Foreclosure Deficiency Judgments

Foreclosure is a legal process whereby a lender seeks to force the sale of a mortgaged property in order to recover the balance of a delinquent loan. Recently, the foreclosure process has been the subject of... more +
Foreclosure is a legal process whereby a lender seeks to force the sale of a mortgaged property in order to recover the balance of a delinquent loan. Recently, the foreclosure process has been the subject of greater legislative and judicial scrutiny after systemic abuses were uncovered during the widespread foreclosure crisis resulting from the Great Recession. less -
News & Analysis as of

New York Court of Appeals Provides Guidance on Deficiency Judgments

The level of proof that a lender must submit to obtain a deficiency judgment following a mortgage foreclosure was recently clarified by the New York Court of Appeals. Under RPAPL § 1371, a lender may seek a deficiency...more

When is your Final Deficiency Judgment Really Final?

Florida 1st DCA Distinguishes Between Amending a Final Judgment under Florida Rule of Civil Procedure 1.540(a) and 1.540(b) as to Mistakes - In Lorant v. Whitney National Bank, decided February 24, 2015, Florida’s First...more

New York Court of Appeals Clarifies Deficiency Judgment Affidavit Expectations

After a long stretch of inactivity in the default space, the New York Court of Appeals recently returned to the subject with an opinion addressing its expectations regarding affidavits used by parties seeking deficiency...more

Real Property, Financial Services & Title Insurance Update: Weeks Ending May 1 & 8, 2015

Foreclosure: trial court abused its discretion in dismissing foreclosure action with prejudice, cancelling substantial debt, and denying lender ability to refile a foreclosure action without making finding of facts as...more

Money, Dirt & Steel: Spring 2015 NC Real Property Litigation Update

MONEY: GUARANTORS CAN NOW RELY ON G.S. §45-21.36 VALUE DEFENSES - By statute in North Carolina, G.S. §45-21.36, certain obligors may defend a deficiency action where the bank is the successful bidder by arguing...more

2015 Update of Arizona's Anti-Deficiency Laws

Deadline for seeking deficiency. Section 33-814(A) of the Arizona Revised Statutes allows a foreclosing creditor (the "beneficiary"), within 90 days after the date of a trustee's sale, to commence an action to recover a...more

Sham Guaranties Are Hard To Come By

In prior posts I highlighted the difficult position occupied by guarantors of real estate secured loans. In short, while California law extends very strong anti-deficiency protections to borrowers, those same protections can...more

Nevada Supreme Court Addresses Private Sale Through Receivership

In U.S. Bank, N.A. v. Palmilla Development, Co., Inc., the Nevada Supreme Court recently confirmed that a receiver’s sale is a form of foreclosure sale that triggers a secured party’s right to a deficiency judgment. This...more

The Sixth Circuit, Relying upon Michigan’s Nonrecourse Mortgage Loan Act, Rejects the Enforceability of an Insolvency Covenant

Notwithstanding Michigan’s 2012 Nonrecourse Mortgage Loan Act (NMLA), which provides that solvency covenants in nonrecourse loans unenforceable, in Borman, LLC v. 18718 Borman, LLC, a third-party purchaser of a foreclosed...more

Supreme Court of Washington Clarifies Guarantor Liability for Deficiency Judgments

The Supreme Court of Washington has upheld a lender’s right to pursue a deficiency judgment against a guarantor following a nonjudicial foreclosure of collateral under Washington’s Deed of Trust Act (the “Act”). The court’s...more

Update – Prospective Waivers of “Fair Market Value” Hearings are Definitely Void.

In 2013, we blogged about the Arizona Court of Appeals’ determination that prospective contractual waivers of “fair market value” hearings are unenforceable as a matter of public policy. The link to our prior blog post is...more

Washington Supreme Court Affirms Washington Federal v. Gentry and Confirms Lenders’ Right to Obtain Deficiency Judgments Against...

The Washington Supreme Court issued an opinion today affirming the right of a lender to obtain a deficiency judgment against a commercial guarantor following a nonjudicial foreclosure. Divisions One and Two of the Washington...more

Florida Deficiency Proceedings: Costs Recoverable Following Foreclosure

Following a foreclosure sale, a lender may seek to obtain a deficiency judgment against the borrower and guarantors for the difference between the amount of the debt (as listed in the foreclosure judgment) and the value of...more

CLIENT ALERT: Arizona Supreme Court to Decide if Borrowers and Guarantors Can Waive Fair Market Value Defense

In September 2013, the Arizona Court of Appeals held that commercial borrowers and guarantors cannot prospectively waive their right to seek a fair market value hearing to limit their potential deficiency liability following...more

Fannie Mae Authorizes Servicers To Waive Deficiency Judgment Rights, Announces Other Servicing Policy Updates

On September 8, Fannie Mae advised in Servicing Guide Announcement SVC-2014-16 that servicers now have discretion to waive Fannie Mae’s deficiency judgment rights if doing so will help resolve foreclosure delays based upon...more

Georgia Court of Appeals Expands Lenders' Ability to Pursue Guarantor Deficiency Judgment Suits Beyond Foreclosure Confirmations

The Court of Appeals of Georgia further clarified Georgia's treatment of deficiency judgment suits against guarantors in instances where lenders cannot obtain foreclosure confirmations of secured property. Community &...more

Waiving Statutory Foreclosure Provisions

The recently issued opinion of the Colorado Court of Appeals, in Armed Forces Bank v. Hicks, 2014 COA 74. No. 13CA0875 (June 5, 2014), is significant for commercial real estate lenders. In Hicks, the Bank was the...more

Recent changes to Maryland foreclosure laws

Last month, Robert Scott, a partner here at Ballard Spahr, wrote about recent changes in Maryland foreclosure law. He explained the effect of a new law that requires a foreclosing lender to seek a deficiency judgment in its...more

The Washington Court of Appeals Strengthens the Ability of Lenders to Obtain Summary Judgment Against Commercial Guarantors on...

Post-foreclosure deficiency lawsuits against guarantors of commercial loans can be expensive and time consuming — particularly when measured against the sometimes uncertain collectability of the deficiency judgment. Under...more

Nevada Supreme Court Determines That a Pre-Foreclosure Guaranty Complaint Is Not a Deficiency “Application”

In what the dissenting Justices insinuate is an elevation of form over substance, the Nevada Supreme Court denied a rehearing in Lavi v. Eighth Judicial District Court, 130 Nev. Adv. Op. 38, 2014 WL 2428749 (May 29, 2014),...more

Waive Goodbye to Confirmation Hurdle! Recent Decision from the Georgia Court of Appeals Gives Lenders an Alternate Route to...

By most accounts, a decision from the Georgia Court of Appeals last September represents a sea change in the law governing judicial confirmation of foreclosure sales and post-foreclosure deficiency claims. Indeed, the Court's...more

Borrowers Can Avoid Liability Even After a Trustee’s Sale

Since a lender must have a valid debt and valid lien to conduct a trustee’s sale, a borrower that allows the foreclosure sale to occur impliedly agrees that the debt and lien are valid. In Madison v. Groseth and BT Capital,...more

Real Property, Financial Services & Title Insurance Case Law Updates

I. FLORIDA STATE CASES - Quiet Title: deed reservation of right-of-way in favor of State, which applied only to tracts of land of 10 acres or more, did not attach to title of landowner of less than 10 acres and,...more

And the Bidding Starts At . . .? The Impact of Two Recent Bankruptcy Decisions On Determining Foreclosure Sale Bids

In today’s economy, banks all too commonly find themselves foreclosing on real property collateral. As a result, banks are regularly in the position of having to determine the starting bid in foreclosure proceedings. This...more

An Exception to the Fair Market Value Rule: Use the Foreclosure Sales Price for a Deficiency after a Third Party Purchaser

If the value of a foreclosed property is less than the loan amount, lenders may seek a deficiency judgment from borrowers and guarantors after the foreclosure sale. In most cases, the lender is the sole bidder at the sale and...more

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