Consumer Protection Civil Procedure Conflict of Laws

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Cut the Fat . . . Just Not Yet: Court Rules that PHO Claims Are Preempted

Northern District of California Judge Maxine Chesney recently granted Nestlé’s motion to dismiss a challenge to partially hydrogenated oil (PHO) in Nestlé’s Coffee-mate® coffee-creamer products, finding plaintiff’s claims...more

U.S. Supreme Court Ruling Upholds Arbitration Over Class Action Litigation

SUPREME COURT UPHOLDS CLASS ARBITRATION WAIVERS - With its ruling on December 14, 2015, the Supreme Court continues to protect arbitration as a means of dispute resolution by cracking down on attempts to circumvent the...more

Testing 101: Court Dismisses Whole Foods’ Yogurt MDL over Failure to Comply With FDA Testing Requirements

On February 16, 2016, U.S. District Judge Sam Sparks of the Western District of Texas dismissed a multidistrict litigation involving 11 putative class action lawsuits against various Whole Foods corporate entities and...more

Wyeth v. Levine’s ‘Clear Evidence' Language: Clearly Misunderstood

In 2009, the United States Supreme Court in Wyeth v. Levine affirmed a judgment rejecting a prescription drug manufacturer’s contention that plaintiff’s claim that the manufacturer should have strengthened its U.S. Food and...more

M.D. Fla. Holds Bankruptcy Code Preempts FDCPA For Filing Time Barred Proofs of Claim

In Castellanos v. Midland Funding, LLC, 15-CV-559 (M.D. Fla. Jan. 4, 2016) the United States District Judge John Steele joined with several of his Middle District of Florida colleagues and held that the Bankruptcy Code...more

California Supreme Court Holds Organic Labeling Suit a Natural Fit in State Court

In December, the California Supreme Court held that a challenge to a farm’s labeling of its herbs as “organic” under state false advertising laws is not preempted by the federal Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (“Organic...more

California Supreme Court – Presumption Against Preemption Still Around

Last month, in Quesada v. Herb Thyme Farms, Inc., 361 P.3d 868 (Cal. 2015), the California Supreme Court did to “organic” foods what it had done to most other foods in Farm Raised Salmon Cases, 175 P.3d 1170 (Cal. 2008) –...more

Florida Court Holds Offer of Judgment Statute is Preempted in Actions under the Florida Consumer Collection Practices Act (FCCPA)

A Hillsborough County Court recently held that Florida’s offer of judgment statute, Fla. Stat. § 768.79, is preempted by the Florida Consumer Collection Practices Act (the “FCCPA”), Fla. Stat. § 559.72.  ...more

European Court of Justice Rules that a Scottish Law Establishing Minimum Unit Pricing for Alcoholic Drinks May Violate EU Law

On 23 December 2015, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) – Europe’s highest court – ruled that a Scottish law establishing minimum unit pricing for alcoholic drinks may violate European Union law. The case...more

California Recognizes State Claim for Foods Mislabeled as “Organic”

On December 3, 2015, the California Supreme Court held that a claim for intentionally mislabeling produce as “organic” is not preempted by the federal regulatory regime for certifying organic growers. Quesada v. Herb Thyme...more

Putting A Lotion Claim In The Primary Jurisdiction Basket

When Jame Gumb urged his captive to put lotion on her skin, he was not concerned with improving its firmness. While Buffalo Bill from "Silence of the Lambs" may not be who most would think about when reading Franz v....more

It Is Now Easier To Draft Class Action Waivers and Arbitration Agreements

Last week, the California Supreme Court provided additional guidance as to how to draft an enforceable arbitration agreement and how Courts should analyze whether mandatory arbitration provisions can be held unconscionable...more

Advertising Law - August 2015

Internet Cafes Lose a Bet With the California Supreme Court - In a unanimous decision, the California Supreme Court upheld an injunction against the operators of Internet cafes that offered “sweepstakes” games the Court...more

Recent Eleventh Circuit Decision Subjects Debt Collectors to FDCPA Liability for Filing Proofs of Claim as to Time-Barred Debts

Debt collectors filing bankruptcy proofs of claims in the Eleventh Circuit should take caution, as they will now be subject to the Fair Debt Collection Practice Act, 15 U.S.C. §§ 1692-1692p (FDCPA). In Crawford v. LVNV...more

Eleventh Circuit Throws Open The Door To State-Law Class Actions In Federal Court

In a first-of-its-kind opinion that could open the class action flood gates, the Eleventh Circuit has held that state consumer fraud class actions may proceed in federal court even if the state consumer fraud statute...more

Feel The Burn: Court of Appeal Strikes Down State Law Claims Regarding Mislabeled Sunscreen Products Under Finding of Federal...

In Eckler v. Neutrogena (certified for publication 7/1/15, Case No. B2536910), the California Court of Appeal, Second Appellate District, upheld the trial court’s determination that plaintiffs’ claims of mislabeling sunscreen...more

Consumer Food Fraud Claim Sinks in Arkansas Safe Harbor

On this date in 1896 the Dutch completed the harbor at IJmuiden. (That capital J is not a mistake. The I and J go together as a digraph, and they form a ligature that effectively makes up a single letter in the Dutch...more

“Predominant economic interest” — CashCall, Inc. v. Morrisey

PLA today posts (alongside the already-posted public WebBank deals) a petition for certiorari filed in the U.S. Supreme Court a few months back in the CashCall rent-a-charter / true lender litigation. In this case, West...more

Second Circuit Declines To Allow National Bank Preemption by Assignee of National Bank

A national bank can charge an interest rate that exceeds state law maximums, but the bank’s assignee cannot, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit ruled recently, in a decision that could impact the ability of debt...more

Second Circuit Holds Application of State Usury Laws to Third-Party Debt Purchasers Not Preempted by National Bank Act

On May 22, 2015, in Madden v. Midland Funding, LLC (“Madden”), the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit held that the application of state usury laws to third-party assignees is not preempted by the National...more

Second Circuit Holds That National Bank Act Preemption Does Not Apply to an Independent, Third-Party Debt Collector That Purchased...

The Second Circuit recently issued a National Bank Act preemption decision with significant implications for purchasers of loans and other debt from national banks. See Madden v. Midland Funding, LLC, --- F.3d ---, 2015 WL...more

2nd Circuit Reinstates Consumer Class Action Against National Debt Buyer Through Preemption Decision

On May 22, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit ruled against a debt collection firm, holding that “non-national bank entities are not entitled to protections under the National Bank Act (“NBA”) from state-law...more

Second Circuit Ruling Undermines National Bank Act Preemption of State Usury Laws for Loans Transferred to Non-Banks

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit ruled last week that a purchaser of charged-off debts from a national bank was not entitled to assert the preemption of state usury laws available to national banks under...more

Weird "Science" = Preemption

Here at the DDL Blog, we write from time to time on food litigation. You might think it’s out of left field, and sometimes we even justify our food posts by pointing out that the “F” in FDCA stands for “Food.” But we need...more

Going The Distance To Limit Preemption

Anybody who watched the Mayweather-Pacquiao fight knows that a long fight does not necessarily make for an exciting fight. Thirty-six minutes of “action” can actually contain very little action. The exceedingly long...more

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