Clickwrap Agreements

News & Analysis as of

Browsewrap Agreement Held Unenforceable – Website Designers Take Note!

In Nghiem v Dick’s Sporting Goods, Inc., No. 16-00097 (C.D. Cal. July 5, 2016), the Central District of California held browsewrap terms to be unenforceable because the hyperlink to the terms was “sandwiched” between two...more

Eleventh Circuit: No Arbitration Because Bank Failed to Prove Existence of Arbitration Agreement

Last week, the Eleventh Circuit refused to compel arbitration because the defendant financial institution failed to prove that its online deposit agreement actually included an arbitration clause. This decision reflects the...more

A Binding "Clickwrap Agreement" From Paper?

Consumers and businesses routinely enter into binding contracts by means of both paper agreements and online “click-through” agreements. But what happens when you face a “hybrid” contract? Can a binding contract be formed...more

Six Ways Site Design Can Potentially Render TOS Agreements Unenforceable

Our recent posts on successful legal challenges to the arbitration clauses in browsewrap and clickwrap agreements have a theme in common—even the most thorough and well-worded agreement can be rendered unenforceable by...more

Clickwrap Kryptonite: Don’t Let Site Design Undermine Your TOS

We previously covered the developing legal issues with browsewrap agreements and the importance of reviewing and updating any such agreement to ensure users are bound to the terms. In a browsewrap agreement, the user’s assent...more

How Binding Is Your Browsewrap Agreement?

Anyone who has purchased a product online or downloaded software for a computer, tablet or mobile device has likely encountered “browsewrap” and “clickwrap” agreements. Such agreements are the bread and butter of companies...more

California Court Refuses to Dismiss Biometric Privacy Suit against Facebook

The District Court for the Northern District of California recently issued what could be a very significant decision on a number of important digital law issues. These include: the enforceability of “clickwrap” as compared...more

Socially Aware: The Social Media Law Update Volume 7, Issue 3

How To Protect Your Company’s Social Media Currency - Today’s companies compete not only for dollars but also for likes, followers, views, tweets, comments and shares. “Social currency,” as some researchers call it, is...more

Clickwrap Agreement From a Paper Contract?

Can a binding contract be formed merely with a link to another set of terms? (For background on this topic, check out our earlier post What, exactly, is a browsewrap? which reviews browsewraps, clickwraps, clickthroughs,...more

Class Actions and the Continued Significance of Arbitration Agreements

The recently released Carlton Fields 2016 Class Action Survey reports that class actions are up for the first time in four years. While data privacy class actions still make up a relatively small portion of class action...more

Seventh Circuit Throws Out TransUnion’s Clickwrap Agreement and Incorporated Class Waiver

In recent years, and in particular since decisions like AT&T Mobility LLC v. Concepcion, 563 U.S. 333 (2011), a powerful defense to consumer class actions has been arbitration agreements that include class waivers. The...more

Beware the Scrollable Window: The Seventh Circuit Strikes Down an Internet Contract

If you’re like us—and most others, we’ll venture to guess—you’ve never read all the terms and conditions of the iTunes end-user license agreement. We doubt that it’s a scintillating read, but, regardless, most...more

Purchasing Flowers Ends in Reforming Browsewrap Agreements

A California Court of Appeal has taken its first stance on the website design requirements necessary for an enforceable browsewrap agreement. On March 17, 2016 the Court of Appeal affirmed the California Superior Court of Los...more

Consumer Fraud, Unfair Trade Practices, and Internet Purchases

If you buy a product through a website, and then the product doesn’t live up to its promises, can you sue the manufacturer for violating N.C. Gen. Stat. § 75-1.1? A recent decision by the federal court in Boston...more

Clickwrap, Browsewrap and Mixed Media Contracts: A Few Words Can Go a Long Way

Courts have generally categorized such online agreements into two types: “clickwrap” agreements and “browsewrap” agreements. Clickwrap agreements—which require a user to check a box or click an icon to signify agreement...more

Click it to Stick it: Guide to Creating Binding Online Agreements

Contract terms and purchaser assent to those terms, conditions, intended use and warning information provided with a purchased product are known fertile ground for defending product claims. In today’s virtual age,...more

Socially Aware: The Social Media Law Update Volume 6, Issue 4

Five social media law issues to discuss with your clients - The explosive growth of social media has clients facing legal questions that didn’t even exist a few short years ago. Helping your clients navigate this...more

Why You Care The E.U. Struck Down Safe Harbor Data Protection And What to Do About it [Updated]

Earlier this month the Court of Justice of the European Union struck down the EU-U.S. Safe Harbor Framework which previously provided U.S. companies comfort in that they could follow the framework and know they were not...more

Online Gun Sales: E-Commerce Terms that Work, and Keep the Seller Safe

Firearms sales continue their upward trend, with National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) checks indicating that 2014 sales of firearms in the United States exceeded 2012 numbers, and fell just short of 2013’s...more

Have You Thought About Your Online Terms of Use Recently?

Nearly every website, app or online service posts a set of Terms of Use outlining company policies for users (sometimes called Terms of Service) (“Terms”), but many companies do not know if their Terms are enforceable in...more

Clickwrap Agreement Available Only Through Hyperlink Enforceable Under New York Law

Last week, the Southern District of New York followed a long line of precedent under New York law and upheld the enforceability of a website clickwrap agreement, granting a website operator’s motion to compel arbitration...more

Mobile App Legal Terms & Conditions: Six Key Considerations

For corporations, the mobile app is today’s website. Back in the late 1990s, no self-respecting company, no matter how stodgy and old-fashioned, wanted to be without a website....more

Alert: New York District Court Articulates New Test for Assessing the Validity and Enforceability of Online Agreements

In April 2015, the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York defined a new category of online agreement, the "sign-in-wrap" agreement, which it distinguished from clickwrap agreements. The court then...more

Facial Recognition Technology: Social Media and Beyond, an Emerging Concern

This week, a major self-regulatory initiative intended to address privacy concerns associated with facial recognition technology hit a significant stumbling block. Nine consumer advocacy groups withdrew from the National...more

The Bermuda Triangle of Online Defamation: Copyright, Clickwrap and the CDA

We have written many times about attempts to use copyright law to do what defamation law can’t: take stuff down from the internet. Because Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act (“CDA”) prevents a defamation plaintiff...more

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