The Clayton Act

News & Analysis as of

FTC Announces New Thresholds for 2017

As required by the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976 (the HSR Act), on January 19, 2017, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) released its annual adjustments to the reporting thresholds. The key number to...more

FTC Revises Hart-Scott-Rodino Thresholds; Minimum Size for Reportable Transactions Increases to $80.8 Million

Key Points - - The Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976 requires parties to transactions meeting certain size and other tests to file premerger notification forms with both the Federal Trade...more

Business Litigation Report - November 2016

Second Circuit: International Comity Precludes Antitrust Liability of Chinese Manufacturers for Conduct Mandated by Chinese Law - On September 30, 2016, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit issued its...more

Look Before You Leap: Cautionary Tale of a Non-Reportable Transaction

The list of non-reportable transactions challenged after the fact by the Department of Justice and the Federal Trade Commission continues to grow. Most recently, the FTC sued Valeant Pharmaceuticals International Inc. to...more

Second Circuit: International Comity Precludes Antitrust Liability of Chinese Manufacturers for Conduct Mandated by Chinese Law

On September 30, 2016, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit issued its decision in In re Vitamin C Antitrust Litigation, No. 13-4791-cv, reversing a $147 million judgment against Chinese vitamin C manufacturers on...more

Third Circuit Considering Federal Court Damages Immunity for Ocean Shipping Companies

The Shipping Act of 1984 grants limited immunity under the antitrust laws to vessel-operating common carriers that enter certain agreements, including price-fixing agreements, so long as the agreements are filed in advance...more

Appeals Court Decisions Strengthen FTC's Hand in Hospital Merger Challenges

The fall of 2016 has proved to be a difficult time for hospitals seeking to complete mergers in the face of antitrust challenges brought by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). After failing initially to persuade federal...more

Third Circuit Delivers Resounding Victory for FTC in Pennsylvania Hospital Merger Case

On September 27, 2016, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit handed the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) a significant antitrust victory by granting its request for a preliminary injunction to stay the pending merger...more

FTC Accepts Practical ‘Failing Firm’ Defense in Ending Challenge to Non-Reportable Transaction

The Federal Trade Commission’s recently announced proposed settlement of its challenge of CentraCare Health’s acquisition of St. Cloud Medical Group (SCMG) is doubly noteworthy. The settlement ends the challenge of a...more

Federal Trade Commission's Pennsylvania Hospital Challenge Moves Forward: Third Circuit Halts Transaction Pending Trial Outcome

A Federal Appeals Court has sided with the FTC and preliminarily blocked the proposed merger of the largest hospitals in the Harrisburg, Pennsylvania area, and Penn State Hershey Medical Center and PinnacleHealth System. The...more

Corporate Law and Governance Update - October 2016

New Officer and Director FCA/Stark Exposure - Recent developments may merit a measured briefing to corporate leadership on the potential exposure of health industry officers and directors to financial penalties and other...more

Third Circuit Blocks Hospital Merger in Key Victory for FTC on Geographic Market Definition

On September 27, 2016, the US Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit handed an important victory to the Federal Trade Commission and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in a closely watched hospital merger case. The decision...more

FTC Wins on Appeal in the Third Circuit to Block Hershey Medical Center and PinnacleHealth System Hospital Merger

On September 27, 2016, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit reversed a district court decision that the Federal Trade Commission and the state of Pennsylvania could not block the merger of two hospital systems,...more

Questioning 2nd Circ. Analysis in Aluminum Antitrust Case

In a painstaking dissection of the “inextricably intertwined” standard often used by courts to determine whether plaintiffs can show they suffered “antitrust injury” if they neither purchased from, nor competed with, a...more

Two New Court Decisions Bookend Antitrust Risks for Integrated Hospitals

A Florida federal court recently denied summary judgment to an integrated hospital system hoping to exit a multicount antitrust and unfair trade lawsuit. Four days later, the Third Circuit Court of Appeals upheld summary...more

Board Interlocks On Antitrust Enforcement Hot Seat: A Must-Read Guide for Board Members and Officers

Recent enforcement activity by the Department of Justice (that required restructuring a live transaction) and the Federal Trade Commission makes clear that enforcement of Section 8 of the Clayton Act, the prohibition against...more

DOJ Continues to Monitor Interlocking Corporate Directorates with Restructuring of Tullett Prebon’s Acquisition of ICAP

On July 14, 2016, the US Department of Justice (DOJ) announced that the restructuring of a planned $1.5 billion transaction between Tullett Prebon Group Ltd. (Tullett Prebon) and ICAP plc adequately addresses the DOJ’s...more

Court Awards $3M Sanction and Adverse Inference for Spoliation in Antitrust Case

On July 6, 2016, Judge Leonard P. Stark, of the federal district court in Delaware, ordered a $3 million punitive monetary sanction, and an adverse inference jury instruction, against antitrust defendant Plantronics after...more

Federal Trade Commission Announces Increased Fines

On June 29, 2016, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced significant increases in the maximum civil penalties for violations of 16 provisions of law it enforces, including the FTC Act and Clayton Act. Effective...more

FTC Penalties Will More Than Double in August

Wages may be stagnant in the United States, but one thing on the rise is the price of getting on the wrong side of the Federal Trade Commission. Effective August 1, 2016, the maximum civil penalty dollar amount for...more

FTC Raises Maximum Potential Hart-Scott-Rodino Civil Penalties to $40,000 per Day, an Increase of 150 percent

On June 29, 2016, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced new maximum potential civil penalties for violations of various competition and other laws enforced by the FTC, including the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust...more

Court Halts FTC’s Bid to Block Chicago-Area Hospital Merger

On June 14, 2016, in FTC v. Advocate Health Care et al., No. 15-cv-11473, the District Court for the Northern District of Illinois denied the Federal Trade Commission’s attempt to stop the merger of Advocate Health Care...more

Judge Allows Advocate-NorthShore Merger to Proceed; FTC May Appeal

For the second time in just over a month, a federal judge has denied a Federal Trade Commission (FTC) motion to enjoin the merger of two hospital systems, this time the 13-hospital Advocate Health Care and the 4-hospital...more

Health Law Pulse - June 2016

On May 9, 2016, a federal district court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania rejected a request from the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) for a preliminary injunction to enjoin the pending merger (Merger) between Penn...more

FTC Blocks Staples’ Acquisition of Office Depot

After more than a year-long battle with the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), the proposed acquisition of Office Depot, Inc. (ODP) by Staples, Inc. (SPLS) was blocked by the Honorable Emmet G. Sullivan of the U.S. District...more

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