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Civil Procedure Conflict of Laws

Read Civil Procedure updates, alerts, news, and legal analysis from leading lawyers and law firms:

Federal Courts’ Dismissal of Pre-emption Challenges to Illinois and New York ZEC Nuclear Subsidies Returns Focus to FERC

On July 14, 2017, and July 25, 2017, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois and the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, respectively, dismissed challenges to the Illinois and New...more

Medical Marijuana Users Can Sue Their Employers

by Murtha Cullina on

In a case of first impression, a federal trial judge has found that, under Connecticut law, an employer can be sued for refusing to hire an applicant who tested positive for medical marijuana use. See Noffsinger v. SSC...more

STB Finds Arkansas City's Effort to Create New At-Grade Rail Crossing is Pre-empted

by Holland & Knight LLP on

The Surface Transportation Board (STB) has found that efforts by the city of Ozark, Ark., to force the reinstallation of a highway-rail at-grade crossing are pre-empted by federal law....more

Another Employer’s Defense in Disability/Medical Marijuana Case Goes Up in Smoke

by Shipman & Goodwin LLP on

Many states have approved the use of medical marijuana, despite the fact that the federal government continues to classify marijuana as a Schedule I controlled substance. As a result there is a tension between state rights to...more

“Self-Governance,” Not “Regulation”: California Supreme Court Rules No Federal Preemption of CEQA under ICCTA for State-Owned Rail...

by Downey Brand LLP on

On July 27, the California Supreme Court released its long-awaited decision in Friends of the Eel River v. North Coast Railroad Authority (S222472), resolving a split among the State’s courts of appeal—but arguably...more

AIA Does Not Override 28 USC § 1447(d) Reviewability Bar

by McDermott Will & Emery on

The US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit ruled that provisions in the America Invents Act (AIA) related to federal courts’ jurisdiction over patent claims do not override 28 USC § 1447(d)’s limit on appellate review of...more

RICO Madness: The Nuisance of Owning and Operating a Marijuana Facility

by Snell & Wilmer on

On June 7, 2017, the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals issued its opinion in Safe Streets Alliance, et al. v. Hickenlooper, et al., (No. 16-1048), an opinion that could open the doors to property use litigation involving...more

Medical Marijuana User’s Disability Discrimination Claim Survives Employer’s Motion to Dismiss in Massachusetts

by Benesch on

In a decision that is the first of its kind, the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts reversed the dismissal of a state law disability discrimination claim arising from an employee’s request for a reasonable accommodation...more

STB Jurisdiction Over Intrastate Passenger Rail

by Nossaman LLP on

In Florida, All Aboard Florida, a private entity, is about to launch passenger rail service from Miami to West Palm Beach, with future service extending to Orlando. In California, the California High-Speed Rail Authority is...more

Court Finds California Insurance Code Section 11658.5 Reverse-Preempts Section 4 Of The FAA

by Carlton Fields on

National Union Fire Insurance Company of Pittsburgh, PA provided Seneca Family of Agencies with workers’ compensation and employers’ liability insurance for Seneca’s operations in California from 2004 to 2013. The parties...more

Court Rejects Preemption and Dormant Commerce Clause Arguments and Upholds Connecticut’s Renewable Program

by Stoel Rives LLP on

On June 28, 2017, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit rejected challenges to Connecticut’s renewable energy procurement process and renewable energy credit program (Allco Fin. Ltd. v. Robert J. Klee (Docket Nos....more

Jersey City’s PLA Ordinance Found Preempted by NLRA and ERISA and Void Ab Initio

by Genova Burns LLC on

On June 15 U.S. District Court Judge Wigenton determined that Jersey City’s ordinance, in effect since 2007 and providing for tax abatements for real estate developers that sign Project Labor Agreements (PLAs) is preempted by...more

The Supreme Court - June 27, 2017

by Dorsey & Whitney LLP on

Cyan, Inc. v. Beaver Cty. Employees, No. 15-1439: Whether state courts lack subject matter jurisdiction over covered class actions that allege only Securities Act of 1933 claims....more

Food & Beverage Litigation Update | June 2017 #2

Seattle Approves Tax on SSB Distributors - The Seattle City Council has approved a tax on distributors of sugarsweetened beverages (SSBs) proposed by the city’s mayor. SSBs covered by the tax include sports, fruit, energy...more

Out-of-Network Physician’s Claim Against Insurer Not Preempted by ERISA

The Second Circuit concluded that a promissory estoppel claim by an out-of-network provider against an insurer was not completely preempted by ERISA and thus remanded the claim to state court for further proceedings. The...more

Litigating trust matters in the federal courts (U.S.): A jurisdiction primer

by Charles E. Rounds, Jr. on

The diversity jurisdiction of the federal courts generally does not extend to state probate matters. However, this so-called “probate exception to federal diversity jurisdiction” does not apply to trust disputes. See...more

What Happens in Vegas Doesn’t Always Stay in Vegas: Considerations When Discovery of Privileged Communications Is Sought in a...

In most instances, discovery disputes over applicability of a privilege are litigated in the same jurisdiction where the privileged relationship arose, and the availability of that privilege is clear. But what happens when a...more

First Circuit Finds Class of Independent Truckers Excluded From Federal Arbitration Act

The Federal Arbitration Act has been in effect for nearly 100 years (92, to be precise). Nevertheless, the First Circuit found two issues of first impression to address this month. In Oliveira v. New Prime, Inc., 2017 WL...more

State Supreme Courts Continue to Try to Chip Away at FAA Preemption; The United States Supreme Court Is Not Amused

The Federal Arbitration Act (“FAA”), 9 U.S.C. § 1, et seq., does not contain an express preemption provision, nor was it intended to be the exclusive codified arbitration law in all circumstances. However, the United States...more

U.S. Supreme Court Says: We Mean It--You Can’t Single Out Arbitration Agreements for Disfavored Treatment

by Foley & Lardner LLP on

On Monday, May 15, 2017, the Supreme Court issued its latest reminder to state and lower federal courts that they must treat arbitration agreements as equally valid as all other contracts. In Kindred Nursing Centers Limited...more

Supreme Court Holds Federal Arbitration Act Preemption Applies To Contract Formation Rules

by Carlton Fields on

Last week, the U.S. Supreme Court rejected the Kentucky Supreme Court’s use of a clear-statement rule to require that powers of attorney specifically authorize a representative to enter into an arbitration agreement, finding...more

Supreme Court Emphatically Defends Arbitration Agreements from State Interference

by Littler on

On May 15, 2017, the U.S. Supreme Court reiterated the principle that the Federal Arbitration Act (FAA) requires states to treat arbitration agreements just as they treat other types of contracts. In Kindred Nursing Centers...more

No Pre-Emption Exemption - The U.S. Supreme Court and the Kentucky Supreme Court are not kindred spirits with respect to state law...

The U.S. Supreme Court and the Kentucky Supreme Court are not kindred spirits with respect to state law restrictions on arbitration agreements....more

U.S. Supreme Court Reaffirms FAA Preemption Over Discriminatory State Laws

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

Emphasizing that the Federal Arbitration Act (FAA) preempts state laws that "single out arbitration agreements for disfavored treatment," the U.S. Supreme Court has overturned the Kentucky Supreme Court's refusal to enforce...more

Supreme Court Applies FAA Preemption to Contract Formation

The Supreme Court held that the Federal Arbitration Act preempts state law governing contract formation where a state rule discriminates against arbitration, a holding with broad implications for state-court decisions that...more

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