Financial Institutions Reform Recovery Enforcement Act

News & Analysis as of

Recent Remarks By Officials Reinforce DOJ’s Focus On Criminal Fraud Investigations And Prosecutions Of Culpable Individuals

In a trio of speeches given at separate events on September 17, 2014, Department of Justice (“DOJ”) officials announced new initiatives and points of emphasis in the Government’s ongoing efforts to hold corporations and...more

Should FIRREA Whistleblower Bounties Be Higher?

On Sept. 17, U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder raised the prospect of amending FIRREA — the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 — to increase its whistleblower awards with the goal of further...more

Bankruptcy Trustee Lacks Standing to Bring Derivative Claim Against Bank’s Directors After Bank’s Closure and Receivership by FDIC

In April of 2010, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency closed First National Bank Myrtle Beach, S.C., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Beach First National Bancshares, a bank holding company, and named the FDIC as its...more

Larger Rewards For Wall Street Whistleblowers May Be On The Horizon

As reported by the Wall Street Journal, the Obama administration will seek to remove the $1.6 million cap on rewards to whistleblowers who provide evidence of criminal conduct by financial executives under the 1989 Financial...more

Federal Appeals Court Affirms Extender Statutes Trump Securities Act Statute Of Limitations

On August 19, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit reissued its original opinion affirming a district court’s holding that FIRREA’s NCUA extender statute circumvents the three-year repose period found in Section 13...more

Texas Federal Court Upholds HUD’s Suspension Of Mortgagee

On August 5, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas held that HUD’s decisions to immediately suspend a HUD mortgagee and its CEO were not “arbitrary and capricious” and did not violate due process. Allied...more

DOJ Probes Subprime Auto-Lending under FIRREA

Two of the largest subprime auto-lenders disclosed last week that they have received subpoenas from the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ). The U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Southern District of New York is leading an...more

House Oversight Commitee Seeks DOJ Documents On RMBS Settlements

On July 24, House Oversight Committee Chairman Darrell Issa (R-CA) sent a letter to Attorney General Holder raising questions about the DOJ’s “inclination to enter into settlement agreements with respect to mortgage...more

SDNY Orders Bank To Pay $1.3 Billion Following Verdict In GSE Civil Fraud Case

On July 30, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York ordered a bank to pay a nearly $1.3 billion civil penalty after a jury found the bank liable in October 2013 on one civil mortgage fraud charge arising...more

Claimant Must Exhaust Administrative Remedies Provided For In The Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of...

After defaulting on his Hawaii home mortgage with Washington Mutual Bank ("Wamu") and facing nonjudicial foreclosure, Todd Rundgren (Hello It's Me) and his wife, Michelle (collectively the "Rundgrens"), sued Wamu and JP...more

Remedies Against Receiver Must Be Exhausted Before Claim Against Assignee

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit affirmed the dismissal of claims brought by singer-songwriter Todd Rundgren and his wife Michelle Rundgren against JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (Chase). Since the Rundgrens’ claims...more

Citigroup To Pay $7 Billion To Settle Mortgage Claims

To settle charges related to the packaging, marketing, sale, and issuance of residential mortgage-backed securities (RMBS), Citigroup will pay a total of $7 billion, including a record $4 billion fine to the Department of...more

Federal, State Authorities Obtain Another Major RMBS Settlement

On July 14, the DOJ, the FDIC, and state authorities in California, Delaware, Illinois, Massachusetts, and New York, announced a $7 billion settlement of federal and state RMBS civil claims against a large financial...more

S.D.N.Y. U.S. Attorney Obtains FHA, GSE False Claims Settlement

On July 1, the U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York announced that a large bank agreed to pay $10 million to resolve allegations that prior to 2011 it violated the False Claims Act and FIRREA by failing to...more

Holder Vows To Continue Operation Choke Point; House Considers Bill To Stop It

Depending on whom you ask, Operation Choke Point has a promising future ahead of it – or will soon be history. The controversial initiative by the Department of Justice (DOJ) is intended to limit certain lenders and...more

Finding Bank Fraud Without Defrauding Bank – Supreme Court Grapples with Reach of Federal Criminal Bank Fraud Statute

On June 23, 2014, the United States Supreme Court in Loughrin v. United States unanimously rejected the petitioner’s argument to narrow the federal criminal law against bank fraud by reading into that statute’s second clause...more

Individual Liability: What’s Behind The Headlines?

It’s been open season on financial institutions since the 2008-2009 financial crisis (“Financial Crisis”). State and federal prosecutors and regulators are competing with each other for press coverage of their latest consent...more

Parallel Government Actions Against Bank of America May Proceed

On June 19, Judge Max O. Cogburn, Jr. of the Western District of North Carolina issued Orders in two parallel actions by the DOJ and SEC against Bank of America, previously covered in the August 12, 2013 and April 7, 2014...more

Orrick's Financial Industry Week in Review

ESMA Publishes Table Showing Compliance with its Guidelines Relating to Global Supervisory Co-Operation on AIFs - On June 20, ESMA published a table showing which competent authorities comply or intend to comply with...more

FIRREA Protects Purchasing Banks Against Some Claims Disguised as Affirmative Defenses

As previously discussed on this blog, the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act (“FIRREA”) creates a mandatory administrative claims process for claims against the assets of failed financial...more

BNA's Banking Report: Enforcement 2013: Enforcement Actions Continue Three-Year Decline; DOJ Emerges as Major Player

Overall Trends & Outlook - From an enforcement standpoint, 2013 was another historic year in a number of important ways beyond the sheer number of cases, which were again significant. Federal banking agencies1 issued...more

A Potential Defense for Purchasing Banks Against Lender Liability Claims Based on the Actions of a Failed Bank

Previous posts discussed how the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act (“FIRREA”) creates a mandatory administrative claims process for claims against the assets of failed financial institutions. If a...more

Claims Against Failed Banks Must Go Through the FDIC’s Administrative Claims Process

As described in a previous post, the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act (“FIRREA”) requires that anyone with a claim against a failed bank must file a claim with the FDIC within 90 days of being...more

Georgia District Court Judge Rules that FIRREA Precludes D&O Insurer Declaratory Judgment Actions Against FDIC as Receiver and...

On March 5, 2014, Judge Richard Story in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Georgia issued an order denying Plaintiff OneBeacon Midwest Insurance Company’s (OneBeacon) Motion for Limited...more

The FDIC’s Administrative Claims Process for Failed Banks

Enacted by Congress after the Savings and Loan Crisis of the 1980s, the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act (“FIRREA”) gives the FDIC sweeping authority to resolve the problems posed by a failed...more

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