Usury

News & Analysis as of

Treasury Request for Public Input on Expanding Access to Credit through Online Marketplace Lending

On July 20, the Department of the Treasury published a Notice and Request for Information (“RFI”) seeking comment on various aspects of online marketplace lending, including – - the business models and products offered...more

Increased Risk for Buyers of Credit Card Loans

Third party debt buyers may face increased threat of state-law class action lawsuits after a recent Second Circuit ruling prohibiting such debt buyers from invoking federal preemption defenses under the National Bank Act to...more

Federal Arbitration Case Update | Compelling and Appealing

Following are two recent federal court rulings related to arbitration. Acknowledgement of Dispute Resolution Policy Sufficient to Compel Arbitration of Retaliation Claim - Ashbey v. Archstone Property Management,...more

Valid at Inception Rule Shot Down by the Second Circuit

Marketplace lenders and investors that purchase interests in loans originated by banks should pay close attention as it could spawn a host of class action lawsuits if left standing. In a controversial opinion decided on...more

NBA Doesn’t Preempt State Usury Claims Against Assignee of National Bank, Second Circuit Rule

Why it matters - In a potentially troubling ruling, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals refused to find the National Bank Act (NBA) preempted state law usury claims against an assignee of a national bank. In a putative...more

Second Circuit Decision Could Disrupt Secondary Market for Bank-Originated Loans

A May 22, 2015 decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit appears to disturb the generally settled body of law concerning the status of non-bank investors with respect to applicable usury laws for...more

“Predominant economic interest” — CashCall, Inc. v. Morrisey

PLA today posts (alongside the already-posted public WebBank deals) a petition for certiorari filed in the U.S. Supreme Court a few months back in the CashCall rent-a-charter / true lender litigation. In this case, West...more

Special Alert: Second Circuit Decision Threatens To Upset Secondary Credit Markets

The Second Circuit Court of Appeals’ recent decision in Madden v. Midland Funding, LLC held that a nonbank entity taking assignment of debts originated by a national bank is not entitled to protection under the National Bank...more

Second Circuit Holds Application of State Usury Laws to Third-Party Debt Purchasers Not Preempted by National Bank Act

On May 22, 2015, in Madden v. Midland Funding, LLC (“Madden”), the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit held that the application of state usury laws to third-party assignees is not preempted by the National...more

Second Circuit Holds That National Bank Act Preemption Does Not Apply to an Independent, Third-Party Debt Collector That Purchased...

The Second Circuit recently issued a National Bank Act preemption decision with significant implications for purchasers of loans and other debt from national banks. See Madden v. Midland Funding, LLC, --- F.3d ---, 2015 WL...more

2nd Circuit Reinstates Consumer Class Action Against National Debt Buyer Through Preemption Decision

On May 22, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit ruled against a debt collection firm, holding that “non-national bank entities are not entitled to protections under the National Bank Act (“NBA”) from state-law...more

Second Circuit Ruling Undermines National Bank Act Preemption of State Usury Laws for Loans Transferred to Non-Banks

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit ruled last week that a purchaser of charged-off debts from a national bank was not entitled to assert the preemption of state usury laws available to national banks under...more

The Importance Of Selecting An Available Arbitration Forum

The Eleventh Circuit affirmed a Florida district court’s denial of Cashcall’s motion to compel arbitration, as the forum selected in the parties’ loan agreement was not available. Appellee Abraham Inetianbor initially...more

True Lender Issues Cloud the Future of Marketplace Lending

The relationship between certain peer-to-peer or marketplace lending platforms and the banks who actually make the loans to consumers leads to the often-debated question of “Who is the true lender?” Recent court decisions...more

Seventh Circuit Finds Tribal Arbitration Is Unreasonable and Unconscionable

In a victory for advocates who worry that the odds are impossibly stacked against consumers in some arbitral fora, the Seventh Circuit found that a class of borrowers did not have to proceed with arbitration conducted by the...more

Manhattan District Attorney Indicts Payday Lenders

On August 12, Manhattan District Attorney (DA) Cyrus Vance, Jr. announced the indictment of twelve payday lending companies and related individuals for allegedly engaging in criminal usury by making high interest payday loans...more

New York Grand Jury Indicts 12 Online Payday Lenders and 3 Individuals

In a shot across the bow of online payday lenders who allegedly disregard state law where their borrowers reside, a New York County grand jury recently voted a criminal usury and conspiracy indictment against 12 companies...more

Rhode Island Usury: Interest By Any Other Name Is Still Interest

In LaBonte v. New England Development R.I., LLC et al., No 12-328, the Rhode Island Supreme Court recently clarified the state’s usury law by holding that a fee could be included in the calculation of interest even though it...more

West Virginia Supreme Court Upholds $14 Million Award In Finance Company “True Lender” Case

On May 30, the West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals affirmed a series of trial court orders requiring a nonbank consumer finance company to pay $14 million in penalties and restitution for allegedly violating the state’s...more

Utah Federal Court Dismisses Putative Class’s “True Lender” Claims Against Online Merchant

On May 23, the U.S. District Court for the District of Utah dismissed a putative class action filed against an ecommerce merchant for allegedly operating a financing program that violated various California laws, including...more

Georgia Carves Overdraft, Other Fees Out Of Usury Limit Applicable To State Banks

On April 15, Georgia Governor Nathan Deal signed HB 824, which amends state law to clarify that certain banking fees are not “interest” subject to the state’s usury cap applicable to state-chartered institutions. ...more

New York AG Action Targets Out-Of-State Retail Installment Obligation Finance Companies

On April 30, New York Attorney General (AG) Eric Schneiderman announced that four out-of-state companies alleged to have financed retail installment obligations (RIOs) at rates in excess of the state’s usury cap agreed to...more

California Appeals Court Holds Judgment Creditor’s Forbearance Fees Not Subject To State Usury Law

On April 25, the California Court of Appeal, First District, held that California’s usury law does not prohibit a judgment creditor from accepting a forbearance fee to delay collecting on a judgment. Bisno v. Kahn, No....more

Illinois AG Sues To Enforce Dodd-Frank “Abusive” Prohibition

On March 19, Illinois Attorney General (AG) Lisa Madigan announced a suit against a lender for allegedly offering a short-term credit product designed to evade the state’s usury cap. The AG claims the lender offers a...more

Usury Savings Clauses No Longer Save Lenders

Commercial lenders in Rhode Island may no longer rely upon a Usury Savings Clause in loan documents. Most commercial loan documents contain such a clause, which usually states that any payments made by a borrower in excess...more

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