News & Analysis as of

Operating Agreements

“Golden Shares” May be Fool’s Gold for Lenders

by Sherman & Howard L.L.C. on

February 16, 2018 – One of the biggest risks that any lender faces is a potential bankruptcy filing by its borrower. To counter that risk, lenders have developed creative strategies—with varying degrees of success—to gain...more

Partnership Audit Rules Have Changed Under New Tax Law

by Jaburg Wilk on

Congress enacted the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 (“BBA”) under which existing partnership audit rules have been replaced. The new BBA audit rules are broad and complex and effective for partnership tax returns filed for tax...more

Contracting Party Beware: The Implied Covenant Will Not Save You From Your Agreement If You Negotiated Away Your Rights

On February 1, 2018, the Delaware Court of Chancery granted defendants’ motion to dismiss an action brought by minority unitholders of Trumpet Search, LLC (“Trumpet” or the “Company”). The defendants were other unitholders...more

Will Someone Please Re-Name the Implied Covenant of Good Faith and Fair Dealing?

by Farrell Fritz, P.C. on

In the annals of business divorce litigation and assorted other disputes between co-owners of closely held business entities, the cause of action for breach of the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing likely wins...more

The Purposeless Purpose Clause Makes a Comeback — Or Does It?

by Farrell Fritz, P.C. on

The test for judicial dissolution of LLCs under LLC Law § 702, as laid down in 1545 Ocean Avenue, initially asks whether the managers are unable or unwilling to reasonably permit or promote realization of the LLC’s “stated...more

Key Takeaways from Our 2017 Corporate Law for Accountants Seminars

Haynsworth Sinkler Boyd recently hosted our annual Corporate Law for Accountants Seminars across South Carolina. These complimentary seminars covered three main topics: (1) operating agreements, (2) employment law and (3)...more

First Department Affirms that an LLC’s Operating Agreement Trumps Delaware Law

A unanimous panel of the Appellate Division, First Department recently affirmed a ruling by the Commercial Division dismissing causes of action against the ACE Group International LLC (“AGI”) brought by the estate of the...more

Special Proceeding Seeking a Judicial Decree to Dissolve an LLC

In Advanced 23, LLC v. Chambers House Partners, LLC, No. 650025/2016, 2017 BL 462831 (NY. Sup. Ct. Dec. 15, 2017), Justice Saliann Scarpulla of the Commercial Division ruled that Advanced 23, LLC (“Advanced”) and David...more

Second Department Affirms Commercial Division Decisions Leaving Withdrawing LLC Members Without Compensation for Their Membership...

In Matter of Jacobs v. Cartalemi, No. 2016-05041, 2017 BL 435890 (2d Dep’t Dec. 6, 2017) (“Jacobs I”), a unanimous Appellate Division, Second Department panel affirmed an order by Westchester County Commercial Division...more

Top 10 New York Commercial Division Cases and Developments of 2017

In 2017, the New York Commercial Division continued to implement new rules and refine existing rules in order to streamline litigation in the court. The year also saw some key decisions by the Commercial Division as well as...more

Top 10 Business Divorce Cases of 2017

by Farrell Fritz, P.C. on

I’m delighted to present my 10th annual list of this past year’s ten most significant business divorce cases. This year’s list includes seven noteworthy appellate decisions, two of which — Mace v Tunick and Shapiro v...more

Court Of Chancery Explains Inspection Rights Under An LLC Agreement

by Morris James LLP on

Aloha Power Company LLC v. Regenesis Power LLC, C.A. 12697-VCMR (Dec. 22, 2017) - This books and records decision addresses inspection rights granted under an LLC agreement. It also is useful as a reminder that a mere...more

Delaware Contractarian Principles Prevail in Appeal Over Deceased Ace Hotel Founder’s LLC Interest

by Farrell Fritz, P.C. on

The sudden death of Alexander Calderwood, the brilliant but troubled co-founder of the Ace brand of hotels, resulted in some fierce litigation between Calderwood’s estate and Calderwood’s LLC co-member over the nature of his...more

Early New Year’s Resolution: Update Partnership and LLC Agreements to Comply with New IRS Audit Rules

In 2015, Congress repealed the complex and heavily criticized Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982 (“TEFRA”) partnership-level audit rules which apply to partnerships and most LLCs. The new audit rules, which...more

Operating Agreement Defeats Statutory Buyout Rights Upon LLC Member’s Withdrawal

by Farrell Fritz, P.C. on

When the tsunami of LLC enabling statutes swept the U.S. in the late ’80s and early ’90s, including New York in 1994, many included a default rule authorizing as-of-right member withdrawal and payment for the “fair value” of...more

Court: Operating Agreement Did Not Grant Terminated Employees Lifetime Jobs

by Allen Matkins on

An employment agreement is one thing and an operating agreement quite another. In ITV Gurney Holding Inc. v. Gurney, Cal. Ct. Appeal Case No. B281694, the board of a limited liability company fired two employees who were...more

Tax Audit Risk Shifted from Partners to Partnership

by King, Krebs & Jurgens, PLLC on

NEW TAX PARTNERSHIP AUDIT PROCEDURES - A legislative change to partnership tax audit procedures enacted under the Obama administration is set to go into effect as of January 1, 2018. All tax partnerships need to be...more

Considerations When Bringing on a New Owner

by PilieroMazza PLLC on

The attorneys at PilieroMazza's Colorado office frequently assists businesses in drafting, amending, and negotiating their operating agreements, bylaws, and shareholders’ agreements. When this exercise involves a government...more

Can the Bare Naked Assignee Demand Access to LLC Records?

by Farrell Fritz, P.C. on

I wish I could take credit for it, but I can’t. The phrase “bare naked assignee” was coined by the preeminent scholar and LLC maven Professor Daniel Kleinberger whose massive oeuvre (not to mention his guest posts on this...more

What’s the Big Deal? The Importance of Having an Operating Agreement for Your LLC

by Varnum LLP on

So, you've started a business with your buddy. Enthusiasm is high, things look promising, and you've decided to formally register your business as a limited liability company (or, ahem, if you haven't formally registered your...more

“Where’s the Beef?” Says Appeals Court, Reversing LLC Dissolution

by Farrell Fritz, P.C. on

A dissolution petitioner received the judicial equivalent of the old quip “Where’s the beef?” in a Brooklyn appeals court decision last week reversing an order dissolving a limited liability company under Section 702 of the...more

Court Rules LLC Members May Be “Fiduciaries In Fact”

by Allen Matkins on

U.S. District Court Judge Tena Campbell’s ruling in Strong v. Cochran, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 170073, is a reminder that sometimes what you do matters more than what you say. The case involved claims by the liquidating...more

Is a Series LLC Right for Your Business?

by Mintz Levin on

The Series limited liability company (the “Series LLC”) is more nuanced than an ordinary limited liability company, and for the right user, it provides flexibility that will streamline administration better than other...more

A Member By Any Other Name . . . May Have Access to LLC Books and Records

by Farrell Fritz, P.C. on

I’ve said it before, I’ll say it again: for professionals who dwell in the world of LLCs, whether as transactional, tax, or litigation counsel, attending the annual, two-day LLC Institute, sponsored by the LLCs, Partnerships...more

US Bankruptcy Filing Limitations - How Far Can You Go?

by Dechert LLP on

In order to file for bankruptcy, a corporate entity must be legally authorized to do so. Whether the bankruptcy petition has been duly authorized is governed by state law and often depends on the entity’s governance...more

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