Limited Partnerships

News & Analysis as of

SEC Clarifies BDC Transactions with Certain Second-Tier Affiliates

The SEC’s Division of Investment Management has clarified which restrictions apply to BDC’s co-investment transactions with limited partners of a partnership that is an affiliated person of the BDC....more

SEC Permits BDCs to Analyze LPs as Stockholders for Certain Co-Investments

On December 5, 2014, the Securities and Exchange Commission, through the Chief Accountant's Office of its Investment Management Division, issued a Guidance Update in response to a public inquiry regarding co-investment...more

New SEC Guidance Adds Flexibility to BDC Co-Investing

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Division of Investment Management (the Division) just published guidance that will permit business development companies (BDCs) to co-invest with certain persons considered...more

Structuring an Agreement Among Owners

When forming a new technology company, there are very few documents as important (and unfortunately, as overlooked) as a Shareholders’ Agreement. The discussion in this post is couched as an agreement among shareholders of a...more

Why Am I Taxed Now on My Future Receipts: The Woes of a Profits Interest

Companies often grant stock options to incentivize employees and so that their interests are aligned with the future success of the company, and partnerships (and limited liability companies taxed as partnerships) are no...more

(INFOGRAPHIC) Amalgamation of Interests - or How to Ensure You Wasted Time Setting Up Multiple Project Companies

There is a fairly customary practice in real estate development and construction intended to take advantage of the liability protections afforded by the Uniform Limited Liability Company Act. The practice is very...more

Business Entity Alphabet Soup – GP, LP, JV, LLC, C, S, QSSS – What do they mean?

As government contractors, the business universe is likely filled with familiar acronyms. However, one may not be as familiar with the meaning behind the alphabet letters that comprise the different business entities in the...more

Surge in FOIA Requests to State Agencies Seeking Information About PE and Other Alternative Investment Fund Sponsors

We have recently observed a surge in freedom-of-information (“FOIA”) requests made by media outlets to state pension funds and other state-government-affiliated investment entities. Although the requests have so far...more

IRS: Investment Fund Managers are Subject to Self-Employment Tax

The Office of Chief Counsel of the Internal Revenue Service (the "IRS") recently issued internal guidance in the form of a Chief Counsel Advice (the "CCA") indicating that the IRS has taken the position that the "limited...more

IRS Considers Whether Management Fees of an LLC Are Subject to Self-Employment Tax

A recent response by the Internal Revenue Service Chief Counsel (CCA) to an inquiry from one of its field office agents addressed the question of whether management fees earned by an investment manager organized as a limited...more

The Waters of March -The Benefits of Owning Life Insurance within a Cascading Charitable Lead Annuity Trusts (CLATs)

...I recall hearing Bossa Nova as a ten year old at my neighbor’s house in the Panama Canal Zone – Sergio Mendes and Brazil 66. The Waters of March is one of many great songs written by Antonio Carlos Jobim and sung by Elis...more

PA Tax Law News - September 2014

In This Issue: - Sales Factor Sourcing of Services & Intangibles - Nonresident Limited Partners Liable for Personal Income Tax - PA Appeal Systems Changes Update - Personal Responsibility for...more

It Wasn’t Wirth It: Nonresident Limited Partners Liable for Personal Income Tax on Discharge of Nonrecourse Debt

In June 17, 2014, in Wirth v. Commonwealth, 82-85 MAP 2012, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court (the “Court”) affirmed the Commonwealth Court’s holding that nonresident limited partners were liable for Pennsylvania Personal Income...more

Members of Fund Management LLC Denied Self-Employment Tax Exception

In CCA 201436049 the IRS concluded that owners of an investment fund management company LLC were not eligible for the limited partner exception to Section 1402 self-employment taxes. Ultimately the IRS found that the income...more

Protecting your real estate assets

When preparing an estate plan, asset protection for real estate is particularly challenging, because it’s the only asset that can’t be moved. Gifting it is one option, but this leaves the property exposed to creditors. This...more

Was It Wirth It? The Pennsylvania Supreme Court Sets a Low Bar for Minimum Contacts

In Wirth v. Commonwealth, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania held that Pennsylvania personal income tax applied to non-resident limited partners whose only connection with the state was the ownership of a small interest in a...more

Export Controls in UK Offshore Centers

Many private equity and investment funds are organized as limited partnerships or companies of offshore entities. Similarly, companies may structure mergers and acquisitions by utilizing offshore holding entities. The British...more

Cayman Revises the Exempted Limited Partnership Law

On 2 July 2014 the Cayman Islands government passed into law substantial revisions to its exempted limited partnership legislation in the form of the Exempted Limited Partnership Law, 2014 (the New ELP Law). The...more

In re El Paso Pipeline Partners, L.P. Derivative Litig., C.A. No. 7141-VCL (Del. Ch. Jun. 12, 2014) (Laster, V.C.)

In this memorandum opinion resolving cross-motions for summary judgment, the Court of Chancery dismissed in part claims challenging a drop-down sale governed by a limited partnership agreement that supplanted fiduciary duties...more

Allen v. El Paso Pipeline GP Co., L.L.C., C.A. No. 7520-VCL (Del. Ch. May 19, 2014) (Laster, V.C.)

In this opinion, the Court of Chancery applied the two-pronged Tooley standard to determine whether a plaintiff’s breach of contract claims in the limited partnership context were derivative or direct. Finding such claims to...more

Why Private Equity Funds Face Employment Risks

Suddenly, the advance sheets show a wave of litigation targeting private equity funds. See, e.g., Guippone v. BH S&B Holdings LLC, 737 F3d. 221 (2d Cir. 2013) (private equity funds potentially liable for WARN Act liability);...more

SEC's Findings and Observations on OCIE's Presence Exam Initiative

During his speech on May 6, 2014, Andrew J. Bowden, the Director of the Office of Compliance, Inspections, and Examinations (OCIE) of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) provided an overview and initial observations...more

Choice of Entity Decision Tree: Choice and Acquisition of Entities in Texas

In selecting a form of business entity for an oil patch deal in Texas the organizer or initial owners can consider the following five business entity forms: • Corporation • General Partnership • Limited...more

Friendly Reminder for LLCs and LPs: Delaware Is Looking for Your Dollars

It’s that time again: time to pull out your checkbooks and send Delaware your dollars. As I previously wrote, while corporations had an annual franchise tax payment due in March, it’s time for LLCs and LPs to pony up. It’s...more

Cayman Islands Revise Exempted Limited Partnership Law and Pass New Legislation Allowing Enforcement of Contracts by Third Party...

Earlier this month the Cayman Islands passed new legislation revising its existing Exempted Limited Partnership Law. The new legislation, the Exempted Limited Partnership Law 2014, replaces the existing legislation in its...more

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