Deficiency Judgments

News & Analysis as of

Guarantors Score Two Victories Before the Nevada Supreme Court

On May 29, 2013, the Nevada Supreme Court issued two decisions that all real estate lenders need to be aware of because they have the potential to eliminate the ability of a lender to recover a deficiency judgment from a...more

Georgia Court of Appeals Expands Lenders' Ability to Pursue Guarantor Deficiency Judgment Suits Beyond Foreclosure Confirmations

The Court of Appeals of Georgia further clarified Georgia's treatment of deficiency judgment suits against guarantors in instances where lenders cannot obtain foreclosure confirmations of secured property. Community &...more

Waiving Statutory Foreclosure Provisions

The recently issued opinion of the Colorado Court of Appeals, in Armed Forces Bank v. Hicks, 2014 COA 74. No. 13CA0875 (June 5, 2014), is significant for commercial real estate lenders. In Hicks, the Bank was the...more

Recent changes to Maryland foreclosure laws

Last month, Robert Scott, a partner here at Ballard Spahr, wrote about recent changes in Maryland foreclosure law. He explained the effect of a new law that requires a foreclosing lender to seek a deficiency judgment in its...more

The Washington Court of Appeals Strengthens the Ability of Lenders to Obtain Summary Judgment Against Commercial Guarantors on...

Post-foreclosure deficiency lawsuits against guarantors of commercial loans can be expensive and time consuming — particularly when measured against the sometimes uncertain collectability of the deficiency judgment. Under...more

Nevada Supreme Court Determines That a Pre-Foreclosure Guaranty Complaint Is Not a Deficiency “Application”

In what the dissenting Justices insinuate is an elevation of form over substance, the Nevada Supreme Court denied a rehearing in Lavi v. Eighth Judicial District Court, 130 Nev. Adv. Op. 38, 2014 WL 2428749 (May 29, 2014),...more

Waive Goodbye to Confirmation Hurdle! Recent Decision from the Georgia Court of Appeals Gives Lenders an Alternate Route to...

By most accounts, a decision from the Georgia Court of Appeals last September represents a sea change in the law governing judicial confirmation of foreclosure sales and post-foreclosure deficiency claims. Indeed, the Court's...more

Borrowers Can Avoid Liability Even After a Trustee’s Sale

Since a lender must have a valid debt and valid lien to conduct a trustee’s sale, a borrower that allows the foreclosure sale to occur impliedly agrees that the debt and lien are valid. In Madison v. Groseth and BT Capital,...more

Real Property, Financial Services & Title Insurance Case Law Updates

I. FLORIDA STATE CASES - Quiet Title: deed reservation of right-of-way in favor of State, which applied only to tracts of land of 10 acres or more, did not attach to title of landowner of less than 10 acres and,...more

And the Bidding Starts At . . .? The Impact of Two Recent Bankruptcy Decisions On Determining Foreclosure Sale Bids

In today’s economy, banks all too commonly find themselves foreclosing on real property collateral. As a result, banks are regularly in the position of having to determine the starting bid in foreclosure proceedings. This...more

An Exception to the Fair Market Value Rule: Use the Foreclosure Sales Price for a Deficiency after a Third Party Purchaser

If the value of a foreclosed property is less than the loan amount, lenders may seek a deficiency judgment from borrowers and guarantors after the foreclosure sale. In most cases, the lender is the sole bidder at the sale and...more

California Court Rejects “Sham Guaranty” Defense; Enforces Guaranty

The “sham guaranty” defense may absolve a guarantor of liability when no deficiency is available against the borrower, and the guarantor is really the borrower with a different name. In California Bank and Trust v. Lawler...more

Anti-Deficiency Protection Held Not to Extend to Vacant, Unimproved Residential Lots

In a recent opinion, the Arizona Court of Appeals held that borrowers who obtained a loan secured by a vacant, unimproved residential lot are not protected from a deficiency judgment following a non-judicial trustee’s sale of...more

Obtaining a Deficiency Judgment in Georgia – Overview of Procedures

A previous post discussed the non-judicial foreclosure procedure used in Georgia. This post discusses the steps that a Florida bank doing business in Georgia, or with clients owning property in Georgia, must take to obtain a...more

Real Property, Financial Services & Title Insurance Case Law Update: Week Ending January 3, 2014

I. FLORIDA STATE CASES – SARA WITMEYER - - Discovery: guarantors who moved to set aside stipulation to deficiency judgment not entitled to depose corporate representatives of foreclosing plaintiff and assignee of final...more

Nevada Supreme Court Limits Ability to Execute on Funds Contained in Joint Accounts in Brooksby v. Nevada State Bank

In Brooksby v. Nevada State Bank, 129 Nev. Adv. Op. 82 (Nov. 7, 2013), Nevada State Bank obtained a deficiency judgment against the guarantor of a commercial loan and then garnished funds contained in bank accounts jointly...more

Collecting Deficiency on Wholly-Unsecured Nonrecourse Loan (in Chapter 11)

Some of you who read the title of this post may have done a quick double-take, as it is well established that lenders may not collect a deficiency on a nonrecourse loan under state law. However, the Bankruptcy Code provides...more

Prospective Waivers of the Fair Market Value Defense Held Invalid

The Arizona Court of Appeals recently held that commercial borrowers and guarantors cannot prospectively waive their right to limit their damages in a deficiency action on the basis of the fair market value of property sold...more

Creditors’ Deficiency Rights Impacted by Recent Nevada Supreme Court Opinion in Sandpointe Apartments, LLC v. Eighth Judicial...

On November 14, 2013, in Sandpointe Apartments, LLC v. Eighth Judicial District Court, 129 Nev. Adv. Op. 87 (Nov. 14, 2013), and in Branch Banking and Trust Co. v. Neilson, (Nov. 14, 2013) (unpublished), the Nevada Supreme...more

Guarantors Beware! A.R.S. § 33-814 May Not Save You from a Deficiency Judgment

In First Credit Union v. Courtney, 309 P.3d 929, 669 Ariz. Adv. Rep. 18 (Ct. App. 2013), the Arizona Court of Appeals rejected three creative arguments that A.R.S. § 33-814 protected the guarantors from paying on their...more

The Demise of Deficiency Judgments in Residential Loans

Among the many changes in the financial services industry, two important events occurred this year that effectively signaled the extinction of deficiency judgments in loans secured by residential property. ...more

Tennessee’s Deficiency Statute and Out-of-State Deficiency Judgments

We've previously written about Tenn. Code Ann. § 35-5-118, which governs deficiency suits in Tennessee. As explained in that post, a lender is typically entitled to recover its full deficiency unless the foreclosure sales...more

FHFA Issues Guidance on GSEs Seeking Deficiency Judgments

The FHFA released a bulletin establishing supervisory expectations for deficiency balance management for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. In October 2012, the FHFA-OIG released a report on FHFA’s oversight of GSE’s deficiency...more

Expansion of California’s Anti-Deficiency Laws Means More Litigation For Creditors

Turning a narrow consumer shield into a potentially broad sword, this summer California expanded its anti-deficiency judgment laws to prohibit not only the judicial pursuit of mortgage deficiency balances, but also to declare...more

Client Alert: The Arizona Court of Appeals Holds the Right to a Fair Market Value Hearing Cannot be Waived in a Deficiency Action

In CSA 13-101 Loop, LLC v. Loop l01, LLC, et al., Loop 101 borrowed $15.6 million from MidFirst (which later assigned its rights under the loan to CSA as an intercompany transfer) to build a commercial office building. The...more

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