End-Users

News & Analysis as of

“Notes” Update Shows Facebook’s Continued Efforts to Increase Already Impressive User Engagement

As the number of social media platforms continues to grow, users’ online activity is becoming increasingly divided, requiring social media companies to prove to potential advertisers that they not only have a lot of...more

Financial Entity Update: The CFTC’s Proposed Margin Rules for Uncleared Swaps – Goofy Haircut

Under the Margin Rules, swap dealers and major swap participants that do not have a prudential regulator (Covered Swap Entities, or CSEs) would be required to collect and post initial margin for uncleared swaps with financial...more

Standard Essential Patents Unenforceable on Theory of Indirect Infringement

A recent decision by the Federal Circuit in JVC Kenwood Corp. v. Nero, Inc., decided August 17, 2015, involves nuanced details of standard-essential patents, but arrived at a common sense result: either the patents at issue...more

No Liability for Inducing Non-Infringement

In JVC Kenwood Corporation v. Nero, Inc., 2014-1011 (August 17, 2015), the Federal Circuit held that if what the end user is doing does not constitute infringement (because of standards essential patents licensed to the end...more

Financial Entity Update: The CFTC’s Proposed Margin Rules for Uncleared Swaps – Know Thyself

To clarify our intended audience, in the Financial Entity Update we will address issues germane to entities that trade swaps but are neither dealers nor commercial end users. This includes a broad and diverse group of...more

Mobile App Legal Terms & Conditions: Six Key Considerations

For corporations, the mobile app is today’s website. Back in the late 1990s, no self-respecting company, no matter how stodgy and old-fashioned, wanted to be without a website....more

Orrick's Derivatives in Review - June 2015

NYDFS Finalizes BitLicense Regulations - On June 3, 2015, the New York Department of Financial Services released its final BitLicense regulations, which it described as "the first comprehensive framework for regulating...more

Amendments to Japan METI Guidelines on Electronic Commerce and Information Property Trading

The Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry of Japan (METI) recently revised the Interpretative Guidelines on Electronic Commerce and Information Property Trading (Guidelines), which apply to all online business operations in...more

Export Control Laws for the General Counsel

You are the chief legal officer of a U.S. company. Your CEO walks into your office and announces that your company is about to conclude its first international sale. In addition, the company has just appointed distributors in...more

Derivatives End-Users Granted Interim Relief from Trade Reporting Obligations for Inter-Affiliate Transactions

Trade reporting obligations take effect in Ontario, Quebec and Manitoba (Applicable Provinces) on June 30, 2015 and will require over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives transactions between “End-Users” to be reported if either or...more

Orrick's Financial Industry Week in Review

EBA Final Report on Guidelines on Triggers for Use of Early Intervention Measures Under BRRD - On May 8, the European Banking Authority (EBA) published its final report (EBA/GL/2015/03) on guidelines on triggers for the...more

The Financial Report - Volume 4, No. 9 • May 2015 (Global)

Discussion and Analysis - Securities and investment advisory services offered through . . . That phrase is ubiquitous among small and “independent” financial services firms, regularly appearing in 6-point or...more

Who Exactly Is a ‘User’ under the DMCA Safe Harbor?

The DMCA was enacted in 1998 to preserve “strong incentives for service providers and copyright owners to cooperate to detect and deal with copyright infringements that take place in a digital networked environment.” As part...more

Swaps End-User Update CFTC Proposes Reporting and Recordkeeping Relief for Commodity Trade Options

On April 30, 2015, the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) approved a notice of proposed rulemaking (Proposed Rules) to reduce reporting and recordkeeping obligations for end-users that use commodity trade...more

CFTC Proposes Changes to Trade Option Rules for End Users

The CFTC has proposed several important changes that would alleviate the reporting and recordkeeping obligations of end users with respect to trade options (or provide by rule certain relief currently only available under...more

"CFTC Proposes to Reduce Trade Option Reporting Requirements for Commercial End-Users"

Trade options are physically settled over-the-counter options on most deliverable commodities (e.g., agricultural, energy, or metals) where the buyer is a producer, processor, commercial user or merchant of the commodity...more

CFTC’s Massad on End-Users

CFTC Chair Timothy G. Massad delivered a speech on the importance of providing flexibility in the CFTC’s regulations to accommodate hedging by commercial end-users of derivatives. Mr. Massad highlighted the following...more

This Week In Securities Litigation

The SEC settled another action this week based on admissions of fact and that the Federal securities laws were filed, this time involving Oppenheimer. The action was based on the fact that the firm permitted an off-shore and...more

End-Users Are Dodd-Frank Collateral Damage According To CFTC Commissioner

CFTC Commissioner J. Christopher Giancarlo recently delivered remarks where he stated “Unfortunately, caught up in some of the collateral damage surrounding the Dodd-Frank reforms were the traditional commodity and energy...more

Claim Scope and the Actor(s) in a Claim

Scope of a claim and the number of actors in a claim are interrelated. Each of these affects what is claimed and whether this provides good claim coverage for the client. An apparatus claim is usually a single actor claim,...more

US Authorizes Sanctions and Export Controls Against Venezuela

On December 18, 2014, President Obama signed into law the Venezuela Defense of Human Rights and Civil Society Act of 2014 (the “Act”). The legislation authorizes the United States to impose sanctions against certain...more

Drop Your Weapons: The United States Restricts Military Exports to Venezuela

The U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) has amended the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) to restrict exports to Venezuela of certain items intended for “a military end use or end user.” ...more

CFTC Provides Relief from the Clearing Requirement for Swaps Entered into by Eligible Treasury Affiliates

On November 26, CFTC issued a no-action letter providing additional relief for eligible treasury affiliates that enter into swaps that are subject to the clearing requirement in section 2(h)(1) of the Commodity Exchange Act...more

Know the Publisher’s Audit Rights: Frequency

When it comes to software license compliance, being compliant with the publisher’s licensing rules can be daunting enough. But compliance won’t stop a software audit. Scott & Scott, LLP attorney, Brian Kirkpatrick,...more

ISDA Says End User Transactions Dominate Interest Rate Derivative Markets

ISDA believes there is a misperception that only a small fraction of derivatives activity relates to hedging that benefits the “real economy.” ISDA has published an analysis that challenges this assumption. ...more

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