Statutory Interpretation

News & Analysis as of

Ten Questions and Nine Answers about PHH and the Future of the CFPB Director

The potentially explosive combination of the D.C. Circuit’s October decision in PHH v. CFPB and the outcome of the presidential election has spurred a host of questions about how the PHH litigation may proceed and about the...more

Members of Congress, consumer advocates file amicus briefs supporting CFPB’s petition for rehearing en banc in PHH case

A group of 21 current and former members of Congress and a group of 10 consumer advocacy organizations have filed amicus briefs in support of the CFPB’s petition filed with the D.C. Circuit seeking a rehearing of its decision...more

How does the PHH case impact presidential authority to remove Director Cordray?

A blog post entitled “The President’s Removal Power and the PHH Litigation” by Aditya Bamzai, an Associate Professor of Law at the University of Virginia School of Law, challenges the assumption of many observers that the new...more

D.C. Circuit orders PHH to respond to CFPB’s petition for rehearing en banc; invites response from Solicitor General

The D.C. Circuit has entered an order directing PHH Corporation to file a response to the CFPB’s petition for rehearing en banc in CFPB v. PHH Corporation. The order, filed November 23, 2016, requires PHH to file its...more

CFPB Structure Hangs In the Balance as Agency Petitions D.C. Circuit for Rehearing

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) filed on Nov. 18, 2016, a petition challenging the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit's ruling in PHH Corp., et al. v. Cons. Fin. Prot. Bureau, in which...more

Consumer Financial Services Newsletter - November 2016

D.C. Circuit Delivers First Blow to CFPB, Trump Win Delivers Second - The future of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) is up for grabs following a landmark Court of Appeals Decision, PHH Corporation v....more

CFPB asks for rehearing en banc in PHH case

As we expected, the CFPB filed a petition with the D.C. Circuit this past Friday asking it to grant a rehearing en banc of its decision in CFPB v. PHH Corporation.  Under D.C. Circuit rules, PHH may not file a response to the...more

Eleventh Circuit Grants Stay of FTC Order Against LabMD, Calling into Question FTC’s Interpretation of “Unfairness” Authority...

On November 10, the US Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit granted LabMD’s motion to stay enforcement, pending appeal, of a Federal Trade Commission (FTC) order against the company for its allegedly deficient data...more

What the PHH decision means for the CFPB’s UDAAP authority

In addition to its implications for CFPB rulemaking, the D.C. Circuit’s decision in PHH Corporation v. CFPB has significant implications for the CFPB’s authority to enforce federal consumer financial protection laws as well...more

Court of Appeal Clarifies Scope of Shareholder Misrepresentation Claims in Takeover Bids

In Rooney v. ArcelorMittal S.A., the Court of Appeal for Ontario considered whether a plaintiff in an action pursuant to section 131(1) of the Securities Act (the “Act”) is required to choose whether to sue the offeror, or to...more

Structure Of CFPB Found To Be Unconstitutional But Agency Survives With Cut To Director’s Power

The DC Circuit Court of Appeals recently held that the single-director structure of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) was unconstitutional, and gave the President the authority to fire the director at will in...more

US Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit Declares Structure of the US Consumer Financial Protection Bureau Unconstitutional

The US Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit declared the structure of the US Consumer Financial Protection Bureau unconstitutional, stating that the “massive, unchecked power” exercised by its director, Richard Cordray, lacks...more

Update on Lawsuits Challenging the U.S. Department of Labor’s Fiduciary Rule

In this update on the litigation challenging the U.S. Department of Labor’s new fiduciary rule, we note that there has been a sixth lawsuit filed and oral arguments in two other cases.  ...more

Hensarling seeks assurance of CFPB compliance with limits on executive agencies

Republican Congressman Jeb Hensarling, who chairs the House Financial Services Committee, has sent a letter to Director Cordray asking him to provide written assurance by October 26, 2016 that, as a result of the D.C....more

PHH v. CFPB, Part I: President of Consumer Finance No More

In response to a challenge from mortgage servicer PHH Corp. regarding the constitutionality of the single director structure of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (the CFPB or Bureau), the United States Court of...more

CFPB Deputy Enforcement Director mum on whether CFPB will seek further review of PHH decision

During the “Developments at the CFPB” panel this morning at the Pennsylvania Bar Institute Consumer Financial Services & Banking Law Update program in Philadelphia, Jeffrey Ehrlich, the CFPB’s Deputy Enforcement Director,...more

What the D.C. Circuit’s PHH decision means for CFPB rulemaking

In its decision last week in PHH Corporation v. CFPB, the D.C. Circuit ruled that the CFPB’s single-director-removable-only-for-cause structure is unconstitutional. While the D.C. Circuit (in footnote 19) noted that it “need...more

CFPB Single-Director Structure Unconstitutional: CFPB Director Now Serves at President’s Will

A divided panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit ruled October 11, 2016, that the current structure of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) is unconstitutional. The court concluded...more

DC Court of Appeals Rules CFPB’s Structure is Unconstitutional

On October 11, 2016, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit ruled that the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s (CFPB) structure is unconstitutional. PHH Corporation v. Consumer Financial...more

Court of Appeals Says CFPB Is Unconstitutional; Rejects Agency Effort to Apply New Interpretation of Law Retroactively

The courts are now reacting to what some view as regulatory overreach flowing from U.S. laws enacted in the wake of the financial crisis. The most recent example is the October 11, 2016 decision of the U.S. Court of Appeals...more

D.C. Circuit Holds Structure of CFPB Unconstitutional, Vacates $109 Million Fine Arising out of Mortgage Lender’s “Captive...

On Tuesday the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals issued what is already being touted as a landmark ruling in PHH Corp. v. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, No. 15-1177, 2016 WL 5898801 (D.C. Cir. Oct. 11, 2016), holding in a...more

CFPB Hit by Major Setback in D.C. Circuit

In a decision eagerly awaited by the financial services industry, the D.C. Circuit this week handed the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) a major defeat, throwing out a mortgage lender’s $109 million disgorgement...more

D.C. Circuit Rules CFPB’s Structure Unconstitutional

In a news-making decision with significant political implications, but probably limited near-term business or legal effects, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit held on Tuesday, October 11,...more

D.C. Circuit Brings CFPB under Presidential Control

On October 11, 2016, the United States Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit issued its long-awaited opinion in PHH Corp. v. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, in which the Court held that the structure of the Consumer...more

Leadership Structure of CFPB Ruled Unconstitutional

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit issued its ruling in PHH Corporation v. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau on Tuesday and determined that the single-director structure of the CFPB...more

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