Chapter 7 Mortgages

News & Analysis as of

Payments to Investors in a Securitization Structure Protected from Avoidance

In what appears to be a matter of first impression, the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Northern District of Illinois recently held that payments made to investors in a two tiered securitization structure commonly employed in...more

Stripping of Unsecured Second Mortgages in Chapter 7 Bankruptcies in the Crosshairs

Since its 1989 opinion in Folendore v. Small Business Admin., the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals has allowed debtors to completely strip off and void wholly unsecured junior liens in Chapter 7 bankruptcies under Section...more

Should Underwater Junior Liens Survive Bankruptcy?

On March 24th, the Supreme Court heard oral argument on the consolidated appeals of two decisions from the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals, Bank of America v. Caulkett and Bank of America v. Toledo-Cardona. The appeals...more

Lost Mortgage Notes: Those Pesky State UCC Variations

Desmond v Raymond C. Green, Inc. (In re Harborhouse of Gloucester, LLC), 523 B.R. 749 (1st Cir. BAP 2014) – A Chapter 7 trustee objected to the proof of claim filed by a downstream assignee of a lost mortgage note. ...more

Blog: The Ninth Circuit Rejects the “Dominion and Control Test” for Determining the Initial Transferee in Fraudulent Conveyance...

Under section 550(a) of the Bankruptcy Code, a trustee or debtor in possession may recover property (or its value) that has been fraudulently transferred “from the initial transferee or the entity for whose benefit the...more

Ms. McNeal Goes to Washington

For those of you who have followed our blog since its inception, you will know that one of our most discussed opinions is that of In re McNeal, in which the Eleventh Circuit held that a debtor may strip a wholly unsecured...more

Mortgage Recording: What Happens When There Is An Extra “E”?

Weiss v. JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (In re Thibault), 518 B.R. 635 (Bankr. D. Mass. 2014) – A chapter 7 trustee sought to avoid a mortgage using his “strong-arm” powers on the basis that it was not properly recorded...more

Mortgage Recording Requirements: Tiny Technical Defect Strikes Again

Rogan v. U.S. Bank, N.A. (In re Partin), 517 B.R. 770 (Bankr. E.D. Ky. 2014) – A chapter 7 trustee sought to avoid mortgages on three properties using his “strong arm” powers, arguing that they were improperly recorded...more

BofA Underwater Mortgage Cases Hit Supreme Court

The U.S. Supreme Court will hear two cases brought by Bank of America regarding whether a second mortgage on an underwater property can be voided during Chapter 7 bankruptcy. Both cases involve Florida homeowners who sued to...more

Strong Arm Powers: What Can Be Done With An Avoided Lien?

DeGiacomo v. Traverse (In re Traverse), 753 F.3d 19 (1st Cir. 2014) – A chapter 7 trustee sought to avoid an unrecorded first mortgage and to preserve the lien for the benefit of the bankruptcy estate. In response, the...more

Delayed Recording: Sometimes Late Is No Better Than Never

Collins v. JP Morgan Chase Bank, N.A. (In re Flannery), 513 B.R. 1 (Bankr. D. Mass. 2014) – A chapter 7 trustee sought to avoid as a preference a mortgage that was recorded within 90 days before a bankruptcy filing....more

Improperly Indexed Mortgage: How Far Does Your Record Review Need to Go to Be Safe?

Albert v. Green Tree Servicing, LLC (In re El Erian), 512 B.R. 391 (Bankr. D. D.C. 2014) – A chapter 7 trustee sought to avoid the lien of a recorded deed of trust because (1) it contained both correct and incorrect...more

Even a Tax Authority May Sometimes Have to Pay

In Clinton County Treasurer v. Wolinsky, 511 B.R. 34 (N.D.N.Y. 2014), a Chapter 7 trustee sought to avoid a property tax foreclosure as a fraudulent transfer and then to recover damages from the foreclosing county. The...more

Eleventh Circuit Doubles Down on Lien Stripping

When the Fourth Circuit handed down its opinion in the case of In re Davis, which permitted lien stripping in “Chapter 20” proceedings, the stage was set for the Eleventh Circuit to expand debtor’s ability to escape from...more

Lenders Across North Carolina Can Breathe Sigh of Relief - NC Supreme Court reverses decision in significant banking litigation

In a case that has implications for all banks in North Carolina, the North Carolina Supreme Court removed a cloud of uncertainty that has remained over the North Carolina banking industry for more than 18 months. The Supreme...more

SCOTUS Denies Certiorari In Lien Stripping Case

On March 31, the U.S. Supreme Court denied a petition for a writ of certiorari in an Eleventh Circuit case that raises the issue of whether, under section 506(d) of the Bankruptcy Code, a chapter 7 debtor can “strip off” a...more

Lenders' risk: Who really owns the collateral?

Unlike real estate transactions where a lender can obtain title insurance, secured lenders are often relying upon the representations and warranties in their loan agreement and the borrower’s audited financial statements, if...more

Illinois Legislature and Court Clarifies Confusion on Mortgage Requirements after In re Crane

A new Illinois law will close a loophole through which some mortgages could be subject to avoidance in bankruptcy. The loophole, created by U.S. Bankruptcy Court’s (C.D. Illinois) 2012 In re Crane opinion, allowed a...more

Bill on Bankruptcy: Trustees Sleep Easy after High Court Ruling  [Video]

May 15 (Bloomberg Law) -- Trustees of all types are sleeping easier, knowing that their liabilities for theft by a co-trustee is a debt that can be wiped out in bankruptcy as a result of a unanimous Supreme Court decision...more

Bankruptcy in Arizona’s Improving Economy

Things have been bad for a long time. Here in Arizona bankruptcy filings have been near 40,000 per year for several years. However, this year things seem to be improving. Bankruptcy filings are down – significantly. That...more

Roger Towers: Though not Precedent, McNeal Proves Persuasive in Southern District of Florida

Mortgage modification has long been an angst-ridden topic for consumer creditors. The issue once again rose to the forefront in May of 2012, when the Eleventh Circuit issued the unpublished opinion of In re McNeal, wherein...more

North Carolina Court of Appeals Allows Borrower to Take Breach of Fiduciary Duty Claims Against Lender to a Jury

In what may be a first for a North Carolina appellate court, the North Carolina Court of Appeals has reversed the entry of summary judgment for a lender on a borrower’s breach of fiduciary claim. In Dallaire v. Bank of...more

Freddie Mac Announces Standard Deed-in-Lieu of Foreclosure

On November 15, Freddie Mac announced the new Freddie Mac Standard Deed-in-Lieu of Foreclosure (DIL), which is designed to serve as a workout option for borrowers for whom neither a home retention alternative to foreclosure...more

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