Prior Art

News & Analysis as of

Federal Circuit Affirms Tygacil Formulation Patent

In Apotex, Inc. v. Wyeth LLC, the Federal Circuit affirmed the decision of the USPTO Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) finding that Apotex had failed to show that claims directed to a specific formulation of tigecycline...more

Ariosa Loses Verinata Patent Challenge

Fetal diagnostic pioneer Ariosa Diagnostics lost its latest attempt to invalidate competitor Verinata Health’s U.S. Patent No. 8,318,430, “Methods of Fetal Abnormality Detection.” The USPTO’s Patent Trial and Appeal Board...more

Federal Circuit Emphasizes that an Obviousness Analysis Based on Common Sense Must be Supported by Substantial Evidence and...

A recent decision by the Federal Circuit suggests that relying on “common sense” in analyzing whether a patent is obvious in view of prior art cannot always be based on common sense alone. In a decision providing...more

When Can Common Sense be Relied Upon to Find an Invention Obvious?

All patent practitioners recognize that a single prior art reference can be used to reject claims in an obviousness rejection. However, the issue is whether the Patent Office must provide additional evidence, above and beyond...more

Arendi S.A.R.L. v. Apple, Inc. – Defining “Common Sense”

For some time, I have wanted to do a post on this recent Fed. Cir. decision (Appeal No. 2015-2073 (Fed. Cir. , August 10, 2016),) in which the Fed. Cir. panel of Judges Moore, Linn and O’Malley (writing) reversed a PTAB...more

Federal Circuit Finds Life Sciences Subject Matter Patent Eligible

On July 5, 2016, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit issued an opinion vacating the summary judgment of invalidity of U.S. Patent No. 7,604,929 (“the ’929 Patent”) and sent the case back to the District Court...more

“Substantial Evidence” Hurdle is Substantially Difficult to Overcome

One of the less appreciated hurdles to a successful appeal of a Final Written Decision in an IPR proceeding is the “substantial evidence” standard of review the Federal Circuit applies to the Graham factors that underlie a...more

Judge Abrams Dismisses Case Based on Arguments Made to the PTO During Prosecution

On August 9, 2016, District Judge Ronnie Abrams (S.D.N.Y.) granted defendant Richloom Fabrics Group, Inc.’s motion to dismiss plaintiff Anchor Sales & Marketing, Inc.’s allegation of patent infringement based on the doctrine...more

Netsirv v. Boxbee, Inc. (PTAB 2016)

A post grant review (PGR) is an administrative reconsideration of a recent-granted U.S. patent. The proceeding is held in the USPTO, before that body's Patent Trial and Appeal Board. A petition for PGR is timely if it is...more

Federal Circuit Patent Updates - August 2016

ScriptPro LLC v. Innovation Associates, Inc. (No. 2015-1565, 8/15/16) (Moore, Taranto, Hughes) - August 15, 2016 10:41 AM - Moore, J. Reversing summary judgment of invalidity of claims for lack of written...more

In re Aqua Products, Inc. -- CAFC Grants Rehearing En Banc to Consider PTAB Motions to Amend

On Friday, August 13, 2016, the Federal Circuit granted a petition for rehearing en banc filed in the In re Aqua Products, Inc. case to consider two questions related to the PTAB's treatment of Motions to Amend in IPR...more

Federal Circuit Provides Guidance on Use of Common Sense in Obviousness Analysis

Last week, in Arendi S.A.R.L. v. Apple, the Federal Circuit reversed a Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) finding of invalidity in an inter partes review that relied on “common sense” to supply a claim limitation that was...more

PTAB Reversed–Common Sense Improperly Used to Supply Missing Limitation in Obviousness Inquiry

In a rare rebuke of the PTAB’s discretion, the Federal Circuit has outright reversed a finding of obviousness based on the Board’s misapplication of the law on the permissible use of “common sense” in an obviousness analysis....more

Genzyme Corp. v. Dr. Reddy’s Labs., Ltd.

Case Name: Genzyme Corp. v. Dr. Reddy’s Labs., Ltd., C.A. No. 13-1506-(GMS), 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 62056 (D. Del. May 11, 2016) (Sleet, J.) - Drug Product and Patent(s)-in-Suit: Mozobil® (plerixafor solution); U.S. Pat....more

PTAB Denies Priority Claim, Has No Affinity for “Antibody Rule”

Addressing enablement and written description issues in the context of a priority challenge, the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB or Board) found that the challenged claims were not entitled to the benefit of the parent...more

Magnum Offers New Path for Challenging AIA Decisions: Burden of Production

On July 25, 2016, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (CAFC) held in In re Magnum Oil Tools International (Newman, O’Malley & Chen) that the burden of production to show unobviousness does not shift to a patent owner...more

Prior Art References Introduced After IPR Institution Are Permissible to Show State of Art

Addressing issues related to introducing additional prior art references after institution of an inter partes review (IPR), the US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit affirmed a Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB or...more

Intendis GMBH et al. v. Glenmark Pharms. Inc., USA

Case Name: Intendis GMBH et al. v. Glenmark Pharms. Inc., USA, 822 F.3d 1355 (Fed. Cir. May 16, 2016) (Circuit Judges Prost, Moore, and Taranto presiding; Opinion by Moore, J.) (Appeal from D. Del., Robinson, J.) - Drug...more

Intellectual Property in Medicine: Initial Considerations

Physicians are well-positioned to generate new inventions and thereby improve the treatment of their patients. As a result, physicians have historically been some of the best and most active inventors in the United States. ...more

HP Inc. v. Big Baboon, Inc. (PTAB 2016) - Business Method Patent Not Invalid under 35 U.S.C. § 101

HP Inc. and SAP America, Inc. filed a Petition seeking a covered business method (CBM) patent review of claims 15 and 20–34 of U.S. Patent No. 6,343,275 owned by Big Baboon, Inc. The PTAB, however, determined that the...more

CAFC Dissects Alice Patent Eligibility Analysis in Bascom Global Internet Services

This case arose on an appeal from the grant of a motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim, with the district court finding the asserted claims of Bascom’s U.S. Patent No. 5,987,606 were invalid as a matter of law under...more

Evidence Alley: Lightweight Fabric: Admissibility versus Weight at the PTAB

Many parties in front of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (Board) struggle with the handling of evidentiary issues. This struggle is heightened when expert evidence is the focus. In Tietex International, Ltd. v. Precision...more

Interpreting Utility Patent Claims

Utility patents constitute about 90% of the patents in the United States. Design patents and plant patents, which are not discussed here, comprise the other 10%. Utility patents protect the functional aspects of a machine,...more

PTAB Provides Procedural Guidance, Designates Five Opinions as Precedential

On May 10, 2016, the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB or Board) designated five post-grant trial decisions as precedential, bring the total number of precedential decisions in inter partes review (IPR) and covered business...more

BASCOM—Federal Circuit Holds Internet Content Filtering Patent Passes Alice Test

In a Section 101 analysis under Alice Corp. Pty. Ltd. v. CLS Bank Intl., “[a]n inventive concept can be found in the non-conventional and non-generic arrangement of known, conventional pieces”—even if individual claim...more

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