News & Analysis as of

Consumer Bankruptcy

Consumer bankruptcy is a process to reduce or eliminate personal as opposed to business debts. Consumer bankruptcies can be filed under either Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 of the bankruptcy code.  Debtors are... more +
Consumer bankruptcy is a process to reduce or eliminate personal as opposed to business debts. Consumer bankruptcies can be filed under either Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 of the bankruptcy code.  Debtors are eligible for Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 depending on the nature of their debts and assets. less -
Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP

No Time Runs against the King (IRS): The Golden Creditor Rule and its Discontents

A bankruptcy court in North Carolina recently joined a growing number of courts allowing debtors and trustees to avoid prepetition transactions using the IRS’s lookback period of ten years, rather than the applicable state...more

Freeman Law

In re Moreno: Bankruptcy Exemptions and Income Tax Refunds

Freeman Law on

Case: In re Moreno, 127 AFTR 2d 2021-1946, Case No. 20-42855 (Bankr. W.D. Washington, May 11, 2021). This case focuses on bankruptcy exemptions applicable in the State of Washington to certain amounts received by the...more

Bradley Arant Boult Cummings LLP

Proof of Claim Form: Quick Reference Guide

A proof of claim is a written statement setting out a creditor's claim and asserting its right to receive a distribution from the bankruptcy estate. It must "conform substantially" to Official Bankruptcy Form B410 (Fed. R....more

Patterson Belknap Webb & Tyler LLP

Update: Seventh Circuit Revives Fulton Circuit Split

In January, we reported that the Supreme Court had resolved a split among the Circuit Courts of Appeals regarding property seized from a debtor pre-petition, holding that “merely retaining possession of estate property does...more

McGlinchey Stafford

Vehicle Finance Lenders Beware: The Coming Wave Of Post-Fulton Automatic Stay And Turnover Adversary Proceedings

McGlinchey Stafford on

By now, you likely are aware of the recent Supreme Court decision in City of Chicago, Illinois v. Fulton. The Court rightly found that merely retaining possession of a vehicle repossessed pre-petition is not a violation of...more

Genova Burns LLC

President Biden Signs the “COVID-19 Bankruptcy Relief Extension Act”

Genova Burns LLC on

On March 27, 2021, President Biden signed the “COVID-19 Bankruptcy Relief Extension Act”. The Legislation will extend personal and small business bankruptcy relief provisions that were part of last year’s CARES Act through...more

Troutman Pepper

Court: “Confusion, Stress, Concern, and Fear” Alone Are Not Enough to Create Concrete Injury Under FDCPA

Troutman Pepper on

The plaintiff, an individual consumer, filed a chapter 7 bankruptcy petition, including in his schedules a debt for past-due rent for a former apartment. The bankruptcy was a matter of public record and was listed on his...more

Nexsen Pruet, PLLC

What's the Deal? Bankruptcy Tips and News

Nexsen Pruet, PLLC on

A common misconception recently is that bankruptcy filings are at an all-time high. It’s an understandable assumption when the news is saturated with stories about store closures and unemployment spawned by the COVID...more

Bradley Arant Boult Cummings LLP

Bradley’s Bankruptcy Basics: Chapter 13 Bankruptcy — Consumer Bankruptcy with a Payment Plan

Chapter 13 bankruptcy provides relief only to individuals with regular income. This Chapter is most frequently used by debtors who have sufficient disposable monthly income to make some payments over time to their creditors....more

Foster Swift Collins & Smith

Supreme Court Holds that “Mere Retention” of Estate Property After Bankruptcy Filing Doesn't Violate the Automatic Stay

On January 14, 2021, the U.S. Supreme Court decided City of Chicago, Illinois v. Fulton (Case No. 19-357, Jan. 14, 2021), a case which examined whether merely retaining estate property after a bankruptcy filing violates the...more

McDermott Will & Emery

Old Dawg, New Tricks: Bankruptcy Successor Is Also Inter Partes Re-Exam Successor

McDermott Will & Emery on

Reversing the Patent Trial and Appeal Board, the US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit concluded that because a plaintiff was a successor in bankruptcy, it was a successor in an inter partes re-examination. The Court...more

Kaufman & Canoles

Bankruptcy & Creditors’ Rights Alert – February 2021

Kaufman & Canoles on

RETAINING POSSESSION OF A VEHICLE DOES NOT VIOLATE THE AUTOMATIC STAY – CHICAGO V. FULTON - The Supreme Court of the United States recently offered some clarity on one of the many issues creditors face when a borrower,...more

Partridge Snow & Hahn LLP

The Supreme Court Teaches A Lesson In Passive Non-Aggression: City of Chicago v. Fulton

In a recent decision, the U.S. Supreme Court gave a narrow win to creditors in a dispute over the proper interpretation of the automatic stay provisions in the Bankruptcy Code, ruling that creditors may passively retain a...more

Troutman Pepper

Supreme Court Rules that Possession of Estate Property Does Not Violate Automatic Stay

Troutman Pepper on

On January 14, the Supreme Court ruled that more than a mere retention of estate property is needed for a party to violate the automatic stay, vacating and remanding a decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh...more

Kramer Levin Naftalis & Frankel LLP

Bankruptcy Court Permits Chapter 7 Trustee to Utilize IRS’ Look-Back Period in Seeking to Avoid Fraudulent Transfers

In its recent decision in Mitchell v. Zagaroli, Adv. Pro. No. 20-05000, 2020 WL 6495156 (Bankr. W.D.N.C. Nov. 3, 2020), the Bankruptcy Court for the Western District of North Carolina held that the Chapter 7 trustee could...more

Foster Garvey PC

Supreme Court Clarifies That Section 362(a)(3) Does Not Prohibit the Mere Retention of a Debtor’s Property

Foster Garvey PC on

The Supreme Court has lowered (but not eliminated) the risk that a creditor violates the automatic stay by retaining a debtor’s property post-petition. On January 14, 2021, the Supreme Court ruled 8-0 (Justice Barrett...more

Jones Day

U.S. Supreme Court: Mere Retention of Property Does Not Violate the Automatic Stay

Jones Day on

The Situation: Circuit courts were split on whether mere retention by a creditor of estate property violates the Bankruptcy Code's automatic stay, under 11 U.S.C. § 362(a)(3). The U.S. Supreme Court considered the question in...more

Mintz - Bankruptcy & Restructuring Viewpoints

Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2021 Amends Bankruptcy Code - Part 2: Amendments Affecting Mortgage Lenders and Landlords

As discussed in a previous post, the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2021 (the “Act”), which was enacted on December 27, 2020 in response to the economic distress caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, amended numerous...more

Mitchell, Williams, Selig, Gates & Woodyard,...

To Return or Not To Return. That Is The Question.

Most lawyers and bankers understand the basic terms of the automatic stay when a Debtor files bankruptcy. 11 USC section 362 applies to all bankruptcy chapters and provides as follows: (a)Except as provided in subsection...more

Moritt Hock & Hamroff LLP

Supreme Court Breaks Divide: Mere Retention Of Debtor Property Is Not A Stay Violation

The United States Supreme Court has resolved a split among lower courts on the issue of whether a lessor who repossesses debtor collateral on eve of bankruptcy violates the automatic stay by failing to surrender such property...more

Mintz - Bankruptcy & Restructuring Viewpoints

The Automatic Stay: Supreme Court Finds that Retaining Debtors’ Property, Despite Turnover Demands, is Not a Stay Violation

If a creditor is holding property of a party that files bankruptcy, is it “exercising control over” such property (and violating the automatic stay) by refusing the debtor’s turnover demands? According to the Supreme Court,...more

Ward and Smith, P.A.

Supreme Court to Secured Creditors: "Hold on Loosely, But Don't Let Go."

Ward and Smith, P.A. on

Filing a bankruptcy petition automatically halts efforts to collect pre-petition debts from the debtor outside of bankruptcy. This "automatic stay" is a command to halt action, and creditors violate it at their own peril. ...more

Smith Debnam Narron Drake Saintsing & Myers,...

Mere Retention of Property of the Estate Does Not Violate the Automatic Stay

The Supreme Court of the United States has resolved a split in the circuits as to whether an entity that is passively retaining possession of property in which a bankruptcy estate has an interest has an affirmative obligation...more

Clark Hill PLC

Supreme Court Holds that Mere Retention of Property Does Not Violate the Automatic Stay

Clark Hill PLC on

The Supreme Court of the United States on January 14, 2021, issued a decision in the case of City of Chicago v. Fulton that favors creditors in a bankruptcy case. The Court held that a creditor’s “mere retention” of property...more

Patterson Belknap Webb & Tyler LLP

Update: Supreme Court Resolves Circuit Split Regarding Pre-Bankruptcy Seizure

In 2019, we began following a Circuit split regarding a secured creditor’s obligation to return collateral that it lawfully repossessed pre-petition after receiving notice of a debtor’s bankruptcy filing. In our prior posts,...more

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JD Supra Privacy Policy

Updated: Apr 27, 2021:

JD Supra is a legal publishing service that connects experts and their content with broader audiences of professionals, journalists and associations.

This Privacy Policy describes how JD Supra, LLC ("JD Supra" or "we," "us," or "our") collects, uses and shares personal data collected from visitors to our website (located at www.jdsupra.com) (our "Website") who view only publicly-available content as well as subscribers to our services (such as our email digests or author tools)(our "Services"). By using our Website and registering for one of our Services, you are agreeing to the terms of this Privacy Policy.

Please note that if you subscribe to one of our Services, you can make choices about how we collect, use and share your information through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard (available if you are logged into your JD Supra account).

Collection of Information

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Your interactions with our Website and Services: As is true of most websites, we gather certain information automatically. This information includes IP addresses, browser type, Internet service provider (ISP), referring/exit pages, operating system, date/time stamp and clickstream data. We use this information to analyze trends, to administer the Website and our Services, to improve the content and performance of our Website and Services, and to track users' movements around the site. We may also link this automatically-collected data to personal information, for example, to inform authors about who has read their articles. Some of this data is collected through information sent by your web browser. We also use cookies and other tracking technologies to collect this information. To learn more about cookies and other tracking technologies that JD Supra may use on our Website and Services please see our "Cookies Guide" page.

How do we use this information?

We use the information and data we collect principally in order to provide our Website and Services. More specifically, we may use your personal information to:

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How is your information shared?

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How We Protect Your Information

JD Supra takes reasonable and appropriate precautions to insure that user information is protected from loss, misuse and unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration and destruction. We restrict access to user information to those individuals who reasonably need access to perform their job functions, such as our third party email service, customer service personnel and technical staff. You should keep in mind that no Internet transmission is ever 100% secure or error-free. Where you use log-in credentials (usernames, passwords) on our Website, please remember that it is your responsibility to safeguard them. If you believe that your log-in credentials have been compromised, please contact us at privacy@jdsupra.com.

Children's Information

Our Website and Services are not directed at children under the age of 16 and we do not knowingly collect personal information from children under the age of 16 through our Website and/or Services. If you have reason to believe that a child under the age of 16 has provided personal information to us, please contact us, and we will endeavor to delete that information from our databases.

Links to Other Websites

Our Website and Services may contain links to other websites. The operators of such other websites may collect information about you, including through cookies or other technologies. If you are using our Website or Services and click a link to another site, you will leave our Website and this Policy will not apply to your use of and activity on those other sites. We encourage you to read the legal notices posted on those sites, including their privacy policies. We are not responsible for the data collection and use practices of such other sites. This Policy applies solely to the information collected in connection with your use of our Website and Services and does not apply to any practices conducted offline or in connection with any other websites.

Information for EU and Swiss Residents

JD Supra's principal place of business is in the United States. By subscribing to our website, you expressly consent to your information being processed in the United States.

  • Our Legal Basis for Processing: Generally, we rely on our legitimate interests in order to process your personal information. For example, we rely on this legal ground if we use your personal information to manage your Registration Data and administer our relationship with you; to deliver our Website and Services; understand and improve our Website and Services; report reader analytics to our authors; to personalize your experience on our Website and Services; and where necessary to protect or defend our or another's rights or property, or to detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security, safety or privacy issues. Please see Article 6(1)(f) of the E.U. General Data Protection Regulation ("GDPR") In addition, there may be other situations where other grounds for processing may exist, such as where processing is a result of legal requirements (GDPR Article 6(1)(c)) or for reasons of public interest (GDPR Article 6(1)(e)). Please see the "Your Rights" section of this Privacy Policy immediately below for more information about how you may request that we limit or refrain from processing your personal information.
  • Your Rights
    • Right of Access/Portability: You can ask to review details about the information we hold about you and how that information has been used and disclosed. Note that we may request to verify your identification before fulfilling your request. You can also request that your personal information is provided to you in a commonly used electronic format so that you can share it with other organizations.
    • Right to Correct Information: You may ask that we make corrections to any information we hold, if you believe such correction to be necessary.
    • Right to Restrict Our Processing or Erasure of Information: You also have the right in certain circumstances to ask us to restrict processing of your personal information or to erase your personal information. Where you have consented to our use of your personal information, you can withdraw your consent at any time.

You can make a request to exercise any of these rights by emailing us at privacy@jdsupra.com or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
10 Liberty Ship Way, Suite 300
Sausalito, California 94965

You can also manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard.

We will make all practical efforts to respect your wishes. There may be times, however, where we are not able to fulfill your request, for example, if applicable law prohibits our compliance. Please note that JD Supra does not use "automatic decision making" or "profiling" as those terms are defined in the GDPR.

  • Timeframe for retaining your personal information: We will retain your personal information in a form that identifies you only for as long as it serves the purpose(s) for which it was initially collected as stated in this Privacy Policy, or subsequently authorized. We may continue processing your personal information for longer periods, but only for the time and to the extent such processing reasonably serves the purposes of archiving in the public interest, journalism, literature and art, scientific or historical research and statistical analysis, and subject to the protection of this Privacy Policy. For example, if you are an author, your personal information may continue to be published in connection with your article indefinitely. When we have no ongoing legitimate business need to process your personal information, we will either delete or anonymize it, or, if this is not possible (for example, because your personal information has been stored in backup archives), then we will securely store your personal information and isolate it from any further processing until deletion is possible.
  • Onward Transfer to Third Parties: As noted in the "How We Share Your Data" Section above, JD Supra may share your information with third parties. When JD Supra discloses your personal information to third parties, we have ensured that such third parties have either certified under the EU-U.S. or Swiss Privacy Shield Framework and will process all personal data received from EU member states/Switzerland in reliance on the applicable Privacy Shield Framework or that they have been subjected to strict contractual provisions in their contract with us to guarantee an adequate level of data protection for your data.

California Privacy Rights

Pursuant to Section 1798.83 of the California Civil Code, our customers who are California residents have the right to request certain information regarding our disclosure of personal information to third parties for their direct marketing purposes.

You can make a request for this information by emailing us at privacy@jdsupra.com or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
10 Liberty Ship Way, Suite 300
Sausalito, California 94965

Some browsers have incorporated a Do Not Track (DNT) feature. These features, when turned on, send a signal that you prefer that the website you are visiting not collect and use data regarding your online searching and browsing activities. As there is not yet a common understanding on how to interpret the DNT signal, we currently do not respond to DNT signals on our site.

Access/Correct/Update/Delete Personal Information

For non-EU/Swiss residents, if you would like to know what personal information we have about you, you can send an e-mail to privacy@jdsupra.com. We will be in contact with you (by mail or otherwise) to verify your identity and provide you the information you request. We will respond within 30 days to your request for access to your personal information. In some cases, we may not be able to remove your personal information, in which case we will let you know if we are unable to do so and why. If you would like to correct or update your personal information, you can manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard. If you would like to delete your account or remove your information from our Website and Services, send an e-mail to privacy@jdsupra.com.

Changes in Our Privacy Policy

We reserve the right to change this Privacy Policy at any time. Please refer to the date at the top of this page to determine when this Policy was last revised. Any changes to our Privacy Policy will become effective upon posting of the revised policy on the Website. By continuing to use our Website and Services following such changes, you will be deemed to have agreed to such changes.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about this Privacy Policy, the practices of this site, your dealings with our Website or Services, or if you would like to change any of the information you have provided to us, please contact us at: privacy@jdsupra.com.

JD Supra Cookie Guide

As with many websites, JD Supra's website (located at www.jdsupra.com) (our "Website") and our services (such as our email article digests)(our "Services") use a standard technology called a "cookie" and other similar technologies (such as, pixels and web beacons), which are small data files that are transferred to your computer when you use our Website and Services. These technologies automatically identify your browser whenever you interact with our Website and Services.

How We Use Cookies and Other Tracking Technologies

We use cookies and other tracking technologies to:

  1. Improve the user experience on our Website and Services;
  2. Store the authorization token that users receive when they login to the private areas of our Website. This token is specific to a user's login session and requires a valid username and password to obtain. It is required to access the user's profile information, subscriptions, and analytics;
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There are different types of cookies and other technologies used our Website, notably:

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JD Supra Cookies. We place our own cookies on your computer to track certain information about you while you are using our Website and Services. For example, we place a session cookie on your computer each time you visit our Website. We use these cookies to allow you to log-in to your subscriber account. In addition, through these cookies we are able to collect information about how you use the Website, including what browser you may be using, your IP address, and the URL address you came from upon visiting our Website and the URL you next visit (even if those URLs are not on our Website). We also utilize email web beacons to monitor whether our emails are being delivered and read. We also use these tools to help deliver reader analytics to our authors to give them insight into their readership and help them to improve their content, so that it is most useful for our users.

Analytics/Performance Cookies. JD Supra also uses the following analytic tools to help us analyze the performance of our Website and Services as well as how visitors use our Website and Services:

  • HubSpot - For more information about HubSpot cookies, please visit legal.hubspot.com/privacy-policy.
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Facebook, Twitter and other Social Network Cookies. Our content pages allow you to share content appearing on our Website and Services to your social media accounts through the "Like," "Tweet," or similar buttons displayed on such pages. To accomplish this Service, we embed code that such third party social networks provide and that we do not control. These buttons know that you are logged in to your social network account and therefore such social networks could also know that you are viewing the JD Supra Website.

Controlling and Deleting Cookies

If you would like to change how a browser uses cookies, including blocking or deleting cookies from the JD Supra Website and Services you can do so by changing the settings in your web browser. To control cookies, most browsers allow you to either accept or reject all cookies, only accept certain types of cookies, or prompt you every time a site wishes to save a cookie. It's also easy to delete cookies that are already saved on your device by a browser.

The processes for controlling and deleting cookies vary depending on which browser you use. To find out how to do so with a particular browser, you can use your browser's "Help" function or alternatively, you can visit http://www.aboutcookies.org which explains, step-by-step, how to control and delete cookies in most browsers.

Updates to This Policy

We may update this cookie policy and our Privacy Policy from time-to-time, particularly as technology changes. You can always check this page for the latest version. We may also notify you of changes to our privacy policy by email.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about how we use cookies and other tracking technologies, please contact us at: privacy@jdsupra.com.

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