Hart-Scott-Rodino Act

The Hart-Scott Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act is a United States federal statute enacted in 1976 establishing the federal premerger notification program. Under the Act, parties contemplating mergers or... more +
The Hart-Scott Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act is a United States federal statute enacted in 1976 establishing the federal premerger notification program. Under the Act, parties contemplating mergers or acquisitions must notify the Department of Justice and the Federal Trade Commission prior to completing the transaction. Once notified, the DOJ and FTC investigate and make a determination as to whether the proposed transaction will adversely impact U.S. commerce and competition within the market. less -
News & Analysis as of

New Defense Department Guidance on Mergers and Acquisitions

On September 30, the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD or the Department) issued new guidance that reaffirmed its earlier view that it would not look favorably on mergers of “top tier defense firms.” The Department declared...more

FTC Continues Aggressive Enforcement of HSR Act, Levies $656,000 Fine Against Investor

Investor Len Blavatnik has agreed to pay $656,000 to resolve allegations that he violated the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976 (the “HSR Act”) by failing to obtain clearance prior to acquiring voting...more

Third Penalty in Two Months Against a Minority Investor Again Signals Increased FTC Enforcement of the H-S-R Act

For the third time in less than two months, the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has announced an enforcement action against a minority investor who failed to comply with the Hart-Scott-Rodino (“H-S-R”) Act notification...more

October Antitrust Bulletin

On September 8, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit granted a motion filed by household products manufacturer Clorox for interlocutory appeal of two decisions by the U.S. District Court for the Western District...more

HSR Enforcement Continues Swiftly: $240K Settlement Announced with FTC for Failure to File

On the heels of the FTC's recent HSR passive investor exemption enforcement action comes another reminder that HSR compliance is not always clear, and that it is not always easy. The Federal Trade Commission has announced a...more

FTC and DOJ Continue HSR Enforcement, Announce Penalties for Violation of “Institutional Investor” Exemption

Leucadia National Corporation has agreed to pay $240,000 to settle charges that it violated the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976 (the “Act”) for acquiring shares of KCG Holdings, Inc. (“KCG”) in 2013...more

2015 Guide to Acquiring US Public Companies

This guide summarizes certain important considerations for acquiring a publicly traded US-based target corporation through a negotiated (i.e. “non-hostile”) tender offer, exchange offer or merger. US public companies are...more

FTC Provides New Guidance for Merger Investigations

The FTC’s Bureau of Competition recently issued new “Best Practices” guidance for parties involved in merger investigations. This is the Commission’s first guidance on the merger review process since the Merger Process...more

Activist Funds Must Comply with HSR Premerger Reporting Rules

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) filed a complaint in August 2015 against three affiliated activist hedge fund companies and Third Point LLC, their management company, for acquiring voting securities in Yahoo! Inc. without...more

FTC Issues Guidance for Merger Investigations

In early August, the Federal Trade Commission ("FTC") released guidance on best practices for merger investigations. This is the first major update for such guidance since 2006 and the publication of "Reforms to the Merger...more

Applicability of 'Investment Purpose' Exemption to HSR Reportability Focuses on Intent of Equity Purchasers

If a purchaser’s goals shift to include influence on the business management or board composition of the target issuer, an HSR filing must be considered. The Federal Trade Commission (FTC or Commission) has once again...more

FTC Announces Increase in Merger Filings by Insurers and Overall

On August 12, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and DOJ released the agencies' 37th Annual Hart-Scott-Rodino Act (HSR) Report, highlighting the 33 merger enforcement actions brought by the agencies over the federal...more

Passive Means Passive! Missed HSR Filing Spurs Antitrust Enforcers' Ire - But Change May Be Coming

The Federal Trade Commission, in its latest enforcement action relating to Hart-Scott-Rodino Act compliance, reminds investors that strict adherence to HSR filing requirements is a must, but also may have signaled that a long...more

FTC Settles Allegations of HSR Act Violation by Activist Investment Fund

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced a settlement on August 24, 2015, with Third Point Funds for failing to file a notification under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act (HSR Act) in connection with the...more

Recent FTC Action Underscores Narrow Interpretation of HSR “Investment-Only” Exemption

On August 24, 2015, the Federal Trade Commission (“FTC” or the “Commission”) filed a proposed settlement in federal court regarding alleged violations by Third Point LLC (“Third Point”) of the premerger reporting laws related...more

Federal Trade Commission Brings Complaint Against Firm for Relying on HSR Act "Investment-Only" Exemption

August 31, 2015 On August 24, 2015, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced that it has reached an agreement with Third Point LLC and three affiliated investment funds (collectively "Third Point") to settle allegations...more

"FTC Commissioners Divided on Scope of Investment-Only Exemption to HSR Rules"

On August 24, 2015, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced a consent settlement based on an application of the investment-only exemption to the Hart-Scott-Rodino Act’s premerger notification requirements. The settlement...more

Antitrust Enforcement Agencies Release Annual Report Summarizing 2014 Merger Enforcement Activity Under Hart-Scott-Rodino

The Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act (HSR) requires parties to a proposed acquisition of voting securities or assets meeting certain size threshold requirements to report the transaction to the Federal Trade...more

Latest H-S-R Act Enforcement Is a Cautionary Tale for Minority Investors

Generally speaking, stock purchases which will cause an investor to hold more than $76.3 million of the target’s voting securities may require a pre-closing notification under the Hart-Scott-Rodino (“H-S-R”) Act. But there...more

Investment Fund Violates “Investment-Only” HSR Exemption

At the request of the Federal Trade Commission (“FTC” or “Commission”), the Department of Justice (“DOJ”) filed this week in federal court a proposed settlement to charges that an investment fund violated the...more

Third Point Settles FTC Charges That They Violated U.S. Premerger Notification Requirements

On August 24, 2015, the FTC announced that Third Point Funds (“Third Point”), which includes three affiliated hedge funds commonly managed, agreed to settle FTC charges that it violated premerger reporting requirements in...more

Alert: HSR "Investment-Only" Exemption: Lessons from Third Point's Yahoo! Investment

While acquisitions of up to 10% of the voting interest in a target that are made "solely for the purpose of investment" are in many circumstances exempt from Hart-Scott-Rodino (HSR) reporting requirements, even when the value...more

FTC Cautions Against Improper Reliance on “Investment-Only” Exemption

Investment manager Third Point LLC and three of its affiliated funds have entered into a proposed settlement agreement with the federal antitrust authorities for violations of the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act...more

Mergers & Acquisitions Glossary

This Glossary contains many of the important terms and definitions used in the M&A world. The Glossary is not exhaustive, however. Like most areas of the law, M&A is a highly complex subject that involves several legal and...more

FTC Releases Updated Best Practices for Merger Reviews

On August 4, 2015, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) released a guide to best practices for merger investigations, its first update to the Guidelines for Merger Investigations since it published the Reforms to the Merger...more

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