Transportation Conflict of Laws

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Gear Up for Driverless Cars: Full Speed Ahead or Just Kicking the Preemption Can Down the Road?

Transportation and technology continue to maintain a strong “buzz.” As more and more states join the driverless vehicle regulatory fray, including Michigan, New York and Tennessee, all eyes are on the National Highway Safety...more

California Court of Appeal Finds AG’s Privacy Suit Over Fly Delta Mobile App Is Preempted

In a recent ruling, California’s Court of Appeal unanimously affirmed the dismissal of California’s complaint against Delta Air Lines, Inc. (“Delta”), which alleged that the company’s Fly Delta mobile application violated...more

First Circuit Affirms FAAAA Preemption of Massachusetts Independent Contractor Law

On May 11, 2016, the First Circuit Court of Appeals issued the latest of several decisions supporting and furthering federal preemption of the Massachusetts independent contractor statute for businesses that qualify as motor...more

Insurance company drones may be hitting the skies

Back in March, our Data Privacy + Security Insider blog reported an increase in the use of commercial drones by State Departments of Transportation across the country. Now, insurance companies are also getting in the game....more

Same-Day Delivery Companies: 2; MA Independent Contractor Statute: 0. First Circuit Once Again Upholds Classification of Couriers...

Relying on its precedent, the First Circuit Court of Appeals held for the second time this year that the Federal Aviation Administrative Authorization Act of 1994 (“FAAAA”) preempts application of the Massachusetts...more

Drone on Drones: Swarm of Local Regulations Approaches

The City of Lompoc is considering a drone ordinance following a citizen complaining about a camera-equipped drone invading his privacy . He indicated that, despite three calls to the police department, he was told nothing...more

Senate Version of Federal Aviation Administration Reauthorization Preempts Local Drone Regulations

On March 17, 2016, the Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee of the United States Senate approved amendments to the most recent funding legislation for the Federal Aviation Administration (“FAA”), the FAA...more

Federal Preemption Narrowed For Aviation Suppliers In Sikkelee v. Precision Airmotive Corp.

On April 19, 2016, the Third Circuit Court of Appeals issued its opinion on the issue of federal preemption in Sikkelee v. Precision Airmotive Corp. The sixty-one page opinion effectively narrowed the scope of federal...more

Third Circuit Limits Federal Aviation Act Preemption for Product Liability Claims

In a departure from a string of cases supporting field preemption of state-law aviation product liability claims under certain circumstances by the Federal Aviation Act (FAAct), the Third Circuit recently held that the FAAct...more

FAA Clarifies Federal, State, and Local Regulation of UAS

The FAA has released a fact sheet regarding state and local regulation of unmanned aircraft systems (“UAS”). The FAA advises that state and local restrictions should be consistent with the extensive federal statutory and...more

FAA Releases Guidelines For Local Regulation Of Drones

In the past few years unmanned aircraft systems, commonly known as drones, have grown in popularity and availability. With the proliferation of drones comes some difficult privacy and public safety questions for school...more

Google Asks Congress For Self-Driving Car Help

As reported almost everywhere, on Tuesday, March 15, Google told a Senate Hearing that Congress should pass legislation regulating self-driving cars. Google, through Chris Urmson (Director, Self-Driving Cars), explained that...more

First Circuit Allows FedEx Drivers to Continue with Wage-and-Hour Claims under Massachusetts Wage Act

Misclassification of workers is a trending topic in employment law and can result in significant financial damages for unwary employers. In Schwann v. FedEx Ground Package System, Inc., No. 15-1214, U.S. App. 1st Cir. 2016,...more

Preemption prevails in watercraft case under Federal Boat Safety Act

For vehicle manufacturers that find themselves in state court facing product liability claims over safety mechanisms, federal preemption is frequently examined as an affirmative defense. Watercraft manufacturers, in...more

February 2016 Independent Contractor Compliance and Misclassification News Update

In February 2016, two federal appellate courts ruled in favor of companies in IC misclassification cases: one where the NLRB was reversed in a decision where the agency had found stagehands to be employees and not ICs; the...more

The InterConnect Flash! No. 53 - February 2016

2 Steps Back — First Circuit Could Have Done More for the Independent Contractor Business Model - Approximately one year ago in FLASH No. 46, we wrote about Massachusetts District Court Judge Robert G. Stearns’ industry...more

School Districts and Drones: The Door Remains Open for Regulation Efforts

Unmanned Aircraft Systems ("UAS"), otherwise known as drones, are everywhere. Literally. And their recreational use is likely to become even more prevalent given the hundreds of thousands of UAS's that were projected to be...more

Drone on Drones: Arizona Bill Would Preclude Local Government Drone Regulation

The Arizona Senate has introduced new legislation creating a comprehensive state policy on drone use that would preempt cities from enacting their own regulations. While the bill is likely to see major changes before becoming...more

Drones - The Division Between Federal and State Law and What it Means to You

Underscoring the shifting regulatory landscape applicable to Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS or drones), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) on December 17, 2015 put state and local governments on notice that they cannot...more

Keeping an Eye on "Pervasive Regulation" in Aviation and its Effect on Implied Federal Preemption

Earlier this month, the Ninth Circuit issued another opinion regarding the scope of federal preemption in the context of federal aviation regulations. In National Federation of the Blind v. United Airlines Inc. (No....more

Generators of Regulated Medical Waste in New Jersey Must Meet Federal Standards After Preemptions

Generators of regulated medical waste (RMW) in New Jersey may need to revise their handling, marking and storage practices and procedures to meet federal hazardous materials requirements (49 CFR parts 171-180) (the federal...more

Seattle Becomes First City in U.S. to Allow Uber Drivers to Unionize

In December, 2015, the Seattle City Council unanimously voted in favor of legislation that expressly permits drivers for Uber, Lyft and other ride-hailing services to unionize. Drivers for these companies, who are treated as...more

Washington Court Upholds Preemption Ruling for Aircraft Component Manufacturer

Last week, in the Estate of Virgil Becker v. Forward Technology Industries, Inc., a Washington appellate court upheld a lower court decision affirming the dismissal of claims against an aircraft component manufacturer on...more

Supreme Engagement: CEQA’s Continuing Saga In California’s High Court

A new year often brings fresh perspective. With 2016 still in its infancy, it is natural to reflect back on what has been and also to contemplate what is yet to come. The California Supreme Court’s recent CEQA decisions, and...more

Uber Complicated? State and Local Labor Law May Fill in Federal Gaps

Last week, Seattle passed a historic law that would allow Uber drivers – whom Uber has steadfastly maintained are independent contractors despite legal challenges – to organize, form a union, and bargain over the terms and...more

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