Bylaws

News & Analysis as of

Not All Vice Presidents Are Officers and Entitled to Corporate Indemnification

Aleynikov v. Goldman Sachs Grp., Inc. - Addressing the meaning of the term “officer” in a company’s bylaws, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit vacated a district court’s summary judgment that a computer...more

Do Some Companies Already Have Fee-Shifting Provisions (And Not Know It)?

A lot of folks these days are arguing and writing about fee-shifting bylaws as if they were some kind of novel and sudden irruption, like Athena bursting from Zeus’ skull. This overlooks the existence of fee-shifting...more

ISS Announces 2015 Canadian Proxy Voting Guideline Updates

Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS) released updates to its Canadian proxy voting guidelines for the upcoming 2015 proxy season. The ISS updates will apply to shareholder meetings of publicly traded Canadian companies...more

Proxy Advisory Firms Release Policy Updates for 2015

Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS) and Glass Lewis, two leading proxy advisory firms, recently published their 2015 proxy voting guidelines for US companies, which include several updates applicable to the 2015 proxy...more

ISS and Glass Lewis Adopt 2015 Voting Policies

Proxy advisory firms Institutional Shareholder Services Inc. (ISS) and Glass Lewis have both released their voting policies for the 2015 proxy season. The policy changes for U.S. companies include updates to the firms’...more

ISS and Glass Lewis Update their Proxy Voting Guidelines for 2015

Proxy research and advice entities Institutional Shareholder Services Inc. (“ISS”) and Glass, Lewis & Co., LLC (“Glass Lewis”) recently updated the guidelines each service will use to inform their voting recommendations for...more

Is a Vice President an Officer Entitled to Indemnification or Advancement?

This question didn’t seem to be that complicated at first blush. Now it is. The Third Circuit’s recent ruling that a former Vice President of Goldman Sachs is not necessarily an officer entitled to indemnification/advancement...more

Blog: Another Twist On Restrictive Bylaw Provisions: Minimum Support Thresholds

In this article, Reuters discusses yet another creative permutation on restrictive bylaw provisions — requiring that plaintiffs in certain shareholder litigation provide consents to the litigation from shareholders holding...more

ISS and Glass Lewis Update Proxy Voting Guidelines for 2015

Institutional Shareholder Services Inc. (ISS) and Glass, Lewis & Co., LLC, issued their respective annual updates to their proxy voting guidelines on November 6, 2014. As revised these guidelines have important implications...more

NYC Pension Fund Submits 75 Proxy Access Proposals

New York City Comptroller Scott M. Stringer, on behalf of the $160 billion New York City Pension Funds, has submitted proxy access shareowner proposals to 75 companies. The proposals request a bylaw to give shareowners who...more

Blog: A Little Inside Scoop In The ATP Fee-Shifting Bylaws Case

Today, at the PLI Securities Regulation Institute, the Honorable Jack Jacobs, formerly a Justice of the Delaware Supreme Court, was asked to comment on ATP Tour, Inc. v. Deutscher Tennis Bund, the Delaware Supreme Court case...more

All Shares Are Equal But With Proxy Access Some Shares Are More Equal Than Others

In George Orwell’s famous satire of Stalin’s Soviet Union, Animal Farm, the animals started out with seven commandments. The seventh commandment was “All Animals Are Equal”. As time passed, three of the original...more

New Surprises in Final 2015 ISS Policy Updates

ISS has issued its 2015 policy updates. Unilateral Bylaw/Charter Amendments - This policy is new stand-alone policy. Previously these matters were evaluated under the ISS governance failure policy. ISS...more

Law Defining Nonprofit Directors’ Voting Rights to Take Effect in January

The bylaws of many California nonprofit corporations refer to “ex officio” directors, typically by reference to the chief executive, the executive director, or sometimes a representative of another entity. The term “ex...more

Fee-Shifting Corporate Bylaws: What's the Law in Maryland?

In May 2014, the Supreme Court of Delaware held that a non-stock corporation could enact bylaws that could force a shareholder to pay the corporation’s legal fees, costs, and expenses if the shareholder sues the corporation...more

The Ropes Recap: Mergers & Acquisitions Law News - October 2014

In this issue: - Delaware Legislative Update - Amendments to DGCL Effective August 1, 2014 - News from the Courts - Additional Guidance on Kahn v. M&F Worldwide Corp. - Exculpation...more

If Bylaws Are Contracts, Where’s The Boilerplate?

Bylaws hardly constitute literature. For the most part, they simply regurgitate the applicable general corporation law with a few permitted changes here and there. In general, there seems to be two schools of thought when...more

Can An Employment Agreement Be A Wee Bit Too Integrated?

The Bylaws of many public companies provide for mandatory indemnification of directors and officers (and sometimes other agents as well). Often, Bylaws describe these indemnity obligations as contract rights. For example...more

Forum Selection Clauses Were Here Before They Were In Bylaws

Recent rulings by judges in Delaware and other states have given impetus to the adoption of exclusive forum bylaws. To the casual observer, the idea might seem entirely novel. But as Koheleth (the Gatherer) wrote “What has...more

Blog: Will The SEC Intercede In The Battle Over Fee-Shifting Bylaws?

“The first trickle through a leak in the dam” that eventually causes the dam to collapse is how Professor John Coffee characterized the adoption of fee-shifting bylaw or charter provisions by 24 companies since May of this...more

Delaware Fee-Shifting Bylaws Update

As previously discussed, the Delaware legislature postponed, until it reconvenes in 2015, its consideration of legislation aimed at limiting enforceability of fee-shifting bylaw provisions to non-stock corporations. Despite...more

Recent Decisions Confirm That Forum Selection Bylaws Are Best Considered on a Clear Day - But May Be Beneficial Later as Well

“Exclusive forum” bylaws and charter provisions are a powerful tool for managing the risk of parallel corporate governance litigation against a company and its directors in multiple forums, allowing stockholders to bring such...more

ISS Publishes Results of Annual Global Voting Policy Survey

On September 29, Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS), a leading proxy advisory firm, published the results of its 2014–2015 global voting policy survey. The survey, which, according to ISS, received more than 370...more

Forum Selection Bylaws Gain Ground

As we previously discussed (Should Your Board Adopt an Exclusive Forum Bylaw?, July 2013; The Future of Exclusive Forum Bylaws, November 2013), forum selection bylaws (also sometimes called exclusive forum bylaws) have become...more

Oklahoma Takes a Stand a Stand in the Battle Over Derivative Fee-Shifting

Back in May we discussed ATP Tour, Inc. v. Deutscher Tennis Bund a seminal Delaware Supreme Court case that upheld a non-stock corporation’s “loser pays” fee-shifting bylaw. ATP Tour held that where a Delaware corporation...more

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