News & Analysis as of

Rule 10b-5

Shearman & Sterling LLP

Northern District Of Texas Dismisses With Prejudice Accounting-Related Claims For Failure To Adequately Allege Scienter

by Shearman & Sterling LLP on

On September 11, 2018, Judge Barbara M. G. Lynn of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas dismissed with prejudice a third amended putative class action complaint against Global Power Equipment...more

Shearman & Sterling LLP

Northern District Of California Dismisses Securities Class Action Against Electric Car Manufacturer, Finding Production...

by Shearman & Sterling LLP on

On August 24, 2018, Judge Charles Breyer of the United States District Court for the Northern District of California dismissed with leave to amend a putative class action against an electric car manufacturer (the “Company”),...more

Foley & Lardner LLP

SEC Adds Two New Events to Rule 15c2-12: Could Have Far-Reaching Impact on Issuers and Obligors of Municipal Securities

by Foley & Lardner LLP on

On August 20, 2018, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) issued Release No. 34-83885 (the “Release”) adding two new events (the “New Events”) to the list of events that must be included in the continuing disclosure...more

Shearman & Sterling LLP

New Jersey District Court Dismisses Putative Securities Class Action Alleging Inappropriate Disclosures Regarding Sources Of Drug...

by Shearman & Sterling LLP on

On August 21, 2018, Judge Kevin McNulty of the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey dismissed a putative class action against Galena Biopharma Inc. and several of its officers and employees that alleged...more

Shearman & Sterling LLP

Southern District Of New York Dismisses Securities Class Action Against Brokerage Firm For Failure To Adequately Allege Material...

by Shearman & Sterling LLP on

On August 10, 2018, Judge Kimba M. Wood of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York dismissed a putative securities class action against foreign exchange trading company FXCM Inc. (“FXCM” or the...more

Morrison & Foerster LLP

Ninth Circuit Holds That Trading Unsponsored ADRs Can Be Used to Justify Claims Under Rule 10b-5

by Morrison & Foerster LLP on

On July 17, 2018, the Ninth Circuit issued an opinion in Stoyas v. Toshiba Corporation, holding that the Supreme Court’s decision in Morrison v. National Australia Bank Ltd. does not preclude U.S. domestic purchasers of...more

Mayer Brown Free Writings + Perspectives

Application of the Morrison Case to Unsponsored ADRs

The Ninth Circuit recently decided a case, Automotive Industries Pension Trust Fund v. Toshiba Corp., in which the Circuit court considered the application of the Supreme Court’s territoriality standard in the Morrison v....more

Mintz - Securities Litigation Viewpoints

Ninth Circuit Holds Transactions in Unsponsored ADRs Can Be “Domestic” Under Morrison

The Toshiba Securities Litigation stems from alleged violations of the Exchange Act, as well as the Financial Instruments and Exchange Act of Japan, against Toshiba Corp., in connection with its alleged accounting fraud and...more

Shearman & Sterling LLP

Eastern District Of Michigan Holds That Exchange Act Statute Of Repose Starts To Run From Date Of Last Fraudulent...

by Shearman & Sterling LLP on

On August 3, 2018, Judge George C. Steeh of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan dismissed with leave to amend an individual action asserting, among other things, Section 10(b) of the...more

Sheppard Mullin Richter & Hampton LLP

Not So Fast – Challenges in Reincorporating from California to Delaware

There are several reasons that a California corporation may want to reincorporate to Delaware. Venture capital funds or other investors may demand a reincorporation to Delaware as a condition to financing. Cumulative voting...more

Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP

The JOBS Act 3.0: Regulatory Reforms Pass House of Representatives

On July 17, 2018, the House of Representatives passed the JOBS and Investor Confidence Act (JOBS Act 3.0), a package of reforms consisting of 32 pieces of legislation principally designed to spur entrepreneurship by...more

Blank Rome LLP

Control Person Liability – Is Pleading and Proof of “Culpable Participation” Required and What Does That Requirement Mean

by Blank Rome LLP on

Virtually every complaint alleging a violation of the federal securities laws includes, near the end of the pleading, one or more counts alleging “control person” liability. Those counts are typically directed against the...more

Shearman & Sterling LLP

Southern District Of Texas Dismisses Securities Class Action Against Oil And Gas Exploration Company Based On Alleged...

by Shearman & Sterling LLP on

On June 19, 2018, Judge Lee H. Rosenthal of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas dismissed with leave to amend a putative securities class action against Anadarko Petroleum Corporation...more

Jones Day

Supreme Court Dismisses Important Securities Case on Issue Likely to Arise Again

by Jones Day on

On June 18, 2018, the U.S. Supreme Court dismissed Leidos v. Indiana Public Retirement System, a securities case that raised important and unsettled issues about the scope of liability under Section 10(b) of the Securities...more

Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner

Losing Control: Proposed FINRA Amendment Eliminates Control as an Element for Proving an Excessive Trading Violation

by Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner on

KEY TAKEAWAYS - ..A proposed amendment to FINRA Rule 2111 eliminates the requirement for FINRA to prove the broker exercised “control” over the customer's account to establish excessive trading. ..FINRA acknowledges...more

Dorsey & Whitney LLP

Supreme Court To Determine if SEC Can Circumvent Janus

by Dorsey & Whitney LLP on

The Supreme Court will hear a case which may have a significant impact on SEC enforcement. Specifically, the Court will consider the question of whether the agency can circumvent Janus Capital Group, Inc. v. First Derivate...more

Dorsey & Whitney LLP

Supreme Court Rejects American Pipe Tolling For Class Actions

by Dorsey & Whitney LLP on

The Supreme Court rejected a lower court ruling that would have permitted a securities class action to be filed after the statute of limitations would have expired but for the commencement of an earlier punitive class action...more

Proskauer Rose LLP

A Practical Guide to the Regulation of Hedge Fund Trading Activities

by Proskauer Rose LLP on

The trading activities of hedge funds raise a number of complex issues under the federal securities laws. Proskauer’s Practical Guide to the Regulation of Hedge Fund Trading Activities offers a concise, easy-to-read overview...more

Burr & Forman

FINRA Proposes to Remove "Control" as Quantitative Suitability Requirement

by Burr & Forman on

FINRA recently proposed to remove the broker’s “control” of a securities account as a required element of a “quantitative suitability” violation under Rule 2111....more

White & Case LLP

The Use of EBITDA in Capital Markets Transactions

by White & Case LLP on

With multiple uses throughout an offering memorandum, EBITDA (and variations thereof) can be difficult to understand in terms of its characteristics and applications. Current trends in European and international markets...more

Shearman & Sterling LLP

Attention Forum Shoppers! Blue Light Special in the Ninth Circuit!

by Shearman & Sterling LLP on

On April 20, 2018, the Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit split from five other circuit courts in Varjabedian v. Emulex Corp., No. 16-55088 (9th Cir. Apr. 20, 2018), by holding that claims under Section 14(e) of the...more

Shearman & Sterling LLP

Ninth Circuit Holds That Section 14(e) Of The Exchange Act Requires Showing Of Negligence, Not Scienter, In Departure From Other...

by Shearman & Sterling LLP on

On April 20, 2018, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit held that scienter is not required for securities claims brought under Section 14(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Varjabedian v. Emulex...more

Shearman & Sterling LLP

Southern District Of New York Dismisses Action Over Optimistic Statements About Proposed Merger Brought By Investors Who Sold...

by Shearman & Sterling LLP on

On April 20, 2018, Judge William H. Pauley III of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York dismissed a class action against defendants GFI Group, Inc. (“GFI”) and certain executives of GFI,...more

Perkins Coie

Ninth Circuit Establishes Negligence Standard for Section 14(e) Claims in Circuit-Splitting Decision

by Perkins Coie on

Rejecting the analysis of every other federal appellate court to consider the issue, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit recently held that most claims filed under Section 14(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of...more

Sheppard Mullin Richter & Hampton LLP

Ninth Circuit Splits From Other Circuits, Holding That a Negligence Standard Applies to a Claim Challenging Tender Offer...

In Varjabedian v. Emulex Corp., No. 16-55088, 2018 U.S. App. LEXIS 10000 (9th Cir. Apr. 20, 2018), the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit split from the Second, Third, Fifth, Sixth and Eleventh Circuits to...more

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JD Supra Privacy Policy

Updated: May 25, 2018:

JD Supra is a legal publishing service that connects experts and their content with broader audiences of professionals, journalists and associations.

This Privacy Policy describes how JD Supra, LLC ("JD Supra" or "we," "us," or "our") collects, uses and shares personal data collected from visitors to our website (located at www.jdsupra.com) (our "Website") who view only publicly-available content as well as subscribers to our services (such as our email digests or author tools)(our "Services"). By using our Website and registering for one of our Services, you are agreeing to the terms of this Privacy Policy.

Please note that if you subscribe to one of our Services, you can make choices about how we collect, use and share your information through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard (available if you are logged into your JD Supra account).

Collection of Information

Registration Information. When you register with JD Supra for our Website and Services, either as an author or as a subscriber, you will be asked to provide identifying information to create your JD Supra account ("Registration Data"), such as your:

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Your interactions with our Website and Services: As is true of most websites, we gather certain information automatically. This information includes IP addresses, browser type, Internet service provider (ISP), referring/exit pages, operating system, date/time stamp and clickstream data. We use this information to analyze trends, to administer the Website and our Services, to improve the content and performance of our Website and Services, and to track users' movements around the site. We may also link this automatically-collected data to personal information, for example, to inform authors about who has read their articles. Some of this data is collected through information sent by your web browser. We also use cookies and other tracking technologies to collect this information. To learn more about cookies and other tracking technologies that JD Supra may use on our Website and Services please see our "Cookies Guide" page.

How do we use this information?

We use the information and data we collect principally in order to provide our Website and Services. More specifically, we may use your personal information to:

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  • Comply with our legal and regulatory responsibilities and to enforce our rights.

How is your information shared?

  • Content and other public information (such as an author profile) is shared on our Website and Services, including via email digests and social media feeds, and is accessible to the general public.
  • If you choose to use our Website and Services to communicate directly with a company or individual, such communication may be shared accordingly.
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  • Your information may also be shared to parties who support our business, such as professional advisors as well as web-hosting providers, analytics providers and other information technology providers.
  • Any court, governmental authority, law enforcement agency or other third party where we believe disclosure is necessary to comply with a legal or regulatory obligation, or otherwise to protect our rights, the rights of any third party or individuals' personal safety, or to detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security or safety issues.
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How We Protect Your Information

JD Supra takes reasonable and appropriate precautions to insure that user information is protected from loss, misuse and unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration and destruction. We restrict access to user information to those individuals who reasonably need access to perform their job functions, such as our third party email service, customer service personnel and technical staff. You should keep in mind that no Internet transmission is ever 100% secure or error-free. Where you use log-in credentials (usernames, passwords) on our Website, please remember that it is your responsibility to safeguard them. If you believe that your log-in credentials have been compromised, please contact us at privacy@jdsupra.com.

Children's Information

Our Website and Services are not directed at children under the age of 16 and we do not knowingly collect personal information from children under the age of 16 through our Website and/or Services. If you have reason to believe that a child under the age of 16 has provided personal information to us, please contact us, and we will endeavor to delete that information from our databases.

Links to Other Websites

Our Website and Services may contain links to other websites. The operators of such other websites may collect information about you, including through cookies or other technologies. If you are using our Website or Services and click a link to another site, you will leave our Website and this Policy will not apply to your use of and activity on those other sites. We encourage you to read the legal notices posted on those sites, including their privacy policies. We are not responsible for the data collection and use practices of such other sites. This Policy applies solely to the information collected in connection with your use of our Website and Services and does not apply to any practices conducted offline or in connection with any other websites.

Information for EU and Swiss Residents

JD Supra's principal place of business is in the United States. By subscribing to our website, you expressly consent to your information being processed in the United States.

  • Our Legal Basis for Processing: Generally, we rely on our legitimate interests in order to process your personal information. For example, we rely on this legal ground if we use your personal information to manage your Registration Data and administer our relationship with you; to deliver our Website and Services; understand and improve our Website and Services; report reader analytics to our authors; to personalize your experience on our Website and Services; and where necessary to protect or defend our or another's rights or property, or to detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security, safety or privacy issues. Please see Article 6(1)(f) of the E.U. General Data Protection Regulation ("GDPR") In addition, there may be other situations where other grounds for processing may exist, such as where processing is a result of legal requirements (GDPR Article 6(1)(c)) or for reasons of public interest (GDPR Article 6(1)(e)). Please see the "Your Rights" section of this Privacy Policy immediately below for more information about how you may request that we limit or refrain from processing your personal information.
  • Your Rights
    • Right of Access/Portability: You can ask to review details about the information we hold about you and how that information has been used and disclosed. Note that we may request to verify your identification before fulfilling your request. You can also request that your personal information is provided to you in a commonly used electronic format so that you can share it with other organizations.
    • Right to Correct Information: You may ask that we make corrections to any information we hold, if you believe such correction to be necessary.
    • Right to Restrict Our Processing or Erasure of Information: You also have the right in certain circumstances to ask us to restrict processing of your personal information or to erase your personal information. Where you have consented to our use of your personal information, you can withdraw your consent at any time.

You can make a request to exercise any of these rights by emailing us at privacy@jdsupra.com or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
10 Liberty Ship Way, Suite 300
Sausalito, California 94965

You can also manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard.

We will make all practical efforts to respect your wishes. There may be times, however, where we are not able to fulfill your request, for example, if applicable law prohibits our compliance. Please note that JD Supra does not use "automatic decision making" or "profiling" as those terms are defined in the GDPR.

  • Timeframe for retaining your personal information: We will retain your personal information in a form that identifies you only for as long as it serves the purpose(s) for which it was initially collected as stated in this Privacy Policy, or subsequently authorized. We may continue processing your personal information for longer periods, but only for the time and to the extent such processing reasonably serves the purposes of archiving in the public interest, journalism, literature and art, scientific or historical research and statistical analysis, and subject to the protection of this Privacy Policy. For example, if you are an author, your personal information may continue to be published in connection with your article indefinitely. When we have no ongoing legitimate business need to process your personal information, we will either delete or anonymize it, or, if this is not possible (for example, because your personal information has been stored in backup archives), then we will securely store your personal information and isolate it from any further processing until deletion is possible.
  • Onward Transfer to Third Parties: As noted in the "How We Share Your Data" Section above, JD Supra may share your information with third parties. When JD Supra discloses your personal information to third parties, we have ensured that such third parties have either certified under the EU-U.S. or Swiss Privacy Shield Framework and will process all personal data received from EU member states/Switzerland in reliance on the applicable Privacy Shield Framework or that they have been subjected to strict contractual provisions in their contract with us to guarantee an adequate level of data protection for your data.

California Privacy Rights

Pursuant to Section 1798.83 of the California Civil Code, our customers who are California residents have the right to request certain information regarding our disclosure of personal information to third parties for their direct marketing purposes.

You can make a request for this information by emailing us at privacy@jdsupra.com or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
10 Liberty Ship Way, Suite 300
Sausalito, California 94965

Some browsers have incorporated a Do Not Track (DNT) feature. These features, when turned on, send a signal that you prefer that the website you are visiting not collect and use data regarding your online searching and browsing activities. As there is not yet a common understanding on how to interpret the DNT signal, we currently do not respond to DNT signals on our site.

Access/Correct/Update/Delete Personal Information

For non-EU/Swiss residents, if you would like to know what personal information we have about you, you can send an e-mail to privacy@jdsupra.com. We will be in contact with you (by mail or otherwise) to verify your identity and provide you the information you request. We will respond within 30 days to your request for access to your personal information. In some cases, we may not be able to remove your personal information, in which case we will let you know if we are unable to do so and why. If you would like to correct or update your personal information, you can manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard. If you would like to delete your account or remove your information from our Website and Services, send an e-mail to privacy@jdsupra.com.

Changes in Our Privacy Policy

We reserve the right to change this Privacy Policy at any time. Please refer to the date at the top of this page to determine when this Policy was last revised. Any changes to our Privacy Policy will become effective upon posting of the revised policy on the Website. By continuing to use our Website and Services following such changes, you will be deemed to have agreed to such changes.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about this Privacy Policy, the practices of this site, your dealings with our Website or Services, or if you would like to change any of the information you have provided to us, please contact us at: privacy@jdsupra.com.

JD Supra Cookie Guide

As with many websites, JD Supra's website (located at www.jdsupra.com) (our "Website") and our services (such as our email article digests)(our "Services") use a standard technology called a "cookie" and other similar technologies (such as, pixels and web beacons), which are small data files that are transferred to your computer when you use our Website and Services. These technologies automatically identify your browser whenever you interact with our Website and Services.

How We Use Cookies and Other Tracking Technologies

We use cookies and other tracking technologies to:

  1. Improve the user experience on our Website and Services;
  2. Store the authorization token that users receive when they login to the private areas of our Website. This token is specific to a user's login session and requires a valid username and password to obtain. It is required to access the user's profile information, subscriptions, and analytics;
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There are different types of cookies and other technologies used our Website, notably:

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JD Supra Cookies. We place our own cookies on your computer to track certain information about you while you are using our Website and Services. For example, we place a session cookie on your computer each time you visit our Website. We use these cookies to allow you to log-in to your subscriber account. In addition, through these cookies we are able to collect information about how you use the Website, including what browser you may be using, your IP address, and the URL address you came from upon visiting our Website and the URL you next visit (even if those URLs are not on our Website). We also utilize email web beacons to monitor whether our emails are being delivered and read. We also use these tools to help deliver reader analytics to our authors to give them insight into their readership and help them to improve their content, so that it is most useful for our users.

Analytics/Performance Cookies. JD Supra also uses the following analytic tools to help us analyze the performance of our Website and Services as well as how visitors use our Website and Services:

  • HubSpot - For more information about HubSpot cookies, please visit legal.hubspot.com/privacy-policy.
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Facebook, Twitter and other Social Network Cookies. Our content pages allow you to share content appearing on our Website and Services to your social media accounts through the "Like," "Tweet," or similar buttons displayed on such pages. To accomplish this Service, we embed code that such third party social networks provide and that we do not control. These buttons know that you are logged in to your social network account and therefore such social networks could also know that you are viewing the JD Supra Website.

Controlling and Deleting Cookies

If you would like to change how a browser uses cookies, including blocking or deleting cookies from the JD Supra Website and Services you can do so by changing the settings in your web browser. To control cookies, most browsers allow you to either accept or reject all cookies, only accept certain types of cookies, or prompt you every time a site wishes to save a cookie. It's also easy to delete cookies that are already saved on your device by a browser.

The processes for controlling and deleting cookies vary depending on which browser you use. To find out how to do so with a particular browser, you can use your browser's "Help" function or alternatively, you can visit http://www.aboutcookies.org which explains, step-by-step, how to control and delete cookies in most browsers.

Updates to This Policy

We may update this cookie policy and our Privacy Policy from time-to-time, particularly as technology changes. You can always check this page for the latest version. We may also notify you of changes to our privacy policy by email.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about how we use cookies and other tracking technologies, please contact us at: privacy@jdsupra.com.

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