Clickwrap Agreements

News & Analysis as of

Online Gun Sales: E-Commerce Terms that Work, and Keep the Seller Safe

Firearms sales continue their upward trend, with National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) checks indicating that 2014 sales of firearms in the United States exceeded 2012 numbers, and fell just short of 2013’s...more

Have You Thought About Your Online Terms of Use Recently?

Nearly every website, app or online service posts a set of Terms of Use outlining company policies for users (sometimes called Terms of Service) (“Terms”), but many companies do not know if their Terms are enforceable in...more

Clickwrap Agreement Available Only Through Hyperlink Enforceable Under New York Law

Last week, the Southern District of New York followed a long line of precedent under New York law and upheld the enforceability of a website clickwrap agreement, granting a website operator’s motion to compel arbitration...more

Mobile App Legal Terms & Conditions: Six Key Considerations

For corporations, the mobile app is today’s website. Back in the late 1990s, no self-respecting company, no matter how stodgy and old-fashioned, wanted to be without a website....more

Alert: New York District Court Articulates New Test for Assessing the Validity and Enforceability of Online Agreements

In April 2015, the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York defined a new category of online agreement, the "sign-in-wrap" agreement, which it distinguished from clickwrap agreements. The court then...more

Court Holds That Evidence of Clickwrap Assent Not Always Sufficient When Evidence Disputing Assent is Presented

On June 29, in Jim Schumacher, LLC v. Spireon, Inc., Civ. Action No. 3:12-cv-00625-TWP-CCS, a Tennessee federal judge denied the motion for partial summary judgment as to the breach of contract claim because there was...more

Facial Recognition Technology: Social Media and Beyond, an Emerging Concern

This week, a major self-regulatory initiative intended to address privacy concerns associated with facial recognition technology hit a significant stumbling block. Nine consumer advocacy groups withdrew from the National...more

The Bermuda Triangle of Online Defamation: Copyright, Clickwrap and the CDA

We have written many times about attempts to use copyright law to do what defamation law can’t: take stuff down from the internet. Because Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act (“CDA”) prevents a defamation plaintiff...more

Browsewrap Agreement Wraps up Copyright Infringement Case for Defendant

Those rarely-read “Terms and Conditions” on websites can have real teeth. In a case suggesting that posters beware, a District of Massachusetts court recently concluded that a website’s Terms and Conditions caused ownership...more

Placement of Checkbox Can Make or Break a Clickwrap Agreement

The enforceability of a wrap agreement (browsewrap, clickwrap and shrinkwrap) can often turn on what to the untrained eye may be mere minutiae. Such minutiae can include the nuances of the design of a website. For example, in...more

Another Invalidated Clickwrap Agreement

The foremost case dealing with whether “wrap agreements” (e.g. clickwrap, shrinkwrap and browsewrap) are legal is almost 13 years old. See Specht v. Netscape Commc’ns Corp., 306 F.3d 17 (2d Cir. 2002). And yet, a new case...more

California Bans Nondisparagement Clauses in Consumer Contracts

The “Yelp” Bill impacts any entity or person doing business with consumers in California. Those who are fans of writing product or service reviews for sites such as Yelp will be pleased that California law just made it much...more

Top five shifts in Internet law in 2014

Internet law is always changing. Here’s my impressionistic list of five of the most significant 2014 shifts affecting businesses that operate in the Internet space. David Letterman will be off the air soon, so I won’t follow...more

Internet Licensing - The Licensing Journal, Vol. 34, No. 10, Pg 29–31

Implementing and Enforcing Online Terms of Use - Operators of social media platforms and other Web sites must manage a large number of risks resulting from their interactions with users. In an effort to maintain a...more

Socially Aware - Volume 5, Issue 7 - December 2014

In This Issue: - What’s in a Like? - R.I.P.: The Facebook “Like” Gate - Facebook Dislikes Fake Likes - Privacy in the Cloud: A Legal Framework for Moving Personal Data to the Cloud - Click...more

So You Think You Have a Contract? Website Terms and Unconscionability

We have written previously regarding the pitfalls of online contract formation, including where website operators fail to implement website terms in a manner that requires users to expressly accept such terms. A recent...more

Recent Case Highlights Best Practices for Website Terms and Conditions

The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit recently decided the case of Kevin Khoa Nguyen v. Barnes & Noble, Inc., No. 12-56628 (9th Cir. 2014). This case highlights the importance of making website Terms of Use...more

Browsewrap or Clickwrap: Choose wisely

Technology has drastically changed how we do business. Thanks to the Internet, virtually anything you want – from personal information to a bag of dog food – is obtainable. You can trade stocks or file taxes online with just...more

Business Law Newsletter - November 2014

In This Issue: - Look Before You Click “Agree”: The Importance of Negotiating Your Company’s Software License Agreements - Fraud in Virginia - Common Myths about Copyright and the Internet - Excerpt from...more

Are Browsewrap Agreements Enforceable?

Almost all social media sites contain “Terms of Service” (“TOS”). Are they enforceable against users? It depends on the presentation and the issue....more

Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals Demands More from Website Operators Before Terms of Use Will Bind Users

The Ninth Circuit’s recent opinion in Nguyen v. Barnes & Noble Inc., No. 12–56628, August 18, 2014, US 9th Circuit, provides insight regarding courts’ treatment of Internet-based contracts of interest to those operating in...more

Implementing and Enforcing Online Terms of Use

Operators of social media platforms and other websites must manage a large number of risks arising from their interactions with users. In an effort to maintain a degree of predictability and mitigate some of those risks,...more

To Click or Not to Click? Ninth Circuit Rejects Browsewrap Arbitration Clause

In Kevin Khoa Nguyen v. Barnes & Noble Inc., 2014 U.S. App. LEXIS 15868 (9th Cir. 2014), decided on August 18, 2014, the Ninth Circuit rejected an attempt to bind a consumer to an arbitration clause found in an online terms...more

Litigation Alert: California Bans Non-Disparagement Clauses in Consumer Contracts

On September 9, 2014, Governor Jerry Brown signed into law AB 2365, popularly referred to as the “Yelp” bill. The new law, codified at California Civil Code section 1670.8, will prohibit the use of “non-disparagement” clauses...more

Browsewrap Agreement Held Unenforceable Against Consumer Due to Insufficient Notice

Many commercial websites rely on “browsewrap” agreements to bind visitors to commercial terms. A recent decision by the Ninth Circuit suggests that a review of how those terms are presented may be in order to ensure...more

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