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North Carolina Legislative Report

The General Assembly convened for the 2015 legislative session on January 14. Lawmakers returned to Raleigh on January 28 to begin the session in earnest. The MVA Public Affairs Legislative Report on North Carolina will be...more

Can Federal Immigration Law And AB 60 Be Reconciled?

On Jan. 1, 2015, the California Department of Motor Vehicles began accepting applications for the new A.B. 60 driver's license, named after the California legislative enactment that amended the state Vehicle Code to permit...more

Job descriptions continue to be critical in defending against disability claims

The Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals recently affirmed summary judgment on behalf of the employer in a case where the employee claimed that the requirement to be a Department of Transportation-certified driver was not an...more

Supervisor Not "Qualified Individual" Under ADA after Failing DOT Medical Certification

Determining the essential functions of a job can be tricky, especially if there is no information or documentation with which to compare and consider. In this case, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit considered...more

U.S. Supreme Court Update, March/April 2015

The Supreme Court heard oral arguments in two cases involving state taxation on consecutive days in December. On 12/8/14, the Supreme Court heard oral arguments in Direct Marketing Ass'n v. Brohl, where the Court has...more

A Definitive Ruling on the Issue of Without Cause Terminations under the Canada Labour Code

Federally regulated employers take note.  The Federal Court of Appeal has recently confirmed that without cause dismissals are not automatically deemed to be “unjust” under the provisions of the Canada Labour Code (the...more

Uber and Lyft Drivers: Employees, Independent Contractors, or Something Else Entirely?

Disruptive “technology” companies Uber and Lyft were back in court recently doing their best to ensure their business models are not upended by a ruling that their drivers should be classified as employees rather than...more

Supreme Court Issues Major Ruling Affecting Federal Workers Violating Agency Regulations

On January 21, 2015, the United States Supreme Court issued a ruling determining that federal workers that violate agency regulations are still covered by federal whistleblower protections. The case was DHS v. MacLean, and...more

What if the West Coast Ports Shut Down by Lockout or Strike? Is it Time to Invoke Taft-Hartley?

Since the expiration of a labor contract in July 2014, negotiations for a new contract have dragged on between management representatives of the Pacific Maritime Association (PMA)—a multi-employer bargaining association...more

Is it Any Surprise to Anyone that Uber and Lyft Drivers Are Employees?

Why is anyone surprised to learn that the judges hearing two class actions involving Uber and Lyft drivers in California are leaning towards holding that the drivers are employees, and not independent contractors? At the...more

You Must Be Sober For More Than A Week To Keep Your Truck Driving Job

If a commercial driver is diagnosed with chronic alcoholism, can his employer terminate him a week later because his diagnosis excludes him from performing the essential functions of his job? In Jarvela v. Crete Carrier...more

Arbitration Clauses In Employment Contracts

The Federal Arbitration Act requires courts to enforce clauses in commercial contracts that require arbitration of disputes. The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that transportation workers engaged in interstate commerce are...more

Supreme Court Continues to Advance Broad View of Whistleblower Protections

Various whistleblower laws protect employees who "lawfully" disclose confidential information in good faith to bring to light illicit or illegal activity. Generally, therefore, employees do not receive whistleblower...more

Supreme Court Delineates Federal Whistleblower Protections in TSA Disclosure Case

On January 21, 2015, the Supreme Court of the United States decided whether a federal air marshal, who publicly disclosed that the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) had decided to cut costs by removing air marshals...more

Feb. 2 Deadline Looming to Implement Retroactive Increase in 2014 Mass Transit Benefit Limits

Affected employers must move quickly to take advantage of a special administrative procedure regarding a retroactive increase in excludable transit benefits enacted on December 19, 2014, under the Tax Increase Prevention Act...more

U.S. Supreme Court Declines Review of California’s Iskanian Decision – California State and Federal Courts Remain Divided on PAGA...

The U.S. Supreme Court has declined to review California high court’s landmark decision in Iskanian v. CLS Transportation Los Angeles, which held that arbitration agreements with mandatory class waivers are generally...more

No Waiver Of PAGA Representative Claims (Yet)

This week, the U.S. Supreme Court denied certiorari in connection with the California Supreme Court’s decision in Iskanian v. CLS Transportation Los Angleles, LLC. Had the Court heard the Iskanian case, it was expected to...more

Third Circuit Finds that the Federal Railroad Safety Act's Anti-Retaliation Provision Does Not Cover Employees Treated for...

In a case of first impression with far-reaching implications for the railroad industry, the Third Circuit has held that the provision of the Federal Railroad Safety Act (FRSA) prohibiting discipline of employees for...more

Supreme Court Decides Department of Homeland Security v. MacLean

On January 21, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court decided Department of Homeland Security v. MacLean, holding that an Air Marshal was entitled to whistleblower status after disclosing plans to remove Air Marshals from certain...more

Whistleblower Protection Extends To Federal Workers Who Violate Agency Regulations

Yesterday the U.S. Supreme Court held that an agent of the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) who disclosed information that was prohibited by TSA regulations, was nonetheless protected under the Whistleblower...more

Mainbrace - January 2015 No. 1

In this issue: - A Sea Change Sweeps over Congress: A Look Back and a Look Ahead - Shipping & International Trade Law (Second Edition 2015) - Congress Passes Coast Guard Bill in Waning Hours of 113th...more

OSHA Hands Down Record Award Under Federal Railroad Safety Act

The Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) gave a MTA Metro-North railroad employee a record award under the Federal Railroad Safety Act after they suffered an injury in 2011. The $250,000 in punitive damages...more

Immediate Action Required to Maximize Tax Savings for Mass Transit

Congress and the IRS have expanded the availability and procedures for maximizing the income tax and FICA tax exclusion for mass transit benefits, but immediate action is required to satisfy the IRS special relief provisions...more

Top Legal Issues Facing Automotive Suppliers in 2015

Foley’s Automotive Industry Team has prepared this overview of the major trends we see affecting automotive suppliers this year. While not all legal risk can be anticipated, companies that are aware of litigation,...more

Federal agency launching commercial driver clearinghouse

According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 3,921 individuals were killed and 104,000 were injured in 2012 during collisions involving commercial trucks on U.S. roadways. Out of those fatal crashes, two...more

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