Bylaws

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Drafting and Revising Bylaws: Common Pitfalls, Best Practices, and Maximizing the Effective Governance of Your Nonprofit

In this presentation: - Top 10 Tips for Bylaw Amendments – General Process Considerations – Governance Hierarchy – Specific Provisions to Note • Purposes Clause • Membership...more

One-sided “Shareholder Pays” Provisions Approved For Corporate Bylaws

The “American Rule.” To the uninitiated, that name probably conjures up fuzzy feelings of independence. The hardy spirit of our forefathers. Bootstraps and grit. Rocky IV. But to American lawyers, it’s just a rule about...more

The Ropes Recap: Mergers & Acquisition Law News - Second Quarter 2014

In this issue: -Delaware Legislative Update -Delaware Supreme Court Upholds Facial Validity of Fee-Shifting Provisions in Bylaws of Delaware Non-Stock Corporation -News from the Courts: -Court...more

The Fate of Delaware "Fee-Shifting" Bylaws

A topic of considerable controversy within the corporate community over the past two months has been the possibility of adopting a "fee-shifting" provision in the bylaws of Delaware corporations. Depending on how it is...more

Examples of Fee Shifting By-Laws

Some smaller companies and those in the process of going public have begun adopting fee shifting by-laws. As my colleagues at Stinson Leonard Street have advised, we urge caution for those headed in this direction until,...more

Adoption of Fee-Shifting Bylaws by Pennsylvania Corporations

Recently, there has been some unusual excitement in the corporate bar in Delaware after the Supreme Court of Delaware held that a nonstock corporation could adopt a bylaw requiring a losing plaintiff in a lawsuit involving...more

Some Questions Boards Might Want To Ask When Considering Fee-Shifting Bylaws

1. Is a fee-shifting bylaw facially valid under applicable law? The Delaware Supreme Court has held that a fee-shifting bylaw adopted by a Delaware non-stock corporation is facially valid. ATP Tour, Inc. v. Deutscher...more

Delaware Supreme Court: Directors May Resign by Oral Statement

Last month, in Biolase, Inc. v. Oracle Partners, L.P. (Del. June 12, 2014), the Delaware Supreme court affirmed the oral resignation of a director while on a board call....more

How Broad Was That Bylaw?

In yesterday’s posting, I noted a recent Form 8-K filing that discloses the adoption of a fee-shifting bylaw. In ATP Tour, Inc. v. Deutscher Tennis Bund, 2014 Del. LEXIS 209 (Del. May 8, 2014), the Delaware Supreme Court...more

Delaware Fee-Shifting Legislation Delayed

In the face of opposition from business organizations, the Delaware legislature has deferred consideration, likely until the beginning of 2015, of proposed legislation (discussed in the Corporate and Financial Weekly Digest...more

Public Company Adopts Fee Shifting Bylaw

The Delaware Supreme Court caused quite a stir when it concluded that a fee shifting bylaw adopted by a non-stock corporation did not run afoul of the Delaware General Corporation Law. ATP Tour, Inc. v. Deutscher Tennis...more

Federal Court Rules Boilermakers Didn’t Decide All Issues And Orders Company To File A Form 8-K

At first glance, the plaintiff’s position in Bushansky v. Armacost, 2014 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 88072 (N.D. Cal. June 25, 2014) seems a bit peculiar. The plaintiff had filed suit challenging Chevron Corporation’s adoption of an...more

Exclusive Forum Provisions: A New Item for Corporate Governance and M&A Checklists

Public companies increasingly are adopting “exclusive forum” bylaws and charter provisions that require their stockholders to go to specified courts if they want to make fiduciary duty or other intra-corporate claims against...more

The ban on fee-shifting bylaws is temporarily defeated – 4 points for public companies

The Delaware state senator responsible for introducing a proposed ban on fee-shifting bylaws has instead sponsored a resolution – unanimously passed in the Delaware state senate – to delay any vote on the proposed ban until...more

Delaware Fee-Shifting Legislation Postponed

As previously discussed (see below), a recent decision of the Delaware Supreme Court upholding a “fee-shifting” bylaw provision gave rise to proposed legislation aimed at limiting such provisions to non-stock corporations....more

If Fee-Shifting Bylaws Are Ever Put On Trial, This Case Should Be Exhibit A

Item 5.07(d) of Form 8-K requires issuers to disclose “the company’s decision in light of such vote as to how frequently the company will include a shareholder vote on the compensation of executives in its proxy materials...more

ATP Tour, Inc. v. Deutscher Tennis Bund (German Tennis Federation), No. 534, 2013

In this en banc decision, the Delaware Supreme Court answered certified questions of law from the United States District Court for the District of Delaware concerning the validity of a fee-shifting provision in a Delaware...more

Delaware Supreme Court Validates Fee-Shifting Bylaws

The Delaware Supreme Court has declared valid on its face a bylaw requiring the members of a non-stock corporation to pay its legal fees incurred in defending the members' unsuccessful suit against the corporation, endorsing...more

Supreme Court of Delaware Finds Fee-Shifting Bylaws Permissible and the Potential Delaware Legislative Response

On May 8, 2014, the Supreme Court of Delaware held that fee-shifting provisions in a non-stock corporation’s bylaws can be valid and enforceable if not enacted for an improper purpose or improperly applied, under Delaware...more

Delaware Legislation Banning Fee-Shifting in Bylaws and Charters

In a swift response to the Delaware Supreme Court’s May 8 opinion holding that fee-shifting bylaws are facially valid (ATP Tour v. Deutscher Tennis Bund), members of the Delaware bar, representing both plaintiffs and...more

Recent Developments Relating to Hostile Deals in the US

In November 2013, Men’s Wearhouse made an unsolicited offer to acquire Jos. A. Bank, just weeks after rejecting a hostile offer from Jos. A. Bank. Jos. A. Bank initially rejected the “Pac Man” counteroffer, but ultimately...more

Using Corporate Bylaws and Charters to Set the Rules for Shareholder Litigation

Recent court decisions, including the Delaware Supreme Court’s opinion earlier this month in ATP Tour, Inc. v. Deutscher Tennis Bund, have focused new attention on the use of corporate bylaws and charters to establish the...more

Fee Shifting Bylaw Provisions May Face Constitutional Limitation

The corporate governance world has been disquieted by Delaware Supreme Court Justice Carolyn Berger’s recent opinion that upheld the validity of a fee-shifting bylaw provision in the bylaws of a Delaware non-stock...more

Corporate and Financial Weekly Digest - Volume IX, Issue 22

In this issue: - Delaware Legislation Banning Fee-Shifting in Bylaws and Charters - CFTC Proposes to Amend De Minimis Threshold for Swaps with Utility Providers - CFTC Grants Recordkeeping Relief for...more

Why Private Equity Funds Face Employment Risks

Suddenly, the advance sheets show a wave of litigation targeting private equity funds. See, e.g., Guippone v. BH S&B Holdings LLC, 737 F3d. 221 (2d Cir. 2013) (private equity funds potentially liable for WARN Act liability);...more

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