Bylaws

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In Texas Can Some Shares Be More Equal Than Others?

Although Rome before Augustus is often described as a republic, it was in many respects ruled by the wealthy who jealously guarded their power. So it was with Rome’s comitia centuriata. In theory, this was an assembly of...more

Platinum Partners Value Arbitrage Fund L.P. v. Echo Therapeutics, Inc., C.A. No. 10303-VCN (Del. Ch. Nov. 14, 2014) (Noble, V.C.)

In this letter opinion, the Court of Chancery denied a motion to expedite proceedings in which a stockholder sought to call a special meeting to remove a majority of the corporation’s directors....more

"Checklist of Matters to Be Considered for the 2015 Annual Meeting and Reporting Season"

As our clients and friends once again embark on preparations for their 2015 annual meeting and reporting season, we have compiled a checklist of the corporate governance, executive compensation and disclosure matters that we...more

Appearance and Perception of a Conflict of Interest: Whose View?

Conflict of interest provisions are best when they are clear and set certain boundaries. The appearance and perception of a conflict doesn’t mean that a conflict of interest exists. Appearances can be misconstrued or...more

Blog: CII And Pension Funds Make Their Voices Loud And Clear Over Fee-Shifting Bylaws

As noted in this Reuters post, the Council of Institutional Investors, along with a number of individual pension funds and other institutional investors, have chimed in on the debate currently roiling the Delaware bar over...more

Whole Foods Can Exclude Proxy Access Proposal

The SEC has granted Whole Foods no action relief to exclude a proxy access proposal submitted under Rule 14a-8. The proponent’s proposal sought a non-binding shareholder resolution to request that the Whole Food’s Board of...more

ISS and Glass Lewis Update Their Proxy Voting Guidelines

Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS) and Glass, Lewis & Co. (Glass Lewis), two of the leading providers of corporate governance research and proxy voting services, have published their updated proxy voting guidelines for...more

ISS Releases 2015 Proxy Voting Guidelines

ISS (Institutional Shareholder Services) has released its annual 2015 Proxy Voting Guidelines Updates. These guidelines apply to annual meetings to be held on or after February 1, 2015. Many of our clients have investors who...more

Not All Vice Presidents Are Officers and Entitled to Corporate Indemnification

Aleynikov v. Goldman Sachs Grp., Inc. - Addressing the meaning of the term “officer” in a company’s bylaws, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit vacated a district court’s summary judgment that a computer...more

Do Some Companies Already Have Fee-Shifting Provisions (And Not Know It)?

A lot of folks these days are arguing and writing about fee-shifting bylaws as if they were some kind of novel and sudden irruption, like Athena bursting from Zeus’ skull. This overlooks the existence of fee-shifting...more

ISS Announces 2015 Canadian Proxy Voting Guideline Updates

Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS) released updates to its Canadian proxy voting guidelines for the upcoming 2015 proxy season. The ISS updates will apply to shareholder meetings of publicly traded Canadian companies...more

Proxy Advisory Firms Release Policy Updates for 2015

Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS) and Glass Lewis, two leading proxy advisory firms, recently published their 2015 proxy voting guidelines for US companies, which include several updates applicable to the 2015 proxy...more

ISS and Glass Lewis Adopt 2015 Voting Policies

Proxy advisory firms Institutional Shareholder Services Inc. (ISS) and Glass Lewis have both released their voting policies for the 2015 proxy season. The policy changes for U.S. companies include updates to the firms’...more

ISS and Glass Lewis Update their Proxy Voting Guidelines for 2015

Proxy research and advice entities Institutional Shareholder Services Inc. (“ISS”) and Glass, Lewis & Co., LLC (“Glass Lewis”) recently updated the guidelines each service will use to inform their voting recommendations for...more

Is a Vice President an Officer Entitled to Indemnification or Advancement?

This question didn’t seem to be that complicated at first blush. Now it is. The Third Circuit’s recent ruling that a former Vice President of Goldman Sachs is not necessarily an officer entitled to indemnification/advancement...more

Blog: Another Twist On Restrictive Bylaw Provisions: Minimum Support Thresholds

In this article, Reuters discusses yet another creative permutation on restrictive bylaw provisions — requiring that plaintiffs in certain shareholder litigation provide consents to the litigation from shareholders holding...more

ISS and Glass Lewis Update Proxy Voting Guidelines for 2015

Institutional Shareholder Services Inc. (ISS) and Glass, Lewis & Co., LLC, issued their respective annual updates to their proxy voting guidelines on November 6, 2014. As revised these guidelines have important implications...more

NYC Pension Fund Submits 75 Proxy Access Proposals

New York City Comptroller Scott M. Stringer, on behalf of the $160 billion New York City Pension Funds, has submitted proxy access shareowner proposals to 75 companies. The proposals request a bylaw to give shareowners who...more

Blog: A Little Inside Scoop In The ATP Fee-Shifting Bylaws Case

Today, at the PLI Securities Regulation Institute, the Honorable Jack Jacobs, formerly a Justice of the Delaware Supreme Court, was asked to comment on ATP Tour, Inc. v. Deutscher Tennis Bund, the Delaware Supreme Court case...more

All Shares Are Equal But With Proxy Access Some Shares Are More Equal Than Others

In George Orwell’s famous satire of Stalin’s Soviet Union, Animal Farm, the animals started out with seven commandments. The seventh commandment was “All Animals Are Equal”. As time passed, three of the original...more

New Surprises in Final 2015 ISS Policy Updates

ISS has issued its 2015 policy updates. Unilateral Bylaw/Charter Amendments - This policy is new stand-alone policy. Previously these matters were evaluated under the ISS governance failure policy. ISS...more

Law Defining Nonprofit Directors’ Voting Rights to Take Effect in January

The bylaws of many California nonprofit corporations refer to “ex officio” directors, typically by reference to the chief executive, the executive director, or sometimes a representative of another entity. The term “ex...more

Fee-Shifting Corporate Bylaws: What's the Law in Maryland?

In May 2014, the Supreme Court of Delaware held that a non-stock corporation could enact bylaws that could force a shareholder to pay the corporation’s legal fees, costs, and expenses if the shareholder sues the corporation...more

The Ropes Recap: Mergers & Acquisitions Law News - October 2014

In this issue: - Delaware Legislative Update - Amendments to DGCL Effective August 1, 2014 - News from the Courts - Additional Guidance on Kahn v. M&F Worldwide Corp. - Exculpation...more

If Bylaws Are Contracts, Where’s The Boilerplate?

Bylaws hardly constitute literature. For the most part, they simply regurgitate the applicable general corporation law with a few permitted changes here and there. In general, there seems to be two schools of thought when...more

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