Fifth Amendment

News & Analysis as of

BB&K Police Bulletin: Civil Rights Action For Miranda Violation Not Barred If Conviction Reversed

Incriminating Statements in Violation of Miranda Rights Were Used in First Trial, Which Resulted in Reversal - Overview: The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeal recently held that a criminal defendant convicted of murder at...more

What You Don't Say Can Be Used Against You: Assessing The Fifth Amendment's Role In Qui Tam Litigation

In 1987, current Florida governor Rick Scott used his life savings to start Columbia Hospital with the idealistic goal of cutting healthcare costs and improving patient care. A few years later, Columbia merged with the...more

High Court Deals Major Blow To Criminal Defendants

The U.S. Supreme Court’s 6-3 decision in Kaley v. United States, 571 U.S. __, Case No. 12-464 (Feb. 25, 2014) essentially finds that the grand jury should have the last word. The Kaley case involved the right to counsel when...more

Legal Alert: Marvin M. Brandt Revocable Trust v. United States: Supreme Court Opens the Door to Potential Fifth Amendment Takings...

In what is commonly known as a rails-to-trails case, the U.S. Supreme Court held on March 10, 2014, in an eight-to-one decision, that certain railroad rights-of-way revert to private property owners following the railroad’s...more

New California Court of Appeal Opinion Holds That Supreme Court's Seminal Nollan and Dolan Opinions do Not Apply Where a Permit...

The well-known "nexus" and "rough proportionality" tests from the United States Supreme Court's opinions in Nollan v. California Coastal Commission, 483 U.S. 825 (1987) and Dolan v. City of Tigard, 512 U.S. 374 (1994) do not...more

IRS Fighting Hard to Avoid Tea Party Class Action Claims

The IRS recently filed a motion to dismiss class action claims brought by Tea Party groups. In NorCal Tea Party Patriots, et. al. v. IRS, et. al., S.D. Ohio, Case No. 1:13-cv-00341, Tea Party groups asserted that the IRS...more

The risk of self-incrimination in cross-border disputes: The use of Canadian discovery evidence in U.S. criminal/regulatory...

A common scenario in which the privilege against self-incrimination is threatened occurs when a person is party to criminal or regulatory proceedings in the United States (U.S.) and civil litigation in Canada....more

Same Sex Marriages: Are You Filing Your Taxes Properly?

In late 2013, I met with my first same sex couple clients since the U.S. Supreme Court overruled the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) last year. If you recall, DOMA was the federal law barring the federal government from...more

U.S. Supreme Court Decision On Land-Use Exactions Impacts Developers, Government

If you have ever filed a zoning application and been subjected at the public hearing to a version of the game show “Let’s Make a Deal,” you may find of interest a June 2013 decision by the U.S. Supreme Court that addresses...more

Courts are Consistently Ruling that the Act of Production Privilege Will Not Defeat Grand Jury Subpoenas Calling for Foreign Bank...

On December 13, 2013, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit issued its decision in United States of America v. Under Seal. On December 19, 2013, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit issued its...more

Taking the Fifth Amendment In No Way Implies Guilt

Always a champion of the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, the news media unfortunately often give little weight to another important right: the right against self-incrimination. Recent reporting on a criminal...more

Preparing for NTSB Investigative Interviews

Those who face investigative interviews before the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) should be fully aware of the applicable rules and regulations. Key topics relating to NTSB investigative interviews include...more

Supreme Court to Decide When Taxpayers Can Obtain an Evidentiary Hearing in a Summons Enforcement Action

On January 10, 2014, the Supreme Court granted review of an Eleventh Circuit case addressing the circumstances under which a taxpayer can obtain an evidentiary hearing in challenging a summons issued by the Internal Revenue...more

Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals Holds that Required Records Exception Trumps Fifth Amendment

On December 13, 2013, the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals in United States v. Under Seal, 2013 U.S. App. LEXIS 24785 (4th Cir. Va. Dec. 13, 2013), held that the required records doctrine applies when the government subpoenas...more

U.S. Supreme Court Carves Out Exception to Fifth Amendment Protections

In the groundbreaking case of Miranda v. Arizona, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that people in custody must be apprised of their right to remain silent, which is guaranteed by the Fifth Amendment. Since the right against...more

BB&K Police Bulletin: Miranda Warnings and Temporary Detention

Handcuffing a Suspect During Investigative Detention Does Not Automatically Create a Custodial Interrogation for Purposes of Miranda - Overview: A California court of appeal recently held that investigatory questioning...more

IRS Provides Some Guidance on Federal Tax Matters for Same-Sex Marriage

Earlier this year, in the case of U.S. v. Windsor, the US Supreme Court struck down Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA). Under Section 3 of DOMA, the definitions of "marriage" and "spouse" had been limited to a...more

Third Circuit Elucidates Waiver Standards - United States v. Joseph, No. 12-3808, --- F.3d --- (3d Cir. Sept. 19, 2013)

In order to present an argument on appeal, a party must have raised the same argument—that is, an argument based on the same facts and the same legal rule—in the District Court. Merely having raised an issue in the District...more

What Are Your Rights?

Being arrested for any type of crime can be an intimidating experience; simply being stopped or frisked by police can be nerve-wracking. Unfortunately, many people stopped or arrested by police do not realize that they have...more

An introduction to the risk of self-incrimination in cross-border disputes

The right not to be compelled to incriminate oneself is a protection enshrined in both the United States Constitution and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (the “Charter”). In reality, however, there is protection...more

Buckyballs® Strike Back: Former CEO Sues CPSC

In May 2013, the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) took the unprecedented step of naming Craig Zucker in an administrative complaint against Maxfield and Oberton Holdings, LLC, the manufacturer of Buckyballs®, in...more

Better News For White-Collar Defendants: Okatan Responds To The Supreme Court's Salinas Decision

The Supreme Court’s June 2013 decision United States v. Salinas raised a few eyebrows among white-collar practitioners because its focus on the need to expressly invoke the Fifth Amendment in order to obtain its protections...more

Miranda Rights: Silence Has its Limits

Prosecutors can legally use your silence during a pre-arrest interrogation as evidence of guilt during a forthcoming criminal trial, according the U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Salinas v. Texas. “Popular misconception...more

Offshore Accounts Holders Have No Fifth Amendment Protections

In what is becoming an increasingly used attack vehicle, the Department of Justice (DoJ) is using the “required records doctrine” to compel taxpayer’s to produce what may be incriminating evidence of ownership or control of...more

U.S. Court Rejects Challenge To CFIUS National Security Review

This blog previously reported in July 2013 on a lawsuit that Ralls Corporation brought against the President of the United States and the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States challenging the President’s order...more

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