Uniform Commercial Code

News & Analysis as of

Arbitration Fireworks: Three Federal Circuits Refuse To Compel Arbitration

Three federal appellate courts recently affirmed lower courts’ refusal to compel arbitration. These cases show that the federal policy favoring arbitration is not absolute – the parties must have agreed to arbitrate the...more

When You Can and Can’t E-Sign

The definition of “signed” in the UCC includes “any symbol,” as long as it’s “executed or adopted with present intention to adopt or accept a writing.” Com C §1201(b)(37). E-Sign extends this approach to electronic...more

A Look at the Friendly Foreclosure Option

When a debtor defaults on a loan secured by personal property, the secured lender has several options for repayment. One option is to sell the collateral securing the debt pursuant to Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code...more

Can a Debtor Satisfy a Claim Merely by Writing Satisfied on a Payment?

Questions sometimes arise from creditors regarding the effect of a debtor sending to a bank or other creditor a check for less than the creditor’s claim that purports to be in “full satisfaction” of the creditor’s claim...more

Bailment: Retaining Funds Received From a Bankrupt Bailee Is Not a Slam Dunk

In re Mississippi Valley Livestock, Inc., 745 F.3d 299 (7th Cir. 2014) – A debtor sold cattle for the account of a cattle producer and then remitted the proceeds to the producer. A chapter 7 trustee sought to recover...more

Note versus Mortgage: Who leads the dance?

Earlier this month, Florida’s Fourth District Court of Appeal released an opinion seemingly designed to serve as a primer on perfecting a security interest in a promissory note secured by a mortgage. The analysis is found in...more

Real Property, Financial Services & Title Insurance Update: Weeks Ending May 1 & 8, 2015

Foreclosure: trial court abused its discretion in dismissing foreclosure action with prejudice, cancelling substantial debt, and denying lender ability to refile a foreclosure action without making finding of facts as...more

New York’s Revised UCC – Winds of Change (Part 2 of 2)

In this second and last part of this series (click here for Part 1) we discuss the changes to Article 9 (Secured Transactions) of the Uniform Commercial Code of the State of New York (the “NYUCC”), as recently amended by...more

Manufactured Home Lien: Forget Perfection, You Need To Have A Lien In The First Place

Morris v. Ark Valley Credit Union (In re Gracy), 522 B.R. 686 (Bankr. D. Kan. 2015) – A chapter 7 trustee sought to avoid a credit union’s security interest in a manufactured home by asserting his strong arm powers as a...more

New York’s Revised UCC – Winds of Change (Part 1 of 2)

New York is the jurisdiction of choice for a majority of international and interstate financial transactions. Thus, lending lawyers and their clients should pay special attention to Chapter 505 of the New York Assembly...more

Lost Mortgage Notes: Those Pesky State UCC Variations

Desmond v Raymond C. Green, Inc. (In re Harborhouse of Gloucester, LLC), 523 B.R. 749 (1st Cir. BAP 2014) – A Chapter 7 trustee objected to the proof of claim filed by a downstream assignee of a lost mortgage note. ...more

It’s a Bird, It’s a Plane, It’s . . . Super Priority! A Brief Primer on Purchase Money Security Interests

What is a “Purchase Money Security Interest”? A “purchase-money security interest” (or “PMSI”) is a security interest securing a “purchase-money obligation”, or an obligation incurred by a debtor to buy collateral...more

Mortgage Notes: Those Nasty Assignments!

In re Baber, 523 B.R. 156 (Bankr. E.D. Ark. 2014) – The debtors objected to a proof of claim filed on behalf of a mortgagee based on issues arising from assignment of the mortgage note by the lender that originated the...more

Security Interests in Intellectual Property

As collateral for a loan, lenders are accustomed to obtaining a security interest in the property of the borrower. Such property usually includes tangible assets of the borrower such as real estate, machinery and other...more

Considerations For Lenders in Workouts & Loan Restructurings

Despite the improvement in the economy since the advent of the “Great Recession,” many businesses nevertheless continue to struggle. Accordingly, lenders are well advised to stay up to date on  “best practices” when facing a...more

EU Customs Practice Group - January 2015

In This Issue: - EU CUSTOMS POLICY: ..UCC Developments ..EP hearing on customs sanctions - TARIFFS: ..FTA update - CLASSIFICATION: ..Classification Regulations ..Nomenclature Committee...more

Indiana Court of Appeals Reverses “E-Mortgage” Decision

The Indiana Court of Appeals reversed and remanded for further proceedings a trial court’s grant of partial summary judgment and held that because the plaintiff did not show that it controlled the electronic mortgage note...more

The GM Engine that Couldn’t: $1.5B Nail in JPMorgan’s Coffin

In our recent post, “Review Twice, File Once, Review Again; UCC-3 Termination Intent Irrelevant,”we described how the Delaware Supreme Court set forth how a secured party’s lien can be terminated without the requisite intent,...more

Second Circuit Rules Unintended UCC Termination Statement Was Authorized

When terminating a financing statement, it is necessary to be certain that other financing statements are not unintentionally released, according to an opinion last week of the Second Circuit Court of Appeals. The effect of...more

Erroneous UCC-3 Termination Leads to Disastrous Consequences

In a recent decision, a U.S. Court of Appeals held that the filing of a UCC-3 termination statement in a relatively simple payoff transaction between General Motors and a lender was still considered "authorized," despite the...more

Courts Address the Level of Security Banks Must Provide to Business Accounts

Big or small, all bank accounts are susceptible to hijacking and fraudulent wire transfers. Banks ordinarily bear the risk of loss for unauthorized wire transfers. Two independent frameworks exist to govern these transfers:...more

A Cautionary Tale – The Need for Bank Oversight on Collateral Releases

Beware!! The story brought to us today courtesy of the Second Circuit Court of Appeals (In re: Motor Liquidation Co., 13-2187) is one that should strike fear into the hearts of all bankers and lawyers. It is a cautionary tale...more

UCC Collateral Description: More May Not Be Better

Ring v. First Niagara Bank, N.A. (In re Sterling United, Inc.), 519 B.R. 586 (Bankr. W.D.N.Y. 2014) – A chapter 7 trustee sought to recover as preferences payments made by the debtor to a lender and proceeds of...more

For the Canadian Cross-Border Finance Lawyer or Lender, A UCC Financing Statement Hypothetical with FAQs

As a U.S. finance lawyer practicing in Canada, Canadian lawyers and lenders frequently ask me about the filing of UCC financing statements. This blog entry describes a typical scenario and memorializes my answers to the...more

2014 Changes to the New York Uniform Commercial Code

The changes provide modernization but with some nonuniform provisions. On December 17, 2014, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo signed into law New York Assembly Bill 9933, which amends the Uniform Commercial Code (the...more

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