Alter Ego

News & Analysis as of

Second Circuit Addresses Expropriation and Imputation Issues under FSIA

Introduction - On October 14, 2016, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (Second Circuit) issued a decision in Arch Trading Corp. v. Republic of Ecuador, a case addressing the expropriation exception to...more

Sham Guaranties Are (Still) Hard To Come By

In a prior post, Sham Guaranties Are Hard To Come By, we reviewed a decision from the First District Court of Appeal that emphasized how difficult it is for guarantors to win on a “sham guaranty” defense. That defense...more

California appeals court rejects ‘creative’ sham guaranty defense

In what can only be described as pure “chutzpah,” a commercial real estate investment fund argued that it was the alter ego of its property-level SPE to avoid liability under a guaranty. While the strategy worked in the trial...more

M.D. Pa. Finds No Specific Personal Jurisdiction over Parent Company

Not all personal jurisdiction cases coming out of Pennsylvania are bad. To be sure, an ED Pa judge’s recent embrace of the consent theory to get around Bauman was bad news – almost as bad as Philadelphia 76ers soon-to-be...more

Criminal Liability for Failure to Contribute to Multiemployer Benefit Fund?

The precarious financial status of some multiemployer benefit funds has led to criminal indictment against non-contributors. This troubling expansion of potential sanctions for failure to make required contributions to...more

Nevada’s Secretary of State Concatenates Veil Piercing, Indemnification And Exculpation

The Nevada Secretary of State’s website unabashedly proclaims “Nevada is the second most popular commercial filing jurisdiction in the country, due largely to our favorable business laws and low-tax environment.” The website...more

District Court Denies Apple's Request to Add Acacia into Patent Infringement Lawsuit as Alter Ego of Plaintiff

In this patent infringement action, Apple filed a motion to add additional Acacia entities as plaintiffs in the action. Apple's primary argue was that the Acacia entities were the alter egos of the plaintiff and that the...more

Real Estate and Land Use - February 2016

New Draft CEQA Guidelines Evaluating Transportation Impacts—Level of Service No Longer Considered to Be an Environmental Impact - The Governor's Office of Planning and Research (OPR) was mandated by SB 743 in 2013 to...more

Real Estate and Land Use - January 2016

Using Project Objectives to Select a Reasonable Range of Alternatives - North Coast Rivers Alliance v. A.G. Kawamura (January 4, 2016) Third District Court of Appeal Case No. C072067 - Why It Matters: This opinion...more

District Court Grants Motion to Dismiss for Lack of Standing Where Plaintiff Could Not Establish That It Owned All Substantial...

Plaintiff Max Sound Corporation ("Max Sound") filed a First Amended Complaint ("FAC") against three defendants: Google, Inc., YouTube, LLC and On2 Technologies (collectively, "Defendants"), for the infringement of Patent No....more

Recent New York Decisions Bolster Right to Broad Discovery in Aid of Judgments

New York is a key venue for the enforcement of judgments and arbitral awards, and two recent decisions concerning post-judgment discovery demonstrate that while courts will apply their execution and garnishment authority with...more

Motion to Quash Service Is Not a Collateral Order and Therefore Not Appealable - United States v. Sinovel Wind Grp. Co.

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit concluded that the district court’s denial of defendant Sinovel’s motion to quash service of process is not an appealable order under the collateral order doctrine. The Court...more

Tenth Circuit Affirms Clawback From Unsuspecting Recipient of Funds Under Uniform Fraudulent Transfer Act

The US Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit recently upheld the grant of summary judgment for the receiver of a business that was alleged to have participated in a Ponzi scheme, finding that the clawback of funds was...more

Supreme Court Holds That Parties May Consent to Adjudication by Bankruptcy Court of “Stern-Type” Claims

On May 26, 2015, the Supreme Court in Wellness Int’l Network, LTD v. Sharif answered one of the foremost questions left open after its decision in Stern v. Marshall – is it permissible for litigants in a Bankruptcy Court to...more

Supreme Court Decides Wellness International Network, Ltd. v. Sharif

On May 26, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court decided Wellness International Network, Ltd. v. Sharif, (No. 13-935), holding that Article III does not prevent bankruptcy judges from entering final judgment on claims that seek only...more

Long Term Care Lenders Beware: Could You Be Liable For Patient Care?

Plaintiffs are increasingly seeking to extend to remote lenders liability for alleged negligent care of residents in long term care facilities. The current strategy is to use "alter ego and veil piercing" theories which claim...more

The Trial Court Has Authority to Amend Judgment to Add an Alter Ego

Woodland Hills personal injury attorney, Barry P. Goldberg, is always concerned that the right party is joined in the case before a final judgment. Sometimes the “right” party is discovered during the trial and in a recent...more

Alter Egos: Where Fiction Becomes Labor Law And Vice Versa

Bruce Wayne. Clark Kent. Sir Percy Blakeney. In addition to being dashing literary figures, each of these men share a common trait – each has an alter ego. Donning a cape, the stoic Bruce Wayne becomes the intrepid Batman....more

Behind the Veil and the Blurred Distinctions of Entity Liability

As corporate counsel, you are well aware that the practice of creating, expanding, or reorganizing corporate entities and their subsidiaries is fraught with legal peril, both for your client and its officers and directors....more

Personal Liability In Business Ownership/Operation

Common practice for well advised business owners is to operate the enterprise through a chartered corporation or other limited liability entity recognized in the state(s) in which the business will be operated. The main...more

Internal Affairs Doctrine May Not Control Alter Ego Liability

The internal affairs doctrine “is a conflict of laws principle which recognizes that only one State should have the authority to regulate a corporation’s internal affairs — matters peculiar to the relationships among or...more

Concurrent ‘Alter-Ego’ Claims: Oklahoma Leads the Nation in Extending Protection to Shareholders, Officers and Directors

During the past several years, practitioners have devoted significant attention to the fate of the Oklahoma Legislature’s efforts at, and the Oklahoma Supreme Court’s response to, legislative tort reform. However, few noticed...more

California Court of Appeal Makes It Easier to Add Business Owners to a Judgment

Individuals form limited partnerships, limited liability companies and corporations to limit their personal liability. These legal structures encourage entrepreneurs to take risks. The California Court of Appeal, Second...more

Allegations Regarding Third-Party Beneficiary Issues and Alter-Ego Status Belong in the First-Filed Venue - Futurewei...

Addressing an appeal of a dismissed action filed second-in-time, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit affirmed a lower court’s ruling on defendants’ motion to dismiss, finding that additional, related claims for...more

Simply Getting Stiffed On A Judgment May Be An Inequitable Result

What happens when you sue someone who is judgment proof? One solution may be to ask the trial court to amend the judgment to add additional judgment debtors. Now, it may seem unusual to be able to add judgment debtors who...more

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