Chapter 13

News & Analysis as of

Non-Final Finality: Does One Interlocutory Issue Resolved in a Bankruptcy Court Order Render All Issues Addressed in the Order...

As the Supreme Court recently reminded us in Bullard v. Blue Hills Bank, not all orders in bankruptcy cases are immediately appealable as a matter of right. Only those orders deemed sufficiently “final” may be appealed...more

Creditors Beware-Automatic Stay Violations Can Lead to Massive Punitive Damages

Ohio Bankruptcy Judge Assesses $250,000 in Damages Against Mortgage Lender for Violating the Automatic Stay in Bankruptcy Proceeding - A clerical error by a mortgage lender led to punitive damages and expensive...more

You Get a Car! You Get a Car! Bankruptcy Court Gives Debtor a Car. Unsecured Creditors Get Nothing.

So, a ruling came out in June that we in The Bankruptcy Cave have been dying to blog about (and not just so we can use the blog title above). Forgive the delay – heavy workloads and summer vacations often preclude timely...more

Consumer Financial Services Newsletter - July 2016

Eighth Circuit Holds That Filing Accurate Proof of Claim on Time-Barred Debt Does Not Violate the FDCPA - Nelson v. Midland Credit Mgmt., Inc., No. 15-2984, 2016 WL 3672073 *1 (8th Cir. July 11, 2016) - On July 11,...more

Chapter 13 Plans are Just About Written in Stone

Recently, a bankruptcy judge in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina issued a ruling that should help lenders dealing with borrowers in Chapter 13. In a case entitled In re Royal, the...more

Improper Use of Contract Attorneys, Failure to Disclose Terms – This Case Has It All.

Estate professionals are under continued scrutiny. Unlike other professionals, getting paid is not simply a matter of sending a bill. The bankruptcy court, appropriately so, closely oversees the amount and timing of payment...more

Debtors’ Lien-Stripping Attempt Likely Would Have Succeeded in New Hampshire

A North Carolina bankruptcy court recently denied a Debtors’ attempt to “strip off” a junior lien on their primary residence by rejecting the argument that the property should be valued near the time of plan confirmation. In...more

Bankruptcy Courts Divided On Whether Chapter 13 Plan Extends Time for Redemption

Bankruptcy courts are currently divided on whether a debtor has a right to redeem property sold at a tax sale after the removed “statutory” redemption period has run. The time for redemption depends on the law of the state...more

Bankruptcy Court Rules Chapter 13 Debtors Must Assume or Reject Leases in 120 Days

In a recent decision from the Bankruptcy Court for the District of Maine, In re Cho, the Court ruled that 11 U.S.C. § 365(d)(4)(A) applies to debtors in Chapter 13 cases. In this case, the debtors operated a dry cleaning...more

Mortgage Lenders Entitled to the Benefit of Their Bargain: Fourth Circuit Applies Default Interest Rate to Mortgage Payments Made...

Good news for residential mortgage lenders: the Fourth Circuit recently held that post-petition mortgage payments under a Chapter 13 “maintenance and cure” bankruptcy plan should be calculated using the default interest rate...more

First Impressions and Prohibited Mortgage Modifications in Bankruptcy

Section 1322(b)(2) of the Bankruptcy Code enables a debtor to “modify the rights of holders of secured claims, other than a claim secured only by a security interest in real property that is the debtor’s principal...more

Take Notice of This Change: Supreme Court Adopts Recommended Amendments to Bankruptcy Notice of Payment Change Rule

Come December, the requirements surrounding notices of payment change (“PCNs”) for certain mortgage loans in bankruptcy will change. The Supreme Court, on April 28, 2016, adopted various proposed amendments to the Federal...more

Fourth Circuit Case on Modification of Residential Mortgage

The Fourth Circuit has held that in a case where the rate of interest on a residential mortgage loan had been increased upon default, a Chapter 13 Plan proposing to “cure” default under 11 U.S.C. §1322(b) is an impermissible...more

Chapter 13 Debtor Unable to Modify Confirmed Plan to Surrender Collateral

The U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina in In Re Reuben Samuel Royal, Case No, 14-07134-DMW (May 2, 2016) recently concluded that the Chapter 13 debtors cannot surrender a vehicle back to the...more

The District of Massachusetts Calls for Review of Practice of “Surrendering” Underwater Property

For secured lenders, a consumer debtor’s chapter 13 bankruptcy filing can be a mixed bag. A chapter 13 bankruptcy petition often is utilized by a consumer debtor to avoid a foreclosure by allowing a debtor time (usually...more

When One Spouse Files for Bankruptcy, But Not the Other

When a Chapter 7, 11, or 13 case is filed, a new entity is created called the bankruptcy estate. A bankruptcy estate is comprised of all of the debtor’s non-exempt legal or equitable interests in property as of the time of...more

Bank Hit with Sanctions for Violation of the Automatic Stay

A recent case from the Western District of North Carolina, Statesville Division, reminds us all of the consequences for violating the automatic stay. Nationstar Mortgage, LLC apparently continued its efforts to collect a debt...more

Blog: Going Up: Bankruptcy Code Dollar Amounts Will Increase On April 2016

An official notice from the Judicial Conference of the United States was just published announcing that certain dollar amounts in the Bankruptcy Code will be increased ever so slightly — only about 3% this time — for new...more

The Ultimate Arizona Bankruptcy Guide – Pt. 3 – Getting the Process Started

After a determination is made whether a chapter 7 bankruptcy or a chapter 13 bankruptcy would be better suited to solving your debt situation, it is time to get the ball rolling and start the process. You should be...more

West Coast Real Estate Update: Feb. 2016 #1

Residential Communities: Proposed Amendment to Allow Owners' Attorneys at Association Board Meetings - In an attempt to further broaden when a member of a common interest development association can bring his or her...more

The Ultimate Arizona Bankruptcy Guide (pt. 2)

There are different types of bankruptcy designed to help different types of debt problems. Most consumers file either a chapter 7 or chapter 13 bankruptcy. In this article I will walk you through the differences between a...more

Ninth Circuit Permits Lien-Voidance for Chapter 20 Debtors

Bankruptcy practitioners routinely advise secured creditor clients to file protective proofs of claim in bankruptcy proceedings despite those clients’ ability to ignore bankruptcy proceedings and decline filing claims without...more

How Long Is Too Long To Reopen A Bankruptcy Case?

In a per curiam opinion that is not precedential but of interest to lenders who take mortgages as security, the Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit decided that the Debtor’s effort to reopen her bankruptcy case was too...more

New Case Poses Threat to Mortgage Servicers in Bankruptcies

A new decision from the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit poses a serious threat to mortgage companies that service mortgages of chapter 13 debtors. Mortgage servicers should be aware of the case's implications and...more

Equitable Liens: No Mortgage Does Not Necessarily Mean No Lien

Marcum v. Marcum (In re Marcum), 508 B.R. 499 (Bankr. M.D. Fla. 2014) – A creditor made two prepetition loans to a chapter 13 debtor for payment of delinquent real estate taxes. The loans were supposed to be secured by...more

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