Fifth Amendment

News & Analysis as of

Just How Scary is the SEC? “Fear” Not Sufficient Grounds to Duck Administrative Subpoena

A witness testifying under oath before the SEC recently refused to answer any questions directed to him, not because of any privilege, but rather — as he said, sixty-eight different times – because he was “scared” and...more

Challenges to SEC Forum Selection Decisions

Two cases challenging the SEC’s use of administrative proceedings based on the Constitution’s Appointment Clause are headed for the Circuit Courts. One, Duka v. SEC will be considered by the Second Circuit. A second, Hill v....more

Executive Labor Summary - July / August 2015

Quickie elections seem here to stay, but Senate Republicans aren’t giving up. On July 29, the National Labor Relations Board won another challenge to its “quickie election” rules pursued by employer groups. This time, Judge...more

Seventh Circuit Rejects Court Challenge to Pending SEC Administrative Enforcement Proceeding

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit held yesterday that federal District Courts do not have subject-matter jurisdiction to entertain challenges to ongoing SEC administrative enforcement proceedings where the...more

A Legal Morass: Overlapping Takings Law With the Endangered Species Act

Last week, Jeremy Jacobs posted an interesting article about the U.S. Supreme Court’s recent decision in Horne v. Dep’t of Agriculture, No. 14-275 (U.S. Jun. 22, 2015), and its potential application to Endangered Species Act...more

Business Litigation Report - July 2015

Introduction - Issue preclusion is a familiar concept to most practicing attorneys. Under this doctrine, “later courts should honor the first actual decision of a matter that has been actually litigated.” Charles Alan...more

Building Industry Challenges Public Art Requirements

The Building Industry Association of the Bay Area has filed a lawsuit in federal court in the Northern District of California challenging the City of Oakland’s recent adoption of a public art ordinance on constitutional...more

Don’t Miss This Deadline To File A Regulatory Takings Claim

The Court of Appeal has recently reminded land use practitioners of an important deadline when pursuing a takings claim: A takings challenge based on a land use determination must be filed within 90 days of that determination...more

When the Fifth Amendment Privilege Doesn't Work-Tax Cases

A recent decision of the Third Circuit Court of Appeals illustrates the futility of expecting that the Fifth Amendment Privilege Against Self-incrimination will shield taxpayers from production of offshore financial records. ...more

Inverse Condemnation

Inverse condemnation is a far more complex subject than it may seem at the outset. While condemnation proceedings are initiated by the government to acquire property and pay the owner just compensation, the general rule...more

Circuit Court Affirms $237.5 Million Judgment Against Tuomey

On July 2, 2015, the Fourth Circuit affirmed a $237,454,195 judgment against Tuomey Health Care System (Tuomey) for violations of the Federal False Claims Act (FCA), which liability arose from violations of the Stark law....more

New Court Decisions Expose Non-U.S. Banks With U.S. Branches To New Risks Of Litigation In American Courts

Non-U.S. banks with branches in New York and elsewhere in the United States find themselves sued or otherwise exposed to judicial orders in American courts with regularity. The cases reflect the full range of U.S. legal...more

Tuomey Judgment Upheld in Novel Stark Law and False Claims Act Case

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit recently upheld the judgment against Tuomey Healthcare System, Inc. (Tuomey), in a qui tam False Claims Act case predicated on Stark Law violations. The district court in the...more

Disciplinary Investigations of Employees – Three Names to Know

Whenever an employer is considering disciplining an employee for misconduct, three names from 1967, 1975 and 1985 continue to be associated with employer investigations and interrogations, in much the same way that Mr....more

"DC Circuit Unanimously Upholds Federal Contractor Contribution Ban"

On July 7, 2015, the federal circuit court for the District of Columbia sitting en banc issued a unanimous opinion upholding the federal contractor contribution ban against a constitutional challenge in the long-running case...more

Intellectual Property Alert: Federal District Court Affirms Cancellation of “REDSKINS” Marks on Summary Judgment and Holds that...

On July 8, 2015, the Federal District Court of the Eastern District of Virginia affirmed the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board’s cancellation of the REDSKINS federal trademark registrations owned by Pro-Football, Inc....more

Expanding Your View of Takings Law

As an eminent domain attorney, when I think about a “takings” claim, I always think about a claim involving someone’s real property. Has the government trespassed onto private property, has it imposed regulations that deny...more

The SEC’s Clawback Proposal – An Unconstitutional Taking?

In proposing incentive compensation clawback rules, the Securities and Exchange Commission studiously ignored any constitutional restraints on its actions.  Buried in the 198-page proposal is this chilling assertion...more

California Supreme Court Upholds San Jose's Inclusionary Housing Ordinance As Valid Land Use Restriction

In a unanimous decision that included two concurrences, the California Supreme Court upheld San Jose's inclusionary housing ordinance against a facial challenge that alleged an unconstitutional taking of the developer's...more

U.S. Supreme Court Holds Same-Sex Marriage To Be a Fundamental Right

The United States Supreme Court issued its opinion in Obergefell v. Hodges, 576 U.S. ___ (2015) on June 26, 2015. In a 5-4 decision, the Supreme Court held that the Fourteenth Amendment requires a State to license a marriage...more

Supreme Court Puts Its “Takings Law” Foot Down

In Horne I, the Supreme Court held that a property owner, facing a governmental enforcement action, can assert as a defense that the action effects a “taking” of one’s property (here, a raisin crop) “without just...more

Supreme Court Update: Horne V. Dep't Of Agriculture (14-275), Kimble V. Marvel Entertainment (13-720), Patel V. City Of Los...

Raisins, radioactive wrists, Red Roof registries, and reformatory roughhousing were all on the Court's radar Monday (it's a very broad radar horizon), as it issued decisions in Horne v. Dep't of Agriculture (14-275), holding...more

The California Raisins Strike Back

Horne v. Department of Agriculture, No. 14-275 (U.S. June 22, 2015) - Why It Matters: In a pro-property rights opinion, the U.S. Supreme Court applies Fifth Amendment “takings” analysis to a federal program that...more

Supreme Court Decides Horne v. Department of Agriculture

On June 22, 2015, the Supreme Court decided Horne v. Department of Agriculture, No. 14-275, holding that the Fifth Amendment’s Takings Clause applies to personal property as well as real property, and a requirement that...more

Horne v. USDA: US Supreme Court Sides with Raisin Farmer

The United States Supreme Court ruled that a USDA marketing order constituted a taking of a raisin farmer's private property for which just compensation is due. This article offers a detailed analysis of the Court's opinion....more

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