Financial Institutions Reform Recovery Enforcement Act

News & Analysis as of

S.D.N.Y. U.S. Attorney Obtains FHA, GSE False Claims Settlement

On July 1, the U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York announced that a large bank agreed to pay $10 million to resolve allegations that prior to 2011 it violated the False Claims Act and FIRREA by failing to...more

Holder Vows To Continue Operation Choke Point; House Considers Bill To Stop It

Depending on whom you ask, Operation Choke Point has a promising future ahead of it – or will soon be history. The controversial initiative by the Department of Justice (DOJ) is intended to limit certain lenders and...more

Finding Bank Fraud Without Defrauding Bank – Supreme Court Grapples with Reach of Federal Criminal Bank Fraud Statute

On June 23, 2014, the United States Supreme Court in Loughrin v. United States unanimously rejected the petitioner’s argument to narrow the federal criminal law against bank fraud by reading into that statute’s second clause...more

Individual Liability: What’s Behind The Headlines?

It’s been open season on financial institutions since the 2008-2009 financial crisis (“Financial Crisis”). State and federal prosecutors and regulators are competing with each other for press coverage of their latest consent...more

Parallel Government Actions Against Bank of America May Proceed

On June 19, Judge Max O. Cogburn, Jr. of the Western District of North Carolina issued Orders in two parallel actions by the DOJ and SEC against Bank of America, previously covered in the August 12, 2013 and April 7, 2014...more

Orrick's Financial Industry Week in Review

ESMA Publishes Table Showing Compliance with its Guidelines Relating to Global Supervisory Co-Operation on AIFs - On June 20, ESMA published a table showing which competent authorities comply or intend to comply with...more

FIRREA Protects Purchasing Banks Against Some Claims Disguised as Affirmative Defenses

As previously discussed on this blog, the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act (“FIRREA”) creates a mandatory administrative claims process for claims against the assets of failed financial...more

BNA's Banking Report: Enforcement 2013: Enforcement Actions Continue Three-Year Decline; DOJ Emerges as Major Player

Overall Trends & Outlook - From an enforcement standpoint, 2013 was another historic year in a number of important ways beyond the sheer number of cases, which were again significant. Federal banking agencies1 issued...more

A Potential Defense for Purchasing Banks Against Lender Liability Claims Based on the Actions of a Failed Bank

Previous posts discussed how the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act (“FIRREA”) creates a mandatory administrative claims process for claims against the assets of failed financial institutions. If a...more

Claims Against Failed Banks Must Go Through the FDIC’s Administrative Claims Process

As described in a previous post, the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act (“FIRREA”) requires that anyone with a claim against a failed bank must file a claim with the FDIC within 90 days of being...more

Georgia District Court Judge Rules that FIRREA Precludes D&O Insurer Declaratory Judgment Actions Against FDIC as Receiver and...

On March 5, 2014, Judge Richard Story in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Georgia issued an order denying Plaintiff OneBeacon Midwest Insurance Company’s (OneBeacon) Motion for Limited...more

The FDIC’s Administrative Claims Process for Failed Banks

Enacted by Congress after the Savings and Loan Crisis of the 1980s, the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act (“FIRREA”) gives the FDIC sweeping authority to resolve the problems posed by a failed...more

Federal Government Seeks Higher Penalties In GSE Fraud Case

On January 29, the DOJ filed a supplemental brief in support of its claim for civil penalties following a jury verdict it obtained last October in the first case alleging violations of FIRREA in connection with loans sold to...more

"Government Enforcement: Aggressive Efforts Continue Around the Globe"

Government enforcement efforts in 2013 produced major settlements of matters relating to the global financial crisis, high-profile insider trading convictions, near-record amounts of FCPA settlements, and new pledges of...more

Real Property, Financial Services & Title Insurance Case Law Update: Week Ending January 24, 2014

I. FLORIDA STATE CASES – JOURDAN HAYNES - - Condominiums: given ambiguity in Condominium Act’s escrow requirements (Fla. Stat. § 718.202) and fact that willful violation of same by developer carried criminal penalties,...more

Banking Bulletin: New Year Brings New Mortgage Regulations

The Higher-Priced Mortgage Loans (HPML) Appraisal Rule, part of Regulation Z, goes into effect on January 18th of this year. At that time, many lenders will begin using the exemption relating to “certain streamlined...more

SEC Enforcement Year in Review - 2013

Marked by leadership changes, high-profile trials, and shifting priorities, 2013 was a turning point for the Enforcement Division of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC” or the “Commission”). While the results of...more

Bah-Humbug: The JPMorgan Settlement & Cy Pres Remedies

Maybe I’m just getting a head start on my “bah humbug” mood for the holidays, I don’t know. Did it strike anyone else as discordant that almost a third of the record-setting JPMorgan RMBS settlement was ear-marked to fund...more

SDNY Grants DOJ’s Request To Add Bank Executive To Pending FCA/FIRREA Litigation

On December 12, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York granted the DOJ’s motion to add a bank executive to a civil fraud suit it filed over a year earlier against a mortgage lender alleged to have...more

Challenging FIRREA Subpoenas: The RMBS Working Group Faces Subpoena Fight

As the Justice Department has stepped up its pursuit of financial institutions, there has been a surge of civil fraud lawsuits brought by the government under FIRREA — the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and...more

November 2013: Securities Litigation Update

Rating Agency S&P’s “Puffery” Defense Rejected in U.S.’s Landmark Fraud Case Under FIRREA. Credit-rating agencies have successfully asserted several defenses to private investors’ fraud claims, including a First Amendment...more

FIRREA: The New Weapon of Choice for Federal Prosecutors [Video]

In 2013, the Department of Justice Civil Division has brought several actions claiming violations of The Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 (FIRREA). Pepper Hamilton recently hosted a webinar...more

Federal, State Authorities Announce Largest RMBS Settlement To Date

On November 19, the DOJ, other federal authorities, and state authorities in California, Delaware, Illinois, and Massachusetts, announced a $13 billion settlement of federal and state RMBS civil claims, which were being...more

Creditors’ Deficiency Rights Impacted by Recent Nevada Supreme Court Opinion in Sandpointe Apartments, LLC v. Eighth Judicial...

On November 14, 2013, in Sandpointe Apartments, LLC v. Eighth Judicial District Court, 129 Nev. Adv. Op. 87 (Nov. 14, 2013), and in Branch Banking and Trust Co. v. Neilson, (Nov. 14, 2013) (unpublished), the Nevada Supreme...more

DOJ Secures Jury Verdict In First GSE Civil Fraud Suit

On October 23, a jury found a bank liable on one civil mortgage fraud charge arising out of a program operated by a lender the bank had acquired. The jury also found against a former executive of the acquired lender....more

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