Fifth Amendment

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Status Updates - November 2014

..Cuffed links. The Spanish parliament has passed what is commonly known as the “Google tax,” although it’s technically not a tax and doesn’t apply solely to Google. Rather, it’s an intellectual property law requiring online...more

A (Second) Lawsuit Seeks to Compel Statutory Timeframe for Administrative Law Judge Review of Medicare Claims Appeals

On August 26th, the Center for Medicare Advocacy filed a nationwide class action lawsuit against the Secretary of Health and Human Services. The complaint alleges that, as implemented, the Medicare administrative review...more

Washington Redskins Challenge the Constitutionality of Section 2(a) of the Lanham Act

The Washington Redskins trademark controversy is far from over. Despite the fact that certain news and sports commentators and mainstream newspapers and organizations have announced that they will no longer use the term...more

SEC Brings Another Insider Trading Case Tied To Golf

Golf is becoming a recurring theme in insider trading cases. Last month the SEC brought an insider trading action against a group of golf friends. That action, detailed here, was supported by a series of e-mails among the...more

Current trends in the risk of self-incrimination in cross-border disputes

Cases such as Treat Canada Ltd. v. Leonidas, and Catalyst Fund General Partner I Inc. v. Hollinger Inc. show Canadian courts tend to avoid addressing the risk of self-incrimination in cross-border disputes head on in favour...more

Shedding Light on CFIUS: Appeals Court Holds That CFIUS Review Lacks Constitutional Due Process

In a stunning ruling issued on July 15, 2014, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit held that review by the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (“CFIUS”) and the subsequent unwinding of the...more

Editorial: High Court Is Swinging Pendulum Back On 4th Amendment

Fourth Amendment law is anything but static. If one surveys the jurisprudential landscape over the last 50 years, there are three amendments that the U.S. Supreme Court cannot leave alone: the First, the Fourth and the Fifth....more

No-Fly List Ruled Unconstitutional

On June 24th, a federal judge in Oregon ruled that the government’s no-fly list, which seeks to prevent people with suspected terrorism ties from traveling to or within the United States, is unconstitutional. The lawsuit was...more

Ripples of Windsor: DOL Seeking to Expand the FMLA’s Definition of “Spouse”

Last June, the Supreme Court of the United States struck down Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act (“DOMA”) as unconstitutional in United States v. Windsor, 570 U.S. 12 (2013). The Supremes ruled that section 3 of DOMA...more

Massachusetts High Court Permits Compelled Decryption of Seized Digital Evidence

Today, in Commonwealth v. Gelfgatt, No. SJC-11358 (Mass. June 25, 2014), a divided Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court held that under certain circumstances, a court may compel a criminal defendant to provide the password to...more

The Epic Buckyballs® Saga Settles

May 2014 brought an ordinary end to a series of extraordinary events, with the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) settling an unprecedented proceeding against Craig Zucker, the former CEO of Buckyballs® manufacturer...more

Sometimes… Your Silence Can Convict You #CriminalDefense

Americans do not need to be taught in school that we have the right to remain silent. With the surplus of cop shows on TV, the past couple of generations have grown up hearing the famous Miranda warnings multiple times each...more

The Koontz Decision; Back to Florida

In the recent landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court in Koontz v. St. Johns Water Mgmt. Dist., 133 S. Ct. 2586 (2013), the Court majority held that exactions sought by local governments, which are not rationally...more

BB&K Police Bulletin: Civil Rights Action For Miranda Violation Not Barred If Conviction Reversed

Incriminating Statements in Violation of Miranda Rights Were Used in First Trial, Which Resulted in Reversal - Overview: The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeal recently held that a criminal defendant convicted of murder at...more

What You Don't Say Can Be Used Against You: Assessing The Fifth Amendment's Role In Qui Tam Litigation

In 1987, current Florida governor Rick Scott used his life savings to start Columbia Hospital with the idealistic goal of cutting healthcare costs and improving patient care. A few years later, Columbia merged with the...more

High Court Deals Major Blow To Criminal Defendants

The U.S. Supreme Court’s 6-3 decision in Kaley v. United States, 571 U.S. __, Case No. 12-464 (Feb. 25, 2014) essentially finds that the grand jury should have the last word. The Kaley case involved the right to counsel when...more

Legal Alert: Marvin M. Brandt Revocable Trust v. United States: Supreme Court Opens the Door to Potential Fifth Amendment Takings...

In what is commonly known as a rails-to-trails case, the U.S. Supreme Court held on March 10, 2014, in an eight-to-one decision, that certain railroad rights-of-way revert to private property owners following the railroad’s...more

New California Court of Appeal Opinion Holds That Supreme Court's Seminal Nollan and Dolan Opinions do Not Apply Where a Permit...

The well-known "nexus" and "rough proportionality" tests from the United States Supreme Court's opinions in Nollan v. California Coastal Commission, 483 U.S. 825 (1987) and Dolan v. City of Tigard, 512 U.S. 374 (1994) do not...more

IRS Fighting Hard to Avoid Tea Party Class Action Claims

The IRS recently filed a motion to dismiss class action claims brought by Tea Party groups. In NorCal Tea Party Patriots, et. al. v. IRS, et. al., S.D. Ohio, Case No. 1:13-cv-00341, Tea Party groups asserted that the IRS...more

The risk of self-incrimination in cross-border disputes: The use of Canadian discovery evidence in U.S. criminal/regulatory...

A common scenario in which the privilege against self-incrimination is threatened occurs when a person is party to criminal or regulatory proceedings in the United States (U.S.) and civil litigation in Canada....more

Same Sex Marriages: Are You Filing Your Taxes Properly?

In late 2013, I met with my first same sex couple clients since the U.S. Supreme Court overruled the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) last year. If you recall, DOMA was the federal law barring the federal government from...more

U.S. Supreme Court Decision On Land-Use Exactions Impacts Developers, Government

If you have ever filed a zoning application and been subjected at the public hearing to a version of the game show “Let’s Make a Deal,” you may find of interest a June 2013 decision by the U.S. Supreme Court that addresses...more

Courts are Consistently Ruling that the Act of Production Privilege Will Not Defeat Grand Jury Subpoenas Calling for Foreign Bank...

On December 13, 2013, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit issued its decision in United States of America v. Under Seal. On December 19, 2013, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit issued its...more

Taking the Fifth Amendment In No Way Implies Guilt

Always a champion of the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, the news media unfortunately often give little weight to another important right: the right against self-incrimination. Recent reporting on a criminal...more

Preparing for NTSB Investigative Interviews

Those who face investigative interviews before the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) should be fully aware of the applicable rules and regulations. Key topics relating to NTSB investigative interviews include...more

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