News & Analysis as of

Equal Credit Opportunity Act Discrimination

CFPB May Rely on New Employment Discrimination Case in Fair Lending Context

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

The CFPB may seek to rely on a recent Seventh Circuit employment discrimination case to support its view that the Equal Credit Opportunity Act’s (ECOA’s) prohibition against discrimination on the basis of “sex” includes...more

CFPB Proposes Amendments to Align Regulation B with Revised Regulation C

by BakerHostetler on

On March 24, 2017, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) proposed amendments to Regulation B to “provide additional flexibility for mortgage lenders concerning the collection of consumer demographic information.” ...more

Lawmaker seeks CFPB fair lending investigation of fintech small business lenders

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

A Democratic congressman has raised concerns about potentially discriminatory lending practices used by fintech companies that extend credit to small businesses, calling on the CFPB “to vigorously investigate whether [such...more

Lawmaker Seeks CFPB Fair Lending Investigation of Fintech Small Business Lenders

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

A Democratic congressman has raised concerns about potentially discriminatory lending practices used by financial technology (fintech) companies that extend credit to small businesses, calling on the Consumer Financial...more

Community banks trade group asks Trump Administration to curb fair lending enforcement

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

The Independent Community Bankers of America issued a statement calling on the Trump administration “to rein in the overzealous application of fair lending laws.” ICBA stated that community banks are threatened by a recent...more

The Trump Administration: Change By Executive Action and Inaction

The election of Donald J. Trump as the 45th President of the United States, along with Republican control of the majority of both the House of Representatives and the Senate, will likely result in significant changes in U.S....more

SCOTUS Grimm decision could impact CFPB position on ECOA protection for gender identity and sexual orientation

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

On October 28, 2016, the U.S. Supreme Court granted the petition for a writ of certiorari in Grimm v. Gloucester County School Board, a decision of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit that marked the first time...more

DOJ Settles Fair Lending Claims Based on Bank's Pricing Policy for Vehicle-Secured Loans

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) has announced a proposed consent order with Charter Bank to settle charges that the bank violated the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) by discriminating on the basis of national origin...more

HUD Fair Housing Guidance Raises ECOA Risk in Serving LEP Consumers

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

New guidance issued by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) on Fair Housing Act (FHA) protections for persons with limited English proficiency (LEP) could have reverberations under the Equal Credit...more

CFPB and DOJ settle fair lending claims involving allegations of redlining, discretionary underwriting and pricing, and overt...

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

The CFPB and DOJ recently announced a proposed consent order with BancorpSouth Bank to settle charges that the bank’s mortgage lending practices violated the Fair Housing Act and the Equal Credit Opportunity Act....more

CFPB issues 2015 fair lending report

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

The CFPB has issued a report covering its fair lending activities during 2015.  The report states that in 2015, CFPB fair lending supervisory and public enforcement actions required institutions to provide approximately $108...more

Industry trade groups’ renewed challenge to HUD disparate impact rule could yield helpful precedent for ECOA cases

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

The D.C. district court recently granted two industry trade associations whose members sell homeowners insurance leave to file an amended complaint in their lawsuit challenging the Fair Housing Act (FHA) disparate impact rule...more

Use of Big Data May Violate Federal Consumer Protection Laws, FTC Report Warns

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

A new Federal Trade Commission (FTC) report, "Big Data: A Tool for Inclusion or Exclusion? Understanding the Issues," warns that certain uses of big data consisting of consumer information may implicate various federal...more

Are Disparate Impact Claims Legally Cognizable Under ECOA?

by Dorsey & Whitney LLP on

In Texas Dep’t of Housing and Community Affairs v. The Inclusive Communities Project, 135 S. Ct. 2507 (2015), the Supreme Court held that disparate impact claims are legally cognizable under the Fair Housing Act (“FHA”). As a...more

U.S. Supreme Court Hears Oral Arguments in Case to Decide Whether Loan Guarantors Are “Applicants” Under ECOA

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

The U.S. Supreme Court heard oral arguments on Monday in the case of Hawkins v. Community Bank of Raymore, the result of which will determine whether a spousal guarantor is an “applicant” under the Equal Credit Opportunity...more

Hudson City Savings Bank Reaches Largest Mortgage Redlining Settlement in DOJ History

by McGuireWoods LLP on

The CFPB, DOJ, and Hudson City Savings Bank, F.S.B. (“Hudson City”) recently entered into the largest residential mortgage redlining settlement in DOJ history. On September 24, 2015, the parties filed a Joint Motion for Entry...more

CFPB and DOJ announce redlining settlement

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

Consistent with recent indications from CFPB and Department of Justice officials that more redlining cases would soon be coming, the CFPB and DOJ have announced a proposed consent order with Hudson City Savings Bank to settle...more

Why Does the CFPB Want to Curb Auto Lenders’ Discretion to Charge Higher or Lower Interest Rates?

by Dorsey & Whitney LLP on

On July 14, 2015, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) and Department of Justice (“DOJ”) announced they had reached a “groundbreaking settlement” with American Honda Finance Corporation (“Honda”).(1) The...more

CFPB Refers Another Auto Finance Company to DOJ on Disparate Impact Allegations

by MoFo Reenforcement on

Not long after taking action against American Honda Finance Corporation under the disparate impact doctrine for allegedly discriminatory auto loan pricing, the CFPB has struck again—this time reportedly referring Santander...more

ABA seeks supervisory and enforcement standards consistent with Inclusive Communities

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

The American Bankers Association has sent a letter to the DOJ, Fed, OCC, FDIC, HUD and CFPB requesting confirmation “in interagency guidance, updated exam procedures, and where appropriate amended regulations that the...more

Supreme Court Slams The Brakes On Challenge To Disparate Act

As of now, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) prohibits dealers from unintentional, or “disparate impact,” discrimination in setting dealer reserves in auto financing. This disparate impact can result from policies or...more

Auto Finance Company Agrees to Change Dealer Compensation Policy to Settle CFPB and DOJ Fair Lending Claims

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

To resolve charges by the Consumer Federal Protection Bureau (CFPB) and the Department of Justice (DOJ) that it engaged in unlawful discrimination in violation of the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA), American Honda...more

The U.S. Supreme Court’s Decision in Texas Department of Housing & Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc.

by Dorsey & Whitney LLP on

In Texas Department of Housing & Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc., 576 U.S. ___, 2015 WL 2473449 (Jun. 25, 2015), the U.S. Supreme Court, in a 5-4 decision, held that disparate impact discrimination...more

CFPB Continues Crackdown on Fair Lending: Marketing Materials Targeted

by Carlton Fields on

In a recent guidance bulletin, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau reminded mortgage lenders to heed their Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) obligations when considering applicants receiving public assistance income....more

CFPB and DOJ File Action Against Provident Funding Alleging Discriminatory Lending Policies and Practices

by Carlton Fields on

Last week, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB, or “Bureau”), together with the Department of Justice (DOJ), filed an enforcement action against Provident Funding Associates, L.P. (Provident), the second-largest...more

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