Faxes

News & Analysis as of

The FCC’s Clarification of its Blast Fax Rules to “Solicited” Fax Ads under Siege

In an attempt to clear out the backlog of numerous pending petitions addressing how the FCC’s “Blast Fax” rules apply to consensual fax advertisement transmissions, the agency on October 30, 2014 issued an Order addressing...more

FCC Order Confirms that TCPA Regulations Require Opt-Out Notice on All Fax Advertisements, Even Those Sent with Prior Express...

On October 30, 2014, the Federal Communications Commission (“FCC”) released an Order that “confirms” that opt-out notices complying with rules and regulations adopted by the FCC in 2006, pursuant to the authority granted to...more

Legal Alert: Just the Fax: Recent TCPA Developments on Liability for Unsolicited Faxes and Fax Opt-Out Notices

The end of October 2014 saw two significant developments for Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA) rules governing facsimile transmissions, fax opt-out notices and liability for faxes sent by third parties....more

TCPA Developments: FCC Acts On TCPA Junk Fax Petitions

Although facsimile technology may now seem passé as a telemarketing tool, its use has generated a continuing source of controversy under the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA). In an Order issued last week, the FCC...more

FCC Confirms Solicited Fax Ads Must Include An Opt-Out

Last Thursday the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) issued an order confirming that companies must include opt-out instructions on all fax ads, even for recipients who previously agreed to receive a fax from the...more

FCC Gives Entities Six Months To Comply with Order Requiring Opt-Out Notices for Faxed Ads Sent with Prior Consent under TCPA

The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) recently issued an order finally clarifying that opt-out notices are required in solicited facsimile advertisements. In doing so, the FCC recognized the confusion caused by its...more

Sender Of Faxes May Be Directly Liable For TCPA Violations

In Palm Beach Golf-Center Boca, Inc. v. John G. Sarris, D.D.S., P.A., No. 13-14013 (11th Cir. Oct. 30, 2014), the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals reversed the Southern District of Florida’s entry of summary judgment in the...more

FCC Reaffirms Fax Ads Sent With Recipients’ Prior Permission Require Opt-Out Notice

The Federal Communications Commission has issued an Order sustaining its rule that even ads faxed with the permission of the recipient must include a notice with instructions for how to opt out of future faxes. The Order...more

Northern District of Illinois Applies Twombly/Iqbal Pleading Standard to Affirmative Defenses in TCPA Case

In a TCPA action involving allegedly unsolicited fax advertisements, the Northern District of Illinois applied the plausibility standard articulated in Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544 (2007) and Ashcroft v. Iqbal,...more

Settlement of Junk Fax Class Action Denied Due to Likelihood of Low Payout to Class Members

In Small v. Target Corp., No. 13-cv-01509 (D. Minn. Oct. 8, 2014), the District Court recently denied preliminary approval of a class action settlement due to concerns regarding the use of a “reverter” provision in the...more

Court Holds That Twombly/Iqbal Pleading Standard Does Not Apply to Affirmative Defenses in TCPA Case

In a TCPA action concerning allegedly unsolicited fax advertisements, the Eastern District of Michigan recently rejected the argument that the plausibility standard articulated in Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544...more

TCPA Exclusion Upheld: No Ambiguity, No Duty to Defend or Indemnify for a $10 Million Judgment

In James River Insurance Company v. Med Waste Management LLC, et al., Case No. 1:13-cv-23608-KMM, (U.S. Dist. S. D. Fla., September 22, 2014), the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida upheld a Telephone...more

FCC Letter Brief Suggests That Faxes and Phone Calls are Different for Purposes of Direct Liability Under the TCPA

At the invitation of the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals, the FCC recently filed a letter brief in Palm Beach Golf Center-Boca, Inc. v. Sarris, No. 13-14013 (11th Cir.). The letter brief took the position that defendants...more

Sixth Circuit Prints Out Victory for Recipients of Fax-Blasting

An unsolicited fax comes into your business, but via your computer’s network, not on an old-fashioned fax machine. Nothing prints out on paper, but someone still has to deal with the unwanted advertisement. What’s been...more

Blast Fax Cases Now Harder to Certify

Blast fax cases filed under the Telephone Consumer Protection Act just became harder to certify in Minnesota. On August 5, 2014 U.S. District Court Judge David S. Doty, in the case Sandusky Wellness Center LLC v. Medtox...more

Illinois Court Holds Junk Fax Claim Not Within Products Coverage

In its recent decision in Windmill Nursing Pavilion v. Cincinnati Ins. Co., 2013 IL. App. (1st) 122431, the Appellate Court of Illinois, First District, had occasion to consider the scope of products-completed operations...more

TCPA Connect -- Dec 16, 2013

TCPA Fax Settlement Found Reasonable Despite Court’s Dismissal of Claims - A $6 million settlement in a Telephone Consumer Protection Act suit was reasonable, an Illinois federal court found, ordering two insurers to...more

Defendant-Business Not Vicariously Liable For Third-Party B2B’s Unsolicited Fax Advertisements In Putative TCPA Class Action

In Palm Beach Gold Center-Boca, Inc. v. Sarris, No. 12-80178, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 155912 (S.D. Fla. Oct. 22, 2013), the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida recently granted summary judgment in...more

A Class Action By Any Other Name Is Still a Class Action….

In a case with interesting implications for class action practitioners, the Seventh Circuit recently ruled against plaintiff Addison Automatics (Addison) in its attempt to dodge federal court jurisdiction (see Addison...more

Seventh Circuit Affirms Class Action Holding Fax Was Advertisement

A class action complaint was filed against Defendant who sent 8,430 faxes to more than 200 people containing business advise. The trial court granted judgment against Defendant in the amount of $4,215,000, which Defendant...more

Alabama District Court Denies Motion To Dismiss TCPA Claim Arguing Lack Of Personal Jurisdiction, Improper Venue And That...

An Alabama Plaintiff sued New Jersey Defendants for violating the TCPA by sending an unsolicited fax advertising material for answering services provided by Defendant. Defendant filed a Motion to Dismiss challenging Personal...more

Recent Trends in Class Actions for Telephone and Fax Solicitation and Advertising

Class actions under the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA), 47 U.S.C. § 227, continue to be an active trend in consumer and privacy class action litigation. The TCPA, which was historically called the "fax blast"...more

Recent Trends in Class Actions for Telephone and Fax Solicitation and Advertising

Class actions under the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA), 47 U.S.C. § 227, continue to be an active trend in consumer and privacy class action litigation. The TCPA, which was historically called the “fax blast”...more

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