Uniform Commercial Code

News & Analysis as of

Foreclosure of Mortgage Securing Electronic Promissory Note Affirmed

Florida’s Fourth District Court of Appeal recently issued its mandate in Rivera v. Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. confirming the finality of its decision to uphold the enforcement of an electronic promissory note (“e-note”) in a...more

Deposit Account Control Agreements. Who Needs Em?

You just got your committee approvals for a new relation. It is a borrower you have been after for some time. Approvals are fairly standard and call for a secured credit facility with a priority all business asset lien....more

Dot Your “I”s and Cross your “T”s: When It Comes to Perfecting Your Security Interest

It always starts so easy. Borrower comes in and wants to borrow money. Lenders want some form of collateral to secure (potentially) a loan and the Borrower happily agrees to provide, or pledge, collateral to secure a loan. ...more

Lending Risks Associated with Virtual Currencies

The use of virtual currencies, which seemed novel just three years ago, continues to increase and gain momentum with consumers and in various business channels. As this use continues to expand, lenders may increasingly...more

International Sales Contracts: Square Peg, Round Hole

The purpose of a sales contract is to define the parties’ obligations and to optimize outcome if a dispute arises. As such, a contract is a tool to manage risk and prevent loss. The good news is the vast majority of...more

Ontario PPSA Amendments – Is there greater harmony with the UCC?

At the end of last year, I received bulletins from Ontario law firms alerting that the amendments to the Ontario Personal Property Security Act (“PPSA”) changing the definition of the “location” of the debtor in the PPSA...more

US Equipment Leasing and Finance Legal Update – February 2016

1) Implied Warranties for Leased Goods, 2) Recent Changes to the California Finance Lenders Law, 3) Of note – IASB issues IFRS 16 Lease Accounting Standard - The US Equipment Leasing and Finance Legal Update is provided...more

When Worlds Collide: Article 2 of The Uniform Commercial Code and Chapter 11

Picture the scene: You have just received word that your customer has filed Chapter 11. You had followed my advice (see article Reducing a Customer’s Accounts Receivable in the Zone of Insolvency), and put the customer on a...more

Bankruptcy Law News: Reclamation or Section 503(b)(9) Claim? - A Potential Trap

With the 2005 amendments to the Bankruptcy Code, Congress may have created a potential trap for a creditor who wants to preserve its reclamation rights but also exercise the administrative expense claim, which was created by...more

A treaty, not local law, likely governs a dispute arising out of the sale of goods internationally

In 1988, the United States and 10 other countries ratified the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG), which is sometimes referred to as the Vienna Convention. Since then CISG has...more

US Equipment Leasing and Finance Legal Update – January 2016

Welcome to the inaugural issue of JMBM’s US Equipment Leasing and Finance Legal Update. My goal is to alert our clients and friends of legal developments that may affect their equipment leasing and finance transactions in the...more

Leases

TRUE LEASE V. DISGUISED SECURITY INTEREST - The characterization of a transaction as either a true “lease” or a secured transaction is likely to impact the putative lessor’s rights and remedies both with respect to the...more

Hudson Energy Denied Administrative Priority for Electricity Sold Pre-Bankruptcy

In a September 18, 2015 order, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York affirmed a bankruptcy court order denying administrative claim treatment to Hudson Energy Services, LLC (“Hudson”) for its retail...more

Appellate Court Notes

Supreme Court Advance Release Opinions: SC19253 - RBC Nice Bearings, Inc. v. SKF USA, Inc. [An important decision on contract waiver but one all attorneys should recall from the UCC or Contracts course we took...more

Unauthorized Transfers Present Growing Risks for Commercial Accounts

Could your institution be at risk of liability for unauthorized wire transfers and Automated Clearing House (“ACH”) credit transfers? Data security breaches continue to garner headlines, and criminals continue to engage in...more

Settlement Proceeds: When Does Cash Become Quasi Real Estate?

Farmer v. Citizens Nat’l Bank of Athens (In re Davis), 528 B.R. 757 (Bankr. E.D. Tenn. 2015) – A chapter 7 trustee sought a court determination that the trustee had a superior claim to settlement proceeds arising from...more

Overcoming A Securities Overissue

I like to remind my colleagues that California has two securities laws. Neither of these laws applies exclusively to corporations or other entities organized under California law.  The Corporate Securities Law of 1968, Cal....more

The SemCrude Bankruptcy: Commodity Traders Prevail Against Related Fraud and U.C.C. Claims

In 2008, SemCrude, L.P. and related entities (collectively, SemCrude or the Debtors) filed voluntary petitions for relief under Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code. In connection with the SemCrude bankruptcy, a dispute...more

Florida Appellate Court Provides Guidance on Proof Required to Enforce Lost Negotiable Instruments

As Florida works through its foreclosure backlog, many of the cases remaining are those with complications, for example a lost promissory note. Such issues are not insurmountable, but do require an attention to detail. For...more

When a Driver’s License Is More Than a Bad Picture: Is Your UCC Financing Statement Still Effective?

UCC Financing Statements Must Contain the Debtor’s Correct Name - “[A] financing statement is sufficient only if it [among other things] . . . provides the name of the debtor. “ N.C. Gen. Stat. § 25-9-502(a)(1) (emphasis...more

Burr Commentary: Florida’s District Courts of Appeal Continue to Tighten Standing Requirements for Foreclosures

The UCC was supposed to make enforcing negotiable instruments a simpler, more streamlined process. It has proven anything but in Florida.  Continuing a trend that now stretches back years, mortgage lenders have had an...more

Navigating Patent Damages Part III: Statutory Indemnification – Implied Warranty Against Infringement

In this third article relating to patent damages, we explore the effects of implied indemnification provisions when evaluating who is responsible for litigation costs when faced with an infringement suit....more

The UCC Shelter Rule: What Is It and How and When Should It Be Invoked?

What if a note is missing an endorsement or there are other problems with the negotiation of the note (e.g., the allonge is not properly affixed), such that the person to whom the note was delivered and who is in possession...more

Arbitration Fireworks: Three Federal Circuits Refuse To Compel Arbitration

Three federal appellate courts recently affirmed lower courts’ refusal to compel arbitration. These cases show that the federal policy favoring arbitration is not absolute – the parties must have agreed to arbitrate the...more

When You Can and Can’t E-Sign

The definition of “signed” in the UCC includes “any symbol,” as long as it’s “executed or adopted with present intention to adopt or accept a writing.” Com C §1201(b)(37). E-Sign extends this approach to electronic...more

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