Limited Partnerships

News & Analysis as of

IRS: Investment Fund Managers are Subject to Self-Employment Tax

The Office of Chief Counsel of the Internal Revenue Service (the "IRS") recently issued internal guidance in the form of a Chief Counsel Advice (the "CCA") indicating that the IRS has taken the position that the "limited...more

IRS Considers Whether Management Fees of an LLC Are Subject to Self-Employment Tax

A recent response by the Internal Revenue Service Chief Counsel (CCA) to an inquiry from one of its field office agents addressed the question of whether management fees earned by an investment manager organized as a limited...more

The Waters of March -The Benefits of Owning Life Insurance within a Cascading Charitable Lead Annuity Trusts (CLATs)

...I recall hearing Bossa Nova as a ten year old at my neighbor’s house in the Panama Canal Zone – Sergio Mendes and Brazil 66. The Waters of March is one of many great songs written by Antonio Carlos Jobim and sung by Elis...more

PA Tax Law News - September 2014

In This Issue: - Sales Factor Sourcing of Services & Intangibles - Nonresident Limited Partners Liable for Personal Income Tax - PA Appeal Systems Changes Update - Personal Responsibility for...more

It Wasn’t Wirth It: Nonresident Limited Partners Liable for Personal Income Tax on Discharge of Nonrecourse Debt

In June 17, 2014, in Wirth v. Commonwealth, 82-85 MAP 2012, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court (the “Court”) affirmed the Commonwealth Court’s holding that nonresident limited partners were liable for Pennsylvania Personal Income...more

Members of Fund Management LLC Denied Self-Employment Tax Exception

In CCA 201436049 the IRS concluded that owners of an investment fund management company LLC were not eligible for the limited partner exception to Section 1402 self-employment taxes. Ultimately the IRS found that the income...more

Protecting your real estate assets

When preparing an estate plan, asset protection for real estate is particularly challenging, because it’s the only asset that can’t be moved. Gifting it is one option, but this leaves the property exposed to creditors. This...more

Was It Wirth It? The Pennsylvania Supreme Court Sets a Low Bar for Minimum Contacts

In Wirth v. Commonwealth, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania held that Pennsylvania personal income tax applied to non-resident limited partners whose only connection with the state was the ownership of a small interest in a...more

Export Controls in UK Offshore Centers

Many private equity and investment funds are organized as limited partnerships or companies of offshore entities. Similarly, companies may structure mergers and acquisitions by utilizing offshore holding entities. The British...more

Cayman Revises the Exempted Limited Partnership Law

On 2 July 2014 the Cayman Islands government passed into law substantial revisions to its exempted limited partnership legislation in the form of the Exempted Limited Partnership Law, 2014 (the New ELP Law). The...more

In re El Paso Pipeline Partners, L.P. Derivative Litig., C.A. No. 7141-VCL (Del. Ch. Jun. 12, 2014) (Laster, V.C.)

In this memorandum opinion resolving cross-motions for summary judgment, the Court of Chancery dismissed in part claims challenging a drop-down sale governed by a limited partnership agreement that supplanted fiduciary duties...more

Allen v. El Paso Pipeline GP Co., L.L.C., C.A. No. 7520-VCL (Del. Ch. May 19, 2014) (Laster, V.C.)

In this opinion, the Court of Chancery applied the two-pronged Tooley standard to determine whether a plaintiff’s breach of contract claims in the limited partnership context were derivative or direct. Finding such claims to...more

Why Private Equity Funds Face Employment Risks

Suddenly, the advance sheets show a wave of litigation targeting private equity funds. See, e.g., Guippone v. BH S&B Holdings LLC, 737 F3d. 221 (2d Cir. 2013) (private equity funds potentially liable for WARN Act liability);...more

OSFI Issues Guidance on When a Limited Partnership Meets Definition of “Pooled Fund” or “Mutual Fund”

The Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions has posted guidance (the Guideline) on the question of whether a fund established as a limited partnership by a corporation meets the definition of “pooled fund” or...more

SEC's Findings and Observations on OCIE's Presence Exam Initiative

During his speech on May 6, 2014, Andrew J. Bowden, the Director of the Office of Compliance, Inspections, and Examinations (OCIE) of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) provided an overview and initial observations...more

Choice of Entity Decision Tree: Choice and Acquisition of Entities in Texas

In selecting a form of business entity for an oil patch deal in Texas the organizer or initial owners can consider the following five business entity forms: • Corporation • General Partnership • Limited...more

Friendly Reminder for LLCs and LPs: Delaware Is Looking for Your Dollars

It’s that time again: time to pull out your checkbooks and send Delaware your dollars. As I previously wrote, while corporations had an annual franchise tax payment due in March, it’s time for LLCs and LPs to pony up. It’s...more

Cayman Islands Revise Exempted Limited Partnership Law and Pass New Legislation Allowing Enforcement of Contracts by Third Party...

Earlier this month the Cayman Islands passed new legislation revising its existing Exempted Limited Partnership Law. The new legislation, the Exempted Limited Partnership Law 2014, replaces the existing legislation in its...more

2014 Proposed Amendments To Delaware’s Alternative Entity Acts

On April 17, the Corporation Law Section of the Delaware State Bar Association proposed amending the Delaware Revised Uniform Partnership Act, 6 Del. C. §§ 15-101, et seq. (DRUPA), the Delaware Revised Uniform Limited...more

Limited Partners Held Personally Liable for Debts of Limited Partnership Where Limited Partnership Was Insolvent

In a case that demonstrates the danger of relying on complex corporate structures to avoid personal liability, a California Court of Appeal recently held two limited partners personally liable for the debts of their limited...more

Court Hears Oral Argument in New Jersey Partnership Nexus Case: Tough Questions for Division of Taxation

Earlier this week, a New Jersey appellate court heard oral argument in BIS LP, Inc. v. Director, Div. of Taxation, which is the lead case addressing the issue of whether a corporate limited partner is taxable on its...more

EB-5 Financing for U.S. Developers and Businesses

Interest in the EB-5 financing program has increased exponentially in the past year and is being explored by many developers and businesses in the United States as an alternative to traditional financing sources....more

Private Equity Newsletter - Winter Edition 2014: Limited Partner Co-investment Heats Up

It seems that co-investment by limited partners is more popular than ever. According to a recent study by Preqin, 43% of Limited Partners tracked by Preqin are actively seeking co-investment opportunities and 11% more are...more

Court Rules Houston Astros Cannot Strike Out Fiduciary Duties in Bankruptcy

Introduction - One of the incentives that Delaware law offers founders of business entities is the ability to tinker with the fiduciary duties that the managers of the business owe. While the duties owed by corporate...more

Policemen’s Annuity and Benefit Fund of Chicago, Illinois v. DV Realty Advisors LLC, C.A. No. 7204-VCN (Nov. 27, 2013) (Noble,...

In this letter opinion, the Court of Chancery (1) ruled that the removal of a general partner did not convert the general partner’s interest into a limited partnership interest, and (2) valued the removed general partner’s...more

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