Civil Procedure Antitrust & Trade Regulation

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A Sovereign Thumb on the Scale: Appeals Court Defers to China’s Interpretation of Its Own Laws To Dismiss Antitrust Suit

The Second Circuit recently set aside a $147 million verdict against two Chinese companies accused of conspiring to fix the price and supply of vitamin C sold to U.S. buyers. In re Vitamin C Antitrust Litigation. The panel...more

Searching for Causation in ACTOS Complaint

How explicitly must a complaint sounding in antitrust allege causation? At oral argument last week, the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit evaluated the sufficiency of the plaintiffs’ allegations that certain Takeda...more

WSGR Persuades Second Circuit to Overturn $150 Million Judgment Against Chinese Vitamin C Manufacturers

On September 20, 2016, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit issued its decision in a closely watched dispute over the question of whether foreign companies may be held liable under U.S. antitrust law for price...more

Comity Over Competition in Vitamin C Antitrust Litigation

Forced to choose between the competing concerns of international comity and United States antitrust law in In re: Vitamin C Antitrust Litigation, a unanimous panel of the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit decided this...more

Fashion Retailer Zara Hit With Pricing Disclosure Lawsuit

Zara USA, Inc., the affiliate of the Spanish fashion retailer, has been hit with a class action lawsuit in federal court in California advancing a relatively simple and novel set of theories. Rose v. Zara USA, Inc....more

Third Circuit says sunk discovery costs not a proper factor in class certification analysis

It is not every day that antitrust plaintiff classes fail to win certification due to lack of numerosity under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 23(a)(1). Yet this week, absence of numerosity was the reason a Third Circuit...more

Teladoc Receives Support from the Feds

Earlier this week, the U.S. Department of Justice (“DOJ”) and the Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) filed an amicus brief with the Fifth Circuit stating that the Texas Medical Board’s (the “Board”) appeal was inappropriate and...more

Eleventh Circuit Affirms Dismissal of RICO Claim in Hidden Fee Case

On September 2, 2016, the Eleventh Circuit affirmed dismissal of a civil RICO claim in Ray v. Spirit Airlines, Inc., a case that challenged Spirit Airlines’ reporting of fees to customers. The Eleventh Circuit’s affirmance...more

Supreme Court to Consider Whether Allegations of Adherence to a Business Association’s Rules Can Trigger Antitrust Liability

Can participation in a business or trade association and allegiance to its rules trigger antitrust liability for association members under the Sherman Act? Next term, the Supreme Court will hear Osborn v. Visa Inc., the...more

Third Circuit Decertifies Class on Numerosity Grounds, Listing Relevant Factors for the First Time

The Modafinil decision bodes well for defendants and represents another step toward increased scrutiny of the class action device in the Third Circuit. On September 13, a divided panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for...more

Mixed Blessings – Sainsbury’s Supermarkets Ltd v MasterCard Incorporated and others [2016] CAT 11

This case is very important in that it is one of the first judgments where damages have been awarded for breach of competition rules in UK. It relates to MasterCard’s alleged anticompetitive card fees (credit and debit...more

FTC Robocall Contest Rules Under Fire Again

Last August, we reported that the U.S. Court of Federal Claims had dismissed a lawsuit related to the Federal Trade Commission (the “FTC” or “Commission”) sponsorship of a contest promoting robocall-blocking technology,...more

Breaches Of Covenants Not To Compete As Unfair And Deceptive Practices? The North Carolina Business Court Weighs In

When does a breach of a covenant not to compete violate N.C. Gen. Stat. § 75-1.1? Is tortious interference a per se violation of section 75-1.1? Departing-employee cases often raise both questions, but the answer to each...more

In re Auto Body Shop Antitrust Litigation Heads to the 11th Circuit

Having succeeded in having class-action antitrust claims brought by auto body shops in several states dismissed by the district court in the In re Auto Body Shop Antitrust Litigation, the auto insurer defendants in those...more

Advertising Law - September 2016

NAD Recommends Goop Lifestyle Blog Clean up Its Claims - Gwyneth Paltrow's agreement to discontinue her lifestyle blog Goop for a line of dietary supplements following an inquiry by the National Advertising Division...more

Caution: Mediator’s Proposal May Not Be Confidential Where Both Federal and State Claims are at Issue

On September 1, 2016, the Ninth Circuit held that, where both federal and state law claims are at issue, the federal law of privilege applies to mediation negotiations. In re: TFT-LCD (Flat Panel) Antitrust Litigation, Sony...more

Second Circuit Blazes New Trail in Set-Top Box Cases: Cable Service and Boxes Are Not Separate Products

Since 2008, cable customers have been suing cable operators across the country claiming operators violate the antitrust laws by forcing customers to lease set-top boxes from the operator to access “premium” cable services. ...more

Hartig Drug Co. v. Senju Pharmaceutical Co. (3rd Cir. 2016)

Perhaps one of the most influential first year law school classes for the task of learning how to "think like a lawyer" is civil procedure. Particularly when the professor is bold enough to engage students on the intricacies...more

Ninth Circuit Strips FTC of ‘Activities-Based’ Jurisdiction over Common Carriers

The FTC has no jurisdiction over common carriers even when they engage in non-common carrier activity, according to a recent U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit opinion. In FTC v. AT&T Mobility, No. 15-16585 (9th...more

Of “Lunch Stands and Merry-Go-Rounds”: Ninth Circuit’s Rejection of FTC Authority Over “Throttling” Could Have Far Reaching...

On August 29th, a Ninth Circuit panel unanimously held that the FTC has no power to challenge “throttling” of unlimited data plan customers by mobile broadband providers as an “unfair or deceptive act.” The panel found that...more

Sixth Circuit Denies Seal of Approval for Unjustified Filings Under Seal

Litigants and third parties subpoenaed to produce information in litigation who believe that information that they deem confidential will not ever become part of the public record so long as a discovery protective order is in...more

Seventh Circuit Reverses Promotional Service Decision Under the Robinson-Patman Act

On August 12, 2016, the Seventh Circuit decided Woodman’s Food Market, Inc. v. Clorox Co., No. 15-3001, and held that Clorox’s refusal to sell bulk-sized packages of certain products to some retailers, like Woodman’s, when it...more

LabMD Seeks Stay of FTC’s Final Order Pending Appeal

Not surprisingly, on August 30, 2016, LabMD filed its Application for a Stay of the Final Order of the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) pending review of the order by the appellate court. But since the matter is still pending...more

Limitation: Paying up even when the claimaint was (possibly) out of time

In the recent decision of W.H. Newson Holding Limited and Others v. IMI PLC and Others [2016] EWCA Civ 773, the Court of Appeal clarified an important question concerning the interpretation of section 1(4) of the Civil...more

Package Size Is Not a “Service” Under Section 2(e) of the Robinson-Patman Act, Says Seventh Circuit in Clorox

On August 12, the Seventh Circuit issued its decision in Woodman’s Food Market v. Clorox Co., an appeal that we have been watching closely. The Seventh Circuit’s ruling, which held that product package size is not a...more

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