment of the ABA Section of Antitrust Law's annual Spring Meeting. The Spring Meeting provides a look at the...more

Unusual Antitrust Agencies’ Guidance on Defense Mergers

The Department of Justice (Justice) and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) today issued an unusual joint statement that highlighted their continued commitment to preserve defense industry competition by closely reviewing...more

Price Tag for Patent Invalidity Ruling in Inequitable Conduct Case is $26 Million - TransWeb, LLC v. 3M Innovative Properties Co.

Affirming a ruling of invalidity and an antitrust damages award of trebled attorneys’ fees in a patent abuse case, the US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit highlighted the severe penalties that may befall patent owners...more

Recent Enforcement Under Section 5 of the FTC Act: So That's What a Standalone Claim of Unfair Competition Looks Like

Last August, the Federal Trade Commission issued its Statement of Enforcement Principles Regarding “Unfair Methods of Competition” Under Section 5 of the FTC Act (Statement), in an effort to provide clarity with respect to...more

The FTC's Three Current Hospital Merger Challenges: Will the FTC Ever Lose?

Beginning with the Federal Trade Commission’s 2007 decision in Evanston Northwestern Healthcare Corp., holding that a hospital merger in the North Chicago suburbs violated the antitrust laws, the FTC has experienced...more

The SMARTER Act Passes U.S. House of Representatives Vote, Seeks to Harmonize FTC and DOJ Procedures for Challenging Unconsummated...

On March 23, the U.S. House of Representatives voted favorably on the Standard Merger and Acquisition Reviews Through Equal Rules Act (the “SMARTER Act”), H.R. 2745. The bill, introduced by Representative Blake Farenthold of...more

FTC Amicus Brief Confirms Need for Independent Proof of Causation in Private Reverse-Payment Antitrust Cases

In the ongoing battles over the antitrust treatment of pharmaceutical patent settlements, the Federal Trade Commission and private industry have not agreed on much. But a recent FTC amicus brief appears to signal a high level...more

FTC Announces Revised HSR Pre-Merger Notification and Interlocking Directorate Thresholds

The Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) has announced revised monetary thresholds for determining whether companies are required to notify federal antitrust authorities about a transaction under the Hart-Scott Rodino Antitrust...more

FTC Announces Annual HSR Premerger Notification Threshold and Clayton Act Interlocking Directorate Thresholds Adjustments

On January 21, 2016, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976 (HSR Act) thresholds will be increased. The FTC also announced that it has revised the thresholds...more

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