News & Analysis as of

Fourth Amendment

The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures and provides that warrants may only be granted upon findings of probable cause. The Fourth... more +
The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures and provides that warrants may only be granted upon findings of probable cause. The Fourth Amendment applies to the States via the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.  Important areas of Fourth Amendment jurisprudence flow from questions surrounding the definitions of "search" and "seizure," the applicability of the Amendment to so-called "stop and frisk" situations, the level of control that must be exerted by law enforcement before an individual is deemed "seized," and the "exclusionary rule," just to name a few.    less -

Notice of Appeal - A Quarterly Review of Third Circuit Opinions for White-Collar Criminal Lawyers - April 2018

by Cozen O'Connor on

Precedential Opinions of Note - Third Circuit Evaluates Standards for Conspiracy in Insider Trading Case - United States v. Metro (Feb. 14, 2018), No. 16-3813 Unanimous decision: Jordan (writing), Hardiman,...more

US Supreme Court Holds Police Officer Shooting was Lawful

by Poyner Spruill LLP on

The US Supreme Court issued an Opinion April 2, 2018 (Kisela v. Hughes) that a Tucson Police officer was justified in shooting a woman who was holding a knife near her roommate after the woman was reported exhibiting...more

U.S. Customs and Border Protection Updates Directive on Searches of Electronic Devices

by Benesch on

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) recently updated its 2009 directive pertaining to border searches of electronic devices. The Supreme Court of the United States has deemed warrantless searches by CBP legal and...more

United States Supreme Court Reverses the Ninth Circuit’s Denial of Qualified Immunity

This week, the United States Supreme Court once again reversed the Ninth Circuit’s refusal to apply qualified immunity. The Supreme Court ruled that qualified immunity protected an officer who shot a non-compliant,...more

Supreme Court: Police Had "Qualified Immunity" in Shooting Woman With Knife

by Sands Anderson PC on

The Supreme Court ruled yesterday that a Tucson police officer who shot a woman four times could not be sued for violating the woman’s Constitutional rights. The case is a significant win for government officials. It’s a...more

The CLOUD Act – Congress Passes New Bill Which Will Impact Access To Cross-Border Data

by Moore & Van Allen PLLC on

On Friday, March 23, 2018, Congress passed a 2,232 page omnibus spending bill. Included in the bill was a bipartisan act known as the “Clarifying Lawful Overseas Use of Data Act” or CLOUD Act, which will allow United States...more

Arizona Supreme Court Accepts Review of Police Dog Bite Case

A driver approaching from the opposite lane nearly hit a Pima County Sheriffs’ deputy head on. The deputy activated his emergency lights and pursued the driver. ...more

If You Don’t Need It, Don’t Pack It: Border Searches of Mobile Devices

by Dickinson Wright on

Currently there are a number of pending cases concerning the issue of whether Border searches can include a search of someone’s cellphone. On March 15, 2018, a divided 11th Circuit Court, upheld the conviction of a Florida...more

United States v. Microsoft Raises Significant Questions Regarding Application of the Stored Communications Act

by White and Williams LLP on

On Tuesday, February 27, 2018, the US Supreme Court heard oral argument in connection with an ongoing dispute between the Department of Justice (DOJ) and Microsoft over data in the corporation’s datacenter in Ireland. At the...more

The Supreme Court Hears Oral Arguments In United States v. Microsoft

by Shearman & Sterling LLP on

On February 27, 2018, the U.S. Supreme Court heard oral arguments in United States v. Microsoft, No. 17-2. The case presents the question whether a U.S.-based entity (Microsoft) must comply with a judicially-authorized...more

Justices Hearing Microsoft Appeal Appear Mixed on Jurisdiction over Foreign-Located Communications

by Cozen O'Connor on

On February 27, 2018, the Supreme Court heard arguments in In re Warrant to Search a Certain Email Account Controlled & Maintained by Microsoft Corp. (Microsoft). At issue is an unsettled question concerning the territorial...more

Pennsylvania Supreme Court: If You Want to Search a Cell Phone, Get a Warrant!

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

The Pennsylvania Supreme Court recently issued a sweeping ruling “that accessing any information from a cell phone without a warrant” violates the Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution. ...more

See You In Court! – March 2018

by Shipman & Goodwin LLP on

Mark Millennial was recently elected to the Nutmeg Board of Education. More than ten years younger than any of the other Board members, Mark brings a new approach to Board service. His presence on social media is far more...more

Good Faith Exception to Exclusionary Rule Saves Conviction Based on Illegal Search

In United States v. Gomez, 16-181-cr (Parker, Wesley, and Droney), the Second Circuit found that the defendant’s Fourth Amendment rights were violated during a five-minute traffic stop because the police officers extended the...more

Border Searches: Risks to Electronic Devices and Your Data

U.S. citizens who travel internationally, especially corporate executives and high-net-worth individuals, must consider and navigate data security risks when crossing a border—whether into the United States or another...more

Illinois Police Officer Drug and Alcohol Tests Raise Constitutional Questions

by Holland & Knight LLP on

• Illinois expanded the Police and Community Relations Improvement Act (PCRIA) to add special procedures for officers involved in incidents where their firearm is discharged causing injury or death to an individual. • New...more

ABA Gets Lawyers Heightened Protections For Device Searches At International Borders

by Jackson Lewis P.C. on

U.S. Customs searches have become increasingly invasive over the years. Pursuant to Department of Homeland Security (DHS) policy, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) operates under the “broad search exception”, which...more

Carpenter v. United States Privacy Case Pushes Supreme Court to Decide Fourth Amendment Protections of Cell Phone Metadata

The U.S. Supreme Court heard oral arguments in what may become one of the defining consumer privacy cases of our generation. The central question in Carpenter v. United States asks whether the government violates the Fourth...more

2017-18 Supreme Court Update

In the 2017-18 term, the U.S. Supreme Court will decide a number of potentially significant disputes relevant to businesses, including those involving constitutional protections, class actions and other corporate liability...more

District of Columbia v. Wesby

Yesterday, the United States Supreme Court reversed the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit holding that: (1) officers had probable cause to make arrests for unlawful entry and (2) even if the officers...more

Artis v. D.C.: SCOTUS Explains How § 1367(d) Stops the Clock

by Foley & Lardner LLP on

The federal supplemental jurisdiction statute, 28 U.S.C. § 1367, allows a litigant with a federal claim to bring into federal court with it any state claims that are so related to the federal claim that they “form part of the...more

Understanding eDiscovery in Criminal Cases, Part Five: eDiscovery Best Practices

by CloudNine on

...Of course, not all criminal law electronic discovery matters involve futuristic technologies such as the Echo or embedded web pages. According to US Customs and Border Patrol, approximately one million people enter legally...more

Understanding eDiscovery in Criminal Cases, Part Two: eDiscovery Best Practices

by CloudNine on

...Because more than 90 percent of documents today are generated in electronic format, ESI is becoming more and more prominent in criminal matters, especially white collar criminal cases. But many attorneys who take on a...more

New York State Police Introduce Use of Drones

by Harris Beach PLLC on

Governor Andrew M. Cuomo just announced the launch of the New York State Police Unmanned Aerial System program, which will be used to support law enforcement missions, including disaster response and traffic safety. The...more

Commentary: Tartikov v. Pomona and RLUIPA

by Pessin Katz Law, P.A. on

Over the years, I’ve represented a number of churches and synagogues in their pursuit of zoning and development approvals to build places of worship. In my consultations with these clients, inevitably someone says something...more

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Cybersecurity

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