Equal Credit Opportunity Act

News & Analysis as of

CFPB releases Spring 2016 rulemaking agenda

The CFPB has released its Spring 2016 rulemaking agenda. The agenda sets the following timetables for key rulemaking initiatives: Arbitration. The Spring 2016 agenda does not reflect the CFPB’s release of its proposed...more

The Future Of CFPB Small Business Lending Regulation

In this article we highlight the role played by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau in regulating small business lending. Broadly speaking, the bureau’s jurisdiction is limited to the marketplace for consumer financial...more

Was a CFPB Enforcement Action Based on "Racial Profiling and Junk Science"?

In a press release dated April 18, 2012, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB or Bureau) declared that it would "use all available legal avenues, including disparate impact, to pursue lenders whose practices...more

CFPB Report Reviews 2015 Fair Lending Activities and Notes Continuing Priorities

On April 29, the CFPB released its fourth annual report to Congress on fair lending activities. The report recaps the CFPB’s 2015 supervisory and enforcement efforts around fair lending and identifies ongoing priorities in...more

CFPB and DOJ Continue Enforcement Orders Against Indirect Auto Lenders Based on Discriminatory Loan Pricing Policies

In February the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau and Department of Justice announced entry of a consent order with Toyota Motor Credit, the U.S. financing arm of Toyota Motors’ subsidiary Toyota Financial Services. The...more

CFPB issues 2015 fair lending report

The CFPB has issued a report covering its fair lending activities during 2015.  The report states that in 2015, CFPB fair lending supervisory and public enforcement actions required institutions to provide approximately $108...more

What's Driving Regulation of Auto Ancillary Products

Federal and state regulatory scrutiny of the automobile finance industry has accelerated over the last several months. The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB or the Bureau) and the Department of Justice (DOJ) recently...more

CFPB Publishes Final Rule Adopting December 2011 Interim Final Rules

On April 28, the CFPB published a final rule to adopt interim final rules issued in December 2011. Pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Act, the CFPB has rulemaking authority for various consumer financial protection laws, as...more

Industry trade groups’ renewed challenge to HUD disparate impact rule could yield helpful precedent for ECOA cases

The D.C. district court recently granted two industry trade associations whose members sell homeowners insurance leave to file an amended complaint in their lawsuit challenging the Fair Housing Act (FHA) disparate impact rule...more

CFPB hires Assistant Director for Office of Small Business Lending Markets; announces other senior leadership additions

Earlier this week, the CFPB announced the addition of several new members to its senior leadership team. The announcement included the news that the CFPB has filled the position of Assistant Director for the Office of...more

Director Cordray defends CFPB positions in appearance before Senate Banking Committee; comments on small business lending and...

Much of Director Cordray’s testimony in his appearance before the Senate Banking Committee yesterday consisted of his predictable defense of various CFPB positions. While the hearing was much less contentious than last...more

Split Supreme Court Affirms Eighth Circuit Equal Credit Opportunity Act Ruling

“The judgment is affirmed by an equally divided Court.” One sentence, published by the United State Supreme Court on March 22, 2016 sealed the fate of two plaintiffs seeking to expand protections under the Equal Credit...more

Of ECOA and the FDCPA – A Tie in the Supreme Court and A Fourth Circuit Win for Debt Collection

It was a busy week in the fabled halls of justice last week as judges undoubtedly worked to get out a few more opinions before Easter break. Two opinions, one from the Supreme Court and one from the Fourth Circuit Court of...more

Eighth Circuit Opens Circuit Split on the Scope of the Equal Credit Opportunity Act

The Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) makes it unlawful for any creditor “to discriminate against any applicant, with respect to any aspect of a credit transaction . . . on the basis of . . . marital status.” The statute...more

Supreme Court's Four-to-Four Decision in Hawkins v. Community Bank of Raymore Leaves Open Question About Application of Equal...

In its first evenly split vote since the death of Justice Scalia, the U.S. Supreme Court last week affirmed an Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals ruling in Hawkins v. Community Bank of Raymore that spouses who guarantee...more

Top 10 Financial Institution Considerations for 2016: #5 – Marketplace Lending

In our initial article announcing our top 10 considerations for financial institutions in 2016, our fifth consideration was marketplace lending. Just as the U.S. government and banking agencies have focused efforts to...more

Supreme Court Update: Hawkins V. Patterson (14-520), Tyson Foods V. Bouaphakeo (14-1146), Nebraska V. Parker (14-406), Sturgeon V....

So many announcements since our last Update. The President announced D.C. Circuit Chief Judge Merrick Garland as his pick to take the late Justice Scalia's seat on the Court; Senate Republicans promptly announced that they...more

Supreme Court Affirmation of Hawkins Case Raises More Questions Than It Answers

On March 22, 2016, the Supreme Court of the United States issued an order in Hawkins v. Community Bank of Raymore. An evenly divided Court affirmed the Eighth Circuit decision without issuing an opinion, thereby resolving...more

Divided Supreme Court Results in Non-Uniform Application of Reg B

In what goes for kicking the can down the road at the Supreme Court, the Court has evenly split on an appeal arising from the Eight Circuit Court of Appeals decision in Hawkins v. Community Bank of Raymore, 761 F3d 937 (CA8...more

Loan Guarantors Are Not ''Applicants'' under ECOA, Equally Divided U.S. Supreme Court Affirms

An equally divided U.S. Supreme Court has affirmed the Eighth Circuit's decision in Hawkins v. Community Bank of Raymore, which upheld a federal district court ruling that the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) does not...more

SUPREME COURT DECISION COMPLICATES SPOUSAL GUARANTY RULES EVEN FURTHER

The U.S. Supreme Court recently split 4-4 in Hawkins v. Community Bank of Raymore, leaving unsettled the question of the enforceability of the “spousal guaranty” rule under federal Regulation B, and for now letting the...more

US Supreme Court Fails to Resolve Guarantors’ Status Under ECOA

On March 22, in an Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) case that was closely followed and highly anticipated, the U.S. Supreme Court (in a four-to-four vote) failed to issue a definitive ruling regarding whether Regulation B...more

The Supreme Court - March 2016 #4

The Supreme Court of the United States issued decisions in four cases on March 22, 2016: Tyson Foods, Inc. v. Bouaphakeo, No. 14-1146: Respondents, employees at a pork processing plant of petitioner Tyson Foods, filed a...more

High Court Silent On Deference To Agency Rule - Making

On March 22, 2016, the U.S. Supreme Court issued a split decision (4-4) in Hawkins v. Community Bank of Raymore.[1] The court’s one-sentence affirmance was a notable anti-climax in a case that had been viewed as likely to...more

United States Supreme Court Splits 4-4 on Spousal Guarantor ECOA Discrimination Claim

On March 22, 2016, in Hawkins v. Community Bank of Raymore, No. 14–520, the United States Supreme Court upheld the Eighth Circuit’s decision that spousal guarantors could not bring a discrimination claim against creditors...more

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