Citigroup

News & Analysis as of

Rakoff Rebuffed on Rejection of SEC Settlement

Appeals for the Second Circuit has vacated a provocative order by Southern District of New York Judge Jed Rakoff. In the November 2011 order, Rakoff rejected a proposed "no-admit, no-deny" consent decree to resolve an SEC...more

Second Circuit Holds Forum Selection Clause Supersedes FINRA’s Mandatory Arbitration Rule

In Goldman, Sachs & Co. v. Golden Empire Schools Financing Authority, No. 13-797-cv, 2014 WL 4099289 (2d Cir. Aug. 21, 2014), the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit held that a forum selection clause in a...more

A Check in the “Win” Column for Broker-Dealers!

The Second Circuit recently issued a single opinion for two cases [Goldman Sachs & Co. v. Golden Empire Sch. Fin. Auth., No. 13-797-cv (2d Cir. Aug. 21, 2014) and Citigroup Global Mkts. Inc. v. N.C.E. Mun. Power Agency, No....more

FDIC RMBS Suit Dismissed as Time-Barred

On August 29, Judge Louis L. Stanton of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York granted a motion by JPMorgan, Citigroup and several other banks for judgment on the pleadings, dismissing a...more

Second Circuit Defines “Customer” for Mandatory FINRA Arbitration

In a case of first impression, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit in Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. v. Abbar, No. 13-2172, 2014 WL 3765867 (2d Cir. Aug. 1, 2014), established a bright-line definition of...more

Second Circuit Holds Contractual Forum Selection Clause Supersedes FINRA Mandatory Arbitration Rule

On August 21, the US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit decided two closely watched appeals regarding the intersection of Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. rules regarding mandatory arbitration of disputes...more

This Week In Securities Litigation

In the roll-up to the Labor Day weekend, the SEC issued new rules regarding asset backed securities and credit rating agencies. The Commission also announced a new pilot program on tick size....more

Second Circuit Holds Subsequent Forum-Selection Clause Trumps FINRA Arbitration Requirement

The Second Circuit joined the Ninth in holding that a subsequent contractual forum-selection clause requiring federal-court litigation trumps the base requirement that FINRA member firms must arbitrate upon a customer’s...more

Second Circuit Rules Broad Forum Selection Clause Trumps FINRA Rule Requiring Arbitration

On August 21, 2014, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit joined the Ninth Circuit in holding that FINRA rules requiring arbitration of customer disputes may be superseded by an agreement between a member...more

Judge Rakoff’s “Sour Grapes”: SEC v. Citigroup Settlement Approved

On August 5, 2014, U.S. District Judge Jed Rakoff reluctantly approved a$285 million settlement in the SEC’s enforcement action against Citigroup. In SEC v. Citigroup, the SEC alleged that after Citigroup realized in early...more

Judge Rakoff Approves SEC’s $285M Settlement With Citigroup

On remand following a Second Circuit decision vacating his June 2011 rejection of a settlement between Citigroup and the SEC, Judge Jed Rakoff of the Southern District of New York approved the settlement, finding that it met...more

SDNY Judge Approves RMBS Consent Judgment But Questions Second Circuit’s Standard For Reviewing Agency Consent Judgments

On August 5, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York Judge Jed Rakoff approved a consent judgment between the SEC and a financial institution to resolve allegations that the institution violated securities...more

Orrick's Financial Industry Week in Review

Fed Issues Report on the Economic Well-Being of U.S. Households - On August 7, the Fed provided a snapshot of the self-perceived financial and economic well-being of U.S. households and the issues they face, based on...more

Second Circuit Draws a Bright-line Rule to Determine Who Is a Customer Under Rule 12200

The decision in Citigroup Global Markets Inc. v. Abbar, Docket No. 13–2172 (August 1, 2014), by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, has important implications for broker-dealers, particularly those dealing with...more

Citigroup To Pay $7 Billion To Settle Mortgage Claims

To settle charges related to the packaging, marketing, sale, and issuance of residential mortgage-backed securities (RMBS), Citigroup will pay a total of $7 billion, including a record $4 billion fine to the Department of...more

Credit Crunch Digest -- July 2014

This issue of the Credit Crunch Digest focuses on upcoming Libor-related litigation before the Supreme Court and a recent Libor settlement; Citigroup’s $7 billion settlement with the Department of Justice; BNP Paribus’ guilty...more

Securities Enforcement 2014 Mid-Year Review

While not nearly as transformative and dramatic as the first half of 2013 and the early days of Chair Mary Jo White and Director of Enforcement Andrew Ceresney, the first six months of 2014 was just as busy and productive...more

This Week In Securities Litigation (Week ending August 1, 2014)

The Commission continued to focus on the markets this week, brining another action involving the operation of a partially dark pool. The ECN operator was a subsidiary of Citigroup. The SEC alleged that confidential customer...more

SEC Charges ECN Operator For Failing To Protect Customer Data

Fragmented markets, alternative trading systems and dark pools are increasingly a focus of discussion in the wake of repeated market outages. Interest in these venues has been intensified by the publication of Flash Boys and...more

Citigroup Settles with DOJ for $7 Billion

Citigroup announced last week that it will pay $7 billion to end an investigation by the U.S Department of Justice into misconduct related to its mortgage securitization practices. The blockbuster settlement came days before...more

Main Street Cashes $3.1 Billion in Checks from Wall Street

With the mortgage crisis almost a decade in the rear-view mirror, some harmed homeowners are just now starting to see reparations for the transgressions of the country’s largest financial institutions. ...more

Sixth Circuit: No Arbitration of Pending Claims

In a reversal from a streak of previous decisions in favor of arbitration, the Sixth Circuit in Russell v. Citigroup, Inc., No. 13-5994, — F.3d — (6th Cir. 2014), recently declined to hold that an agreement to arbitrate “all...more

Second Circuit Overturns District Court’s Rejection of SEC-Citigroup Fraud Settlement

In a closely-watched decision involving judicial review of agency settlements, the Unites States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit vacated United States District Court Judge Jed Rakoff’s 2011 order rejecting a proposed...more

The Second Circuit And The Separation Of Powers: Limiting Judicial Scrutiny Of SEC Settlements

On June 4, 2014, a three-judge panel of the Second Circuit Court of Appeals vacated a widely publicized 2011 decision by U.S. District Judge Jed Rakoff, which rejected a settlement between the U.S. Securities and Exchange...more

California Federal Judge Allows Second Los Angeles Fair Housing Case To Proceed

On June 9, the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California denied a mortgage lender’s motion to dismiss the City of Los Angeles’s Fair Housing Act suit, the second such denial by the same judge in recent weeks....more

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